K/1 IS

Pacific School IS K/1 Garden Lessons 2013-2014

June 9th

Garden Party- Carrot Juice? PopCorn?

June 2nd

Make scarecrows
Plant out bed with corn, squash and potatoes.
Sow sunflowers to bring home.
Plant out other beds as well?
John Cut flowers for ceremony

May 19th

Check on lady bugs that were released the Thursday prior.
Sift compost
Clear our class garden bed 
Harvest Carrots
Move Dahlia Plants to be Sold we counted 47 gallon containers to be sold.
Cut Flowers

May 12th

Measuring practice applied skills for measuring trees and applying fertilizer.
Mystery Bag: Ruler

  1. Find a post and measure the four chalk marks from the ground up. Share your measurements with your classmates.
  2. Use your ruler to estimate the diameter of the cylinders. 
  3. Fill the black bucket with 12 cups of water. Make sure each student adds the same amount of cups.
Then we used these skills and had pairs of students measure six inches up a fruit tree trunk, mark the spot with chalk, estimate the diameter at 6 inches up and apply fertilizer a the rate of one cup per diameter inch.

May 5th
Flower experiment review, checked on the number of flowers bloomed from the plants that received fertilizer and the plants without fertilizer. Cut flower bouquets.

April 28th
Set up fertilizer experiment by marking off two areas of calendula plants. We counted the buds in each area to note that there was 4 flower buds in each area. Then we fertilized one of the calendula patches. We journaled a diagram of the plants and noted the side that received the fertilizer.

April 21st
Sowed sunflower seeds - we harvested spinach - we cut flower bouquets

April 14th
We harvested the radishes and got a pretty good sized colander full to Emelia. We cleared out the peas. We cut flowers and planted the potatoes from our classroom.

April 7th 

March 24th
Mystery Bag Flower
Find a flower and bring it back/ send them in different areas (no callas and tulips)
Share why they chose what they chose
Make class bouquet making lesson
Each make their own bouquet and then share out what they did
The Reason for a Flower then Brainstorm virtues 
If time sow seeds 

Bug adaptation lesson?
Mystery Bag - Flower
Brainstorm - and journal words about flowers - precursor to flower poems for mother's day

March 17th
Look at seeds that sprouted, journal observations
Potting up daisies for mother's day 
Seed sowing of six packs
Pea taste test - rank favorites in the journals and then, journal a graph of class preferences
Flower cutting

March 10th
No Garden

March 3rd
Looked at stem cuttings from 1/27. Noted that due to the two consecutive holidays in Feb. that most of our cuttings didn't take. Journaled about our cuttings.
Observed other stem cuttings that did "take" and looked at the roots under the microscope.
Planted six kinds of seeds to observe the differences in types of seeds.
Harvested shelling peas.
Cut flowers for food lab.

February 27th
Checked on Potatoes and noted growth.
Mystery bag with map.
Used garden maps, talked about orientation via the cardinal directions.
Kids looked for a plant marked on their map and a plant with a clothes pin of the same color on the map. They went to the plant, gave it five cans of water and mulched the plant.
Cut flowers for food lab.

February 3rd
Mystery bag with potato.
Planted potatoes.
Weeded peas.
Cut flowers for food lab.

January 27 - Stem Study
Mystery bag with stems and roots.
Word of the day: Stem
Observe different stems, some with leaves some with roots.
Discuss what happened with my pea plant that grew a root. Look at tree dahlia cuttings rooting.

Begin Stem Study in the garden by trying to root different plants. (Soil/sand mix, 3 or 4 inch containers, tape or labels for names, pencils, tray to hold containers, journals, hand shears/scissors to collect stems, pre harvested stems to observe.
Model the following, then have kids do it.
Have all kids root a mint and one other plant that they choose.
Collect two stems and record in journal by drawing stem and writing name of plant.
Put stems in one 3 inch container of potting soil mixed with sand. Label container, water, and place in green house

Give kids task of rooting a house plant. 

January 13 - Garden Projects
We looked at our shadow pole and observed that it the shadow was in a different position since the solstice. We played mystery bag with a microscope. We saved seeds from nigella and bachelor buttons, we harvested lettuce, students collected garden items and then looked at them magnified in the microscope. We cut flowers for food lab. We spread woodchips.

January 6
Worm study. We ran simple experiments with worms and recorded our observations in our journals.

December 16th - Potted up Tree Dahlia and Journaling
We checked in our on shadow pole and marked where the shadow had moved.
We potted up tree dahlia stem cuttings and moved other container plants from lath house to greenhouse. We watered all plants.
We brainstormed lessons they enjoyed from the start of the school year and in teams they journaled about their favorite lessons.

