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Cast On's—Part 1

To start—a list of cast on--Many have links to Videos or Tutorials. 
The count keeps changing, as new casts are added as they are found.
The count is over 60 different methods of cast ons.(as of Feb. '15) And this list is incomplete(I am sure!) —but it's all the cast ons I know. Every time I think I have them all, another  new ones pop up.  Many cast on's have multiple names--(and many names are used for 2 or more cast ons!)-- The cast on I call 'Long Tail Twisted' is commonly called Old Norwegian, Twisted Norwegian, and Twisted German-- and it might have other names. 

In addition, many cast ons have several ways to create them--most simplisticly one major difference in methods is:  some cast on methods are easier for knitter that use a right hand yarn hold, and other methods are easier for knitters that use a left hand yarn hold—For example the Twisted Cast on and the Maine cast on are identical –but worked differently—The first is very comfortable for a left hand yarn holding knitter, the second, is more comfortable for a right hand yarn holding knitter.  This is noted if it applies.  
My videos are always listed first, but I will often include other videos --and in some cases, the only video is by another knitter. As I learn new cast ons,  and find a video for them, I will add them.  They will be tagged (NEW) for the first 6 or so months.

Many invisible cast ons are also suitable for Provisional Cast Ons
At the bottom of the page, there are links to other pages in this tutorial.

Knit Cast on   
Same worked as a Purl Cast on  
Same worked in ribbing (knits and purls) 
Knit Cast on with picot's 
Knit Cast on with an extra chain stitch done as a crochet cast on (Scarlet Zebra's Video) 
Cable Cast on 
Cable cast on worked as a purl See the Cable cast on video-above
Cable cast on worked knits and purls--seed or 1 X 1 ribbing (OR  See the Cable Cast on Video-above)
Imitation I-cord cast on (another version of a double chain cast -totally new method!  Thanks, Dolly.)
Chinese Waitress Cast On(an alternate method of doing the double chain cast on) 
Chinese Knob (or button) Cast On An attractive cast on with a knobby edge--but not very stretchy. 
Double knotted Cast on (a very simple, very stretchy cast on)
Buttonhole (another method to create same cast on as the double knotted cast on)
Guernsey Cast on (third method, a bit slow and tedious, I think,  to do Buttonhole/double knotted cast on)
Not to be confused with Channel Isle cast on (see Double yarn cast ons, below) 
Jeny's super stretchy (a fourth  version of the double knotted, aka buttonhole cast on)
All 4 versions have the same result--all are equally stretchy.
Simple as Purl cast on-- see simple link
Simple Alternate (knits and purls)--see simple link 
Simple as Twisted--(same base stitch as the twisted Long Tail)--NEW
Wrapped Cast on—(especially good for ribbon yarn)  
(AKA as Winding Cast on.  This video treats it as a provisional cast on, but it can also be uses as a knit in round cast on (for say a toe up sock
Crocheted –(can be used as a provisional cast on)  
 --picked up from a chain (not recommend)
(Also see Knit cast on with extra chain above)
(Also see Imitation I-cord cast on above)
Double crochet chain, twisted (usually 2 colors) 
Loopy/Lacy Cast On (similar to Tily's cast on)

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Most of these cast ons are variations of a basic long tail cast.  Please note Long Tail is the common name for these styles of cast ons in US, and parts of Canada.  In other parts of the world, the same cast ons are sometimes called Double Yarn, or Double starts cast ons.  There are LOTS of different names for all of these cast ons.

Some versions of long tail cast ons are/have been traditionally worked with a double strand of yarn on the thumb. Almost all versions can be worked:
 AIn two colors/strands of yarn--(a contrasting yarn for thumb), OR B--with double (triple or more) strands of yarn for thumb. 
If you count these variations, the number of 2 strand cast on methods is equal to 20 or 30 cast ons! One version of a basic long tail features 4 yarns held together for the  thumb yarn--It looks very different but its really just a basic long tail.  

