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How to get clean water

Filtering

What you need:
- An empty glass or can
- Bandana (towel, cloth etc.)

1. Fold the bandana 4 times and place it on top of an empty glass. With more layer of cloth, the filtering effect is more significant.

2. Pour the water little by little through the cloth. Filtered water will be collected by the glass. Clean the cloth and repeat the process until the dirt is filtered out.


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Distillation with Kettle

What you need:
- Kettle
- Glass
- Cup

1. Cover the spout of the cattle with a glass and the other cup below it as a capturing container.

2. Boil the water in kettle with mild fire.

3. Distilled water will be collected by the cup.


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Distillation with Drinking Can

What you need:
- 2 empty Aluminium cans

1. Fill one of the empty can half with water.

2. Place the other can on top of the first with their mouth aligned.

3. Distilled water will be form on the inner side of the top can, transfer the water time to time to another container.

4. Repeat the process.

Caution*** Be cautious while transferring the can. Protect you hand from the heat with cloth etc.
This method is not effective compared with the method using kettle. Use this method if only aluminium cans can be found.


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Using Water From a Hot Water Tank

Even if you have no mains water pressure in your home, you could still have enough water to last several days, if your home features a hot water storage tank. This is a large cylinder, normally well insulated. Investigate the pipework in your building and see if you have a hot water cylinder. Tap it to see it it is full, then have a container ready to catch the water as you unfasten a joint in the pipework.

You can ensure this water is safe to drink by adding plain household chlorine bleach (not a scented, or gel-type toilet bleach). Be sure the label states that hypochlorite is the only active ingredient. With an eye dropper, add eight drops of bleach per gallon of water (sixteen if the water is cloudy), then stir it and let it stand for half an hour. After this time the water should taste and smell of chlorine: if so, it can be used. If the taste and smell of the water has not changed, add another dose and let it stand again. If it still doesn't taste and smell of chlorine, it is too badly contaminated and should not be used, as it will do you more harm than good.

If you find the taste and smell of the chlorine bleach unpleasant, a few drops from a bottle of lemon juice is a good additive.

Caution*** Make sure the contents of the hot water tank are cold, so you are not scalded when you access the water. Once the power is cut, the hot water tank can remain hot for a day or more.
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