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Stamps collections for Sale/Exchange


1-Belgium Used stamps album-with stamps

2-Denmark used stamps accumulation.

3-Nether Land/Holland

used stamps accumulation

4-Bangla Desh mint 99% complete stamps collection with printed album-1971-to96

5-Burma, India,SriLanka used stamps accamulations.

6-Pakistan used collection

98% complete.  

7-Great Britain Q E period 1952 to 1990

fine used in printed album

8-Afghanistan many 100 used stamps.

9-Dealer stock of Pakistan used stamps vailable for exchange.

10-USA,Old China,Pakistan & Afghanistan fully illustrated specialised stamps Album available for sale.

11-U.A.E duplicate collection

Some Topical collections of mint and used stamps

available also.                     &


Stamps History


  • 1951 to 1989 – Pashtunistan Day
  • 2006 – 3rd ECO Summit
  • 2007 – Loya Jirga

[edit] Non official

The following issue is not recognised as an official Afghani stamp as it was issued under the previous regime.

  • 1999 – ICC Cricket World Cup 99, Wasim Akram & Shoaib Akhtar

[edit] Anguilla

  • 2000 – 100th Test Match at Lord’s (Souvenir Sheet) – Pakistan Cricket Board’s Logo

[edit] Antigua & Barbuda

  • 2000 – 100th Test Match at Lord’s (Souvenir Sheet) – Pakistan Cricket Board’s Logo

[edit] Australia

  • 1992 – Finals of ICC World Cup (special cancellation and cover)
  • 1999 – Pakistan tour to Australia 1999-2000 (Special cover of Shoaib Akhtar, PCB Logo)

[edit] Austria

[edit] Azerbaijan

[edit] Bangladesh

  • 1985 – SAARC Summit Dhaka 1985
  • 1987 – Hussain Shaheed Suharwardy ( Prime Minister of Pakistan)
  • 1990 – S.M. Murshed (Former Justice of West Pakistan High Court)
  • 1992 – 7th SAARC Summit 1992
  • 1993 – SAF Games, Dhaka
  • 1995 – Completion of First Decade of SAARC
  • 1996 – Cricket World Cup 1996
  • 1996 – Victory over Pakistan (2 stamps)
  • 1998 – Wills International Cup (Pakistani Flag on FDC)
  • 1999 – ICC Cricket World Cup England 1999
  • 2002 – General Pervez Musharraf’s presidential visit of Bangladesh (Special Postage Cover)
  • 2003 – 3rd SAF Championship Bangladesh 2003
  • 2004 – Independence and National Day (A.A.K. Niazi’s Portrait)
  • 2004 – SAARC Jamboree
  • 2005 – South Asia Tourism Year
  • 2005 – 13th SAARC Summit
  • 2007 – Twenty-20 Cricket World Cup (Shoaib Malik and Pakistani Flag on FDC)
  • 2010 – Celebrations of 400 Years of Dhaka (Railways station built during the period it was part of Pakistan) (fdc, stamps and maximam cards)
  • 2010 – Twenty-20 Cricket World Cup (PCB’s logo on the stamp

[edit] Barbados

  • 2000 – 100th Test Match at Lord’s (Souvenir Sheet) – Pakistan Cricket Board’s Logo

[edit] Benin

  • 2001 – 4th Edward Bouchet International Conference, Cotonou (Dr. Abdus Salam’s Portrait)
  • 2002 – 4th Edward Bouchet International Conference, Cotonou (Overprint Salam’s stamps)

[edit] Bhutan

  • 1985 – SAARC Summit Dhaka 1985 – Pakistani Flag
  • 1990 – SAARC Year of Girl Child
  • 2010 – 16th SAARC Summit at Thimpu (Pakistani flag on stamp, FDC and SS)

[edit] Burkina Faso

[edit] Canada

[edit] Chad

  • 2007 - Cricket World Cup (Wasim Akram's on stamp)

[edit] Chile

[edit] China

  • 2001 – 50 years of Diplomatic Relations with Pakistan (Special Postage Cover)
  • 2005 - 175 passenger coaches exported by CMC to Pakistan (Special Postage Cover)
  • 2005 - Chinese PLA Naval Ship Exercise (Pakistan Flag and ship on Gutter and Card)
  • 2006 – 55 years of Diplomatic Relations with Pakistan (Special Postage Cover)
  • 2006 - The State visit of General Pervez Musharraf (Special Postage Cover)
  • 2007 - PLA Navy task group attending Multilateral Joint Exercise in Pakistan (Special Postage Cover)
  • 2010 – Shanghai Expo 2010 (Postal cards and Special Postage Cover)

[edit] Dominica

  • 1969 – 50 years of International Labour Organization (Pakistani Flag on one stamp)
  • 2000 – 100th Test Match at Lord’s (Souvenir Sheet) – Pakistan Cricket Board’s Logo

[edit] Equatorial Guinea

[edit] Gambia

  • 1998 - Trains (Pakistani Electric Locomotive)

[edit] Ghana

  • 1984 - Olympic Winners (Pakistan Field Hockey Overprinted)
  • 1998 - Trains (SPS 4-4-0 of Pakistan)

[edit] Grenada

  • 2000 – 100th Test Match at Lord’s (Souvenir Sheet) – Pakistan Cricket Board’s Logo

[edit] Guyana

  • 2000 – 100th Test Match at Lord’s (Souvenir Sheet) – Pakistan Cricket Board’s Logo
  • 2003 - Animals of the World (Indus Dophin)

[edit] Hong Kong

  • 1975 - Hong Kong-Pakistan 1975 Lufthansa First Flight Cover

[edit] India

  • 1966 – Ranjeet Singh of Lahore (Lahore’s name in Hindi)
  • 1969 – 500th Anniversary of Guru Nanak Dev-Nankana Sahib(Pakistani City)
  • 1973 – Sir Syed Ahmed Khan
  • 1977 – 125th Anniversary of Scinde Dawk (First Post Stamp was issued in Sindh)
  • 1979 – International Archives Week, Gilgit Record
  • 1981 – Henry Heras (Historian, Seal of Mohenjodaro)
  • 1985 – SAARC Summit Dhaka (2 Stamps) – Pakistani Flag
  • 1986 – International Iqbal Seminar, Bombay (Post Mark on Allama Iqbal)
  • 1988 – 50th Death Anniversary of Allama Iqbal
  • 1988 – Himalayas (4 stamps) – One stamp of K2, One stamp of Broad Peak
  • 1993 – Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan (Bacha Khan)
  • 1995 – SAARC youth year
  • 1996 – SAARC year of the service to the people
  • 1998 – 100th Death Anniversary of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan
  • 1999 – Sindhu Darshan Festival
  • 2000 –Jewellery(Taxila appeared on one stamp)
  • 2000 – Jewellery (Taxila appeared on one stamp, Souvenir Sheet)
  • 2005 – 3rd One Day International Crciket, India Vs Pakistan, Jamshedpur (Post Mark)
  • 2008 – Damodar Dharmananda Kosambi (Image of Mohenjodaro on FDC and Cancellation)
  • 2008 – Indian Navy – Reaching out to Maritime Neighbours. (Pakistan Navy handshake)
  • 2008 – A.T.Paneerselvam (Allama Iqbal in background on FDC, Image of Second Round Table Conference, 1931, London)

