Past schedule 2

September 2001 to August 2002

And we have the SPECIAL Tour of Ft. Warren, with Ft. Warren Historian & OCCWRT MEMBER Jack Zeletsky on 9/22/01.

September 20, 2001 at 7:30 p.m. (Thursday), at Endicott Estate, 656 East Street, Dedham, MA (Exit 14 off Route 128.) Featured Speaker: OCCWRT Dr. Paul Griffel, M.D. on "Surgery & Stonewall Jackson Part II." Mni-bit: Bill Bernache on "Whom Am I."

October 11, 2001 at 6:30 p.m. (Thursday), Jubilee "VII" Dinner meeting at Lantana Restaurant, Randolph MA (Rte 28 North off Rte 128/ a/k/a 95). Jubilee Dinner. Featured Guest Speaker: Eric Campbell NPS, Gettysburg on "A Grand Terrible Drama." Civil War Letters of Charles Wellington - Read Eric's new Book. Ticket at $24.00 per person. Please call ticketmaster Joe Geden 781-344-5417 for tickets.

November 15, 2001 at 7:30 p.m. (Thursday), at Endicott Estate, 656 East St. Dedham MA (Exit 14 off Route 128.) Featured Speaker: OCCWRT member from N. Abington, Bob Borden on "Civil War Postage Envelopes." Mini-bit Speaker: Dudley Letson on "Unusual & Odd Civil War Weapons."

December 13, 2001 at 7:30 p.m. (Thursday), at Endicott Estate, 656 East St., Dedham, MA (Exit 14 off Route 128.) Featured Guest Speakers: Tom & Deb Goodrich on "After Appomattox: the Story History Books Didn't tell." Mini-bit Speaker: Brian Murhpy on "Jingle Bell in Dixie"

January 17, 2002 at 7:30 p.m. (Thursday), at Endicott Estate, 656 East St., Dedham, MA (Exit 14 off Route 128.) Featured Guest Speaker: Central Mass CWRT Dick Swanson, on subject TBA Mini-bit Speaker: Tim Woodward on "the 12th Mass."

February 21, 2002 at 7:30 p.m. (Thursday), at Endicott Estate, 656 East St., Dedham, MA (Exit 14 off Route 128.) Featured Speaker: OCCWRT Member Jack Kelly on "Stopping Picketts Charge." -- The 69th Pa. Irish at the Wall Mini-bit Speaker: Peter McDonough "The Battery"

March 21, 2002 at 7:30 p.m. (Thursday), at Endicott Estate, 656 East St., Dedham, MA (Exit 14 off Route 128.) Featured Speaker: OCCWRT Member Joe Conley, on subject TBA Mini-bit speaker: Jack Flynn on "Horrors of Combat"

April 18, 2002 at 7:30 p.m. (Thursday), at Endicott Estate. 656 East St., Dedham, MA (Exit 14 off Route 128.) Featured speaker: OCCWRT Brian Murphy on "New York Draft Riots." Mini-bit speaker: Bill Bernache on "Letters from 10th Mass."

May 16, 2002 at 7:30 p.m. (Thursday), at Endicott Estate. 656 East St., Dedham, MA (Exit 14 off Route 128.) Featured speaker: OCCWRT Don Beurman--"The worst General in the Civil War--Lee"

SPRING BATTLEFIELD TOUR May 17, 2002 (yes May 17th) Annual OCCWRT Tour by Tourmeister Bill Bernache to Fredericksburg, Virginia, $275 per person -- 17th to 20th--Bill advises that the tour is all sold out !! You will note that, Yes, we do leave morning after May Meeting!!

June Picnic June 8, 2002 Picnic at 11 am --- at Battleship USS Salem, Fore River, Quincy, MA. Featured speaker, Founding OCCWRT member Bob Hall (Needham) on "A Surgeon's Observations on a Riverboat Hospital Troopship." The USS Salem has a CW on board. Olde Colony is the first Public Group ever to meet on the Ship. We will have the Picnic, Rain or Shine: nice day under a Canopy on deck; rainy day in Ship's Wardroom. Members & Guests will be allowed on ship at N/C. We are endeavoring to get Ed Quigley's Heritage CW Band for a concert too. We are still working up the program. It should be terrific!

End of the year's program. Summer breaks. Next year's program will start at September 2002.


