of the Assistant Commissioner for the State of Louisiana
of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands, 1865 - 1869.
National Archives Microfilm M1027 Roll 34 Records Relating
to Murders and Outrages
Reports and Lists Relating to Murders and Outrages" Mar.
1867 - Nov. 1868
Quarters Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands State
New Orleans, La. March 9th, 1867
Brig. Genl. Samuel Thomas
A. A. A. Genl. Bureau R. F. and A.
Washington, D. C.
accordance with instructions contained in communication from
War Dept. Bureau Ref. Freedmen and Abandoned Lands, Washington
D. C. of January 24th, 1867, I have the honor to
submit the following report of the number of murders and
outrages committed in this state since the organizing of the
Bureau to February 20th, 1867 in which Freedmen have
been victims or parties as reported to this office by the
Agents of the Bureau.
following statement will show the number of outrages or victims
in the aggregate, a detailed history of each case being given
in succeeding pages of the report.
killed by whites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
supposed to have been killed at Riot in addition to those
reported . . . . . . .. . . . . . 10
Freedmen murdered - no
clue to perpetrators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Freedmen shot at, whipped,
stabbed, beaten &c . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . .. . . . . . . .
supposed to have been wounded at Riot in addition to those
reported . . . . . . . . . . 20
Freedmen murdered by
Freedmen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . 2
Whites murdered by
Freedmen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
no instance in any of the foregoing cases has a white man been
punished for killing or ill treating a freedman. In some few
cases the guilty parties are in jail awaiting trial but the
majority have either been justified by a Coroner's Jury,
acquitted or admitted to bail in sums varying from $300 to
$1,000 and in one instance $3,000.
the other hand, of the three freedmen charged with murder, two
have been convicted and hung. There can be no doubt but that in
some of the North Western Parishes of this state many murders
and outrages have been committed which will never be brought to
right and it is thought the aggregate number of murders given
above would be more than doubled had all the cases been
reported to the Agents of the Bureau.
the following pages the cases are given in the order in which
they occurred with the action taken by the Civil Authorities in
each case as far as known.
5th, 1865 -
Lieut. E. Ehrlich,
Agent at Amite City reports that on this day Amile Lovitt,
Marshal of the place, took a party of men to arrest Richmond
Moore, a freedman. Rufus Pray, one of Lovitt's party, seeing
the freedman at dinner instantly drew his pistol at the
freedman trying to escape, shot at him several times, finally
killing him. Pray acknowledged the shooting and was unmolested
by the Civil Authorities.
9th, 1865 - Reported by
Agent Amite City, St. Tamany Parish - about 5 o'clock p.m.
Hardy, a freedman, was going home from church when Lovitt,
Marshal of Amite City asked the freedman for his pass, who
replied "he had none nor did he consider it necessary
now." Lovitt then struck him over the head with his
pistol, and on his running off fired at him twice, wounding a
white man who was standing near. When the freedman reached the
main street a man in a coffee house emptied his revolver at
him, two balls taking effect in his body. The freedman was very
dangerously wounded. Military authorities tried to arrest
parties but failed. Civil Authorities did nothing.
10th, 1865 -
Lieut. E. Ehrlich,
Agent at Amite City, reported that Margaret Story, freedwoman,
was shot in the shoulder by Mr. George Story for some trivial
offense. The Civil Authorities took cognizance of the case when
requested by the Agent and in November the case was tried
before the District Court for the Parish, the accused being
honorably acquitted, he bringing proof that she
was shooting at a man who was standing in an opposite
direction, although he acknowledged or and it was proved the
ball from his pistol entered and was still in the shoulder of
21st, 1865 - P. J. Fazende of Gretna, La. shot
Lew, a freedman, on suspicion of stealing his watermelons.
Freedman not dangerously wounded. Justice Nandain wished to
have him imprisoned till the November term of court and then be
tried for stealing the melons.
2nd, 1865 - Lieut. W. B. Stickney, Agent at
Shreveport reports the murder in cold blood in the Northern
part of the Parish of Caddo of Mary, a colored woman, by John
Johnson, the son of the proprietor of the plantation. No action
taken by Civil or Military Authorities.
11th, 1865 - Lieut. L. L. Butler at Alexandria,
Rapides Parish, reports that a planter, Thomas Wall of
Springville, Natchitoches Parish, struck a colored girl
breaking her forearm and fracturing her skull. No action taken
by Civil Authorities.