[edit] Indonesia

  • 1977 - Indonesia Pakistan Economic & Cultural Cooperation Organization (IPECC)
  • 1983 - Indonesia Pakistan Economic & Cultural Cooperation Organization (IPECC)
  • 1990 - Indonesia Pakistan Economic & Cultural Cooperation Organization (IPECC)
  • 1994 - Indonesia Pakistan Economic & Cultural Cooperation Organization (IPECC)
  • 1995 - 50 Years of United Nations Organization
  • 2005 – 50 Years of Asian-African Summit (Muhammad Ali Bogra’s Portrait)
  • 2005 – 50 Years of Asian-African Summit (Souvenir Sheet with Bogra’s Portrait)

[edit] Iran

  • 1956 – Sikandar Mirza’s Visit of Iran
  • 1959 – Ayub Khan’s Visit of Iran
  • 1965 – 1st Anniversary of Regional Corporation for Development (RCD) – Joint Issue
  • 1969 – 5th Anniversary of Regional Corporation for Development (RCD) – Joint Issue
  • 1970 – 6th Anniversary of Regional Corporation for Development (RCD) – Joint Issue
  • 1971 – 7th Anniversary of Regional Corporation for Development (RCD) – Joint Issue
  • 1972 – 8th Anniversary of Regional Corporation for Development (RCD) – Joint Issue
  • 1972 – 10th Annual Congress of the Iranian Dental Association (RCD Logo)
  • 1973 – 9th Anniversary of Regional Corporation for Development (RCD) – Joint Issue
  • 1974 – 10th Anniversary of Regional Corporation for Development (RCD) – Joint Issue
  • 1975 – 11th Anniversary of Regional Corporation for Development (RCD) – Joint Issue
  • 1976 – 12th Anniversary of Regional Corporation for Development (RCD) – Joint Issue
  • 1976 – 100th Birth Anniversary of Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah
  • 1977 – 13th Anniversary of Regional Corporation for Development (RCD) – Joint Issue
  • 1977 – 100th Birth Anniversary of Allama Muhammad Iqbal
  • 1978 – 14th Anniversary of Regional Corporation for Development (RCD) – Joint Issue
  • 1979 – 15th Anniversary of Regional Corporation for Development (RCD) – Joint Issue
  • 1991 – Arif Hosseini (Shia Alim of Pakistan)
  • 1991 – Sadiq Ghanji (Martyred in Pakistan)
  • 1992 – South and West Asia Postal Union (SWAPU) – View of Badshahi Mosque
  • 1992 – ECO Summit (2 stamps of Pakistani Flag)
  • 1997 – Two Great Poets, Iqbal and Rumi (Joint Issue)
  • 1998 – South and West Asia Postal Union (SWAPU) – Pakistani Map
  • 2006 – 3rd Meeting of the ECO Postal Authorities (Pakistani Map and Flag)
  • 2009 – 10th ECO Meeting at Tehran, Iran (Pakistani map and name)

[edit] Iraq

The following issues were printed by Pakistan Security Printing Corporation (PSPC), Karachi. They do not depict the country itself.

  • 1964 – Engineers Conference (PSPC)
  • 1965 – Army Day (3v – PSPC)
  • 1965 – Labour Ministers Conference (PSPC)
  • 1965 – Ramadan Revolution (PSPC)
  • 1965 – Tree Week (2v – PSPC)
  • 1965 – Deir Yassin (2v – PSPC)
  • 1965 – World Health Day (3v – PSPC)
  • 1965 – I.T.U. Centenary (2v – PSPC)
  • 1965 – I.T.U. Centenary (Souvenir Sheet – PSPC)
  • 1965 – 14 July Revolution (PSPC)
  • 1965 – International Co-operation Year (3v – PSPC)
  • 1965 – Baghdad Fair (PSPC)

[edit] Italy

  • 1956 – Conquest of K2 (Imperf but not issued)
  • 2004 – Golden Jubilee of First Ascent of K2

[edit] Ivory Coast

  • 1976 – 100th Birth Anniversary of Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah

[edit] Japan

  • 2002 – 50 years of Diplomatic Relations with South East Asia (Mohenjodaro’s Portrait)

[edit] Jordan

  • 1969 – Royal wedding, Malka Sarwat with Prince Hassan (Sarwat from Pakistan)
  • 1976 – 100th Birth Anniversary of Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah (2 Stamps)

[edit] Kazakhstan

  • 2006 – 3rd Meeting of the ECO Postal Authorities (Pakistani Map and Flag)
  • 2006 – 3rd Meeting of the ECO Postal Authorities (Overprint)

[edit] Kuwait

  • 1963 – Freedom from Hunger (4v – PSPC)
  • 1963 – Mother’s Day (4v – PSPC)
  • 1963 – Education Day (3v – PSPC)
  • 1963 – Arab School Games (8v – PSPC)
  • 1964 – Education Day (4v – PSPC)
  • 1965 – First Arab Journalists’ Conference (2v – PSPC)
  • 1966 – Industrial Development (2v – PSPC)
  • 1966 – 5th Arab Medical Conference (2v – PSPC)
  • 1991 – Liberation Day (Pakistani Flag)
  • 1991 – Liberation Day (Souvenir Sheet)
  • 1992 – Liberation Day (Pakistani Flag)

[edit] Kyrgyzstan

  • 2002 – 10 years of Diplomatic Relations with Pakistan

[edit] Liberia

  • 1976 – 100th Anniversary of Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah
  • 1997 – 50th Anniversary of UNESCO (Shalimar Gardens, Lahore)

[edit] Libya

  • 1974 - Tripoli Trade Fair 1974 (Pakistani Flag on 3 stamps)

