Written by Joanne Q.H. Wei
From Sino-Canadian International College,Guangxi University
Different areas have different level of education, and the education resource in different areas is very different. The relationship between society and education is contact closely. Education is important to a country’s development. The society needs education to solve some social problems. Education plays an important role in society. As the economy develops so quickly, the whole world is closely tighten together. As English as the widest language in the world has played a much more important role these days. If we need to cooperate with other countries, we had better take the English teaching in our countries, which belongs to non-English areas.
The situation of education in different areas are different, and the level of different areas are great different. A significant number of people live in the mountain regions in Yemen and Morocco, where assess to schools and their limited number are problematic. In Morocco, the construction of 511 classrooms every month in the 1980’s would have made it possible to meet the needs, but for the years 1980-1985,despite rising expenditure, only 271 classrooms were completed(De Lavergnee,1991). So, it is not good for their English teaching. It has to be changed.
Resource of education in different areas is also different. In Yemen during 1998 and 1999, as many as 2000 women teacher were trained for work in rural areas. The Community School Project, which began in 1994 with approximately 1,000 girls in 120 villages, have now reached more than 11,000 girls who would not otherwise have received primary education. While communities have provided classroom space in most of the villages, in some cases meet under trees. More than 50 new classrooms have been constructed and another 25 classrooms repaired for the girl’s schooling (UNICEF, 2000)
In 6 of the 10 regions, the primary school NER is at or above 90%: developed countries (96%), Commonwealth of Independent States (90%), Eastern Asia (99%), South-eastern Asia (94%), Northern Africa (94%), and Latin America and the Caribbean (94%). In Oceania, the NER is 86%, in Southern Asia it is 87%, and in Western Asia 83%. In Sub-Saharan Africa, far fewer children go to school; in this region, the primary NER is 67%. At the global level, the primary school net enrollment rate is 86%. How can the English education develop quite well due to that？
The primary school net enrollment rate, 2004
(GPI: gender parity index.)
For all countries with data, the primary NER is indicated in the map below. Outside of Africa, most countries have NER values above 80 percent. In 7 countries, all in Africa or the Middle East, less than half of all primary-age children are enrolled in primary school: Djibouti (primary NER 32%), Niger (39%), Burkina Fast (41%), Sudan (43%), Guinea-Bissau (45%), Eritrea (46%), and Mali (47%).
According to the list of countries by literacy rate, some countries like Holy See, Georgia and Bolivia, adult literacy rate is 100%.However, the other countries like Niger, Afghanistan and so on; the adult literacy rate is under 30%. Now, you can see the problem: it’s a huge difference in economy development between developed countries and developing countries. The key is the level of education, not mention the English education.
Best Universities in the World – 2008
The Academic Ranking of World University of 2oo8 ,on the top ranking it almost find the universities come frame the African and Latin America, but just most of American’s and Europe universities.
The Times Higher (THES) has released its 2008 list of the world’s top-ranking universities. As in previous years (2007 listing), the rankings continue to be dominated by English-speaking universities and, in particular, those from the US and the UK which monopolies the top ten. This year, the Americans have strengthened their hold on the top ten, although Princeton has dropped out to be replaced by Columbia which comes in at number 10.
The Relationship between Society and Education.
A purposeful change in a society that contributes to social and economic well being and advancement of its people without creating any disharmony. Educated people earn more and are respected by the society. It is because of its tangible contributions in changing the lives of the people that education becomes an important part of the development policy in every country.
Literacy leads to education and results in empowerment with the acquisition of the essential knowledge and skills, which enable one to engage in activities required for effective functioning of the individual in social group and community and use these skills towards his own and social community’s development.
Education is increasingly recognized to be at the heart of the development process. Three dynamically interrelated factors are involved: the economic benefits of education; the impact of education on population growth, health, and social well-being; and the relationship between education and democratic society.
A large body research has established a strong correlation between literacy and social development indicators, such as health and nutrition, life expectancy and fertility in developing countries.
Zambian education minister said here Saturday that education is the key to the development of his country because it contributes positively to the development of any country's economy.
Brian Chituwo said it is for this reason that the government is committed to ensuring that education is attained at all levels. (Training Manual)
The Importance of English Education
Most of all remember forever, in 1840, the most insulted and miserable pay in Chinese history began with the Opium war. At that time, we lost our rights, our lands. The history tells us, “If we are backward, it’ll be insulted”. The government ant most of Chinese people got a lesson that we should pay great attention to our English education. (Mdern Chinese History)
People that are educated in an educational style will behave corresponding to the educational goals induced by the educational system, this creating a social capital. The main problem is to use cultural, educational and economical experiences in order to create stability and development, not in order to impose by force new rules to lead the world. This balanced might be obtained through education, especially English education.
Social capital is an instantiated informal norm that promotes cooperation between two or more individuals. The norms that constitute social capital can range from a norm of reciprocity between two friends, all the way up to complex and elaborately articulated doctrines like Christianity or Confucianism (Fukuyama, 1999)”
Education can make reduce the pressure of population. Educated women have fewer children. In South Asia, women with no education have seven children on average; women with at least seven years of education have fewer than four children.
Education provides women with greater opportunities for employment and income, and raises the opportunity cost of their time in economic activities compared to child rearing. Such economic gains motivate families to have fewer children. (Poverty and Education)
"Education is not a way to escape poverty — it is a way of fighting it.''
The purpose of English education is to make people get English knowledge and have abilities to adapt to the cruel society, and to compete with other employees. As we know, our time is knowledge time, and IT time, and it is also a time that is full of competition. In the rapid developing society, our knowledge, our character, our value, our ideas, our behavior and so on should all fit in with the need of the society. The level of developing of education affects a lot to our nation in business or politics.
The prosperity of a nation depends on the development of education. Any development in science and technology throughout the world is due to the development of education, which brings up scientists and inventors. It is difficult to emphasize just how important the role of education is. There is no doubt that countries with undeveloped education will remain poor.