September 2000 to August 2001

September 21, 2000 at 7:30 p.m. (Thursday), at Endicott Estate, 656 East Street, Dedham, MA (Exit 14 off Route 128.) Our first meeting of the year and we have a tremendous speaker scheduled ---- our own OCCWRT Confederate Admiral, Joe Geden, on "Bulloch --- Confederate Naval Agent --- Europe" Mini-bit speaker, Carol Tombari on "Harpers Ferry."

October 19, 2000 at 6:30 p.m. (Thursday), Jubilee "VII" Dinner meeting at Lantana Restaurant, Randolph MA (Rte 28 North off Rte 128/ a/k/a 95). We are fortunate to have Tom Goodrich as our speaker, whose topic will be "Black Flag -- Horror on the Missouri / Kansas Border 1854-1865." We have planned a great raffles with many valuable prizes, plus roasts and gifts etc. The Revere Award will be presented too! Ticket at $24.00 per person. Please call ticketmaster Joe Geden 781-344-5417 for tickets.

November 16, 2000 at 7:30 p.m. (Thursday), at Endicott Estate, 656 East St. Dedham MA (Exit 14 off Route 128.) Guest Speaker Charles Plummer on "An Evening with Joshua Chamberlain." Mini-bit speaker Joe Donovan on "The Civil War at Fort Independence."

December 14, 2000 at 7:30 p.m. (Thursday), at Endicott Estate, 656 East St., Dedham, MA (Exit 14 off Route 128.) Annual Holiday Meeting, Christmas Medley of Mini-bit Speakers: Jack McDonough-- "A Study of Cavalry Horse Care in the Civil War", Bob Strong-- "Great, Great Grandad in the 19th Mass.", Brian Murphy-- "Civil War Xmas", by popular demand-- Gerard Lucas-- "Fire Zouaves", Gordon Kwok-- "H.L. Hunley" (Each speaker will speak about 10 mins.) Special Holiday Dessert Buffet! Voluntary participation on Christmas gifts (about $5) grab and the gifts have to be Civil War related. Bring one, get one!

January 18, 2001 at 7:30 p.m. (Thursday), at Endicott Estate, 656 East St., Dedham, MA (Exit 14 off Route 128.) We have the great pleasure to invite the famed Author / Historian Ed Bearss, who will speak on the Vicksburg Campaign. Special night / very special Speaker.

February 15, 2001 at 7:30 p.m. (Thursday), at Endicott Estate, 656 East St., Dedham, MA (Exit 14 off Route 128.) Our own OCCWRT Speaker, Joe Conley, on "Ulric Dahlgren." Mini-bit speaker Charles Lawrence will speak on "The Mule Shoe."

March 15, 2001 at 7:30 p.m. (Thursday), at Endicott Estate, 656 East St., Dedham, MA (Exit 14 off Route 128.) Our doctor, Dr. Paul Griffel will speak on "Civil War Medicine." Mini-bit speaker Lois Davis will speak on "The sinking of Commodore Jones."

April 19, 2001 at 7:30 p.m. (Thursday), at Endicott Estate. 656 East St., Dedham, MA (Exit 14 off Route 128.) Guest speaker, Stuart Lutz will speak on "Forgeries." Mini-bit Paul Levesque on "The Search of Accuracy."

SPRING BATTLEFIELD TOUR OCCWRT presents the Maryland Campaign of 1862 (A Study in Depth) May 4 to May 7, 2001, guided by Tom Clemens, President of Save Historic Antietam Foundation. Our destination will be "Frederick, Harpers Ferry, South Mountain, Turner's Gap, Fox's Gap, Crampton's Gap & Antietam" Tourmeister Col. Bill Bernache's 18th Tour, Five Stars Rating, Better than Better! Many seats sold & planning starts! $50.00 refundable deposit to hold seat. Total cost is only $268.00 per person. Include 3 nights of motel lodging, double occupancy (single accommodation extra), 3 Continental breakfasts, 2 box lunches, A.P. Hill Lunch, 2 Dinners, entertainment, round trip bus fare & bus driver's tip included, as well as park admission fees. This is the least inexpensive Civil War Tour in America for the best value! Final payment due by April 1, 2001. Refunds after April 1, 2001 require medical substantiation. For full appreciation of the trip, it is suggested that at least 1 book on the Campaign be read prior to trip.
(Updated news as of 9/29/2000 from Bill Bernache: the Tour is sold out, the earliest that ever happen! There may be a slim chance to get in if you are willing to be placed on the waiting list.)

