Some people argue that children acquire skills and competencies on their own just by interacting with popular culture. However, three concerns suggest the need for educational support:

The Participation Gap - the unequal access to the opportunities, experiences, skills, and knowledge that will prepare youth for full participation in the world of tomorrow.

The Transparency Problem - the challenges young people face in learning to see clearly the ways that media shape perceptions of the world.

The Ethics Challenge -The breakdown of traditional forms of professional training and socialization that might prepare young people for their increasingly public roles as media makers and community participants.

Posted on Flickr by Kent Kessinger

Works Cited
Jenkins, Henry; with Clinton, Katie; Purushotma, Ravi; Robison, Alice J.; & Weigel, Margaret. (2006). Confronting the challenges of participatory culture: Media education for the 21st century. MacArthur Foundation. Retrieved from