[edit] Macau

  • 2002 – Quote of Dr. Abdus Salam

[edit] Malaysia

  • 1980 – Australia KL Malaysia 1980 Lufthansa (Karachi’s name on First Flight Cover)
  • 1980 – Malaysia Germany 1980 DC10 Lufthansa (Karachi’s name on First Flight Cover)
  • 1995 – 50 Years of IATA (Pakistani Flag on FDC)
  • 1998 – Commonwealth Games 1998 (Pakistani Flag on Maximum Card)
  • 2003 – 13th Conference of Heads of State or Government of The Non-Aligned Movement (Pakistani Flag on the border of 2 stamps sheet)

[edit] Maldives

  • 1985 – SAARC Summit 1985, Dhaka
  • 1990 – SAARC year of Girl Child
  • 1991 – 5th SAARC Summit
  • 1992 – SAARC year of Environment
  • 1997 – 50th Anniversary of UNESCO (Takht-i-Bahi)
  • 1997 – SAARC Summit
  • 2005 – Commemorative 20 Years of SAARC 1985-2005 (Souvenir Sheet)

[edit] Mali

  • 1976 – UNESCO Campaign, Save Mohenjodaro
  • 1999 – Flags of UNO Members (1 stamp of Pakistani Flag)

[edit] Mauritania

  • 1976 – UNESCO Campaign, Save Mohenjodaro
  • 1976 – 100th Birth Anniversary of Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah

[edit] Mauritius

  • 1976 – UNESCO Campaign, Save Mohenjodaro

[edit] Micronesia

  • 1991 – Kuwait Liberation (Pakistani Flag on Souvenir Sheet)

[edit] Mongolia

  • 1992 – Railways of the World (Western Railways, Pakistan)

[edit] Montserrat

  • 2000 – 100th Test Match at Lord’s (Souvenir Sheet) – Pakistan Cricket Board’s Logo

[edit] Morocco

  • 1974 – 2nd Islamic Summit, Lahore (Overprint)
  • 1977 – 100th Birth Anniversary of Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah

[edit] Nepal

  • 1985 – SAARC Summit 1985 Dhaka
  • 1987 – 3rd SAARC Summit at Katmandu
  • 1989 – SAARC year against Drug Abuse
  • 1990 – SAARC year of Girls
  • 1991 – SAARC year for shelters
  • 1995 – Completion of First decade of SAARC
  • 1999 – SAF Games, Katmandu
  • 2002 – SAARC Charter Day
  • 2008 – U19 Cricket World Cup 2008 (Pakistani Flag on Commemorative Cover)

[edit] Nevis

  • 2000 – 100th Test Match at Lord’s (Souvenir Sheet) – Pakistan Cricket Board’s Logo

[edit] Oman

  • 1977 – UNESCO Campaign, Save Mohenjodaro

[edit] Palau

[edit] Peru

  • 2007 – 100 Years of Scouting (Pakistani flag on one stamp)

[edit] Philippines

  • 1964 – SEATO
  • 1972 – Overprint of SEATO Stamp
  • 1977 – 15th Anniversary of Asian-Oceanic Postal Union (2 Stamps of Pakistani Flag)
  • 1981 – Philippines Thailand 1981 Lufthansa (Karachi’s name on First Flight Cover)
  • 1994 – Dentist Congress (one stamp of Pakistani Flag)

[edit] Romania

  • 2001 – K2 expedition (Envelop)
  • 2004 – First Successful Romanian Ascent of K2 (Envelop)

[edit] Rwanda

  • 1968 – Olympic Winner, Pakistan Hockey (Souvenir Sheet)

[edit] Saudi Arabia

  • 1953 – Malik Ghulam Muhammad’s visit of Saudi Arabia
  • 1976 – UNESCO Campaign, Save Mohenjodaro

[edit] Sharjah

  • 1967 – World Jamboree
  • 1967 – World Jamboree (Souvenir Sheet)
  • 1970 – Events (Pakistani Flag on one stamps)

[edit] Sierra Leone

  • 1977 – 100th Birth Anniversary of Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah

[edit] Singapore

  • 1971 – Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting 1971
  • 1973 – Aviation Series

[edit] South Korea

  • 1976 – UNESCO Campaign, Save Mohenjodaro
  • 1984 – Phila Korea 84 (Pakistani Flag on Souvenir Sheet)
  • 1985 – Zia-ul-Haq visit of South Korea
  • 1985 – Zia-ul-Haq visit of South Korea (Souvenir Sheet)

[edit] South Vietnam

  • 1974 – Universal Postal Union Centenary (Pakistani Flag on one stamp)

[edit] Sri Lanka

  • 1985 – SAARC Summit 1985 Dhaka
  • 1991 – 6th SAARC Summit
  • 1991 – SAF Games, Colombo
  • 1995 – Completion of First decade of SAARC
  • 1998 – 10th SAARC Summit, Colombo
  • 2005–2005 Visit South East Asia (Uch Sharif’s Portrait)
  • 2006 – SAF Games, Colombo (2 stamps)
  • 2007 – ICC Cricket World Cup 2007 (2 stamps with Pakistani Flag)
  • 2008 – 15th SAARC Summit, Colombo

[edit] St. Vincent

  • 1988 – Cricketers (1 stamp of Imran Khan’s Portrait)

[edit] St. Vincent & The Grenadines

  • 1988 – Cricketers (1 stamp of Asif Iqbal’s Portrait)
  • 2000 – 100th Test Match at Lord’s (Souvenir Sheet) – Pakistan Cricket Board’s Logo

[edit] Sudan

  • 1978 – 100th Birth Anniversary of Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali

[edit] Switzerland

  • 1971 – Geneva – Karachi 1971 Swiss Air (First Flight Cover)

[edit] Syria

  • 2003 – International Fair 2003 (Pakistani Flag)

[edit] Togo

  • 1976 – 100th Anniversary of Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah

[edit] Trinidad & Tobago

  • 1960 – Definitive (Jinnah Memorial Mosque)

