Area-wise plan: Plans for Tier 1, 2, 3A, 3B, 3C, and 4 urban areas

The following map shows the urban agglomerations of Orissa with population of more than 35,000.
Based on the sizes of the urban agglomerations and their current status, we divide them to four main categories of agglomerations and two major corridors. The four main categories are:
  1. Tier 1: A knowledge hub aiming to be of international standards that rival the San Francisco Bay Area or the Boston area. (The Cuttack-Bhubaneswar-Khurda-Puri metroplex)
  2. Tier 2: Five metros aiming to be knowledge centers associated with current tier 2 metros of India.   (Rourkela metro, Sambalpur-Jharsuguda, Berhampur metro, Balasore-Baripada, Jeypore-Koraput-Sunabeda metro). These will eventually have at least two universities, at least one national level institution or university, multiple engineering colleges, at least one medical college and an independent research institute/center/lab.
  3. Tier 3: Urban agglomerations aiming to have varied independent higher education infrastructure such as an autonomous college that imparts Masters degree, an engineering school, an engineering college, a university within 60 kms, and a medical college within 60 kms. Such areas are: Dhenkanal, Bhadrakh, Kalinganagar, Paradeep, Angul-Talcher, Bhawanipatna, Rayagada, Baragarh, Balangir, Sundergarh, Joda-Barbil, Keonjhar, Kendrapada-Pattamundai, Aska-Kabisuryanagar, Dhamara-Chandbali, Parlakhemundi and Phulbani. All these agglomerations except Phulbani and Dhamara have a current population of more than 50K.
  4. Tier 4: Towns aiming to have at least one good autonmous college, one top notch trade school and a town library. These towns are: Jaleswar, Remuna, soro, Kantabanji, Titlagarh, Boudh, Deogarh, Bhuban, Buguda-Polasari, Bhanjanagar, Khallikote-Rambha, Jagatsinghpur, Malkangiri, Nabarangpur, Umerkote, Khandapada-Nayagarh, Nuapada-Khariar Rd and Sonepur. All these towns, except the district head quarter towns of Boudh, Nuapada-Khariar Rd and Sonepur, have a current population of at least 20 K. 
The two major knowledge corridors involving the above are:
  • Cuttack-Bhubaneswar--Khallikote-Berhampur and
  • Rourkela-Sundergarh-Jharsuguda-Sambalpur-Baragarh.
We now discuss each of the above mentioned urban agglomeration, their current status and what needs to be pursued for them. Some of this information is available in a  tabular form in another page.

Tier 1: The Cuttack-Bhubaneswar-Khurda-Puri metroplex:  The current population of the Cuttack-Bhubaneswar-Khurda metroplex is 1.9 million. The current population of Puri town, which is about 40 kms from Khurda Rd, is 190K. By 2020 the population of the total area is expected to be at least 3.5 million.

In recent years several top notch universities and institutions have been established in this area and several others are in pipeline. These include NISER, IIT, IIIT, National University, National Law University, AIIMS-like institution etc. We will detail them in the final document. To make this area a knowledge hub of international standards the following steps need to be taken.
  • Steps need to be taken so that the Vedanta University is established expeditiously and it progresses as envisioned. This is a game changer and would propel this area beyond any knowledge center in India and towards an international knowledge hub. 
  • The airport is upgraded to an international airport.
  • Some larger research centers need to be pursued and established in this area. Although this area has several research centers already, most of them are small with at most 20 researchers. The current knowledge hubs of the country such as Pune, Hyderabad or Bangalore, or even smaller centers such as Indore and Alllahabad have large research centers with 100s of researchers. Hence, steps need to be taken to get at least one large research center. For example, a branch of TIFR should be pursued. In addition steps need to be taken so that Institute of Mathematics and the Institute of Material Sciences and Applications are taken over by the central government. 

Among the proposed five tier 2 hubs four of them are either part of the eastern corridor stretching from Balasore to Berhampur or the western corridor stretching from Rourkela to Bhawanipatna via Jharsuguda, Sambalpur, Baragarh and Titlagarh. Since the abovementioned tier 1 hub is part of the eastern corridor, one of the tier 2 hubs from the western corridor should get extra attention.  While based on current population and demography Rourkela is the leading candidate, Sambalpur-Jharsuguda is upcoming and if the airport in Jharsuguda gets more prominence than the airport in Rourkela then Sambalpur-Jharsuguda could lead the western corridor. 