20th, 1865 - Damascas D. Day attempted to kill
Mary Stewart (freedwoman), cutting her on the head, side &
arms with a knife, and otherwise
maltreating her. Civil Authorities did nothing. Day was
arrested and brought to New Orleans and then turned over to the
Civil Authorities for trial. At the District Court in November
no witnesses appearing against him, it being believed they were
either kept away by threats, he was acquitted
and immediately afterwards appointed one of the Grand Jury then
10th, 1865 - Daniel Williams, residing about 25
miles from Amite City in St. Tammany Parish, tied a colored
woman up and whipped her. Name unknown. No action taken.
20th, 1865 - James J. Anderson committed an
unprovoked assault on Samuel Moore, freedman, in the public
road in Amite County, Miss. The case taken up by Military
Authorities and transferred with the accused to the Civil
resulting resulted in the case
being dismissed by Judge Saylie at the next sitting of the
31st, 1865 - In the Parish of St. James, Briston
Austin, freedman, was shot by P. B. Marchand. In this case on
Jany. 1st, 1867 Bvt. Capt. Brough reports case in
status quo, accused out on bail in $300 bonds. Court not yet
taken notice of it.
24th, 1865 - Nelson Logan, freedman, complains
that a party of about 30 of the Bossier Parish Militia
commanded by N. Taylor, came to plantation of John Adams in
Bossier Parish in search of arms, took Logan to the woods and
hung him by the neck till he was senseless. Only remembered
four of the gang (viz., N. Taylor, R. Matthews, G. McAlley &
James Carter - all returned Confederate soldiers).
25th, 1865 - A party of men under command of N.
Taylor, Bossier Militia, came to plantation of Mrs. Dickson in
Bossier Parish, knocked at door of house of Willis Dickson
(freedman) employed on place, on his opening door struck him
over the head with revolver
and on his trying to
escape. When he started to run, he was shot by some of
the party, from the effects of which he died next day. Reported
by Captain Harrigan, Agent at Shreveport. No action taken by
5th, 1866 - Lieut. G. H. Harris, agent at Houma,
Terrebonne Parish, reports that on the previous night Captain
H. C. Daspit, commanding Militia employed by Parish Patrols,
shot a freedman Cary Jackson. At the coroner's inquest the only
witnesses were two of the militia, who swore Daspit was acting
in self defense. Verdict of justifiable homicide.
23rd, 1866 - Captain J. S. Clark, Agent at
Opelousas reports that on Thomas McCrory's plantation on Bayou
?Boaf, St. Landry's, an old freedman, Martin Parks, was ordered
by the overseer, McClary, to whip another freedman. Martin
refused, saying the law was against him when McClary instantly
compelling fracturing his arm and
then compelled him to whip the freedman himself. In this case,
the justice refusing to entertain a complaint, he was arrested
by Military Authority, and brought to this
city & tried by the Mil. Commissioner. No
action on part of Civil Authorities.
9th, 1866 - Capt. J. S. Clark reports one James
Donovan (white) in the employ of Mr. McKinney, without any just
cause or provocation shot and dangerously wounded a freedman.
Warrant issued and Sheriff tried to arrest accused but without
12th, 1866 - Lieut. W. H. Cornelius, St.
Martinsville, reports that a colored boy, Gustass
Vincent, was sitting on a bank on the land of St. Are Wiltz,
catching crawfish, two white boys being in his company. When
Wiltz called, the white boys went to him and the colored boy,
afraid of punishment, ran away. Wiltz shot at him with shot
gun, some 15 or more shot being in each leg & foot. Justice
Thibadeaux bound accused (Wiltz) over to answer in $250 bonds.
31st, 1866 - Lieut. W. H. Cornelius, St.
Martinsville, reports two freedmen waylaid and dangerously
assaulted about two miles from Iberia by two or more whites.
One was stabbed once and
one the other six
times. Civil Authorities could not discover guilty parties.
5th, 1866 - Lieut. C. E. Merrill, Agent at
Franklin, reports that Robert Malone, a colored boy was shot on
McWilliam's plantation by William (illegible). Agent for Mrs.
Porter (remainder of page torn off).
10th, 1866 - Captain J. Martin, Opelousas,
reports a freedman name not known was murdered at Flat Town
about 18 miles from Opelousas. No arrest made.
of page torn off) - Reports an attack was made upon an
adult colored school kept by W. Barnham, late Lieut. Agent of
Board of Education.