May 17, 2001 at 7:30 p.m. (Thursday), at Endicott Estate, 656 East St., Dedham, MA (Exit 14 off Route 128.) Guest Speaker Dr. Eliot Hoffman on "The Men and Their Mounts --- The Vermont Cavalry" Mini-bit Jack Flynn, topic T.B.A.

June 16, 2001 Saturday,

Attention!!! The location of our 6/16/2001 (Saturday) Picnic has changed to Borderland State Park, in Sharon / Easton, MA. Please refer to your June 2001 Newsletter for full details.

Time: 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. (Bring your own lunch)

Direction: Rt. 128, Interstate 95 South, exit 10 Sharon, turn left, pass railroad station, go through traffic light crossing Main St., pass Sharon Convenient Mart, turn diagonal right on Pond St., go straight all the way (pass Sharon High, large lake, and continue until you hit the borderline of Sharon and Easton. Turn left and enter Borderland State Park.) Plenty of parking space. We will be meeting at the Visitors Center at Borderlands, from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. and at 2 p.m. we will go over to the Ames Mansion to take tour and see Gen. Ben. Butler's exhibits.

Member/Researcher Joe Geden is going to do a mini-bit immediately following our Business meeting on "Ben Butler's Bells." Joe is doing some research on some Church bells still in use at Trinity Catholic Church in Boston- They were purchased from Ben Butler who brought them back from New Orleans. Joe is going to give us a report on his research to date.

The following were old information:

June 16, 2001 Saturday, --- ANNUAL PICNIC --- at Fort Rodman / Fort Taber in New Bedford. Please bring your own lunch.
The time of the event will be as proposed: 10 AM; Tour at 11 AM; Lunch / picnic; Speaker: 1 PM
Member Doug Bingham (of Lighthouse Fame) will chair the event and is working with the Mayor of New Bedford to make this an unusual awesome event. Our Tour of the Fort will be led by Mr. Sam Wagstaff of New Bedford, Mass., who is acknowledged to be the leading expert on the history of Fort Rodman / Fort Taber. This annual Picnic occurs after an extensive cleaning and partial restoration of the mid 19th Century US Army Fort located at the entrance to the port of New Bedford, Mass. Fort Taber was active from the 1850s through the era of WW2. It has been stated that Robert E. Lee had a hand in the designing of Fort Taber which never saw any hostile action . Immediately atop the fort is a Lighthouse which was placed there because the fort obscured the beacon from the previous Lighthouse which was constructed in the 1850s. The restored Clarks Point Lighthouse will show its beacon once more on the evening of June 15 , 2001 , the day before our visit to Fort Taber, this will culminate in a great celebration for the City of New Bedford , this being the third lighthouse to be restored in New Bedford in as many years.

In addition, our featured guest speaker will be Mark Vinet, an American Civil War author and historian from Montreal, Canada. Mark is also the President of the Montreal based CANADA CIVIL WAR ASSOCIATION and the founder of the North American Historical Institute, which presents a series of lectures on Canada and the American Civil War. Mark is also the author of a new book entitled CANADA AND THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR: PRELUDE TO WAR. Mark's web site link could be found in OCCWRT, Part 2, "Canada Civil War Association." He will speak at about 1 p.m. There will be a book signing by the author after the talk. For more detail, please refer to the coming April 2001 Newsletter. Directions from the North: From Rte 128, take Rte 24 South, to Rte 140 South (Taunton / Silver City Mall exit ) to New Bedford. Take Rte 195 East to Exit 15 (Rte 18 South) (New Bedford waterfront). Continue to the Fleet Bank (on your RIGHT then turn LEFT). Go along the waterfront on East Rodney French Blvd. until you see Fort Taber directly ahead of you, plenty of free parking.

End of the year's program. Summer breaks. Next year's program will start at September 2001.