[edit] Turkey

  • 1965 – 1st Anniversary of Regional Corporation for Development (RCD) – Joint Issue
  • 1966 - 2nd Anniversary of Regional Corporation for Development (RCD) (Post Mark and FDC only)
  • 1969 – 5th Anniversary of Regional Corporation for Development (RCD) – Joint Issue
  • 1970 – 6th Anniversary of Regional Corporation for Development (RCD) – Joint Issue
  • 1971 – 7th Anniversary of Regional Corporation for Development (RCD) – Joint Issue
  • 1972 – 8th Anniversary of Regional Corporation for Development (RCD) – Joint Issue
  • 1973 – 9th Anniversary of Regional Corporation for Development (RCD) – Joint Issue
  • 1974 – 10th Anniversary of Regional Corporation for Development (RCD) – Joint Issue
  • 1975 – 11th Anniversary of Regional Corporation for Development (RCD) – Joint Issue
  • 1976 – 12th Anniversary of Regional Corporation for Development (RCD) – Joint Issue
  • 1977 – 13th Anniversary of Regional Corporation for Development (RCD) – Joint Issue
  • 1977 – 13th Anniversary of Regional Corporation for Development (RCD – Souvenir Sheet
  • 1977 – 100th Birth Anniversary of Allama Muhammad Iqbal
  • 1978 – 14th Anniversary of Regional Corporation for Development (RCD) – Joint Issue
  • 1979 – 15th Anniversary of Regional Corporation for Development (RCD) – Joint Issue
  • 1993 – ECO Meeting
  • 1995 – 1st Muslim Women Parliamentarian Meeting, Islamabad (Pakistani Flag)
  • 1997 – 50 Anniversary of Pakistan Independence (Quaid-i-Azam’s Portrait)
  • 2004 – Euro Asia Postal Union (2 stamps) – Joint Issue
  • 2007 – 3rd ECO Meeting (Pakistani Flag) – Joint Issue

[edit] Turkish Cyprus

These stamps are not officially recognised by UPU.

  • 1988 – International Ocean Conference

[edit] Turkmenistan

  • 1997 – International events of 1997 (Queen Elizabeth’s visit of Pakistan on one stamp in sheet)
  • 2000 – UNO Recognition (Pakistani Flag on Souvenir Sheet)
  • 2001 – Quaid-i-Azam Year 2001

[edit] Tuvalu

  • 2002 – International year of Mountains (K2 on Souvenir Sheet)

[edit] UNESCO

[edit] United Arab Emirates

  • 1976 – 100th Birth Anniversary of Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah
  • 2000 – Dubai International Holy Quran Award, Third Session 1420H (Pakistani Flag image)
  • 2009 – 100 Years of Postal Services (Pakistan overprint stamps on one stamp)
  • 2009 - 100 Years of Postal Services (Souvenir Sheet)

[edit] United Kingdom

  • 2006 – npower Test Match Series 2006 : England versus Pakistan, Lord’s (Special Cover)

[edit] United Nations

  • 1984 – Pakistani Flag
  • 2002 – International year of Mountains (Rakaposhi Peak)
  • 2006 – Coins and Flags Series (Pakistani Flag and Coin)
  • 2006 – My Dream One Day Peace (one stamp of Pakistan Flag Image)

[edit] United States of America

  • 1955 – Pakistan Minesweeper Muhafiz & U.S.S. Monrovia (Special Cover)
  • 1957 – Pakistan Naval Ship Mubarak & U.S.S. Waller (Special Cover)
  • 1957 – Pakistan Naval Ship Mujahid & U.S.S. Suribachi (Special Cover)
  • 1957 – Pakistan Naval Ship Mahmood & U.S.S. Muliphen (Special Cover)
  • 1961 – Ayub Khan of Pakistan meets Kennedy of USA in Washington (Special Cover)
  • 1969 – Richard M. Nixon and Yahya Khan in Pakistan (Special Cover)

[edit] Vatican City

  • 1984 – Pope Visit of the World (one stamp of Pope with Sindhi Girl
stamps collecting is the greatest hobbies of all



My Article published in newspapers


Major (Retd) Syed Saif-ul-Hasan Rizvi

Collecting is one of man’s most firmly established habits and man in this context means woman too. Archaeologists have shown that even the earliest cave-women collected brightly coloured stones and shells. Today, collecting has taken thousands of forms as ming vases, match boxes, by theatre programmes, cassettes, cigarette cards, coins, view cards, paintings. The list is endless but the most popular and universal is stamp collecting. The advance stage of stamps collecting is called “philately”. It includes the study of stamps and research carried out regarding stamps. The experts of stamp collecting are called “Philatelists”. Philately is a word, which originated from Greek language. “Phila” means love and ‘Telly’ stands for non-taxable things. Hence “love for non taxable items” is called philately. Here stamps are referred as non-taxable items. Therefore, it is a modern terminology, which is adopted for this world’s most attractive hobby.

The aim of this essay is to throw light upon a hobby, which frequently strikes the non-collectors. This essay will hopefully make clear the ways in which it can be adopted to suit all varieties of tastes, interests, and temperaments.

The presence of this booklet/exhibition brochure in your hands places you in one of the following categories. You may be a former stamp collector, which nothing left but a foggy recollection of childhood when the magic of few rupees album and a packet of coloured pictorials (stamps) could warm even the bleakest day. Alternatively, you may be entirely a new comer to the hobby attracted by the obvious satisfaction philately has given to some of your friends. If you are a philatelist then ahead lies the capture or re-capture of a small world apart in which you alone is the master, working at and enjoying the hobby according to no rules but those which suits you best.

Stamps collecting are an educational hobby, which offers you a vast field of knowledge, which no book in this world can offer in such a great variety & range. This hobby is rewarding in so many ways. Whatever your interests, there are sure to be stamps illustrating them rather it is claimed that no subject on this earth is left out side the scope of stamps being issued whether they be sports, religion, history, geography, science, space, flora fauna, art, music literature, culture……….etc. etc.

Reason why:- Many people frequently ask why collecting stamps? The philatelists regard the question as senseless because of lengthy answers and new comers in this field feel confused. It is agreed that answers and new comers in this field feel confused. It is agreed that answer is not a brief one. Although, people enjoy with their hobbies because they feel pleasure in it but there are many logics behind the hobby of philately. In Europe, doctors frequently recommend to people whose lives are so firmly bound up with others that they cannot call their souls their own. Every man needs, it appears to retain one small section of himself upon which he exercises sole sovereign rights but few succeed. Stamp collecting can restore that small section. I have yet to meet a stamp collector with ulcer!

Stamp collecting if for every one. These tiny masterpieces of artistic design have an ever-lasting attraction for all the people. Philately cuts across boundaries of race, color, education, status and income. Collectors can work alone and do not need each other’s support but when they feel gregarious the bond of common interest is strong indeed. It is said that stamp collecting is a very rich man’s hobby but it is also an average person’s hobby and a poor youngster’s hobby too. The statement is contradicting but this is the beauty of philately. It is only as expensive as you want it to be and it is with in reach of every man, woman, or child in the world. That is what has put philately at the top of the list of hobbies.

There are many reasons why people collect stamps. One of the hopes of making large profits is not really stamp collectors. They are not true philatelists because they have no real interest in the stamps themselves. But think of articles that they buy cheap and sell for higher prices. This is not wrong. It is an excellent way to build up a mic bank balance if you know what you are doing. Usually, such an investor was for many years a real stamp collector, learning all about the little paper before he ventured in to the investment market.

