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 From: rudy candelario [mailto:rudycandelario@...]
Sent: Monday, January 12, 2009 9:58 AM
To: ronetsantos@...
Subject: Lim-Ah-Hong & Mangarin Fort

Ronet,
 
     Maraming beses ko nang narinig ang mga kuwento tungkol sa Mangarin Fort.  Una, kaya raw ipinagawa ang kuta ay dahilan sa malimit lusubin ng mga piratang pinamumunuan ni Lim-Ah-Hong ang Mangaran.  Pangalawa, si Lim-Ah-Hong mismo ang nagpagawa ng kuta.  Pangatlo, may tunnel daw na nag-uugnay sa 'baluarte sa Palanghiran at sa kuta sa Old Mangarin.
     Hanggang ngayon ay wala pa akong nababasang libro na nagsasabing nakarating si Lim-Ah-Hong sa Mindoro.  Nang tanungin ko noon ang mga may-ari ng lupang kinatitirikan ng kuta at ng 'baluarte, wala naman silang nakitang tunnel na nag-uugnay sa dalawang istruktura.  Isa pa, mahigit 1 kilometro ang layo ng 'baluarte' sa kuta kaya sa panahon noon, mahirap gumawa ng ganoon kahabang tunnel.  Bukod dito, pumunta si Lim-Ah-Hong sa Pilipinas noong 1574 at umalis noong 1575, samantalang itinatag ang Parish of Mangarin noong 1683 at ginawa ang kuta noong 1844. 
     Narito ang ilang talatang sinipi ko mula sa libro at booklet kung saan binanggit sina Lim-Ah-Hong at ang Mangarin Fort.   
     Siyanga pala, ako na ang bahalang magpalawak at mag-update sa kasaysayan ng Caguray at plano tungkol sa kampana.  Pupunta ako sa Caguray sa unang linggko ng Pebrero.  Ang tungkol sa mapa at old pictures ng Central ay pagtulungan na namin ni Ka Bisi ang paghahanap. Kakausapin at hihingan din namin ng tulong si SB Kagawad Guy Abeleda at Bokal Rod Agas sa iba pang bagay.
     Sa tingin ko ay hindi 'bookshelves' ang pangunahing kailangan ng Book Nook kundi suporta.  Katulad ninyo ni Wena, magbibigay ako ng isandaang piso buwan-buwan.  Uumpisahan ko sa katapusan ng buwang ito.
 
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Tue Dec 30, 2008 9:27 pm
Ronet Santos" <ronetsantos@>
here are my notes on the history tour.....
 
a] caguray
when we arrived in caguray in two conspicuous vehicles, the village residents trooped to the chapel where we disembarked in droves.....they told us they were worried that we would take the more than century old church bell from its makeshift tower! they told us that the catholic church in san jose sent them a formal letter of request to turn over the bell to the catholic church because it is church property. kuya rudy explained that the catholic church only wanted to take the bell so that it could be protected and preserved...kuya rudy related what happened in ilin where similar church bells and canons dissapeared because the village residents did not take care of these....but seeing the caguray village residents so protective of the church bells, kuya rudy said that he doesn't think the catholic church would still insist in taking the bell...
 
we also met the second oldest woman in the village, 84-year old, modesta lualhati...her deceased husband was part of the guerilla forces under sgt jose garcia that ka bisi wrote about in his latest book...nang modest was once a barangay captain of caguray....the only female village chief the community had so far....
 
caguray is one of the oldest settlements in southern mindoro, along with villages in ilin and mangarin....
 
some action points for the e-group history team that emerged from the discussions:
 
1] help the village put together the complete list of the names of the barangay captains of the village since it was established
2] distribute a copy of the document "history of caguray" written by kuya rudy to the village residents and ask them for comments and additions
3] get updates on the implementation of the plan of the village to construct a higher tower for the church bell
4] get information on the actual date of the formal establishment of the village of caguray
 
b] mangarin fort
the discussion focused on why the fort was constructed (to serve as a watchtower)...and why it is located inland now when it was close to the shore during the time of its construction (because of siltation along the palanghiran river)......
 
kuya rudy and ronet pointed out that mangarin was already a hive of economic activity even before the arrival of the spaniards because the topography of the bay and the area then made it an ideal port for merchant ships that plied the southeast asian trade routes....but because of siltation, the bay was reduced in size and ronet thinks that in another 200 or 300 years the entire bay will become totally silted....
 
action points:
 