Tier 2: Rourkela-Ranjgangpur area
: The current population of the Rourkela area is estimated to be 700K. By 2020 the population of the area is expected to be at least 1.2 million.

Currently the area has a national level institute in NIT, a university (but mostly in paper) in BPUT, and couple of private engineering colleges. To make this a tier 2 knowledge center of the country the following steps need to be taken.
  • BPUT needs to have real departments and centers and offer its own courses.
  • BPUT needs to be expanded to have programs in Science, Humanities and Commerce; Or a comprehensive university with programs in Science, Humanities and commerce needs to be established. At present Rourkela may be the only metro area of its size in India that does not have a comprehensive university.
  • A private medical college is being established in Rourkela. This needs to be operational as soon as possible. In addition, NIT should be encouraged to start a medical college in collaboration with one of the major hospitals in Orissa. 
  • Since Rourkela has a lot of industries, ESIC should be pressurizeded to open a medical college here.
  • SAIL should be pressurized to open a medical and engineering college in Rourkela similar to what it plans to do in Bokaro. 
  • One of the central government departments such as CSIR, DAE, Sc & Tech, etc. needs to open a research center here.
  • If it were to lead the western corridor, then a regional university (similar to the old regional engineering colleges, with 50-50 partnership between the state and the central govt.) should be established in Rajgangpur. (This could be part of the 12th five year plan starting from 2012.)
  • Rourkela airport needs to be functional with regular commercial service.
  • The Talcher-Bimlagarh Railway line needs to be completed, so that Rourkela is only 4-5 hours by train from Bhubaneswar.
  • A pair of intercity half-day trains must be run between Rourkela and Bhubaneswar. (One such train has been announced in this years budget.) 
Tier 2: Berhampur-Gopalpur-Hinjilicut area: The current population of the greater Berhampur area is estimated to be 550K. By 2020 the population of this area is expected to be about 1 million.

Currently Berhampur has a university, a government medical college, a government engineering college (just opened), and six private engineering colleges. Recently, the Orissa government is pushing for a partly centrally funded IIIT in Berhampur. Also, there has been demand to upgrade Khallikote College to a unitary university.  To make this a tier 2 knowledge center of the country the following steps need to be taken. 
  • A centrally funded IIIT must be established here.
  • Khallikote college must be upgraded to a university.
  • One of the central government departments such as CSIR, DAE, Sc & Tech, etc. needs to open a research center here.
  • The Berhampur STP must be upgraded.
  • NIST, among the top private engineering college of Orissa, should be offered by the state to become a private university with expanded programs.
  • Establish the proposed (centrally funded) gems and jewelery institute in Hinjilicut. (CM has written about it to the Central commerce minister about it.)
  • A remote terminal (with Bus service) for the Bhubaneswar airport must be established here so that passengers can check-in and take a bus to reach the Bhubaneswar airport.
  • TATAs should be pressured to expedite their SEZ and include more knowledge components in it.
  • Growth of Gopalpur port should be facilitated.
  • The Orissa government should push to upgrade the MKCG Medical College to the AIIMS level. 
  • Establishment of private medical colleges in this area must be encouraged.
  • The OUAT Fisheries college needed to upgraded and expanded.
  • NH 217 should be made to a 4-lane highway with appropriate bypasses, at least between Berhampur and Aska.
Tier 2: Burla-Sambalpur-Jharsuguda-Baragarh area: The current population of the Burla-Sambalpur area is 250K and the Jharsuguda area is 200K. Considering they are only 40 kms apart they should be considered as a single metropolitan area with a population close to 500K. By 2020 the population of this area is expected to be about 700K.