December 9th - Herbal Tea Bags
We checked in our on shadow pole and marked where the shadow had moved.
We visited our garden beds and observed growth and did a bit of weeding.
We filled coffee filter bags will crumpled dried herbs and made labels for for tea bags.
We cut flowers for Food Lab Tables.

December 2 - Seed Packages
We checked in our on shadow pole and marked where the shadow had moved.
We labeled and filled sunflower and nigella seed packages to give out as gifts.
We cut lemon verbena and mint leaves and put in greenhouse to dry - next week we will make dry tea bags.

November - Class Theme: Seasons / Thanksgiving

November 25 - Stone Soup

If time works out, cut flowers and collect stems to do a rooting experiment.

On Monday the 25th we will be making a 6 Plant Part Stone Soup for our garden lesson and I would like to ask you to send your kid with the following plant parts.

We will start our day by looking at plant parts in the garden, harvesting some kale and then in the class look at and talk about the edible plant parts that you send with your kids. We will cut up the veggies and cook them in a crock pot overnight for snack the following day. I will have safe knives and choppers to use and will teach kiddos how to cut safe.

Here are some suggestions for you to bring so we will have a balanced soup (quantity noted). Send your kid with the suggested item pre-washed. If you have some other edible plant part you really want to bring just send them instead.

Reese - Carrots (4) Root

Kai - Celery Stalks (4) Stem

Jonica - Kholrabi (1) Stem

Maeva - Spinach (1/2 bunch) Leaves

Ethan - Broccoli or Califlower (small head)  Flower

Savanah - Sweet Peppers (1 big one) - Fruit

Neli - Sweet Corn (fresh cob or a can of kernels) - Seeds

Juliana - peas or green beans (small bunch) - Seeds

John - I will bring the bean seeds that we harvested from our garden bed this fall.

This soup can be part of snack on the following Tuesday.

If you want you can talk about the plant parts with your kid and explain what part of the plant they are brining to class.

The six plant parts is a botany lesson about plant part form and function. They six plant parts are Roots, Stems, Leaves, Flowers, Fruits and Seeds. Some folks get these confused with the term "Fruits and Vegetables".

What are vegetables? Vegetable is a culinary term that we use to describe many types of plant parts. For example in the kitchen the following are considered vegetables: carrots,  beets, celery, eggplants, zucchini, beans, peas. But botanically they are roots, stems, fruits and seeds. Botanically speaking fruits are anything with a seed in the middle of it such as zucchini, peppers, cucumbers, pumpkins even though we don't usually think of those as "fruits". In the kitchen we often define sweet fruits as fruits (apples, oranges, plums) and savory fruits as vegetables (tomatoes, zucchini, eggplant).

Sorry to have confused you;)

Here is a bit more on the plant parts:

  • Roots – Hold the plant in the ground.  Get water and nutrients from the soil.(carrots, beets, turnips)

  • Stems – Support the plant.  Move water and nutrients throughout the plant. (celery, rhubarb, beet stems, chard stems)

  • Leaves – Use sunlight to make food for the rest of the plant.  If appropriate, explain photosynthesis: During photosynthesis, leaves use energy from sunlight to convert carbon dioxide (from the air) and water (from the soil) into sugar (food) for the rest of the plant. (so many that we eat and make tea from)

  • Flowers – Make seeds.  Attract birds, insects and other pollinators. (broccoli, cauliflower, artichoke, edible decorative flowers)

  • Fruits – Protect the seeds.  Disperse seeds. (squashes, peaches, melons, apples, eggplant and so many more)

  • Seeds – Make new plants—“reproduce” themselves. (peas, beans, corn and other grains)

Video on plant part lesson we do at the farm: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8R7fVI7esZE&feature=share&list=PLD6F98D377BF77812

More Plant Part Lessons and a link to the Banana Slug String Band Song "Root, Stem, Leaves"


November 18 - Leaf Study and Planting

Looked a shadow pole and pulled up pea stem to look for roots.

Plant Peas, Carrots, Radishes, and Beets in our garden bed

Plant Fennel and discuss stems

Cut Flowers/Mint for FoodLab

November 4 - Corn Husk Dolls

We checked in our on shadow pole and marked where the shadow had moved.

We made corn husk dolls with 4-6th graders.

Stone soup (find a location to prep), leaves, seasons, sun/shadow, solar cooking, human sundial

4  - Corn Husk Dolls Buddy Time with Upper IS


18  Leaf study / leaf art / painters tape bracelets / leaf rubbings / leaf scavenger hunt

25  Stone Soup

October - Class Theme: Fall Harvest / Nocturnal Animals OwlsCorn Husk Dolls, Popcorn Math?, Corn Tortillas?, Popcorn Flipbooks?