September 1999 to August 2000

September 16, 1999 at 7:30 p.m. (Thursday), at Endicott Estate, 656 East Street, Dedham, MA (Exit 14 off Route 128.) Our first meeting of the year and we have a tremendous speaker scheduled. Author Mark Dunkelman (his new book is on the shelves!) has also painted a very large mural on a section of the Gettysburg battlefield and has written other CW books and many CW articles. He is a past president of the RICWRT and was the excellent speaker at our Jubilee #1 Dinner. His principal interest is in the 154th NY. Mark's topic will be his new book "Gettysburg's Unknown Soldier --- The Life, Death and Celebrity of Amos Humiston" This is a very interesting story about a picture found on Amos and identifying his family and the events that followed. There will be a book signing following the talk. Mini-bit speaker:Bob Schipp (from Roslindale) will talk about the books he has read recently.

October 20, 1999 at 7:00 p.m. (Wednesday), Jubilee "VI" Dinner meeting at Lantana Restaurant, Randolph MA (Rte 28N off Rte 128). We are fortunate to have A. Wilson Greene as our speaker, whose topic will be "The Petersburg Breakthrough" and "Preview of Pamplin Park." Mr. Greene is the co-founder of APCWS and Executive Director of Pamplin Park. We have planned a great raffles with many valuable prizes, plus roasts and gifts etc. Ticket at $24.00 per person. Please call ticketmaster Joe Geden 781-344-5417 for tickets.

November 18, 1999 at 7:30 p.m. (Thursday), at Endicott Estate, 656 East St. Dedham MA. Guest Speaker, author and songwriter Paul F. Kenney,Esq. on "Thomas Meagher -- Man of the Sword" (with musical selections.) Mini-bit speaker Gordon Kwok (from Sharon) will do a show-and-tell on "Civil War paintings."

December 9, 1999 at 7:30 p.m. (Thursday), at Endicott Estate, 656 East St., Dedham, MA. Annual Holiday Meeting, Christmas Medley of Mini-bit Speakers (6 speakers, at about 10 mins. each). Dudley Letson (Hingham) on "Silent bullet"; Joe Geden (Stoughton) on "Matthew Fontaine Maury"; Joe Conley (Weymouth) on "Capt. Wirtz"; Paul Levesque (Dedham) on "The Evolution of Small Arms Ignition Systems"; Chuck Fazio (Quincy) on "Civil War Weapons"; Bob Schipps (Roslindale) on "A Book Report." Voluntary participation on Christmas gifts (about $5) exchange and the gifts have to be Civil War related. Bring one, get one!

January 20, 2000 at 7:30 p.m. (Thursday), at Endicott Estate, 656 East St., Dedham, MA. Speaker Lois Davis (OCCWRT, from Wayland) will speak on "The Crater". Mini-bit speaker Joe Donovan (Dedham) will talk about "City Point."

February 17, 2000 at 7:30 p.m. (Thursday), at Endicott Estate, 656 East St., Dedham, MA. We are fortunate to get our own OCCWRT Speaker, the Fort Warren expert, Jack Zeletsky (from Dorchester), to present a slide show on "Fort Warren." Mini-bit speaker Chuck Fazio (Quincy) will speak on "Patton's Revolver."

March 16, 2000 at 7:30 p.m. (Thursday), at Endicott Estate, 656 East St., Dedham, MA. Speaker Charles Lawrence (OCCWRT, Braintree) will speak on "Adams and the Civil War." Mini-bit speaker Bill Barnache (Bridgewater) will start on "You name him" series. The audience will be given clues to guess the CW person.

April 20, 2000 at 7:30 p.m. (Thursday), at Endicott Estate. 656 East St., Dedham, MA. Our Confederate Admiral, Joe Geden (OCCWRT, Stoughton) will lecture on "James Bulloch." Mini-bit continued to be "You name him" hosted by Jack Flynn (Norwood).

SPRING BATTLEFIELD TOUR "Richmond, City Point, Petersburg National Battlefield, Pamplin Park." in Virginia, May 5 to May 8. This is a five star plus tour and none better anywhere for the price! $50 deposit holds seat until 4/1/2000.

Cost: Only $268.00 per person, including 3 nights of motel accommodation, bus fare, park entry fees and some meals. All the seats were sold out for this year!
Commanded by Tourmeister Col. Bill Bernache.

May 18, 2000 at 7:30 p.m. (Thursday), at Endicott Estate, 656 East St., Dedham, MA. Guest Speaker, Don Berry, on "How to succeed in Secession!" Mini-bit "You name him" hosted by Carol Tombari (Braintree.)

