UK to US Cooking Conversions

UKĀ  to US Cooking Conversions

Measurement conversion lists.

Shown on each line are inches and centimetres.
Quarter of an inch, half a centimetre.
Half an inch, 1 cm.
3 quarters of an inch 2 cm.
1 inch, 2.5 cm.
1 and a quarter inches, 3 cm.
1 and a half inches, 4 cm.
1 and 3 quarter inches, 4.5 cm.
2 inches, 5 cm.
3 inches, 7.5 cm.
4 inches, 10 cm.
5 inches, 13 cm.
6 inches, 15 cm.
7 inches, 18 cm.
8 inches, 20 cm.
9 inches, 23 cm.
10 inches, 25.5 cm.
11 inches, 28 cm.
12 inches, 30 cm.

Oven temperature conversions.
Shown on each line are the oven temperatures for gas, degrees Fahrenheit, degrees centigrade and Circotherm (fan).
Gas mark 1, 275 F, 140 C, Circotherm 130.
Gas mark 2, 300 F, 150 C, 140.
Gas mark 3, 325 F, 170 C, 150.
Gas mark 4, 350 F, 180 C, 160.
Gas mark 5, 375 F, 190 C, 160.
Gas mark 6, 400 F, 200 C, 170.
Gas mark 7, 425 F, 220 C, 180.
Gas mark 8, 450 F, 230 C, 190.
Gas mark 9, 475 F, 240 C, 200.

The above conversion list is for your guidance only, variations in temperature can be expected during the cooking period, but, if you follow your recipe correctly, this should not affect the finished result. If using a fan oven, many cooking times can be reduced by approximately one third e.g. in some cakes and pastries, please see oven manual for more details.

Volume Conversion List.
Shown on each line are, pints, and millilitres.
Quarter of a pt, 150 ml.
Half a pt, 275 ml.
3 quarters of a pt, 425 ml.1 pt, 570 ml.
1 and 3-quarter pints,1 litre.

Weight conversion list.
Shown on each line are, ounces, grams, pounds and kilograms.
Half an oz, 10 g.
1 oz, 25 g.
1 and a half oz, 40 g.
2 oz, 50 g.
2 and a half oz, 60 g.
3 oz, 75 g.
4 oz, 110 g.
4 and a half oz, 125 g.
5 oz, 150 g.
6 oz, 175 g.
7 oz, 200 g.
8 oz, 225 g.
9 oz, 250 g.
10 oz 275 g.
12 oz, 350 g.
1 lb, 450 g.
1 and a half lb, 700 g.
2 pounds, 900 g.
3 lb, 1.350 kg.

List of abbreviations.
lb, pound
oz, ounce
g, grams
cm, centimetre
pt, pint
fl.oz, fluid ounce
ltr, litre
tbsp, tablespoon
tsp, teaspoon
ml, millilitres.
r, self-raising
f, Fahrenheit
c, centigrade
mins, minutes
hrs, hours

I very much hope that this section will act as a quick reference to help American cooks out when looking for that necessary vital item either for a recipe or in food preparation. Items are listed as follows: British/Australian, followed by its American equivalent.

Converting British weights and measures to American

There are sometimes significant differences between the measures used for ingredients in British and American recipes. For example a British standard tablespoon holds 17.7ml while the American tablespoon has a 14.2 ml capacity.

Similarly a British pint measures 20 fluid ounces while an American pint is just 16 fluid ounces.

The standard American measuring cups sold here in the UK are one 4 ounce cup and smaller, Many American recipes use an 8 ounce (two cup) as a basis for measuring recipe ingredients. Bear in mind that the same cup measures differently for liquid and dry, depending on the weight of the ingredient, i.e. flour, breadcrumbs and oatmeal will be 4 oz, (110 g), but sugar, butter, dried fruit, chopped vegetables, syrup etc., will weigh differently.

The listings below should enable recipes to be successfully made by American cooks. The only advice I would offer, having spent hours trawling websites and reading through books for factual information, hints and tips, is, to be consistent, never mix imperial, metric or cup measures in one recipe, If you use the same measuring system throughout, your dishes should work out correctly. If in doubt, weighing is still the most reliable and much preferred method to use, even by many American cooks.

