RETÓRICA CONTRASTIVA

 
 
A CONTRASTIVE ANALYSIS OF RHETORICAL PATTERNS IN ENGLISH AND SPANISH EXPOSITORY JOURNAL WRITING
 
 
 

 
 
 

TABLE OF CONTENTS 

  

LIST OF FIGURES             

 

LIST OF TABLES               

 

FOREWORD

 

INTRODUCTION

 

Writers’ Experiences, a Unique Rhetoric

 

Specific Aims                       

 

Overall Purpose of the Study           

 

Specific Objectives   

 

Instrument of Analysis         

 

Definition of Terms  

 

Limitations of this Study      

 

 

 

I. RHETORIC AND LANGUAGES         

 

Background

 

Further Research in the Field of Contrastive Rhetoric

 

Approaching the Essay from a Contrastive Historical Perspective

 

   

 

II. TOWARD A RHETORICAL DEFINITION OF THE PARAGRAPH AND ESSAY         

 

Introduction: Rhetoric and Composition

 

The Origin of the Paragraph

 

Toward a Rhetorical Definition of the Paragraph   

 

Toward a Rhetorical Definition of the Essay          

 

A New Paradigm in Rhetoric and Composition

 

Further Discussion on the Paragraph           

 

The Topic Sentence and Methods of Paragraph Development       

 

Coherence     

 

 

 

III. RHETORICAL METHODS OF ANALYSIS AND PROCEDURES          

 

The Choice of an Appropriate Tool of Analysis      

 

Christensen's Method                       

 

Karrfalt's Method     

 

D'Angelo's Method  

 

Procedures                

 

The Sample   

 

Rhetorical analysis of the Sample    

 

Data Analysis

 

Reliability      

 

 

 

IV. CONTRASTIVE PARAGRAPH AND ESSAY ANALYSIS

 

Introduction              

 

Criteria for Paragraph           

 

Criteria for Essay       

 

Data Analysis                       

 

Statistical Procedures           

 

The Null Hypothesis

 

Essay Analysis          

 

Quantitative Analysis           

 

Direction of Modification Analysis

 

Essay Analysis          

 

Essay: Quantitative Analysis

 

Direction of Modification Analysis

 

 

 

V. QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS: TENDENCY TOWARD DIGRESSION      

 

 VI. FINDINGS, CONCLUSIONS, AND IMPLICATIONS       

 

Findings and Conclusions    

 

Implications for Language Teaching             

 

Second Language Teaching 

 

First Language Teaching      

 

The Reader's Vs. The Writer's Stance          

  

APPENDIX
 
 

Thank you, Angel, for your careful study. A Contrastive Analysis of Rhetorical Patterns in English and Spanish Expository Journal Writing should be required reading for all of us who write in a second language and who try to teach others to do the same.  This study explains most of those “fuzzy hunches” or intuitions I have held for so many years about the differences in writing in English and Spanish.  It explains why, when I read Spanish essays in my undergraduate days, I felt that the writers never got to the point, and why even now, I feel that when I write in Spanish I get to the point too rapidly.  Having the information Angel Sanchez Escobar has discovered after many years of meticulous studies explains much that up until now was merely a feeling.  Being an English speaker, I like seeing these differences explained “in writing” because I like being “exact.”

                                                                           Frieda H. Blackwell, Baylor University , Waco, Texas,  November, 2001

 
 
Ċ
Ángel F. Sánchez Escobar,
28 sept. 2008 3:50
Comments