Friedeburg en route to Queensland 1871

Jørgen Bertelsen

arrives in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

aboard the Friedeburg in 1871

Below are extracts from various source documents and records which provide a snapshot of life and conditions when Jørgen first arrived in Australia:









154 BERTHELSEN Jörgen Hunslev* Dänemark Landmann# 31 m
*Hundslev, island of Als. #German for country man, farmer, peasant.


Registration Number 553. Three-mast iron sailing vessel. Built for the Hamburg Shipping Line, Robert Miles Sloman & Co. in 1869 at Glasgow's Alexander Stephen & Sons' shipping yard. She was certificated on 7 May 1869. Burden 324 C.L. or capacity 769 NRT, and dimensions 55.64 m (length) x 9.16 m (beam) x 5.69 m (depth of hold).

This was the first of five voyages that she made from Hamburg to Australasia—two to New Zealand and three to Brisbane. After leaving Brisbane, she visited various trading ports before returning to Hamburg via Nieuwediep in 1872. She was sold in 1881 to Hamilton in Liverpool.

Ship's Master on this voyage was Captain E.C.R. Kopper.

Photo Courtesy John Oxley Library

[The Brisbane Courier, Saturday, August 12, 1871]


August 11.— Friedeborg, 786 tons, Captain Kopper, from Hamburg, with 353 immigrants.
The German immigrant ship Friedeborg was reported at anchor at the Pilot Station last night. She brings, according to the immigration returns, in all 353 souls, classed as follows:- Full payers, including children, 11; assisted, 11; free, 330; remittance, 2. There are 43 married and 153 single men, 44 married and 33 single women, 34 boys and 35 girls under 12 years of age, and 3 male and 8 female infants. Total, 283 males and 120 females. The occupations of the assisted, free, and remittance passengers are as follows:- Female domestic servants, 29; farm laborers, 144; shepherds, 2; gardeners, 2; tailors, 3; blacksmiths, 5; shoemakers, 5; mason, 1; butchers, 2; carpenters, 7; wheelwrights, 2; others, 6. Dr. Heineman is the Surgeon-superintendent. From inquiries at the Immigration-office, we learn that in all probability it will be Monday before a steamer can be sent down to bring up the passengers.

[The Brisbane Courier, Tuesday, August 15, 1871]


August 12 - Friedeborg, 786 tons, Captain Kopper, from Hamburg. Passengers: Mr and Mrs Anderson, Mrs Heinemann, Mr Kruse, and 301 in the steerage.


Friedeborg from Hamburg: 1650 bags salt, 2 bales hemp, 1 bale linseed, 1 case, 1 case books, Berens, Ranniger, and Co.


The German immigrants ex Friedeborg were brought up yesterday by the Settler, and certainly, as far as appearance goes, they promise to become as useful a class of settlers as have been received here under the Immigration Regulations for some time past. They are a hardy looking lot, who appear to have been well used to work. In all they number 353, including children, all, with the exception of 23, being free passengers. Among them there are 29 female domestic servants and 144 farm laborers, the remainder being made up of mechanics of different trades. Although the passage has been a lengthy one -- occupying 110 days -- the new comers have enjoyed excellent health, and appear to have been well cared for. The hearty manner in which they commenced cheering and singing before reaching the wharf shows at least that they arrive in good spirits, and with an evident determination to appreciate their new home.

[The Queensland Times, Thursday, August 17, 1871]


Friedeborg, from Hamburg: 1650 bags salt, 2 bales hemp, 1 bale linseed, 1 case, 1 case books, Berens, Ranniger, and Co.

[The Queenslander, Saturday, August 19, 1871]

The immigrants from the German ship Friedeborg were safely landed with their luggage at the government wharf on August 14. Captain Kopper has furnished us with the following particulars of his voyage:- The Friedeborg left Hamburg on the 23rd April, with a light southerly breeze, and was off the South Foreland on the 27th; experienced fresh westerly winds until the 3rd May, the vessel being then off Start Point; from thence had a fair passage to the Equator, which was crossed on the 28th May; found the S.E. trade winds very light; sighted Tristan d'Acunha on the 17th of June, and experienced fresh westerly winds and a fine passage until the 3rd July, when the vessel was in 47 degrees south latitude, 63 degrees east longitude. On this day a very heavy gale set in from the north, which lasted for two days, necessitating the vessel being hove to, the barometer falling to 28.40. Then encountered moderate westerly winds veering round to the northward until the 10th July, when a strong gale set in from the east, which lasted until the 28th, the wind shifting from north-east to south-east. When in 44 degrees south 135 degrees east a fair wind set in, and the southern portion of Tasmania was sighted on the 31st of July. On the 3rd of August it fell calm, and the wind shifted to the north, with a fresh breeze; sighted Port Jackson lighthouse on the following day, and Port Stephens light two days afterwards. On the 8th instant sighted Cape Hawke, and at about 6 o'clock in the evening a heavy squall was encountered from the south-west, accompanied by thunder and lightning, which lasted for two hours. The squall was of such a severe character that all sail had to be furled, with the exception of the lower topsails. A fair breeze from the south-west was then obtained, dying away at noon, and freshening again towards sunset, which lasted until the 11th instant, on which day Cape Moreton light was made about 1 a.m.; at 7 a.m. took the pilot on board, and anchored in Brisbane Roads two hours after—the passage having occupied 110 days from Hamburg. There were four deaths during the passage, three being children under twelve years of age, and the other a married woman, who died in childbed. There were the same number of births—one child, however, being still-born. On the whole, the health of the passengers was excellent, and their appearance certainly speaks well for the treatment they have received.

[The Brisbane Courier, Monday, August 21, 1871]


August 20. — Friedeborg, 786 tons, Captain Kopper, for Batavia


Friedeborg, ship, for Batavia, with 1650 bags ground rock salt, part of original cargo from Hamburg.