Purchasing a good set of balance scales with either metric or imperial weights, really will eliminate any guesswork and give good, consistent results every time.

Helpful measurement conversions.
British = American
1 teaspoon = 1 teaspoon
1 tablespoon = 1 tablespoon
2 tablespoons = 3 tablespoons
3.5 tablespoons = 4 tablespoons
4 tablespoons = 5 tablespoons

Solid measures
Using the one-cup standard measure as sold here in the UK (NB: Please remember to alter the amount for your own recipe):-

British = American
1lb (450g) butter or margarine = 2 cups (or four sticks).
1lb (450g) flour = 4 cups.
1lb 450 g, granulated or caster, (superfine), sugar = 2 cups.
1lb 450 g, icing sugar (confectioners' sugar) = 3 cups.
4 oz, 110 g, icing sugar, (confectioner's sugar), = half a cup plus a heaped tbsp.
8 oz, 225 g, flour = 2 cups.4 oz, 110 g, flour, = 1 cup.
8 oz, 225 g, breadcrumbs = 2 cups.
4 oz, 110 g, breadcrumbs. = 1 cup.
8 oz, 225 g, oatmeal = 2 cups.4 oz, 110 g, oatmeal = 1 cup.
8 oz, 225 g, grated cheese = 2 cups.4 oz, 110 g, grated cheese = 1 cup.
8 oz, 225 g, butter, margarine, or shortening = one cup (or two sticks).
4 oz, 110 g, butter, margarine, or shortening = half a cup (or one stick).
2 oz, 50 g, butter, margarine or shortening = a quarter of a cup (or half a stick).
4 oz, 110 g, dried mixed fruit, (fruitcake mix) = 2-thirds of a cup.
2 oz, 50 g, dried mixed fruit, (fruit cake mix) = one-third of a cup.
8 oz, 225 g, brown sugar = 1 cup.
4 oz, 110 g, brown sugar = half a cup3 oz, 75 g, plain, (semi-sweet) chocolate, broken into squares = 3-quarters of a cup.
4 oz, 110 g, whole hazelnuts = 1 cup.
2 oz, 50 g, flaked, (slivered) almonds = half a cup.4 oz, 110 g, ground almonds = 1 cup.

Useful teaspoon measures.
1 oz, 25 g, is one heaped or heaping, tbsp of flour, oatmeal, cheese, breadcrumbs, or icing, confectioners grade, sugar.
1 oz, 25 g, is 1 rounded tbsp, of granulated or caster, superfine, sugar.1 oz, 25 g, is 2 level tbsp of butter, margarine or shortening.

Liquid measuresBritish = American
half a tsp, 2.5 ml. = half a tsp, 2.5 ml.
1 tsp, 5 ml. = 1 tsp, 5 ml.
1 average tbsp, 15 ml. = 1 average tbsp, 15 ml.A quarter of a pint, 150 ml. = Two thirds of a cup.
120 ml, 4 fl.oz, = half a cup.
Half a pint, 275 ml, 8 fl.oz, = A generous 1 cup.
Three-quarters of a pint, 425 ml. = Two cups
1 pint, 570 ml. = Two and a half cups.
One and a half pints, approx, 840 ml. = Three and three-quarter cups.
1 and 3-quarter pints, 1 litre, = 4 and a half cups.2 pints = 5 cups.

Baking tins, a useful conversion.
There may be occasions when the exact size of a baking tin may not be available or when you wish to make a particular cake recipe in another shape. The following conversions might prove useful. For the purposes of baking, the capacity of a round cake tin is equal to that of a square cake tin that is 2.5cm, one inch smaller in size, for example a 20cm/8inch round tin holds the same quantity as an 18cm/7inch square tin.

British = American
An 800ml/11/2pint pudding basin = a 14cm/ 51/2 inch round deep cake tin.
A 1.2 litre/2 pint pudding basin = a 15cm/6" round deep cake tin, or a 12.5 cm/5" square deep tin.
A 1kg/2lb loaf tin = an 18cm/7inch square shallow cake tin or a 33 x 23 cm/13 x 9 inch Swiss roll tin.