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posted Dec 15, 2014, 5:51 PM by Javad Taghia


Ubuntu install of ROS Indigo

We are building Debian packages for several Ubuntu platforms, listed below. These packages are more efficient than source-based builds and are our preferred installation method for Ubuntu.

If you need to install from source (not recommended), please see source (download-and-compile) installation instructions.


Configure your Ubuntu repositories

Configure your Ubuntu repositories to allow "restricted," "universe," and "multiverse." You can follow the Ubuntu guide for instructions on doing this. uSe find.

Setup your sources.list

Setup your computer to accept software from packages.ros.org. ROS Indigo ONLY supports Saucy and Trusty for debian packages.

  • Ubuntu 13.10 (Saucy)

    • sudo sh -c 'echo "deb http://packages.ros.org/ros/ubuntu saucy main" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/ros-latest.list'

    Ubuntu 14.04 (Trusty)

    • sudo sh -c 'echo "deb http://packages.ros.org/ros/ubuntu trusty main" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/ros-latest.list'

Set up your keys

  • wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/ros/rosdistro/master/ros.key -O - | sudo apt-key add -


First, make sure your Debian package index is up-to-date:

  • sudo apt-get update

There are many different libraries and tools in ROS. We provided four default configurations to get you started. You can also install ROS packages individually.

  • Desktop-Full Install: (Recommended) : ROS, rqt, rviz, robot-generic libraries, 2D/3D simulators, navigation and 2D/3D perception

    Indigo uses Gazebo 2 which is the default version of Gazebo on Trusty and is recommended. If you need to upgrade to Gazebo 3 see these instructions about how to upgrade the simulator.

    • sudo apt-get install ros-indigo-desktop-full

      or click here

    Desktop Install: ROS, rqt, rviz, and robot-generic libraries

    • sudo apt-get install ros-indigo-desktop

      or click here

    ROS-Base: (Bare Bones) ROS package, build, and communication libraries. No GUI tools.

    • sudo apt-get install ros-indigo-ros-base

      or click here

    Individual Package: You can also install a specific ROS package (replace underscores with dashes of the package name):

    • sudo apt-get install ros-indigo-PACKAGE
      sudo apt-get install ros-indigo-slam-gmapping

To find available packages, use:

apt-cache search ros-indigo

Initialize rosdep

Before you can use ROS, you will need to initialize rosdep. rosdep enables you to easily install system dependencies for source you want to compile and is required to run some core components in ROS.

sudo rosdep init
rosdep update

Environment setup

It's convenient if the ROS environment variables are automatically added to your bash session every time a new shell is launched:

echo "source /opt/ros/indigo/setup.bash" >> ~/.bashrc
source ~/.bashrc

If you have more than one ROS distribution installed, ~/.bashrc must only source the setup.bash for the version you are currently using.

If you just want to change the environment of your current shell, you can type:

source /opt/ros/indigo/setup.bash

Getting rosinstall

rosinstall is a frequently used command-line tool in ROS that is distributed separately. It enables you to easily download many source trees for ROS packages with one command.

To install this tool on Ubuntu, run:

sudo apt-get install python-rosinstall


Now, to test your installation, please proceed to the ROS Tutorials