Then, there are collectors who collect only those stamps that have to do with a giver subject. This is called topical/thematic collecting and they are a very big part of stamp collecting today. Perhaps a football fan will collect stamps from all over the world having to do with football. His aim, as is the aim of every stamp collector of worth, is to obtain in good condition every single stamp ever published by any country in the world, with some thing about football as motif. Any subject under the sun can be the subject of a topical collection.

Next, we have collectors who specialize in a particular country or group of countries and are not interested in the stamps of the rest of the world. Some collect only new and unused stamps (Mint) and others would not think of having any stamp in their collection that had not seen postal service. No matter what your preference is but there is one era in philately that will interest you and that you can afford.

The person who collects stamps of a particular country learns about its geography, history, art, music, industry, farming, culture, politics and nearly every thing connected with that country. Every stamp has some message on it and when it is posted/sent to other countries, it acts like an ambassador of its originating country. The small little gummed paper can convey any message to almost whole world and it is recorded in the history of philately too.

The philatelist follows the changing map of the world in his little pieces of gummed papers. Countries that are no longer in existence have left their stamps behind. Countries that come into existence during the life of the young collector of which several examples are present during just the last few decades issue new kind of postage stamps. Monetary changes are recorded on the stamps of that country, since the stamps are sold for use within the country and must be paid for with the currency of the land. Every kind of information is available in stamp catalogues. The location, the government, the area of country, the population, the capital, the politics and lastly the monetary system, such information would be very difficult to gather even in a large and complete encyclopedia, without much tedious research. Collecting stamps (Philately) is just not a hobby of hoarding things. It is very educational and informative hobby, teaching the collector many things beside just the stamps themselves. For example in the area of colour alone, there are literally dozens of wonderful colours with strange and exciting names made available for your knowledge. Artists should take note of it. The last but not the least aspect is regarding errors in stamps. It includes design errors, printing errors, paper and gum varieties, water marks, perforation differences etc, etc. To conclude with- I will just say that once you are going to stand between the ranks of stamp collectors you will come to know many things, which are fascinating and exciting about this hobby. No book written on this subject can be the last word about philately.


                 What     is     Philately

 Philately is the study of  Revenue and Postagestamps. This includes the design, production and uses of stamps after they are authorized for issue, usually by government authorities, the most common one being postal authorities. Although many equate it with stamps collecting, it is a distinct activity. For instance, philatelists will study extremely rare stamps without expecting to own copies of them, whether because of cost, or because the sole survivors are inmuseums. Conversely, stamp collecting is the acquisition of stamps, at times without regard for origin or usage. It is to collect them as collectable items and make a study on these.

The coining of the word "philately"in its French form has been circumstantially attributed to Georges Herpin in the publication Le Collectionneur de timbres-postes, Vol. 1, November 15, 1864. It is formed from the Greek words philos (friend) and ateleia (exempt from charge, or "franked"), which is a stretch to relate to the study of stamps, but the alternatives of "timbrophily" & "timbrology" or "timbrologist" never caught on.

The origin of philately is in the observation that in a pile of stamps all appearing to be the same type, closer examination reveals different kinds of paper, differentwatermarksembedded in the paper, variations in color shades, different perforations, and other kinds of differences. Comparison with records of postal authorities may or may not show that the variations were intentional, which leads to further inquiry as to how the changes could have happened, and why. To make things more interesting, thousands offorgeries have been produced over the years, some of them very good, and only a thorough knowledge of philately gives any hope of detecting the fakes.

The Inverted Jenny is a famous error; philatelic study explains exactly how it happened.

One explanation for all the variation is that stamp printing was among the early attempts at large-scale mass production activity by postal authorities. Even in the 19th century, stamps were being issued by the billions, more than any other kind of manufactured object at the time.

 Areas of philately

Basic or technical philately, then, is the study of the technical aspects of stamp production and stamp identification. It includes the study of following things.

A topical philatelist might be interested in  Animals, Birds, Flowers,Ships , aeroplanes or in any other subject on this Globe.

Topical, also known as Thematic, philately is the study of what is depicted on the stamps. There are hundreds of popular subjects, such as birds, insects, sports, maps, and so forth. Interesting aspects of topical philately include design mistakes , design alterations (for instance, the recent editing out of cigarettes from the pictures used for US stamps), and the stories of how particular images came to be used (one US stamp from the 1920s shows a Viking ship apparently flying an American flag, but this was not a mistake; the stamp depicted a modern replica).

concentrates on the use of stamps on mail. It includes the study of postmarks, post offices, postal authorities and the process by which letters are moved from sender to recipient, including routes and choice of conveyance. A classic example is the Pony Express, which was the fastest way to send letters across the United States during the few months that it operated. Covers that can be proved to have been sent by the Pony Express are highly prized by collectors.

Cinderella philately is the study of objects that look like stamps but aren't stamps. such as  propaganda labels, and so forth.

The results of philatelic study have been extensively documented by the philatelic literature, which includes many books and nearly 15,000 different periodical titles.

Philately is basically an activity of reading and study, but the human senses typically need augmentation. The stamps themselves are handled with stamp tongs or tweezers so as to preserve them from large, clumsy, and possibly greasy fingers. A strong magnifier reveals details of paper and printing, while the odontometer or perforation gauge helps distinguish a "perf 12" from a "perf 13".

While many watermarks can be detected merely by turning the stamp over, or holding it up to the light, others require the services of watermark fluid, such as benzine (not to be confused with benzene, which is toxic), carbon tetrachloride or trichloro-trifluoro-ethane that "wets" the stamp without dissolving gum or ink. Other techniques, such as using coloured light filters have been attempted in an effort to avoid the use of toxic substances.

Experts evaluating the authenticity of the rarest stamps use additional equipment such as fluoroscopes. Some stamps are printed with ink which fluoresces when exposed to ultraviolet light. Ultraviolet light sources are also used to examine stamps and postal history for signs of repairs or various types of faults.

  Philatelic Organizations

  • Pakistan Philatelic federation 
  • Pakistan Philatelic association
  • Pakistan stamps study circle {UK}
  • Pakistan Philatelic Brotherhood Int Club 
  • Lahore Philtelic Association
  • Lahore Philatelic society
  • Karachi Philtelic Association
  • Karachi Philatelic society
  • Peshawer Stamps Society 
  • PHILATELIC TERMS< xml="true" ns="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office" prefix="o" namespace="">

    These are the important Philatelic Terms, which every stamps collector must remember.                         MAJ SAIF  HASAN {PAKISTAN}

    (1) Adhesive:- In actuality, what a stamp is: a piece of paper which, by way of its gummed or pressure-sensitive back, pays for postage when applied to a piece of mail. With revenue stamps, the adhesive pays some kind of tax.

