District-wise road map for independent colleges and constituent colleges of universities

As reported in a PIB report, on July 28th 2009 Minister of State in HRD Smt. D. Purandeswari said the following in the Rajya Sabha:

The Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in Indian higher education is estimated to be about 12.4%, as compared to estimated world average of 26%. In order to achieve the targeted GER of an additional five per cent by the end of the XI Plan, a substantial increase in Plan allocation has been made for the expansion of higher education, by way of setting up of institutions such as Central Universities in uncovered States, Indian Institutes of Technology, Indian Institutes of Management, Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research, Indian Institute of Information Technology, and Schools of Planning and Architecture. Expansion of capacity of the existing institutions, incentivizing state Governments for increasing state outlays on higher education and setting up of new colleges in 374 educationally backward district with GER below the national level through partnership with State Governments are also some of the steps for achieving higher GER. Expansion of Central Educational Institutions covered under the Central Educational Institutions (Reservation in Admission) Act, 2006 has also been undertaken which aims to increase intake capacity of these institutions by 54%. 

We use the UGC document titled "Report of the UGC Committee to prepare Detailed Project Report (DPR) for establishing the proposed model colleges in low Gross Enrollment Districts (GERs) in India" to present some of the Education related statistics about Orissa.

In that report, in Table 1 (pages 9-10) Orissa's GER is given as 13.66%. In Table II (pages 12-20) it identifies 18 districts of Orissa (out of 30 districts) as Educationally Backward Districts (EBDs). The following map overlays the GER numbers of these districts on top of a color coded map of literacy in Orissa.


The UGC report goes on to use the statistic of CPI (College Population Index) that measures the number of colleges per lakh population of age 18-23) to group the EBDs to several phases in terms of when model colleges will be established in them. 

The following map shows the distribution of colleges (including junior colleges that offer only +2) in Orissa. The red dots and private colleges and the blue dots are government colleges. 

Among the Orissa EBDs the grouping is as follows:
  1. Phase 1: Malkangiri and Baudh with CPI less than or equal to 4.
  2. Phase 2: Kandhamala and Nuapada with CPI between 4.1 and8.
  3. Phase 3: The rest 14 districts with CPI greater than 8.
We think that the correlation between CPI and GER is not high with respect to Orissa. Rather the correlation between GER and Literacy is much higher. We urge the HRD ministry to group the EBDs based on their literacy. If done that way the grouping will be as follows:
  • Phase 1 (With literacy below 53%): Nabarangpur, Malkangiri, Rayagada, Nuapada, Gajapati, Koraput, Kandhamala and Kalahandi.
  • Phase 2 (With literacy between 53.1% and 60%): Baudha, Balangir and Keonjhar
  • Phase 3 (With literacy higher than 60%): Nayagarh, Debgarh, Sonepur, Bargarh, Angul, Ganjam and Dhenkanal.

Now let us consider districts that do not have any state government colleges. We recommend that the state governoment either establish a new college there or adopt an existing private college there. Based on our analysis in http://www.orissalinks.com/archives/1786 following are those districts.
  • Baudha
  • Deogarh
  • Jagatsinghpur
  • Jharsuguda
  • Kendrapada
  • Malkangiri
  • Nabarangpur
  • Nayagarh
  • Nuapada
  • Rayagada 
  • Sonepur
Then we take into consideration the autonomous colleges and reward them.  We also take into account the proposed structural changes in organizing colleges. We then consider our area wise plan. In that page we already discussed the Tier 1 and Tier 2 areas. Below we give a table that takes into account all of the above and lays out our plan with respect to colleges and with respect to tier 3 and tier 4 areas. 

The following table consolidates the actions we plan to take related to colleges.


 District Low GERState CollegesAutonomous or Accredited or otherwise good private colleges Tier 1, 2 3 areasTier 4 areas Action 1
(Central governemnt)
 
It plans to establish model colleges in all the 18 low GER districts of Orissa.
 Action2 (State) Other actions related to colleges
 AnugulYesGovt. College Angul

IGIT, Saranga
  3A: Angul-Talcher (100K) Model College: Establish it in TalcherCentral Orissa University in Angul (By 2015)Make Govt. College Angul a constituent college of Central Orissa University in Angul 
 BaudhaYesNone   Boudh (18K)Model College: Make it in BoudhaMake a new independent State College in Boudha.  
 BalangirYesRajendra College

Govt. College Balangir

Govt. Women's College Balangir

BB Sanskrit College, Balangir
Titlagarh College (autonomous)  3A: Balangir- Badmal-Titlagarh (150K)Kantabanji (21K)Model College: Make it in KantabanjiWestern Orissa University in Balangir  (By 2015)

Push for a KBKIET (similar to SLIET and ABA GKC IET) in Balangir area.
Make Rajendra College, Govt. College, Govt. Women's College and BB Sanskrit College constituent colleges of Western Orissa University. 