An building school broken
up, and while dispersing they were attacked by one Harel
(white), cook at Ouachita Hotel, who stabbed four of the
Negroes (two died). W. Barnham, teacher, was severely cut, but
recovered. Harel made his escape and has not been arrested.
Citizens denounced outrage.
27th, 1866 - Bt. Major James Cromie,
Natchitoches, reports Usan Tennace was killed about 5 miles
from Natchitoches by Samuel Newman Lawson & William Kimball
of Winn Parish. Inquest held and warrants issued for arrests of
accused. On June 30/66 Major Cromie reports accused have evaded
arrest and defy civil and military authorities. At the end of
the year these parties were reported as living near
Harrisonburg in Winn Parish, unmolested by Civil Authorities.
17th, 1866 - Bt. Major B. B. Brown, Vidalia,
reports Samuel Hudson, freedman, was killed by Carr &
Shucks (white men) and that Civil Authorities had endeavored to
28th, 1866 - Bt. Major Cromie, Natchitoches,
reports Jonas Bailey, freedman, was killed on Jordan Plantation
about 30 miles from Natchitoches by Thomas Jordan. Warrant
issued for his arrest, and placed in hands of Deputy Sheriff
who called on Jordan who refused to be arrested. Officer
through fear did not make arrest. Accused afterwards
surrendered himself to Coroner and at the investigation held by
officer (illegible) Jordan was justified and discharged.
29th, 1866 - Lieut. W. H. Cornelius, St.
Martinsville, reports Joseph Gralan, a free colored boy, was
shot in the face by Onesiphore DeLahoassaye for some trifling
offense DeLahoassaye escaped. Boy will recover with loss of
left eye. Civil Authorities did not give case attention it
required or accused would not have escaped.
29th, 1866 - Bt. Maj. Wallace, Pointe Coupee,
reports Siras Norvell, freedman was shot by J. H. Hamilton, his
employer, who dreading the relatives of deceased went into
Mississippi. In August, on the representations of Major Wallace
that he would be protected from malice, accused returned,
surrendered, was examined by Justice of the Peace and bound
over until session of District Court in Dec.
12th, 1866 - Captain Twitchell, Sparta,
Bienville Parish, reports on night of May 12th, John
Moseley, white, went to house of freedman Henry McClardy, stole
his gun, then pointing his pistol at freedman's head made him
and another freedman named Owens march off to the woods, and
there compelled each to tie the other up and whip him. Mosely
was on a visit from Texas but threatened if case was reported
to Bureau to remain long enough in Louisiana to kill freedmen.
No action taken by Civil Authorities, they being afraid to take
any notice of the case.
16th, 1866 - Bt. Major Cromie, Natchitoches,
reports Isabella Robinson, freedwoman, was whipped by her
employer F. R. Lalleer with a lariat rope. Freedwoman brought
action against employer for damages.
20th, 1866 - Bt. Major Cromie, Natchitoches,
reports Amos Owens, freedman, was returning home accompanied by
William Weeks & Thomas Page (white men), meeting Columbus
Hines, Mac Norton, his two sons and Newson Cloud. McNorton,
without any provocation, attempted to beat the freedman. On his
trying to escape, Newson Cloud & Mac Norton fired at him,
one wounding him. They then tied him and beat him on the head
with a stick. Warrant issued for the arrest of accused. Parties
residing near Lahone Swamp, near the line in angle formed by
three parishes, defy Civil and Military Authorities to arrest
25th, 1866 - Lieut. N. S. Collins, Martinsville,
Anoyelles, reports a freedman (name not given) was stabbed on
Murdock Plantation by ----------- Lenall, one of his employers,
without any provocation. No action taken.
26th, 1866 - Lieut. G. W. Rollins, Lake
Providence, reports a freedman insulted the wife of W. R. C.
Lyons (owner of a leased plantation) during his absence from
home. On his return, Lyons gave the freedman 30 lashes. The
overseer of the place, Hopkins (employed by the lessee), told
Lyons he would protect the freed people. Lyons then went to
Lake Providence and returning to the plantation with his crowd,
knocked Hopkins down with a pistol, gave him 300 lashes with a
cowhide, brought him to the river, put him on a steamboat and
sent him down the river. An infantry force was sent to Lake
Providence and remained there for some time but were unable to
arrest any of the accused who absconded for the time.