October 28 - Harvest Corn, Beans and Squash - Sorting and Counting

We checked in our on shadow pole and marked where the shadow had moved.

Words of the Day: Harvest and Yield 
Lookat rootview cups one last time, measure quickly, remove roots of John's Peas to introduce root study and observe what will happen over time to rootless plant.
Read Three Sisters Story and observe how our garden grew.
Harvest everything and sort in groups.
Everyone shell beans together.
Corn group make piles of 5 ears of corn, then count by 5 to get total corn harvested
Bean group to sort beans in petrie dishes in groups of 10, then count by tens to get total bean count
Squash group to measure the circumference of each squash by wrapping a string around each pumpkin and then measure the string with yard stick.
Do a tally count of corn ear worms.
If time: Copy the quote "One for the crow, one to rot, and one to grow" and journal Words of the Day and record harvest yeilds.
Send kids home with three beans each and an ear of corn and their root view peas.

October 21 - Owl Pellets / Nocturnal Animal Foot Print Trap

We observed our root view cups and measured them. They grew a lot.
2-3rd graders joined us for a discussion of owls. We shared what we knew about them and then dissected owl pellets.
Then students glued bones on construction paper or directly on the owl pellet bone keys, we used the last pages of this guide - http://www.obdk.com/pdf/dissectionlab.pdf
This is a nice worksheet/guide for older than k-1 kids http://thecraftyclassroom.com/CraftBirdOwlPelletActivity.html

October 14 - Gardening

Word of the Day: Data Chart
Shadow Observation and Demonstrate Earth Rotation and Shadows using a Lego Mini-figure, pumpkin and flashlight. We all gathered in the shed to make a shadow on a figure spinning on the earth.
Root View Observation and measured growth in centimeters with rulers.
Sowing 12 six packs of Edible Peas.
We observed and marked our permanent shadow pole.

October 7 - Shadow Observation, Root View Cup Observations, FoodLab Flower Cutting

Word of the Day: Germination
In pairs, one student marked where their partner was sitting on a bench and then traced their shadow on the ground. We returned at end of the garden period (45 minutes later) to retrace their shadow and observe the shadow moved. We had a bit of discussion of why and sent home kids with homework to discuss at home why shadows move.
We checked on our lettuce bed, did a bit of weeding and observed the seed bed that had sprouted
We cut flowers for FoodLab
Observed our Root View Cups, the peas had germinated and we drew pictures of what we observed. We pulled out a sprouted seed to look at roots and shoots.
Marked our permanent shadow pole to start observing how shadows shift over the whole school year.

September - Class Theme: Building a Community / All about Me

September 30 - Flowers, Seed Saving, and Seed Sowing

Cut flowers for Food Lab. (John bring bud vases to garden)
Talk about plant parts, flowers turn into fruit and seeds
Seed hunt. Students find plants that have seeds in them.
Seed saving in the garden.
Word of the Day: Root View Cup
Plant root view cups. (cups will be prepped, kids will just pop seed in cup, keep in greenhouse, observe/draw over time)
www.lifelab.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/06/rootviewcup.pdf  www.youtube.com/watch?v=XXqrDnO0UXM
Journal draw the cup and seed

September 16 - Recorded Changes, Mystery Bags, Cut FlowersWord of the Day: Change

Students looked for Magic Spot Rocks and recorded change in journals

We shared out journal entries and discussed what had changed

Mystery Bag:  sunflower

Reviewed how to use hand shears and how to cut flowers, we made a flower boquet.

September 23 - Weather Station, Planting Lettuce Bed

Word of the Day: Transplant

Jenny to review weather station with students and fill out weather chart.

Roanna to lead bed prepping and lettuce seedling transplanting and cut and come lettuce.

Use journals to draw a map of bed and transplants.

Collect Magic Spot Rocks to bring home.

September 9 - Garden Intro and Tour, Practice Observation

Word of the Day: Observation

In Class:

In Garden:

  • Practiced grouping call back and making group circles

  • Introduced garden journals and the word of the day concept (which will increase handwriting skills)

  • Students drew on beach stones and then hid their “Magic Spot Rocks” in the garden and recorded what they observed around their rock home in their journals.

Food Lab Ideas:

My Plate - Food Grouping education in lunch room each day. To show kids what they are eating.

Photo album of harvests in Lunch Room.

Harvest of the  Month alignment with Emelia - have a garden lesson each week. Check on tasting funds that Mr. bitter acquired?

Farm tour or visit from local farmer.

Farm to School Month effort - in line with 30th Anniversary of FoodLab

Request What’ Growing on For Classes and identify lessons to run in each grade level


K/1 IS Class Garden Lessons 2012-2013