June 2000 --- ANNUAL PICNIC --- June 10, 2000, at the New England Fire and History Museum on route 6A in Brewster, MA (Cape Cod). Mary Pearl (OCCWRT, Chatham) will be our featured Speaker on "Cape Cod in the Civil War."

End of the year's program. Summer breaks. Next year's program will start at September 2000.


September 1998 to August 1999

September 16, 1998 at 7 p.m. (Wednesday), JUBILEE "V" Dinner Meeting, at Lantana Restaurant, Randolph, MA. Guest Speaker, Wayne Motts, NPS Gettysburg, on "Pickett's Charge - Lewis Armistead."

October 15, 1998 at 7:30 p.m. (Thursday), at Endicott Estate, Dedham, MA. Speaker, Col. Bob Regan, on "9th Mass." Mini-bit by Jack Flynn.

November 18, 1998 at 7:30 p.m. (Wednesday), at Quincy Historical Society, Adams St. Quincy Square, MA. Guest Speaker, author and professor Dr. Tom O'Connor, on "Civil War on the Homefront." Mini-bit speaker t.b.a.

December 10, 1998 at 7:30 p.m. (Thursday), at Endicott Estate, Dedham, MA. Annual Holiday Meeting, Christmas Medley of Speakers (3-4 at 10 mins. each). (1) Chuck Fazio on "The Drummer Boy of Shiloh (John Clem)" and (2), (3) and (4) speakers to be arranged. Voluntary participation on Christmas gifts exchange; gifts have to be Civil War related.

January 21, 1999 at 7:30 p.m. (Thursday), at Endicott Estate, Dedham, MA. Guest Speaker, author and historian, Howard Coffin, on "Stannard's Brigade and Pickett's Charge" with book signing. Mini-bit speaker t.b.a.

February 18, 1999 at 7:30 p.m. (Thursday), at Endicott Estate, Dedham, MA. Guest Speaker, Tony O'Connor, President of the Northeast Kingdom Civil War Round Table, on "Lincoln's Assassination." Mini-bit speaker t.b.a.

March 18, 1999 at 7:30 p.m. (Thursday), at Endicott Estate, Dedham, MA. Speaker Dr. Joe Ciano, OCCWRT, on a subject to be arranged. Mini-bit speaker t.b.a.

April 15, 1999 at 7:30 p.m. (Thursday), at Quincy Historical Society, Adams St. Quincy Square, MA. Speaker Col. Bill Bernach, OCCWRT, on a subject to be arranged. Mini-bit speaker t.b.a.

SPRING BATTLEFIELD TOUR "THE PENINSULA by Land and by Sea" at Newport News area in Virginia. April 30, May 1, 2 and 3 --- four days and three nights at Historic Hotel at Fort Monroe Tour Guide: John Quarstein, Administrator, Virginia War Museum Services

Cost: only $268.00 per person.
The program includes visiting the following sites: Congress / Cumberland Overlook, Warwick Courthouse, Lees Mill, Dam #1, Monitor / Virginia Overlook, Mariner's Museum, Young's Mill, Casement Museum, Lee Hall Mansion, 3 hour Hampton Harbor Cruise with barbecue chicken dinner, Sunday night CW dinner with CW Murder Mystery and redoubt #14 --- Williamsburg Line.
Tourmeister Col. Bill Bernach

May 20, 1999 at 7:30 p.m. (Thursday), at Endicott Estate, Dedham, MA. Guest Speaker, author Richard Winslow, on "The Portsmouth Naval Shipyard during the Civil War." Mini-bit speaker t.b.a.

June 12, 1999 --- ANNUAL PICNIC --- Olde Colony's Nantucket Expedition. A day Exploring Nantucket's Civil War History with author Bob Mooney, OCCWRT.