27th, 1866 - Lieut. Rollins, Lake Providence,
reports that about 10 o'clock on Sunday morning in the town of
Lake Providence, Martin Day, freedman, for answering a white
boy quickly was knocked down by Mr. Kingsly (white), taken
through the town facing the East and there stopped and terribly
beaten with rawhides by Kingsly and some 6 or 7 other men, who
put a rope around his neck, nearly choked him, jumped upon him
&c. Civil Authorities took no notice of the affair and on
arrival of the Military the parties left the Parish.
27th, 1866 - Lt. Col. Hood, Shreveport, reports
Henry Texas, freedman, killed by Asmar Hollingsworth. No action
taken by Civil Authorities (see also Case files).
3rd, 1866 - Lieut. James Hough, Amite City,
reports freedman Luke J. Arrold was shot & killed by Wm. Y.
Bates. Coroner's Jury brought in verdict of justifiable
homicide. Agent got warrant for Bates arrest (bound over to
11th, 1866 - Captain J. S. Clark, Opelousas,
reports 10 or 12 freedmen who had assembled in a building in
the town of Washington rented by them for the purpose of
holding a religious meeting were arrested for disturbing the
peace before they had commenced their exercise and fined
$4 each because as it was charged some persons at the same
place previously preached or prayed too loud.
20th, 1866 - Lt. Burns, Munroe, reports a
freedman name unknown was shot by E. McTee who was acting
Deputy Sheriff. It is alleged freedman had attempted to enter a
young lady's room and was shot while swimming a river
attempting to escape after being desired to halt. Case in hands
of Civil Authorities.
3rd, 1866 - Geo. F. Ruby, colored teacher at
Jackson, La., was taken from his house at night by about 30 men
with blackened faces and compelled to walk on his bare feet &
with only linen pants & under shirt on about a mile and a
half to Thompson's Creek, then severely flogged by each of the
ruffians, and compelled to cross the creek at the most
imfordable part. Alfred Hazard, George Schultz, town constable,
George Hamilton, Frank Nosworthy and Tom Harris recognized as
part of the gang. Case taken up by Military Authorities and
turned over with accused to U. S. Commissioner. Parties held to
3rd, 1866 - Captain M. L. Norton, Baton Rouge,
La., reports Lewis J. Kelly (white) had a dispute with one of
his freedmen, Pannum Ramsey. Kelly was standing in his door
yard, Ramsey outside the gate in the cornfield with his hoe in
his hand. While talking Ramsey came toward Kelly, who, as he
alleged, thought Ramsey was going to kill him with the hoe,
went in to the house, got his shot gun and shot Ramsey dead,
Kelly being about 12 ft. from him when he shot. Kelly
immediately went to Mr. M. Hough, Justice of the Peace, was
tried and acquitted on account of accusable homicide. Several
freed people who saw occurrence were not examined. Kelly left
his house and has not returned home.
4th, 1866 - Lieut. N. Ludlow, Houma, reports Mr.
Boardman, overseer of Vessel Place, ordered freedman not to
leave the place. They disobeyed, travel to Houma. On their
return Boardman said if he had his gun he would shoot them. Wm.
Bond, standing near offered Boardman his pistol. Boardman
refusing to use it, Bond fired twice into the crowd, hitting
Mrs. ?Tomley, a freedwoman. Case referred to Justice who placed
Bond under $300 to appear in Court. Nothing further will be
done with him.
11th, 1865 - Bvt. Capt. Brough reports that
Abraham Allen, freedman, was killed by Jules Guidry, Constable
of St. James Parish at Donaldsonville. On
December 1866 the Grand Jury failed to find a true bill against
14th, 1866 - Bvt. Capt. Brough reports Ben
Walker, a freedman, found murdered in cane field on P. Gidray's
plantation, St. James. Willis Cummins, freedman, supposed
murderer, arrested and turned over to Civil Authorities,
convicted and hung.
15th, 1866 - Capt. N. B. Blanton, Sparta,
Bienville Parish, reports that John Washington (freedman),
employed by Mr. Jas. Smith, Port Robinson, Lake Bistineau, was
taken from his house to the woods at midnight, given 300 lashes
and ordered to leave the Parish. Thinks Ernest McCarthy, Frank
King and McEvans were the men. They came after him again but he
hid from them. Threatened to kill him if he reported to Bureau.