Make Titlagarh College a private independent college. Perhaps the government can also adopt it as a government college and make it a constituent of Western Orissa University.
 Balasore FM

KKS Women's 
 2: Balasore-Baripada (300K)Jaleswar (22K)

Remuna (29K)

Soro (28K)
 Make an independent state college with branches in Jaleswar, Remuna and Soro.Make FM College and KKS Women's college constituent colleges of FM University.
 BaragarhYesPanchayat College 3B: Baragarh (100K) Model College: Make it in Barpali or Padampur. (By 2015)Baragarh University (By 2020)Make Panchayat College an independent College (2015)
 Bhadrak Bhadrak 3B: Bhadrak (110K)

3B: Dhamara-Chandbali
  Make an independent state College in Dhamara. 

Bhadrak University (By 2020)
Make Bhadrak College an independent college (2015) and subsequently a constituent college of Bhadrak University.
 Cuttack SB
JKBK
IMIT
Banki (autonomous) (B++)

UN College, Adaspur (autonomous) (B+)

Choudwar College (B++)

Salipur College (B++)
1. Bhubaneswar -Cuttack-Khordha-Puri 
(Current population of BBSR-CTC metroplex is 1.9 million; Population of greater Puri is 200K+)
  Establish Bhubaneswar-Cuttack metropolitan University. Make SB, JKBK and IMIT part of the proposed Bhubaneswar-Cuttack metropolitan university. 

Make Banki College an independent private college.

Make UN College an independent private college.

Make Choudwar college an independent private college.

Make Salipur College an independent private college.
 DhenkanalYes Dhenkanal College

Dhenkanal Women's College 
 3B: Dhenkanal (70K) Bhuban (21K)Model College: Establish it in between Bhuban and Kamakhyanagar. Dhenkanal University (2025)Merge Dhenkanal College and Dhenkanal women's college to an independent college (2015) and subsequently constituent college of Dhenkanal University (2025). 
 DeogarhYesNone  Deogarh  (21K)Model College: Make it in DeogarhToo small a district. No need for another state college. 
 GajapatiYes  SKCG 3B: Parlakhemundi (45K) Model College: Make it in Parlakhemundi Gajapati University in Parlakhemundi (By2020)Make SKCG an independent college  (2015) and subsequently a constituent college of Gajapati University (2020).
 GanjamYes Khallikote College, Berhampur

BA College, Berhampur

SBR Womens college, Berhampur

Govt. Science College, Chhatrapur

Parla Maharaj Engineering College

Niranjan Govt. Women's College
 2: Berhampur-Gopalpur-Chhatrapur-Hinjilicut

(The current population of the above is 550K)

3B: Aska-Kabisuryanagar(40K)
Buguda-Polasara (34K)

Bhanjanagar (25K)

Khallikote-Rambha (22K)
Model College: Make it in Bhanjanagar (near Kandhamala)  Make an independent state college in Buguda.

Make an independent state college in Khallikote or Rambha.

Make Khallikote College to Khallikote University

Make sure a IIIT is established in Berhampur.
Make BA College, SBR Women's college and Govt. Science College Chhatrapur as constituent colleges of Khallikote University. 


Make Science College Hinjilicut a government college and a constituent of Khallikote University
Expand Niranjan Women's college to have both male and female students and make it an independent college. Eventually it should be made a constituent of Aska University (2030).
 Jagatsinghpur None SVM College, Jagatsinghpur (B+) 3B: Paradeep (100K) Jagatsinghpur (31K) Make SVM College a government college. 

Make an independent college in Paradeep. (2015) 
Paradeep University (By 2020)
Make SVM College an independent College. 
 Jajpur NC College VN College, Jajpur Rd (autonomous) (B+) 3B. Kalinganagar (100K)  Kalinganagar University in Panikoili (By 2020)Make NC College an independent College. (2015)

Make VN College an independent government college. (2015)

Eventually (2020) both are made constituents of Kalinganagar University.
 Jharsuguda None 2: Sambalpur-Jharsuguda (500K)  Push for a regional/central university in Jharsuguda

Jharsuguda University (By 2020)
Adopt 1-2 colleges as govt colleges and make them constituents of GM University. (2015)  and eventually constituent college of Jharsuguda University (2020).
 KalahandiYes Govt. College, Bhawanipatna

Women's College, Bhawanipatna

Govt. Engineering College

Agricultural College. 
 3A. Bhawanipatna  (100K) Model College: Make it in Kesinga. Establish Southern Orissa university.