Currently this area has two universities (Sambalpur University and VSS University of Technology), a government medical college, and four private engineering college. There is one private engineering colleges in nearby Sundergarh. To make this area a tier 2 knowledge center of the country the following steps need to be taken. 
  • The VSSUT must be upgraded to a national level institute such as an IIEST (Indian Institute of Engineering Science & Technology)
  • GM College needs to be upgraded to a unitary university.
  • An STP must be established in Sambalpur.
  • Operationalization of Jharsuguda airport must be expedited.
  • One of the central government departments such as CSIR, DAE, Sc & Tech, etc. needs to open a research center here.
  • The Orissa government should push to upgrade the VSS Medical College to the AIIMS level.
  • Establishment of private medical colleges in this area must be encouraged.
  • The OUAT college in Chipilima needs to upgraded and expanded
  • If it were to lead the western corridor, then a regional university (similar to the old regional engineering colleges, with 50-50 partnership between the state and the central govt.) should be established in Jharsuguda. (This could be part of the 12th five year plan starting from 2012.)
  • A state university should be established in Jharsuguda during the 13th plan. (by 2020)
  • A state university should be established in Baragarh during the 13th plan. (by 2020)
Tier 2: Balasore-Baripada area: The current population of Balasore area is 130 K and the current population of Baripada is 140 K. They are about 60 km apart. Together their population would be more than 300K.

Currently, Balasore has a state university in Fakir Mohan University and Baripada has a state university in North Orissa University. The Balasore area has 5 private engineering colleges, with 1 in nearby Bhadrakh and there is one private engineering college in Jharpokharia near Baripada. 

The Orissa government should take the following steps in regards to this area.
  • It should push the defense department, which has operations in Chandipur, to establish a medical college here.
  • It should also consider establishing a medical college in the Mayurbhanj district side of this area, as it would then serve this district which has 57.87% tribals.
  • The STP at Balasore must be upgraded.
  • Orissa government should pursue with IIT Kharagpur for an extension center here.
  • ... 

Tier 2: Jeypore-Koraput-Sunabeda-Damanjodi area: The current population of this area is 200K. By 2020 the population of this area is expected to be 300K. Our goal is to make this largest metropolitan area of the KBK districts a tier 2 knowledge center by 2030. For 2020 our goals are more mdest.

Currently Central University of Orissa Koraput is being established here. Classes of this university will start this Fall. There are currently two private engineering colleges in this area. With our goals in mind we propose that the following steps be taken.
  • Central University of Orissa Koraput be chosen among the five new central universities to have a medical and engineering college during the 11th plan.
  • A state university should be established in Jeypore during the 13th plan. (by 2020)
  • NALCO be pressurized to establish a medical college in nearby Damanjodi. 
  • The Orissa government open a knowledge park of 200 acres near the central university. This knowledge park should contain an STP, and other amenities. the state should invite trustees of some of the top private engineering colleges to establish an engineering college in this knowledge park. 
  • There is currently one daily night time train plying between Koraput and Bhubaneswar. A new day train running between Koraput and Bhuabneswar must be started.

Before we move to tier 3 we would like to draw attention to the following map which shows in red the location of the existing universities and in blue where new universities need to be establish at the earliest so as to correct the regional imbalances at the earliest. It will also result in each of the 13 undivided districts having at least one university.
We start with the areas noted in blue. These areas are far from the Tier I and 2 areas and somewhat remotely located. So among the Tier 3 areas these need special attention such as a university and a medical college within the area by 2015. We refer to these areas as Tier 3A. (Among the remaining we label some as Tier 3B and the rest as 3C. The goal is to have a university in or near the 3B areas by 2020.)

Among the 3A areas Bhawanipatna and Phulbani are the most isolated, so the government needs to pay special attention to them. 

Tier 3A: Bhawanipatna-Kesinga (Kalahandi): The greater Bhawanipatna area consisting of Bhawanipatna, Kesinga and Junagarh has a current population of about 100K. 