No action taken by Civil Authorities.
20th, 1866 - Lieut. Burns, Monroe, reports body
of freedman found in river 8 miles below Monroe. Marks of
violence on body and hatchet found on bank. Supposed to have
been committed by freedman. Coroner's inquest failed to find
any clue to guilty parties.
28th, 1866 - Capt. N. B. Blanton, Sparta,
reports Alford Ward, freedman employed by J. W. Cook, Arcadia,
Bienville Parish, was ordered to strip himself to be whipped.
Refusing, he was beaten with a spoke of a wheel until he did
so. When whipped received about 400 lashes with a buggy strap.
Captain Blanton saw wounds and gashes a month afterwards. J. W.
Cook, Burch, John Andas & James Craighead perpetrated the
outrage, but Cook called on
the Capt. Blanton
and told him he did all the whipping and would take all the
responsibility. No action was taken by Civil
30th, 1866 - At the riot which took place at the
meeting of the convention in the city of New Orleans, La. on
this date the following casualties occurred:
killed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . 34
Freedmen supposed to have been killed, not
sense heard from . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . 10
Freedmen wounded severely . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
slightly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Freedmen supposed to have been wounded but in whose cases
no absolute facts were obtained . . . . . . . . 20
above is the number of killed and wounded as far as the same
could be ascertained. It is believed many more persons were
killed. Numerous inquiries having been made respecting freedmen
who have been missing since the riot, and the efforts made to
track them proved unsuccessful.
1st, 1866 - Capt. N. B. Blanton, Sparta, reports
Cuff Canara, freedman, and Dan Docking, white, had a quarrel
because Docking had twice committed a rape on the freedman's
wife. Canara started to Agent of Bureau, was tracked by hounds
for ten miles and fired on by Dan Docking, Norman Docking and
John Palmer. Shot in left side of back & (illegible)
finally reached agent, having killed 3 out of 4 of the dogs.
Warrants issued for arrest of parties but they have not been
found, and from statement of people does not think they will be
arrested, the people appearing to think the freedman had
committed the greater crime by killing the dogs, than the man
who shot him.
1st, 1866 - Lieut. W. H. Cornelius, St.
Martinsville, reports John Lewis, freedman, was sent by a white
man, Lucien Holmes, to a piece of woods to find a stray horse.
Not since been heard of, supposed to have been
murdered and body hid. Civil Authorities show no disposition to
10th, 1866 - Capt. S. W. Purchase, Bienville,
reports that on 6th August Terence ?Toaps (white)
shot a freedman (Lemuel), seriously wounding him. On Oct. 14th
by order of Genl. Sheridan, Lieut. Horn with a squad of men
arrested the accused.
13th, 1866 - Captain N. B. Blanton, Sparta,
reports Green Jones & John Gordon (freedmen) were taken
from their houses and given 300 lashes each with a leather
strap. Henry Clay and Felix Dunn, freedmen, were also taken out
but escaped after being fired at. Robert & John Carr
(white) are believed to be the perpetrators. Jones had made
himself obnoxious by celebrating loud on his own account. No
13th, 1866 - Captain N. B. Blanton, Sparta,
reports Nelson King, freedman in employ of John Watts near
Ringgold was taken from his house at night, given about 400
lashes & badly cut up. Was then told he must leave the
place & that he would be taught he was not free. John Carr,
Robert Carr and Dr. Walker (all white) supposed to be the
guilty parties. No action taken by Civil Authorities.
15th, 1866 - Captain N. B. Blanton, Agent
Sparta, Bienville Parish, reports Julia Heath, colored girl 16
years old and who was in the family way, was whipped by Mrs.
Tally of Arcadia for sitting down to pick brear from her foot.
Julia ran off, when Mr. Tally brought her back, whipped her and
made his wife whip her again. Joseph Glover (white) threw
brickbats at her. The girl's mother went to Mr. Tally's store
to see about it & was ill treated. Also the father, Carey
Heath, who Mr. Tally beat & threatened. No action of any
17th, 1866 - Bvt. Major Brown, Vidalia, reports
a Negro (illegible) went to house of (illegible) white man and
demanded whiskey. On refusal shot the white man dead and then
outraged mother in presence of her children. Murderer arrested,
tried, convicted and hung.
19th, 1866 - Capt. N. B. Blanton, Sparta,
Bienville Parish, reports Frank Brown, freedman, on a visit to
Arcadia from Munson was taken to the woods by Daniel Brown &
Charles Herron (white), badly beaten and cut up, told if he
reported it he would be killed. Daniel Brown boasted to a
grocery keeper in Arcadia that they gave him 345 lashes. No
20th, 1866 - Bvt. Major Willaner, Alexandria,
reports a freedman was shot by a white man named Butler.
Inquest held finding against Butler. Sheriff unable to find or
20th, 1866 - Bvt. Major S. G. Willaner,
Alexandria, reports H. W. Coyle (white) charged with beating
freedmen with his fist till he died. Post mortem examination
showed deceased died of heart disease. Accused bound over till
next session of District Court.
31st, 1866 - Lieut. W. S. Collins, Marksville,
states William Wells (white) committed a most murderous and
unprovoked assault with a knife on Lewis Wilson (freedman).
Arrested, held to bail on $250. Not being able to procure it,
bail was reduced to $200. Accused was then allowed to go (on a
pledge of his employer) to get security. At last accounts he
was at liberty without bail. At this same court a freedman was
committed to jail on some trifling offense being unable to
procure $500 bail.
1st, 1866 - Bvt. Maj. James Cromie,
Natchitoches, reports George Washington (freedman) was attacked
by Narcisse Rachel, ----- McElroy, Azenea Charlerille and
Abness Marcom (white men) who tied his hands to his sides and
gave him 500 lashes with a cowhide. Warrants issued for arrest
of parties. No arrests made.
14th, 1866 - Lieut. Col. Martin Hood,
Shreveport, reports that a party of freedmen consisting of
George Fields, his wife, five children and four other freedmen
moving from "Reche" DeSoto Parish to Shreveport,
while encamped for the night, were beaten, robbed of their
effects consisting of a wagon, four mules and a horse,
furniture &c. by Asmas Hollingsworth, Giles Gears, Hammond
Scott, Frank Brantley and two other ruffians. After being
robbed were beaten & driven along the road. Civil
Authorities took no notice of affair (Hollingsworth shot
freedmen ?Tawes, see agents report of May 12th,
25th, 1866 - Lieut. M. H. Cornelius, Agent St.
Martinsville, states that Abraham White, freedman, was shot by
some person at his home at Fausse Point about 9 p.m.,
(illegible) by buckshot entering his hands and left arm. No
knowledge of who it was, had no difficulty with any person.
30th, 1866 - Lieut. R. Folles, Algiers, reports
Thomas Foster, freedman, was arrested on charge of stealing
which could not be sustained and was then convicted of striking
police officer, which freedman could prove by three witnesses
he didn't do so. Fined $5.00 and costs $1.50
= $6.50 by Justice Brownlee. Justice refused to
reconsider decision. Warrant was issued by Comr. Shannon for
his arrest when he feigned sickness until matter was forgotten.
2nd, 1866 - Lieut. A. S. Collins, Marksville,
reports ?Simeon Bordelon, freedman, was taken from his house at
night by some 15 or 20 white men, tied, gagged, taken to the
woods and whipped because he would not pay a debt he had
already paid, and which was contracted while he was a slave.
The whites say he was insolvent and cursed somebody. The Grand
Jury after some little opposition allowed him to enter his
complaint and eight of the guilty parties were
indicted but have never been arrested. Bordelon was then
accused of stealing a knife and fork but owing informality in
indictment was (discharged) quashed on Feb.
10th, 1867. Agent reports up to this time none of
the parties have been arrested by the Civil Authorities nor
will they be.
6th, 1866 - Lieut. A. S. Collins, Martinsville,
reports a freedman was cruelly robbed and murdered by one
Chambers (white) in the Parish. Accused indicted by Grand Jury
and it was reported he had left the County. With the assistance
of the father of deceased he was arrested and lodged in jail to
await trial as he seems to be a stranger without friends. He
may be punished but it will be the first instance in this
10th, 1866 - Captain P. ?Nerein, Opelousas,
reports a freedman, Dick Bell, was found murdered in the road
to Ville Platte about 6 miles from Opelousas. No clue to the
10th, 1866 - Bvt. Maj. S. G. Willaner,
Alexandria, reports a freedman was shot and dangerously wounded
by a white man in Rapides parish recently. The Civil
Authorities took the matter in hand, no arrests made.
10th, 1866 - Lieut. R. Folles, Algiers, reports
Mr. E. White placed a colored boy, George Washington, on the
levee to watch the cane field.
Shortly after passing by and seeing something move in the
grass, which he supposed to be a snake, fired at it and wounded
the boy in the foot. Mr. White claimed it was accidental and
agreed to take care of the boy 'til he recovered.
17th, 1866 - Captain J. ?Amrean, Opelousas,
reports Silvey Soilean (freedwoman) was badly wounded and her
son killed at Grande Prairie by Lewis Fontenot & others. No
arrests made. Although warrants are in the hands of the Sheriff
for these persons arrest. (Fontenot) told the judge who issued
them that the Sheriff had assured him (Fontenot) that he (the
Sheriff) would not arrest him.
19th, 1866 - Bvt. Major James Cromie,
Natchitoches, reports John Blackburn (freedman) wouldn't sell
his share of a crop to Thomas Freeman (white), his employer. As
freedman was returning from field with his basket of cotton on
his head, Freeman took his gun and shot him dead. Arrested and
committed to trial for willful murder, the accused escaped from
jail on Feb. 8th, 1867 and hasn't since been heard
4th, 1866 - W. H. R. Hangre, Agent Madisonville,
reports two shots were fired into Colored Methodist Church by
some unknown parties. No persons injured.
27th, 1866 - Lieut. W. H. Webster,
Agent Parishes of Franklin & Caldwell at Columbia, La.
reports among cases report referred to the
Civil Authorities the following -----
arrested charged with assault and
battery on two freedmen by shooting at them. Although the
testimony was entirely against the accused, the jury brought in
a verdict of "NOT Guilty."
freedman at a camp meeting taken
distance into the woods, his screams and cries were heard, it
is supposed he was murdered or severely
whipped or murdered.
freedman going to see the Agent of the Bureau without Planter's
permission was shot and badly wounded in the back. In this case
white men were brought to impeach freedmen's testimony against
in making an in
arresting of a freedman, beat his wife and
another woman in a shameful manner and kicked them out of
doors, took two revolvers from freedman and when asked for them
pretended they had been lost.
7th, 1866 - Lieut. G. A. Ladlow, Agent Houma,
La., reports that Mr. H. Bonvillian sent freedman Ira
Washington, freedman, to Mr. Bodin to inform Bodin his cattle
were in Bonvillian's sugar cane. Boldin shot at freedman. Case
referred to Justice, Captain Ladlow ordered to see justice
7th, 1866 - Chaplain E. Gurin, Agent Carrollton,
reports Thomas Brown, freedman, shot by gaoler Cornelius
McGregor in a most unjustifiable manner, died two days
afterwards. Though warrant for arrest was issued by Justice of
Peace immediately after rendition of verdict by Coroner's Jury,
he is still at large, vigorous efforts not having been made for
his arrest. On Dec. 31st accused had absconded.
17th, 1866 - Bvt. Major Brown, Vidalia, reports
freedman killed on Palaquinta Plantation by a white man named
Thomas Ladgate during absence of owner of plantation. Accused
in custody awaiting examination before Civil Authorities.
30th, 1866 - Lieut. Joseph Burns, Agent at
Munroe, reports a freedman shot by W. McDonald (white) of
Ouachita Parish, who was arrested and bound over on $800.00
bonds to appear for trial at next term of court.
30th, 1866 - Captain J. Amrean, Opelousas,
reports Julien Gallot, freedman, was shot through the head and
killed. Occurrence took place several miles from Opelousas.
Murderer arrested and confined in jail.
25th, 1866 - Lieut. Ira R. McClary, Agent Parish
St. Bernard & Plaquemine, reports that Washington Rehan,
freedman, was shot and mortally wounded while standing at the
bar of a coffee house by the Bar Keeper, Santiago Artialla,
without any provocation whatever. Freedman had been showing his
pistol to another man who spoke of purchasing it but finally
laid it down on the counter when said Artialla picked it up,
cocked it & pointed it at freedman and said "look out"
and fired, mortally wounding freedman who died soon after from
effects of wound. Coroner's jury decided that freedman came to
his death by accidental discharge of pistol in the hands of
Artialla. Civil Authorities taken no action in the matter.
6th, 1866 - Bvt. Maj. S. W. Purchase,
Vermillionville, reports Benjamin Perkins (freedman) had been
to New Iberia on business after dark with his teams, stopping
at the house of Joseph Despeans (white), Baker in
Vermillionville. He sent his companion into the shop to buy a
loaf of bread. When ready to start again, some person (it is
believed Despeans) opened a window and shot at him, breaking
his arm and otherwise injuring him. At an examination before
Civil Court, sufficient evidence could not be brought to
convict any person of the outrage.
6th, 1866 - Bvt. Major B. B. Brown, Vidalia,
reports a freedman, a desperate burglar, was shot and killed by
a Deputy Sheriff while trying to arrest him. Coroner's jury
returned verdict of justifiable homicide.
8th, 1866 - Bvt. Major Jas. Cromie,
Natchitoches, reports Bill Stone, a freedman, was shot at three
times by Wiley Weaver (white) and stabbed six times by ------
Burke (white). Warrants issued for arrests.
31st, 1866 - Bvt. Maj. S. G. Willaner, Rapides
Parish, reports a freedman killed another freedman here
recently. Case referred to Civil Authorities.
5th, 1867 - E. W. Dewess, Agent at Sparta,
Bienville, reports give men have been murdered in the Parish
during the last six weeks, two white men and three freedmen.
The Civil Authorities pretend that they wish to try to find the
murderers, but there are very few white men in the Parish who
could not point them out. The freedmen were murdered near
Arcadia. The lives of Union men and freedmen are not safe here,
and will not be until the people are deprived of their
Her At Arcadia I was told if I was
the white man's friend I was safe - if not I had better not
come there anymore.
10th, 1867 - Lieut. Col. Martin Flood,
Shreveport, reports he is informed that planter's patrol on the
line between their district and Panola County, Texas to prevent
freedmen coming into Louisiana, that the freedmen are trying to
escape from Texas as if from death, very few have been paid for
last years work. Bateman and his gang rob, plunder & kill
without molestation. Four freedmen have been reported shot
within the last ten days and four times that number robbed. No
security for freedmen. Civil Authorities either cannot or does
not arrest offenders, if troops are sent it will be useless to
send Infantry, requests Cavalry may be sent.
January 20th, 1866 the same office reports D.
Kother, a citizen of Shelbyville, Texas reported
that during his absence from his plantation parties came to
the plantation there and cruelly beat his freedmen
employed by him. There being no troops to send, Kother returned
home, requesting if he was lynched his family and freedmen
might be protected. G. W. Musgraves, Lt. Col. USA corroborates
statement of Mr. Kother and states he heard citizens speaking
of the whipping of the freedmen employed by Kother, and
threatening that if Kother were the means of troops being
brought into that County they would hang him as soon as the
troops were gone.
1st, 1867 - Lt. Capt. Folles, Algiers, reports
co freedman, complained that
Jacob Gross had shot his dog and then fired two shots at
himself, wounding him slightly in arm. When Gross had finished
firing, freedman knocked him down & took pistol from him.
Gross then charged freedman with attempting to kill him &
had him & his wife arrested. Case referred to US Comr.
11th, 1867 - Mr. Frank Morey, Agent at Munroe,
reports that Helen Lewis, freedwoman, was beaten and shot at by
Thomas Hardy (white) of Ouachita Parish, a notorious scoundrel
who has several charges to answer at the next term of court.
Accused was discharged after examination and tried before
O'Debery, J. P. The case will be presented to the Grand Jury at
the April term of court.
13th, 1867 - Captain J. Amrean, Opelousas,
reports that John Keller, freedman, who lived with Actheon
Carriere, Constable of town of Washington, asked permission to
go and see his wife who was sick. His employer refused,
threatening to shoot him if he left the house. About two days
afterwards, his wife sending for him again, Keller took his
employer's horse, was
folled followed by
Carriere, who coming up to freedman shot him five times, then
tied him on a horse and brought him back to Washington
repeating striking him repeatedly on the way
with a heavy stick. Keller made no resistance and from his
dying declaration it is a clear case of murder.
1867 - Bvt. Maj. S. W. Purchase, Agent Vermillionville,
reports that Edward White (freedman) employed by Dr. F. A.
Picouette, was found brutally
murdered and his body
thrown down an old well. Coroner's jury returned an
open verdict but at Agents suggestion, another investigation
was to be held. On March 4th, Major Purchase reports
another investigation had been held resulting in the arrest of
Bellizier Morrow and Dirlosee Comeda (whites) who have been
committed to jail to await their trial at the next meeting of
the Dist. Court.