5] talk to the eldest member of the family of the owner of the land where the fort is located to discuss possibilities for protecting and preserving the remains of the fort (name: jess passion residing at Fernandez block in Magsaysay)
6] do a write up on the history of the fort and mangarin and give a copy to the barangay government (done)
7] send a copy of the write up to the National Historical Institute (NHI) and request their support
8] assist the barangay government and the municipal government of san jose in formulating a resolution to protect and preserve the remains of the fort.
 
efren passon, whose house is located adjacent to the remains of the fort told the group that he will convince his nephew to dismantle the goat shed within the fort...we suggested to him to construct a bamboo fence around the structure and ask visitors a "viewing" fee, provided that he explains to visitors the history of the structure and the village....
 
c] central
this leg of the tour took the longest time to complete....because there were so many things to see....we focused on the following: former post office, church, mill site, elementary school constructed in 1912, vault, public swimming pool, towers, train terminal, old houses for managers.....
 
central attracted a lot of people from different parts of the philippines when it was constructed in 1900 (operation started in 1910)...the mill served as the core of the most vibrant economy in occidental mindoro from 1910 to the 50s...the economy of central started to decline in the 1950s because of the following factors:
 
i] the mill wasn't getting enough production export quota...the 1950s was the time of foreign exchange and export controls...and sugar was one of the main export crops of the country at that time...old central residents who witnessed this period said influential politicians from negros were the ones who cornered the bulk of the export quota [this needs more research]...this seems to explain why the sugar industry in negros got more developed...gil, however, thinks that the sugar milling technology in mindoro at that time was getting obsolete....
ii] the arrival of the american forces in 1944 made pandurucan a busy place with lots of construction going on (airports, roads, buildings) and attracted migrants that kickstarted the economy in pandurucan (ronquillos, rodas, etc)
iii] all of the lands in central belonged to the corporation that operated the mill, therefore there was no chance for central residents to make land-based investments...these central residents instead made their land-based investments in pandurucan
iv] the shift from sugar to rice led to the construction of rice mills in pandurucan and not in central because it was a corporation property...besides it made more sense to build the rice mills in pandurucan because of its proximity to the sea as the principal mode of trade transport was via the sea.....
 
together with old central residents, we attempted to recreate a map of the central community during its heyday...a central resident told us that the philippine national bank has a copy of the map of the entire community because PNB took over the financing of the sugar mill from RFC (rehabilitation finance corp., the precursor of DBP)...
 
action point:
9] to get an artist to draw the reconstructed map, frame this and give it to the community of centra....
10] request besprenjames who works at PNB to find out if indeed the bank has a copy of the map of the community of central and secure a copy for the group if possible
 
d] second landing marker
we did not get to discuss with the barangay officials because we arrived at the site late by an hour...anyway, ka bisi distributed a copy of a write up on the history of the arrival of the american forces in the shores of pandurucan on dec 15, 1944....this write up was lifted from his latest book....
 
no action point was discussed for the second landing marker because this has already been covered in the history kuwentuhan 2 discussion the minutes of which are being written up by wena....
 
we then did a quick wrap up discussion, followed by a quick assessment of the conduct of the tour (will not discuss details anymore) and then some of us proceeded to sikatuna cafe for a winding down session...and were just in time to watch the magnificent sikatuna sunset....
 
it was very tiring but personally i thought it was a lot of fun...i hope those who partcipated enjoyed it as much as i did....
 
cheers and here are the links to some pics, courtesy of jojo cordova:
  
thanks to the following:
1] jon callos for the snacks
2] rod agas and kuya rudy candelario for the vehicles and drivers
3] gil manuel for the arrangements in central
4] ma'am carino for more snacks in central
5] and of course to everyone who participated...[look at the pics and find out who they are]
   
lastly for those who joined the tour, if there are inaccuracies in my notes and if you want to add more insights just post them in this thread...salamat po.....
From: kenneth
Sent: Friday, January 02, 2009 3:15 PM

Subject: Central

Yung Central kasi worthy of solo tour maraming lugar pa dun ang hindi natin napuntahan sana next year meron ulit, mas maganda kung may map na tayong dala ng Old Central, I'd like to see ung location ng airport dati sa baba ng Knob Hill nabanggit un nung naghatid sa amin na anak ni Mrs. Carino also I'd like to see the graveyard of the slain
Japanese nung WWII
kung andun pa as written in the book of Ka Bisi also the tunnel, site of the Mansion house etc...