A new government engineering college has just been started in Bhawanipatna. A private medical college is being established near by. The state government has announced an agricultural college here. For the progress of the vast under-served area around Bhawanipatna, the Orissa government should take the following steps.
  • It should push for a campus of the Central University of Orissa, Koraput in Bhawanipatna.
  • It should establish a state funded South Orissa University in Bhawanipatna. 
  • The agricultural college must be operational at the earliest and upgraded to Orissa University of Agricultural Sciences.
  • The medical college must be operational at the earliest. 
  • The Lanjigarh Rd - Bhawanipatna line is scheduled to be completed this year. Orissa should monitor and make sure of that. As soon as it is completed, a train connecting Bhawanipatna and Bhubaneswar must be introduced.
  • Vedanta SPV be used to further develop the higher education infrastructure of this area. For example, it may be used towards establishing a stand-alone university or a branch/center of Vedanta University.
Tire 3A: Phulbani: Phulbani has a current population of 35K.

In December 2008, the Orissa government suggested visiting Agriculture minister Mr. Sarad Pawar about the establishment of a campus of the Indira Gandhi National Tribal University here. The Orissa government should take the following steps in regards to Phulbani.
  • It should establish a Orissa Tribal University with its main campus here.
  • It should push for the early establishment of a  campus of the Indira Gandhi National Tribal University here.
  • It should allocate a large block of land for this university and push for having multiple programs in this campus, including a medical college and an engineering college.
  • It should push for expediting the completion of the Khurda-Balangir line which, even though does not touch Phulbani, does pass close to this area.
  • It should contact Christian and Hindu organizations to establish higher education institutions and perhaps even a medical and/or aurvedic college here. 
Tire 3A: Angul-Talcher area: This area has a current population of 100K. 

Last year MCL, a subsidiary of Coal India limited announced the establishment of a medical college in Talcher. Currently there is a government engineering college (IGIT Sarang) near Talcher. The Orissa government should take the following steps in regards to this area.
  • It should establish a Central Orissa University here.
  • It should push MCL to establish the medical college it announced at the earliest.
  • It should push NTPC (that has a huge operation in this area) to establish a IIIT, similar to what it has promised to establish in Chhatisgarh.
  • It should push for the completion of the Talcher-Bimlagarh and Angul-Sukinda Railway lines at the earliest.
Tier 3A: Keonjhar area: This area has a current population of 60K. 

Currently this area has a state government engineering college in OSME (Orissa School of Mining Engineering). However, this college is not in good shape.

The Orissa government should take the following steps in regards to this area.
  • It should establish a Central Orissa University here.
  • It should improve OSME and push the central government to make it a branch of ISMU (Indian School of Mines University), Dhanbad. 
  • It should help the establishment of the Mittal plant.
  • It should push the Mittal's to establish a medical college here.
  • There is now one daily train connecting Keonjhar with Bhubaneswar. Orissa government should push for another train connecting Keonjhar with Bhubaneswar.
Tier 3A: Balangir-Titlagarh area: This area has a current population of 150K.

Currently this area has several state government colleges but no university, medical college or govt. engineering college.

The Orissa government should take the following steps in regards to this area.
  • It should establish Western Orissa University here.
  • It should make quick progress on the WODC medical college.
  • It should pursue for a centrally funded engineering college along the lines of SLIET (Punjab) and ABA GKC IET (West Bengal). 
  • It should push for a campus of the Central University of Orissa, Koraput in Balangir.
  • It should pursue the quick completion of the Khurda-Balangir railway line.


Among the areas in 3B the plan is to have universities near every area that has a population of 100K with one exception: Because of the remoteness Parlakhemundi will have a university regardless of its less than 100K low population. These areas are marked in yellow in the following map.



Tier 3B: Rayagada-Therubali-Gunupur: This area has a current population of 100K.

Currently this area has four private engineering colleges, three in Rayagada and one in Gunupur.

The Orissa government should take the following steps in regards to this area.
  • It should make GIET Gunupur, the largest engineering college outside of the Bhubaneswar area, a private state university with the condition that it opens a medical college.
  • It should establish a university in Rayagada during the 13th plan. (by 2020)
  • It should push the Birlas who have operations in nearby Kashipur to establish quality HRD institutions.
  • It should push the IMFA group to establish quality HRD institutions in the Therubali area.
Tier 3B: Parlakhemundi: This area has a current population of 45K.

Currently this area has an engineering college in JITM. 

The Orissa government should take the following steps in regards to this area.
  • It should make JITM, an innovative college, a private state university.
  • It should establish a state university in Parlakhemundi during the 13th plan. (by 2020)
  • It should establish a medical college here using a mechanism similar to the WODC mechanism.