    (2) Airmail Stamps:- Postage stamps used to pay the airmail postage rates. The U.S. stopped issuing airmail stamps in the 1970s when all mail began to be sent by air.

    (3) Albino:- Literally means a white Negro, but in philately, a stamp or any postal item showing a colorless impression, where printing action is made without ink or impression remained colorless owing to fold or interpolation of paper.

    (4) Approvals:- Priced selection of stamps sent to collectors by dealer collectors pick what they want to busy and return the selection to the dealer with payment.

    (5) Arrow:- On many sheets of stamps, small arrow markings appear in the sheet margin. This was done to aid in the perforation process.

    (6) As Is:- A term usually used by auctions to denote that a stamp is offered for sale without any guarantees.

    (7) Authentication Mark:- A tiny mark that appears on many older and rare stamps. It denotes that an expert has examined and approved the stamps authenticity.

    (8) Back-Stamps:- Postmark applied to the reverse to a cover to indicate transit or receipt of mail.

    (9) Bisect:- Half of the stamp to furnish an authorized denomination of half the original face value. Such stamps or instances were common in wartime but example exists when stamps of Pakistan were used bisected in early 1950’s though not officially recognized.

    (10) Block:- An un-severed even-numbered group of stamps; i.e. block of four or six.

    (11) Bogus:- A fictitious stamp-like label created solely for sale to collections. Such “bogus stamps” are not good for postage.

    (12) Booklets:- Many countries have issued stamps in small booklets for the convenience of users. This idea is becoming increasingly more popular today in many countries. Booklets have been issued in all sizes and forms, often with advertising on the covers, on the panes of stamps or on the interleaving.

    The panes may be printed from special plates or made from regular sheets. All panes from booklets issued by the United States and many from those of other countries contain stamps that are straight edged on the bottom and both sides, but perforated between. Any stamp-like unit in the pane, either printed or blank, which is not a postage stamp, is considered a label in the catalogue listing.

    (13) Cancellation:- The marks or obliterations put on a stamp by the postal authorities to show that the stamp has done service and is no longer valid for postage. If made with a pen, the marking is a “pen cancellation.” When the location of the post office appears in the cancellation, it is a “town cancellation.” When calling attention to a cause or celebration, it is a “slogan cancellation”. Many other types and styles of cancellation exist, such as duplex, numerals, targets, etc.

    (14) Catalogue:- Comprehensive listing of postage and revenue stamps, including current price valuations and illustrations.

    (15) Catalogue Value:- The value of a stamp given by a stamp catalogue value etc. These values are not necessarily the prices at which the stamps can be purchased.


    (16) Centering:- The relative position of a stamps design in relation to the margins surrounds it. Centering is a very important consideration in determining a stamps value.

    (17) Classic Stamp/Issues:- An early issue with connotation of rarity.

    (18) Coil Stamps:- Stamps issued in rolls for use in dispensers, affixing and vending machines. Those of the United States, Canada, Sweden and some other countries are perforated horizontally or vertically only, with the outer edges imperforate. Coil stamps of some countries, such as Great Britain, are perforated on all four sides.

    (19) Commemorative:- A stamp issued to honor some person place or event. It is mostly in large size then a definitive.

    (20) Condition:- The overall state of a stamp or cover as it relates to everything from condition of the gum (present or absent) centering presence or absence of damage to a stamp/cover etc.

    (21) Counterfeit:- Any stamp or cover or cancellation created for the purposes of deception.

    (22) Covers:- Envelopes, with or without adhesive postage stamps, which have passed through the mail and bear postal or other markings of philatelic interest. Before the introduction of envelopes in about 1840, people folded letters and wrote the address on the outside. Many people covered their letters with an extra sheet of paper on the outside for the address, producing the term “cover.” Used air letter sheets, stamped envelopes, and other items of postal stationery also are considered covers.

    (i) First Day Covers:- It is very popular collecting specialty. The stamp is affixed to a cover with an attractive design and is cancelled on the first day the stamp is issued to the public. Cancel says “First Day of Issue”.

    (ii) Event Covers:- Stamp affixed on cover with special cachet and commemorative cancel that honors a particular event or activity.

    (iii) Modern Postal History:- Covers bearing stamps which issued in the period from about 1930 to date. The most important such usages are ones that go to unusual destinations or pay a special rate.

    (iv) Paquebot Covers:- Covers mailed on a ship at sea and postmarked thereon. These covers were then dropped off at the next port of call and mailed from there with the postage stamps of the country from which the ship originated.

    (v) Advertising Covers:- Covers bearing a specially printed that serve to advertise the products, services of the company from which the cover was sent.

    (vi) Wartime Mail:- Military personnel serving in our wars could generally send regular mail without paying postage wrappers to prisoner-of-war mail.

    (vii) Censored Mail:- Wartime conditions dictated that in a country that was at war, any mail that traveled outside that country had to be read and approved by censors.

    (viii) Stamp-less Covers:- Covers from all countries that do not bear any postage stamps. Most of these were used before postage stamps were issued in 1840, but many exist well into the stamp-issuing period.

    (ix) Space Exploration:- A very popular specialty is the collecting of covers that observe events in the space program.

    (18) Crease:- Some kind of fold that indicates a weaking of paper on a stamp or cover.

    (19) Cylinder:- A printing plate used on a modern rotary printing press.

    (20) Definitive:- A stamp issued for an indefinite period to pay a particular rate of postage. Also called “regular issues”.

    (21) Denomination:- The face value of a stamp.

    (22) Entire:- An intact piece of postal stationery (i.e., envelopes on which the stamp has been printed).

    (23) Errors:- stamps having some unintentional deviation from the normal. Errors include, but are not limited to, mistakes in color, paper, or watermark; inverted centers or forms on multicolor printing, surcharges or overprints, and double impression. Factually wrong or misspelled information on all examples of a stamp, even if corrected later, is not classified as a philatelic error.

    (24) Essay:- Artwork of a proposed design for a stamp or piece of postal stationery. An essay must, in fact, be different in some way from the actual design of the issued stamp or stationery.

    (25) Expertization:- The examination of a philatelic item by an acknowledged expert in order to see if the item is genuine. This generally means an experizing body such as the American Philatelic Expertizing Service.