Long tail (sling shot)  
Long tail (thumb) 
Long Tail Twisted (sling shot version)
Long Tail Twisted, and worked in K's & P's --a combination of features. NEW
Long Tail Twisted (AKA Maine) thumb method 
Long Tail Open (has a slightly different look)
Long tail (knit on)--(looks the same as the Open Long Tail cast on)
Long tail Cast on Indian style--looks the same as the knit on long tail and open tail cast on, but done differently
Twisted double chain --(a variant of the knit on long tail--with a twist) 
Long Tail Open and Closed (aka Estonian--see Nancy Bush's video)-A combination of Open and standard Long Tail.   
Chinese Long Tail Variation(excellent for 1 X 1 ribbing.) 
The Alsace Long Tail--a long tail variation that creates a row of knit stitches on the right side of the work NEW
Double Needle Long Tail Cast On this is a new video--this cast also has a matching bind off. NEW 
--written, illustrated directions from: Principles of Knitting,  June Hemmon Hiatt. Ms Hiatt designed this cast .
Variations: Double Needle Long Tail Cast On--3 versions;  one with 2 needles, two  with 1 needle, one a single twist, one a double twist NEW
Long Tail Austrian Style--(with index finger stitch (row 0) twisted--good for twisted ribbing)
Craig's Long Tail--this long tail variation has a twisted base stitch, similar to the channel Island cast on 
Long tail 2 color simple 
Long Tail Braided (Long tail worked with from 2 to 5 strands of yarn--shown as a 3 color braid)
Kihnu Double Braided Cast on--(origianally from Nancy Bush--AKA Chinese 2 color cast on)
Reversed Kihnu cast on--(easier!) This tutorial is on Ravelry--you must be a member to see it.
Long Tail Cast on Sturdy-- similar to Knit Sturdy, with a Long Tail cast on Base. 
Channel Island  a classic cast on that creates a small picot on the edge.
EZ's Provisional  cast on 
Stretchier 2 color Long Tail cast on.. (this link is to a PDF) I haven't tried this cast on, but it looks interesting. NEW
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Eyelet (Noose)Cast Ons

These Cast on's,  called eyelet,  noose, pinhole and other names--are designed for casting on when knitting a flat disk in the round--as you might find in the center of a circular (or square) shawl, or at the crown of a hat. They can also be used for casting on a toe up sock--especially if you desire a round toe on the sock. Emily Ockers cast on is the best know, but not the easiest to do.  There are also 2 disappearing loop methods, and what is, in effect a provisional method, called the belly button.  In the end, all leave a small neat eyelet of knitting.

Emily Ocker --(she didn't claim to have invented it, but popularized it.)  This cast on is a version of the double knotted cast on, worked on a disappearing ring... It's a little tricky, but worth the effort.
Emily Ocker Eyelet cast on (video by Crafty Andy)
Emily Ocker Eyelet (my video coming soon)
Disappearing Loop 
Method 2 --A disappearing loop method--No knot 
Method 2--2 variations  One from TechKnitter, one from Eunie Jang.  The difference is very subtle. One starts with a YO, one ends with a YO. NEW
Method 3--A slip stitch method--this method uses a slip knot. It's the easiest method.
Belly Button method for an Eyelet cast on (Text/drawings)
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Invisible Cast Ons (aka Kitcherned Cast on's) are cast on's that have a neat rolled edge, and its almost impossible to tell where (or how!) the cast on was done.  There are a number of methods for creating these edges.

All of them are a bit tricky--and all of them are easy to work too tight (which spoils the cast on edge) Take some time--try out a few methods, until you find the method you like best.  I particularly like these cast on's for HATS and for top down sweaters--in both of these cases, the cast on edge hangs around your face--and its worth the effort to learn a cast on that make a perfect frame for your face.  All of these cast ons are perfectly matched to the Kitchener bind off (aka A Grafted bind off.) A matching selvage can be created by working a 2 stitch i-cord.  

Tubular AKA Invisible Cast on, (7 versions) which, in the end, all look identical, but are created very differently! Listed IN MY PREFERENCE order.
 --No waste yarn/Italian method --shown worked in 2 color (for ease in learning--once you master, work in single color)
--Crochet--Provisional cast on, R1 is alternate K1, YO's (this text only(not even a photograph)
 --Waste yarn/Similar to EZ's provisional cast on  R1 is worked K1, YO. In this photo tutorial, the cast on is worked in 2 colors. (see post 3)
--3 needle 
NOTE: both the Figure 8 and Turkish cast on can also be used for Tubular Invisible cast ons.

