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Este es un pequeño glosario que intenta servir de referencia para la investigación de temas relacionados con Informática Clínica, Estándares y Tecnologías Web. El mismo sigue una estructura jerárquica de definición de términos dentro de ciertos dominios, de forma de generar una definición sin ambigüedad, no circular y contextualizada a un dominio. También se irán agregando links externos para definiciones más extensas.

A:

ACC (Organizations): American College of Cardiology
ACR (Organizations): American College of Radiology
ACSE (Organizations): Association Control Service Element
ADT: Admit, Dicharge and Transfer. Modelo del ciclo asistencial donde el paciente es Admitido, Dado de Alta o Transferido a otra unidad de cuidados o servicio asistencial.

B:

 

C:

CMET (HL7): Common Message Type Element
CDA (HL7): Clinical Document Architecture
CCD (Healthcare Informatics): Continuity of Care Document
CCR (Healthcare Informatics): Continuity of Care Record
CT (Healthcare): Computed Tomography

D:

Database (Informatics): structured collection of records or data that is stored in a computer system.
DSTU (HL7): Draft Standard Trial Use
D-MIM (HL7): Domain Message Information Model
DICOM (Healthcare Informatics)
: Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine

E:

ECG (Healthcare): Electrocardiograma
eMPI (Healthcare Informatics): Enterprise MPI
EHR (Healthcare Informatics): Electronic Health Record
ESB (SOA): Enterprise Service Bus
EDI (Interoperability): Electronic Data Interchange
EN13606(Healthcare informatics, Standards): European Standard is to define a rigorous and stable information architecture for communicating part or all of the Electronic Health Record (EHR) of a single subject of care (patient).
Epicrisis (Healthcare): resumen de datos de un episodio de atención, generalmente utilizado para derivación de pacientes (informes entre médicos o informes de alta).

F:

 

G:

Google Health(Healthcare Informatics, PHR): sistema de administración de información clínica personal desarrollado por google.
GRD (Healthcare): Grupos Relacionados de Diagnostico

H:

Healthcare: Health care is the prevention, treatment, and management of illness...
HIMSS (Organizations): Healthcare Information and Management System Society

HL7 (Healthcare Informatics): Health Level Seven, HL7 Standards is a US-based, ANSI-accredited health information standards development organisation. It develops specifications mainly for application-level messaging between health information systems, but also in other areas such as clinical documents and decision support. Its "version 2.x" messaging standards are in wide use in US and around the world, typically between information systems inside the same hospital, and between hospitals and external laboratories. Since 1997, Health Level 7 (HL7) has been developing a new set of standards, collectively known as "version 3", or "v3". These are still aimed primarily at defining application messages, but are based on formal models, including the "reference information model", or "RIM". Message content schemas are derived by a restriction process which starts from the Reference Information Model (RIM), and continues through domain information models (DIMs), restricted message information models (RMIMs), common message element types (CMETs), finally ending with hierarchical message definitions (HMDs) and generated message schemas in XML.

HMD (HL7): Hierarchical Message Definition
HMO (Healthcare): Health Maintenance Organization
Healthcare Informatics: intersection of information science, computer science, and health care.
HIPAA
(Healthcare): Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act.
HISA
(Healthcare Informatics): Health Informatics Service Architecture.
HIS (Healthcare Informatics): Hospital Information System

I:

ITI (IHE): IT Infraestructure
ITI TF (IHE): ITI Technical Framework
IHE: Integrating the Healthcare Enterprise
ITS (HL7): Implementable Technology Specification, marca como debe ser la interoperabilidad HL7 entre sistemas.
Interoperability: is a property referring to the ability of diverse systems and organizations to work together (inter-operate).

ICD (Healthcare Informatics, Vocabulary): International Classification of Diseases

ICT (Informatics): Information and Communications Technology (Tecnologías de la Información y Comunicación o TIC (es))

ISO 18308 (Healthcare Informatics, Standards): estándar de especificación técnica sobre los requerimientos para una arquitectura de sistema de Historia Clínica Electrónica.

J:

K:

L:

LDAP (Database): Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
LOINC (Healthcare Informatics): Logical Observation Identifier Names and Codes

M:

MPI (Healthcare Informatics): Master Patient Index
MIF (Informatics): Model Interchange Format
MCCI (HL7): Message Control Infraestructure
Mirth (ESB, HL7): Open Source Cross-Platform HL7 Intergface Engine.

N:

NEMA (Organizations): National Electrinal Manufacturers Association
NIU (Informatics): Network Interface Unit

O:

OpenEHR (Healthcare Informatics, Organization): open standard that describes the management and storage, retreival and exchange of health data in electronic health records (EHRs).

OpenMRS (Healthcare Informatics): is a community-developed, open-source, enterprise electronic medical record system framework.
OSI (Informatics, Standards): Open Systems Interconnection

P:

PIX (IHE): Patient Identifier Cross-Reference.
PDQ (IHE): Patient Demographic Query.
PACS (Healthcare Informatics): Picture Archiving and Communication System.

Q:

 

R:

RHIO (Healthcare): Regional Heath Info Organization
RIM (HL7): Reference Information Model
R-MIM (HL7): Reduced Message Information Model
RIA (Web Application): Rich Internet Application
RIS (Healthcare Informatics): Radiology Information System

S:

SOA: Service Oriented Architecture
Standard: A technical standard is an established norm or requirement. It is usually a formal document that establishes uniform engineering or technical criteria, methods, processes and practices.

T:

TCP/IP (Informatics, Telecommunications): Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol.
Telecommunications: assisted transmission of signals over a distance for the purpose of communication.

U:

V:

W:

Web Application: application that is accessed via web browser over a network such as the Internet or an intranet.

WADO: Web Access to DICOM Persistent Objects

X:

XDS (IHE): Cross-Enterprise Document Sharing 

Y:

 

Z: