This page is for New Zealanders (Kiwis!), but if you are savvy you can take the concept for your country.....


Before I speak of the solution, it's good to review the problem:


New Zealand is at the end of the world, and as such we are similarly situated in the great internet mesh.

Our international fibre connections are costly and so we are burdened by providers buying less than desirable international capacity, and using Data Caps or hefty per/MB charge rates to control the usage thus aggregating the users bandwidth to a manageable level.


As a P2P(peer to peer) user, most of your bandwidth demands will be of these international links and so you can suffer:

* Download speeds less than your connection would otherwise allow

* ISP plans which restrict your media diet





The solution at first seems simple, that being to focus one's filesharing efforts locally and thus enjoy the vastly more capable national networks. The difficulties arise in that any NZ-specific filesharing solution generally has and does suffer from less popularity, giving slower download speeds and less available media to download. It also struggles to be noticed because let's face it the American part of the internet tends to be quite dominating and if you are into filesharing you probably use what everyone else in the world uses (e.g. Bittorrent).


The better solution has now arrived - Peer Biasing.


Peer Biasing means you still connect to your favourite American or European filesharing networks, enjoying their grand offerings, but whenever you are consuming media which your fellow kiwis are also interested in - the media effectively becomes localised in it's spread because your client is choosing other Kiwis to download from and to upload to. The overseas peers are still available, they just take second place to any local peer and thus you get the best of everything without compromise.


How to make it happen:


Currently Bittorrent has a working Peer Biasing Solution:

Grab "Vuze", your new Bittorrent client:


Grab "Ono" (Ensure you get version 1.9.3 or newer):

Ono Plugin Download


Above is the link to the sourceforge download area for Ono, whereas the Ono homepage which can be found HERE



Install the above and then feed Ono this whitelist (right click and save as):

Ono_whitelist - (Last updated: 2nd June 2014)

I maintain this whitelist, adding ranges as I become aware of them so please check back every few months for an update - if you spot an error or omission feel free to contact me.

For those outside of New Zealand, you can install Vuze+Ono (without the NZ whitelist). It would be wise to monitor Ono and see how well it performs in your country, city etc and if it's not picking up plenty of neighbours (through it's intelligent CDN-based mechanism)on really popular torrents then you too could benefit from creating your own whitelist(start with finding out the ip ranges of the ISP to which you subscribe and create a whitelist in CIDR format). I'd be happy to help anyone interested in doing this (email me below).



Ono's effect increases as more people in NZ use it:


"Theoretically, if everyone in NZ uses Ono, it should be much more likely that you'll be able to establish useful connections to peers on the island. Even then, be aware that Ono intentionally does not modify the BT protocol itself, which relies on some element of random connections to ensure some global level of robustness to node and network failures. So even if everyone is biasing connections through Ono, some connections will be established to non-local peers."-Dave Choffnes, part of the Aqualab team which develops Ono.

Other P2P Matters:

*  Encryption - Many kiwis are concerned with the "3 Strikes" legislation and have taken various steps to mitigate their risk of copyright notices.  The most misguided has been to activate encryption in Vuze as well as other Bittorrent clients.  The encryption feature found in your Bittorrent client should remain disabled (no forced encryption) because it does NOTHING to stop copyright scanners.  The intention of the encryption feature was to circumvent P2P throttling by making Layer-7 inspection fail in it's attempt to discern P2P traffic from other kinds of traffic.  This had limited success when it was first introduced and even less now - because it cannot counter positive prioritisation (e.g. putting non-bulk HTTP transfers above all other traffic as is done by the few NZ ISPs which do prioritise traffic).  Lastly, some New Zealand ISPs run P2P caches (Slingshot, Vodafone are two known examples) which enhance your P2P experience - unless of course you enabled encryption then they don't enhance your experience and you just missed out on a faster download!




Any questions or suggestions (nice ones) please feel free to email me: "createcoms@speedpost.net"

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