Edging and Novelty cast ons 
Lace –e.i., Knit hairpin style lace used for a Cast on (See Vogue Knitting)
(aka Chinese non-stretchy cast on with ridged border)
From a sewn edge ( blanket stitch or chain stitch edge or trim on fabric)

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Cast on's with matching bind off's(and selvages) 

I suggest you swatch first--while some of these are a perfect match, some are just close matches. A swatch is also an important tool for learning the cast on and bind off. --See part 2 of this tutorial, and think about making yourself a cast on Sampler.

1--Any invisible/tubular cast on with a Kitchener (grafted) Bind off--(also has a matching selvage
(there are at least 6 methods for making an tubular cast on--a list above)
2--I-cord  cast on and I-cord Bind off. (also has a matching selvage
3--Knit cast on with picotsStandard bind off with picots (also matching selvage
4--Double Chain Knit Cast on  to Double chain bind off—(also has a matching selvage)
4a--(also the Chinese waitress cast on  and Tilybudy's version of double chain to the Double Chain bind off)
5--Dolly's Imitation I-cord cast on and bind off   Both on one video, and perfect matches. These are also double chain cast on and bind off.
6--Loopy Lace Cast on, and  the loopy bind off, the bind off is post 5 in the thread--photo tutorial 
     (also has a matching selvage
7--Crochet Cast on to a standard Bind off 
8--Long Tail (standard—sling shot, or thumb and Open version) to EZ's sewn bind off. Video 1
9--Latvian Long tail (aka Open/Closed long tail to a Sewn bind off (see Joyce Williams, Latvian Dreams)
10--Twisted Long Tail cast on to the Twisted Sewn Bind Off.. (EZ's sewn bind off, with an extra twist)
image of matching cast on and bind off
12--A bobble edge (done after a long tail or other cast on)  and a bobble bind off 
13--The Kihnu 2 color cast on  and a matching bind off.  (just learned about this, details and links to bind off coming soon)
14--A Eyelet Cast On and a DrawString bind off.  These are rarely used together---but the fit the list
15--Use any provisional cast on, and then bind off both edges in any cast on you desire.  A good idea is to make a small butterfly of yarn, and then start to knit.  When you undo the provisional cast on, use the butterfly of yarn to bind off the provisional stitches.

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Knit cast on (worked as a knit and purl cast on) this method is suitable for 1 X 1 or any ribbing patterning--
Cable cast on This called the seed stitch cast, but it is a version of the cable cast on worked in both knits and purls and also suitable for ribbing.
Forward and reverse Long tail cast on –another cast on that can be worked in any rib pattern
--This video was originally made to show how to make a cast on sampler, and the first few minutes of video reflect this.
All of the above cast ons are suitable for any ribbing variations, 1 X 1, 2 X 2, or uneven rib patterns  like 3 X 1, or 5 X 
The cast ons below, are better suited for 1 X 1, or 2 X 2 ribbing.
The Chinese Long tail cast on—which is already a hybrid cast on (using 1 long tail cast on stitch and one half stitch) is another that can be readily adapted to 1 by 1 ribbing. This cast on sort of looks like a tubular cast on, but is MUCH easier to do.
The Open/Closed Cast on (aka Estonian cast on)--yet another version of long tail, that is suitable for 1 X 1, or 2 X 2 ribbing.  I suspect it would work with any multiple of 2 (4 X 2, 4 X 4, etc)--though I haven't tried them all out. It is not suitable for uneven ribbing patterns  like 3 X 1, or 5 X 1.
The tubular cast on belongs on this list, too. I think this cast on is only suitable for 1 by 1 ribbing, but people have used it for 2 by 2. I don't like it for 2 by 2, and don't teach this. (It's MY web page and blog, and you get MY opinion!)
The Double Knot (aka button hole, aka Guersey, aka Jeny's) is excellent for ribbing: I think it looks best with 1 X 1--but that is just my opinion. 
TillyBudy's Cast On  A single yarn cast on, (best suited to knitters who hold the yarn in their right hand) is an excellent super stretchy cast one ideal for ribbing.