End of the year's program. Summer breaks. Next year's program will start at September 1999. September 2008 to August 2009 scheduled program
September 2008 to August 2009
Book sales (proceed goes to Civil War Preservation Fund) started at 7:00 p.m. Meeting started at 7:30 p.m.
September 18, 2008 at 7:00 p.m. (Thursday), at Endicott Estate, 656 East Street, Dedham, MA (Exit 14 off Route 128.)
Featured Speaker: Lester Rolston on "Lost Soul: Confederate Soldier in New England".
Mini-bit: Member Jack Flynn on "The Draft of 1862".
October 16, 2008, cocktail at 6:00 p.m. (Thursday), Jubilee Dinner. Meeting at Lombardo's Restaurant, Scanlon Drive, Randolph MA. (Route #128, exit 28 South)
Featured Guest Speaker, Historian and Author, Professor Michael Chesson, Ph.D.
Topic: "Was Abraham Lincoln a Christian?"
Jubilee Chair: Co-chair Dana Zaiser and Co-chair Gail Dugan
Jubilee Banquet Ticket price: $35.00 per person.
Banquet ticketmaster: call Dana Zaiser for tickets. 1-508-286-0060. Request must be received by 9/30/2008.
No tickets would be sold at door. Cocktails Hour 6:00 p.m. Seated at 7:00 p.m. Dinner served at 7:30 p.m.
Huge Raffle will take place (proceed goes to CW Preservation).
Presentation of the Revere Award
Exhibits / Artifact collections! And many more!
November 20, 2008 at 7:00 p.m. (Thursday), at Endicott Estate, 656 East St. Dedham MA (Exit 14 off Route 128.)
Featured Speaker: Peter Siebert on "The Hunley"
Mini-bit: Member Frank Miller on "A Conversation at Ft. Monroe"
December 11, 2008 at 7:00 p.m. (Thursday), at Endicott Estate, 656 East St., Dedham, MA (Exit 14 off Route 128.)
"Special Holiday Meeting" ---
Minibit #1: Member Brian Murphy on "A Civil War Christmas".
Minibit #2: Show and Tell: David Downs on "Civil War Medical Surgical Instruments"
Minibit #3: TBA
Minibit #4: TBA
A voluntary $10.00 value Holiday Civil War gift grab (must be CW related)--- bring one, get one!
Special Holiday Refreshment Table.
January 15, 2009 at 7:00 p.m. (Thursday), at Endicott Estate, 656 East St., Dedham, MA (Exit 14 off Route 128.)
Featured Speaker: Member Ed. Simonds on "There will be a Quiz"
Mini-bit: Member Rich Campagna on "Bixby Letter"
February 19, 2009 at 7:00 p.m. (Thursday), at Endicott Estate, 656 East St., Dedham, MA (Exit 14 off Route 128.)
Featured speaker: D. Reid Ross, author and historian from Durango, Colorado, on "Lincoln's veteran Volunteers"
Mini-bit: Member Dana Zaiser on "Civil War token update"
March 19, 2009 at 7:00 p.m. (Thursday), at Endicott Estate, 656 East St., Dedham, MA (Exit 14 off Route 128.)
Featured Speaker: Debby Applegate on "The most Famous Man in America"
Mini-bit: Brian Murphy on "Sgt. Peter Hunt, NYPD"
April 16, 2009 at 7:00 p.m. (Thursday), at Endicott Estate. 656 East St., Dedham, MA (Exit 14 off Route 128.)
Featured speaker: Franklin (Frank) H. Miller (OC member) on "Five Brothers in Blue" -------
The story of the five Miller brothers from Hingham, Mass. that served in the Civil War 1861 – 1865, ---------
Great Grandfather George Miller, and Great Grand Uncles Frank H., William C., Henry F., and Joseph S.
Mini-bit: Steve Adamson on "Raphael Moses"
May 21, 2009 at 7:00 p.m. (Thursday), at Endicott Estate. 656 East St., Dedham, MA (Exit 14 off Route 128.)
Featured speaker: Member Steve Adamson on "Lincoln's comments"
Mini-bit: Member Charles Lawrence on "Historical Anecdotes"
June Picnic ---- Saturday June 13, 2009 ----- Election 12 noon approx.
Picnic Chair: Jack Zeletsky
Site: Ft. Warren, George's Island, Boston harbor, Massachusetts
Ferries leaving 10 am and 11 am from Boston (left of Long Wharf Marriot).
RT Tickets $15 adults --- (purchase 30 minutes before departure)
Talk and tour led by Jack Zeletsky.
Bring your own lunch and lawn chair
Election of Olde Colony CWRT Officers (2009 to 2011 term)
 
End of the year's program. Summer breaks.
Next year's program will start on September 2009.
 
 
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