Upgrade
Agricultural College to Orissa University of Agricultural Sciences.
Establish Southern Orissa University and make the Govt. College and Women's college as its constituents.
 KandhamalaYes Govt. College.

SM Govt. Women's College
  3A: Phulbani (35K) Model College: Make it in G. Udaygiri Immediately Push to establish a branch of IGNTU in Phulbani.

Establish Phulbani (state) university.

Establish Orissa Tribal University with HQ here. (2015)
Make Govt. College and SM Govt. women's college as constituent of Phulbani University. 
 Kendrapada NoneKendrapada College (autonomous) -A 3: Kendrapada-Pattamundai (75K)  Make Kendrapada College a government college. Also make it to an independent college. 
 KeonjharYes DD College

Govt. Women's College

BN Sanskrit College 

OSME, Keonjhar
 3A: Keonjhar (60K)

3B: Joda-Barbil (100K)
 Model College: Establish it in Barbil.Establish Central Orissa University Keonjhar. (2015)

Barbil University (By 2020)
Make DD College, Govt. Women's college and BN Sanskrit College part of the proposed Central Orissa University, Keonjhar.
 Khordha BJB
Rajdhani
RD
CITE
ISMT
MICM

CET, Bhubaneswar
PN College, Khurda (autonomous) (A) 1. Bhubaneswar-Cuttack-Khorda-Puri (1.9 million; 200K)  Establish Bhubaneswar-Cuttack metropolitan University (2015)

Puri University (by 2020)
Make BJB, Rajdhani, RD, CITE, ISMT, MICM part of the proposed Bhubaneswar-Cuttack metropolitan university. 


Make PN College an independent private college.
 KoraputYes Vikram Dev, Jeypore

Govt. women's, Jeypore

DAV Koraput
 2: Koraput-Jeypore-Sunabeda-Nalconagar

(The current population of this area is 200K)
 Model College: Establish it in Kotpad. Jeypore University (by 2020)Merge Vikram Dev College, Govt. Women's College  and DAV Koraput to a single independent college (2015) and eventually as constituent of Jeypore University (2020)
 MalkangiriYesNone  Malkangiri (24K)Model College: Make it in Malkangiri Make an independent state College in Balimela.  
 Mayurbhanj MPC

Govt. Women's College

Govt. Sanskrit College 
 2: Balsore-Baripada (300K)   Make MPC College, Govt. Women's college and Govt. Sanskrit college as constituent colleges of North Orissa University. 
 NabarangpurYes None  Nabarangpur (28K)

Umerkote (25K)
Model College: Make it in Nabarangpur.Make an independent state college in Umerkote.  
 NayagarhYes NoneNayagarh College (autonomous) (B+)  Khandapada-Nayagarh (24K)Model College: Make it in Nayagarh. Make Nayagarh College a government collge. Make Nayagarh College an independent college.
 NuapadaYes None   Nuapada-Khariar Rd (17K)Model College: Make it in Khariar.  Make an independent state College in Khariar Rd. 
 Puri SCS

Govt Women's College 
 1. Bhubaneswar-Cuttack-Khordha-Puri
(1.9 million; 200K)
   Puri University (By 2020)Merge SCS and Government Women's College to a single independent college but with multiple locations (2015) and eventually they are made constituents of Puri University (2020).
 RayagadaYes NoneRayagada College (autonomous)3B: Rayagada (100K) Model College: Make it in Therubali Make Rayagada College a state College. (2015)

Rayagada University (By 2020)
Make Rayagada College to an independent College (2015) and eventually a constituent of Rayagada University (2020).
 Sambalpur GM

NSCB

Govt. Women's 
 2: Sambalpur-Jharsuguda 

(Current population of Sambalpur-Jharsuguda is close to 500K)
  Make GM College to GM University. 

Push to upgrade VSSUT to an IIEST.
Make NSCB and Govt. Women's college as constituent of GM University. 
 SonepurYes None   Sonepur (18K)Model College: Make it in Sonepur. Too small a district. No need for another state college. 
 Sundergarh Govt. College, Rourkela

SG Women's, Rourkela

Rourkela College



Govt. College, Sundergarh

Govt. Women's College, Sundergarh
 
 2: Rourkela 

(Current population of greater Rourkela is 700K)

3B: Sundergarh (45K)
  Establish Rourkela University. Make Govt. College Rourkela, SG Women's College and Rourkela College as constituent colleges of Rourkela University.


Combine Govt. College Sundergarh and Govt. Women's College Sundergarh to an independent college.

We plan to cluster some of the independent state colleges based on Geography and have a minimal cluster administration on top of them. We will plot all the independent state colleges in a map and make the cluster.  In districts where there will be a model college, the independent state colleges will also have a relationship with the model college.


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