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Oboe History



The oboe is a member of the woodwind family.  It has a high sound and uses a double reed to produce the tone.   
A double reed is made of two pieces of cane fastened together, which vibrate against each other to produce sound:
Historians believe that the first oboe-like instruments were used in India in 2000 B.C., and many other varieties of the oboe were found in Asia, Egypt, Greece, and Rome.  Centuries later, during the 1600's, the first baroque oboe was introduced in France.  It was called the hautbois, meaning "high wood."  Made out of boxwood, this instrument had several finger holes, and two or three keys.  This instrument became very popular in many countries. 
 Watch the video below see and hear the baroque oboe:

The Baroque Oboe


Later on, more changes to the oboe took place.  For example, the body became narrower and more keys were added, to increase the number of notes that could be played.  Modern oboes have a note range of more than two and a half octaves.  They are typically made out of grenadilla wood, although student model oboes are often made out of plastic or resin to avoid cracking.