    (26) Face Value:- The value of a stamp as noted on its face.It is depicted on the face of stamps itself,.

    (27) Fake:- Stamp or cover that has been altered in order to raise its value or appeal to a collector.

    (28) Forgery:- A fraudulent reproduction of a postage stamp or cover.Which an expert can discover.

    (29) Frame:- The outside area of a stamp’s design.

    (30) Freak:- An abnormal stamp that has some kind of printing flaw over inking to perforation mistakes.

    (31) Grill:- A waffle iron type of pattern impressed into some mid-19th century U.S. stamps to prevent such stamps from being washed and reused after their original use on mail.

    (32) Gum:- The substance applied to the reverse of stamps to help them adhere to a mailing item.

    (33) Gutter:- Unprinted space left between stamps of two different designs. Gutter between similar designs are intended for separating two panes to from a complete sheet. Two stamps with gutter in between are called “Gutter Pair”.

    (34) Hinge:- A tiny piece of glassine-like paper gummed, folded and then used to mount stamps into an album.

    (35) Imperforate:- Stamps without perforations or separation device between then on a sheet.

    (36) Invert:- A term used for stamps printed in two or more colors and which has the active area of one of the colors printed upside down.

    (37) Killer Postmark:- Early from of obliteration consisting of heavy bars or spots, cork impression and other crude methods. Specially post war Hitler stamps.

    (38) Line Pair:- A line printed between a pair of coil stamps. Appears because of the guideline that is printed between panes on sheet of stamps.

    (39) Lithography or Offset printing:- Lithography was discovered by a German Aloes senefelder in 1798. He found that a greased impression on a well watered block of lime stone could be inked and use for printing on paper. The image could be drown in reverse direct on the stone in greasy ink or applied by means of special transfers. The blank parts of the stone being neutralized by the water (oily and water being incompatible).

    Lithography or offset printing has become the leading commercial printing process in the world today; it combines photography with economic plate making and the fast efficient press. It involves the unique third cylinder (offset) which transfers the design image from plate cylinder to paper and it provided an immaculate end product.

    The original design is used to make a color transparency, reduction and multiplication of the design to stamp size is done either manually or on the computer. Then the color separation is done and four basic colors cyan, Magenta, yellow and Black are separated by scanners, then printing plates of each color are prepared, each of which is wrapped around a cylinder of printing machine. The impression of the plate cylinder is a positive one which is then offset during the printing process on to a rubber blanket roller and then transferred or printed on to the paper in keeping with the basic oil and water principal the ink is repelled by the wet (blank) parts but adheres to the inked parts and then the impression is converted on paper very neatly and precisely.

    Litho printed stamps from modern offset presses can be identified by sharp edges to lettering and solid colors and by honeycomb pattern of screen dots.

    (40) Margin:- The selvage surrounding the stamps on a sheet.

    (41) Metro Stamp:- Government permits of various face value and printed by machine on a piece of adhesive paper (or on the actual envelope) to indicate postage paid. Invented by the Pitney-Bowes Company in the early 1900s.

    (42) Miniature Sheet:- A smaller than normal sheetlet of stamps issued only in that from or in addition to the normal full panes of stamps.

    (43) Mint:- A stamp in the same condition as when it was issued and purchased at the post office. Original gum is on the reverse and the stamp has never been hinged into an album.

    (44) Mounts:- Vinyl or plastic holders, clear on the front and with gum on the back. Stamps and philatelic items are placed inside the mount and they mounted into an album.

    (45) Multicolor:- More than two colors.

    (46) Multiple:- An unseparated group of stamps (two or more).

    (47) NH:- Never hinged.stamps with out a hinge.

    (48) Obsolete:- Stamps that have ceased to be available for postal use, though possibly continuing to be valid for postage. Most famous among obsolete stamps are four stamps of King Edward-VIII of Great Britain, of 1936.

    (49) Official:- Stamp or stationery used to pay postage by a government agency.

    (50) On Paper:- Stamps, usually used, which have been used on mail and still adhere to all or part of that original piece of mail.

    (51) Original Gum:- The gummed surface on a stamp is the actual gum that was originally applied to that stamp.

    (52) Overprint:- Any printing over the original design of a stamp. For instance, an overprint that upgrades or changes the value of a stamp.

    (53) Pair:- Two un-separated stamps, Joined with each other .

    (54) Pane:- The unit into which a full sheet of stamps is divided before it is sold at a post office. Many U.S. stamps were printed in sheet of 400 and broken down into four paned of 100 stamps each before sale.

    (55) Penny Black:- The world’s first postage stamp, the one-penny stamp issued by Great Britain in May 1840.

    (56) Perfins:- Stamps punched with “perforated initials” or other designs and used generally by commercial firms in order to deter theft.

    (57) Perforation:- The punching out of holes between stamps in order to aid in their separation. There are various kinds and sizes or perforations which are measured by a perforation gauge. Often a particular size of perforation can differ on stamps that look very much alike. Different valuations can be the stamp collecting terms.

    (58) Perforation Gauge:- A metal, plastic or cardboard instrument used (easily) to measure the size of perforations (see above).

    (59) Philately:- The collection and study of postage and related items.

    (60) Photogravure:- Photogravure is a combination of Photography and gravure (recess) printing. In this process the original design is reproduced by photography on to the glass plates, on which it appears as a negative then to another glass plate where it becomes a positive the multiplication of design is done by step and repeat camera. The multi positive is then printed down on a paper coated with gelatin known as “carbon tissue” which is also sensitive to light. The tissue has a screened surface with tiny dots or “cells”. The tissue is then squeegeed on to the curved surface of the copper cylinder by this process the picture is transferred to the cylinder and then the tissue is removed. Then the copper cylinder is developed in the acid bath. Then the actual printing process begins which is very similar to recess printing for multi-color printing separate cylinder will be required for each color. Photogravure printed stamps have an attractive photographic quality. They can be identified by soft gradations of colors and over all patterns of microscopic dots on the printed surface.

    (61) Plate Block or Plate number Block:- A block of stamps which includes the corner selvage from the pane and bearing plate numbers from the printing process.

    (62) PNC:- Plate number coil.

    (63) Postage Dues:- Stamps or markings that indicate an underpayment of postage.

    (64) Postal History:- The study of postal markings, routes and rates of mail and anything to do with the history of the mails.

    (65) Postmark:- An official postal marking usually giving the date and origin or piece of mail and is often part of the cancellation obliterating a stamp to prevent reuse.

    (66) Pre-cancel:- Stamps with a special cancellation or overprint and which was applied before the stamp is used on mail. This by passes normal canceling and saves much time when large numbers of mail are being used.