Tier 3B: Kalinganagar (Duburi-Jajpur Rd-Panikoili-Jajpur): This area has a current population of 100K. 

Currently, a large number of industries are being established in this area.

The Orissa government should take the following steps in regards to this area.
  • It should make VN College a government college and make it independent. (2015)
  • It should make NC College an independent College. (2015)
  • It should push the Jindals to establish a university here. (They have established a university in Harayana.)
  • It should establish a state university in this area (perhaps in Panikoili  which is 9 km from Jajpur Rd and 20 km from Jajpur) during the 13th plan. (by 2020)
  • It should push the companies operating in this area to further enhance the HRD infrastructure of this area.
  • It should create a Knowledge park here.
  • It should be proactive with respect to National Waterway (NW5) 5 as this will be one of the few locations where NH, Railway and NW5 will be close.
Tier 3B: Bhadrak: This area has a current population of 110K. It is 60 kms from Balasore,

Currently this area has a private engineering college.

The Orissa government should take the following steps in regards to this area.
  • It should make Bhadrakh College an independent college that offers its own degrees, including masters degrees.
  • It should expedite the construction of the Bhadrakh-Dhamara railway lines and roads.
  • It should establish a state university in Bhadrak during the 13th plan. (by 2020)
Tier 3B: Paradeep: This area has a current population of 100K.

The Paradeep Port Trust has announced that it will establish an engineering college here.

The Orissa government should take the following steps in regards to this area.
  • It should establish a state university in Paradeep during the 13th plan. (by 2020)
  • The Orissa Maritime Institute in Paradeep must be made a branch of the Indian Maritime University in Chennai.
Tier 3B: Joda-Barbil: This area has a current population of 100K.

The Orissa government should take the following steps in regards to this area.
  • It should establish a state university in Barbil during the 13th plan. (by 2020)


Tier 3C: Dhenkanal: This area has a current population of 70K. 

Currently it has a private engineering college and a branch of IIMC (Indian Institute of Mass Communication). 

The Orissa government should take the following steps in regards to this area.
  • It should establish a state university in Dhenkanal by 2025.

Tier 3C: Sundergarh: This area has a current population of 50K.

The Orissa government should take the following steps in regards to this area.
  • It should establish a state university in Sundergarh by 2025.
Tier 3C: Aska-Kabisuryanagar: This area has a current population of 40K.

The Orissa government should take the following steps in regards to this area.
  • It should establish a state university in Aska by 2030.
Tier 3C: Kendrapada-Pattamundai: This area has a current population of 75K.

The Orissa government should take the following steps in regards to this area.
  • It should establish a state university in this area by 2030

Tier 3C: Dhamara-Chandbali: This area has a current population of 30K.

The Orissa government should take the following steps in regards to this area.
  • It should establish a state university in this area by 2030.


Tier 4: Jaleswar: This area has a current population of 22K.

Tire 4:  Remuna: This area has a current population of 30K.

Tier 4:  Soro: This area has a current population of 30K.

Tier 4:  Kantabanji: This area has a current population of 22K.

Tier 4:  Titlagarh: This area has a current population of 30K.

Tier 4: Boudh: This area has a current population of 20K.

Tier 4: Deogarh: This area has a current population of 22K.

Tier 4: Bhuban: This area has a current population of 22K.

Tier 4: Buguda-Polasari: This area has a current population of 35K.

Tier 4: Bhanjanagar-Baluguntha: This area has a current population of 27K.

Tier 4: Khallikote-Rambha: This area has a current population of 24K.

Tier 4: Jagatsinghpur: This area has a current population of 33K.

Tier 4: Malkangiri: This area has a current population of 25K.

Tier 4: Nabarangpur: This area has a current population of 30K.

Tier 4: Umerkote: This area has a current population of 27K.

Tier 4: Khandapada-Nayagarh: This area has a current population of 25K.

Tier 4:  Nuapada-Khariar Rd: This area has a current population of  28K.

Tier 4: Sonepur: This area has a current population of 20K.

TO BE CONTINUED AND REVISED. THIS IS WORK IN PROGRESS.


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