Other Cast ons can be created by combining elements of  other cast ons, to create unique variations, like:

Twisted long tail with a twisted basestitch--a cast on that combines elements of the Austrian (twisted stitch) long tail cast

image of the cast on

 on with elements of the Chinese Long Tail cast on.. This cast on will create ribbing from the cast on edge, and the ribbed stitches will be twisted.  NEW 

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Single Yarns Cast ons
Knit Cast on with an extra chain stitch done as a crochet cast on (Scarlet Zebra's Video) 
Imitation I-cord cast on (another version of a double chain cast -totally new method!  Thanks, Dolly.)
Chinese Waitress Cast On(an alternate method of doing the double chain cast on) 
*Double knotted Cast on (a very simple, very stretchy cast on)
*Buttonhole (another method to create same cast on as the double knotted cast on)
*Guernsey Cast on (third method, a bit slow and tedious, I think,  to do Buttonhole/double knotted cast on)
*Jeny's super stretchy (a fourth  version of the double knotted, aka buttonhole cast on)
All 4 *ed versions have the same result--all are equally stretchy, but each is worked slightly differently.
Double Yarn Cast Ons
Long Tail Twisted (sling shot version) 
Long Tail Twisted (AKA Maine) thumb method 
Twisted double chain --(a variant of the knit on long tail--with a twist) 
Long Tail Open and Closed (aka Estonian--see Nancy Bush's video)-A combination of Open and standard Long Tail.   
Chinese Long Tail Variation(excellent for 1 X 1 ribbing.) 
Kihnu Double Braided Cast on--(origianally from Nancy Bush--AKA Chinese 2 color cast on) 
Channel Island  a chttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r6OyU0SM5rs&t=13lassic cast on that creates a small picot on the edge.
Double Needle Long tail Cast On this is a new video--this cast also has a matching bind off. NEW 
See this Video about Not snugging up the tail of a Long Tail cast on.
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Special Cast Ons for Special Techniques--like Double Knitting, Brioche stitch, Twice Knit stitch, and others.
(this section is under construction)

The Knit Cast On, for single handed knitting.. This is a long, 19 minutes or so) video by Elizabeth Ward, an amputee who show how to cast on slingle handed. NEW
Double knitting:  There are several cast ons that are commonly used.
1--Judy's Magic Cast On --Used a provisional cast on, followed by a 3 to a dozen or more rows of stocking knit, to make a hem. A turning row of purls, or picots (k1, K2tog) can be added. 
After the hem, the 2 groups of stitches are joined onto one needle and double knitting begins.  (other provisional/invisible cast ons can subbed for JMCO,  such as the figure 8 or turkish cast on.
2--Forward and Reverse Long tail (worked in 2 colors of yarn.
3--Long Tail, Braided, worked in two colors.
4--Double Yarn Long Tail cast on.
Brioche stitch cast on. (this link takes you to The Brioche Stitch web site)--there is a matching bind off, there too, or See Bind Offs for link.
Twice Knit Stitch (aka Herringbone stitch) Cast on
Linen stitch  Cast on
Twisted stitches (aka Austrian style knitting) Cast on
Garter tab cast on --for Triangle shawl edges and other uses.
A technique for casting on in the round that ensures twist-less joins
SEE this thread in RAVELRY
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For example, cast on (Knit method) 10 stitches, (or some other number) 
turn work and work a bobble in stitch 10, (make bobble small or large) 
when the bobble is complete, turn the work back and  continue casting on, 
(cast on 10 more stitches and repeat bobble) 

The sturdy cast on --Cast on 2—(knit or long tail method). Bind off 1, (1 stitch cast on) Repeat.(this cast on is demo'd in a video for the simple cast on method only--but it can be used with long tail, too. The Long tail version is less stretchy.

There is a video demo of this cast on, using the Knit Cast on. This cast on has a YO variation. 
On R1 of the work, put a YO between each cast on stitch—to create a strong but open cast on edge. This cast on is not the stretchiest--but it is very sturdy.

For other ideas for edging—See Nicky Epstein's book(s) Knitting On the Edge. Her other edging books, Knitting Over the Edge, and Knitting Beyond the Edge have other –often larger and more involved edging ideas, the first book has more simple and basic edgings—but don't think they simple and basic means boring. 

Provisional cast ons can be finished with a standard bind off, (to have matching edges), with a fancy bind off (picot, or a simple hem, or a picot hem)  or with knit on edgings-- either edges that are knit down, or  edgings that are knit across. 

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