    (67) Proof and Essays:- Proofs are impressions taken from an approved die, plate or stone in which the design and color are the same as the stamp issued to the public. Trial color proofs are impressions taken from approved dies, plates or stones in varying colors. An essay is the impression of a design that differs in some way from the stamp as issued.

    (68) Provisional:- Stamps issued on short notice and intended for temporary use pending the arrival of regular issues. They usually are issued to meet such contingencies as changes in government or currency, shortage of necessary postage values, or military occupation.

    (69) Recess or Line-Engraving:- This is a process opposite to typography in that the design is engraved in reverse on a small plate of steel. The die is recess also called in French taille deuce and in Italian intaglio. When the master die is completed and the engraver has checked his work with the original by taking a series of progressive inked proofs. It is hardened and its image is transferred under high pressure to the curved surface of the roller, a cylinder of softened steel, which now bears a positive impression of the design. Then it is made ready for use in the manufacture of the printing plate or cylinder. A softened steel plate is placed in the transfer press and under immense pressure the design image is ‘rocked in’ on the plate as many time as required to from a printing plate of 100 or 50 stamps or more as per requirements.  

    The basic principal of recess or line engrave printing is that the ink remains in the recesses in the recesses and lines after the surface of the plate has been wiped clean. In close contact with the plate, paper pick up the ink in the recessed areas, resulting in the printed stamps. The stamps design stands out in relief and the raised impression can be felt by finger tips. Throughout the process the greatest accuracy and precision is required as one stamp image may comprise up to 20,000 lines. Occasionally recess printing is combined with another process such as Typography, Lithography. 1989, 1994 and recent definitive stamps issues of Pakistan with the portrait of Quid-e-Azam are perfect example of combination of Lithography and Recess printing.

    (70) Reprint:- A stamp printed from its original plate after that stamp has ceased to be sold and postally used.  

    (71) Re-drawn:- A new printing of stamps whose designs differ in some details from the original while retaining the basic design and features.

    (72) Re-Engraving:- The strengthening of worn out plates by hand; a term also used when an original die is deepened, before preparing a new printing plate.  

    (73) Revenues Stamps:- Stamps used for the prepayment of payment of various kind of taxes

    (74) Rouletting:- The piercing of paper between stamps (as opposed to perforations which are holds) that creates slits that aid in separating the stamps.

    (75) Selvage:- The unprinted marginal area around the other edges on a sheet or pane of stamps.

    (76) Se-Tenant:- Se-tenant in French it means ‘Joined together’; a term used to describe adjoining stamps which differ from each other in design, value, color or format. Some time a complete sheet of stamps had all the stamps different from each other.

    (77) Tete Beche:- A pair of stamps in which one is upside down in relation to the other. Some of these are the result of intentional sheet arrangements, i.e. others occurred when one or more electrotypes accidentally were placed upside down on the plate. Separation of the stamps, of course, destroys the tete beche variety.

    (78) Tied:- A stamp adhered to the original envelops, post card or wrapper by the postmark which extends, beyond the confines of the stamps on to the postal matter, confirming the genuine used of the original item.

    (79) Typography or Letter press:- ypography in its simplest form is the setting of loose type within a locked chase, from or frame and then printing form it. The primitive form of this process was printing form wood blocks. It is also known as surface printing. Now in modern age the design is cut by an engraver in steel plaque, is cut in relief (and reverse) and the made. The die is then multiplied by stereotyping or electrotyping and plates of copper or alloy are made of 50 similar stamps which are then printed on a flat press. The copper plates have surfaces with a layer of harder metal, such as steel, nickel or chromium to give long wear in the printing press. It is found in the numerous overprints and surcharges which appear on stamps. It is used for change of country names, original face value of stamps and need for provisional usually arise in an emergency. As done by Govt. of Pakistan on several occasion like 1961 decimal surcharging done when the currency is changed from old Anna system to new decimal system also “Service” overprinting on earlier issues for official use is done by the same process.

    (80) Specimens:- One of the regulations of the Universal Postal Union requires member nations to send samples of all stamps they put into service to the international Bureau in Switzerland. Member nations of the UPU receive these specimens as samples of what stamps are valid for postage. Many are overprinted, hand-stamped or intial-perforated “Specimen.” “Canceled” or “Muestra.” Some are marked with bars across the denominations (China-Taiwan), punched holes (Czechoslovakia) or back inscriptions (Mongolia).

    Stamps distributed to government officials or for publicity purposes, and stamps submitted by private security printers for official approval, also may receive such defacements.

    These markings prevent postal use, and all such items generally are known as “Specimens.”

    (81) Tagging:- The impregnation of phosphorescent dies into the paper used to print a stamp. When “read” by special Ultra Violet machines during mail processing, the phosphors determine the face value of the stamps being used to pay postage.

    (82) Topical or Thematic:- A stamp or piece of stationery showing a particular subject, i.e., horses, birds, pandas, automobiles, athletic events, etc.

    (83) Unused:- An uncancealed stamp (as opposed to a mint stamp, see above), but one that has been hinged for mounting into an album. Such stamps can be either gummed or ungummed (the gum having been washed off).

    (84) Used:- A stamp or stationery item that has been used for the purpose for which it was intended; usage on the mail. Such an item usually bears all or part of a cancel or obliteration device.

    (85) Variety:- A variation from the standard from of a stamp. Varieties can include watermarks, different kinds of perforations, wrong colors or printing and production mistakes (over-inking, missing colors, etc.)

    (86) Un-issued stamps:- Stamps which have been officially prepared but not issued for postal used for some reasons design error or other mistakes. Such items released inadvertently by the post office have tremendous Philatelic interest. e.g. the stamps of Pakistan depicting King Faisal Mosque, Islamabad, were not released on October 11, 1976. But a few copies were perhaps used in some areas of the country.

    (87) Used fiscally:- Stamps prepared for both postage and revenue purpose, and are recognized by the style, color or wordings, ink or seals. They are however, not of much Philatelic value

    (88) Vale Surcharge:- Nicaragua, in 1911, surcharged the railway fiscal stamps for use as postage. These stamps overprinted on the back because the stamps were already on the front to make it ‘fiscal’.

    (89) War Tax Stamps:- Countries like Canada, Ceylon, Malta, Mozambique, Spain, North Borneo and Iraq issued stamps for raising funds in war times, usually above the cost of the postage.

    (90) Watermark Positions:- A distinguishing mark in paper, generally visible by transmitted light. It is a process in which, Thinning the paper during manufacture at the wet pulp stage forms watermark. Watermark may be read from the face of the stamp.

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