Pacific Disaster



In this scenario an earthquake and tsunami or a major cyclone have devastated a small island nation. The Pacific government asks the international community for aid and the New Zealand government is determined to assist.

The scenarios are based on which islands have been devastated and by how much. For example Vanuatu is relatively close with a large airport in Port Vila, and a smaller one in Luganville but most of the nation is mountainous and accessed by sea. By contrast the Tokelau Islands (a New Zealand protectorate) are very low lying atolls with no airports. It is assumed New Zealand would not send aid to New Caledonia, French Polynesia or Wallis and Futuna Islands because they are part of France which is quite big enough to look after its own colonies. The same applies to American Samoa.

While aircraft can fly 1,200 nautical miles in 2.5 hours (@470 knots) it takes ships 3 days (@ 16 knots). Despite their high speed aircraft can only be expected to fly two sorties per day at most which delivers no more than 40 tonnes. Fortunately the MH-60S helicopter only weighs 10 tonnes and was designed to be delivered by air.
While a ship can carry much more the slowest part about any ship voyage is loading it. This can take 2-3 days all by itself. Of course at present we only have one LSV and it it's not in port getting it loaded will take even longer. Having three means it is almost certain one would be available.
Between the ship and the aircraft is the fast catamaran 55m patrol boat. These can cruise at a sustained 25 knots in good conditions  reducing journey times to 2 days. Moreover they can carry 200 tonnes which can be loaded quickly because there is less of it. There is also the advantage that they have a smaller draught so they can reach smaller jettys and harbours.

These codes are used below:
* if needed
** if allowed


Vanuatu or Fiji

Near to New Zealand, relatively large, and in the case of Fiji comparatively well developed. 1,136 nautical miles ( 3.25 hours by air, 3 days sailing by sea)

 Initial Reconnaissance Low Earth Orbit Satellites, UAV and local video
 Communications Infrastructure* Legacy 600 flight + telecomms engineers
 Air Aid by KC-390Food, emergency shelter
Triage/USAR teams
Air delivered equipment by
KC-390
0-2 MH60S helicopters*
Humdinga + Phibian vehicles for triage teams*
 Base Ship1-2 LSV with fuel, stores and vehicles
1-4 Transport platoons with MAN HX trucks or Broncos
Mech bridging team*
Pioneer vehicles (Vanuatu)*
Pioneer platoon*
Trades platoons*
Reserve mobile facilities sections*
Refrigeration team*
Mortuary team
Military Police (if requested)**
Rangers training platoon elements for recon and construction assistance**
 Distribution by Patrol boatsAid, equipment, building materials
Bronco, Humdinga or Phibian on board

Focus is establishing communications especially with outlying islands. Air delivery of the MH60s means helicopter reconnaissance can be available quickly.



Nuie, Samoa or Tonga

1,555nm. Hilly small islands with an international airport within reasonable reach of New Zealand. These islands are compact reducing the difficulty of internal redistribution.

 Initial Reconnaissance Low Earth Orbit Satellites, UAV and local video
 Communications Infrastructure* Legacy 600 flight + telecomms engineers
 Air Aid by KC-390Food, emergency shelter
Triage/USAR teams
Air delivered equipment by 
KC-390
Landcruisers
Humdinga + Phibian vehicles for triage teams (Samoa)*
 Base Ship0-2 helicopters as needed
1-2 LSV with fuel, stores and vehicles
1-2 Transport platoons with MAN HX trucks
Landcruisers
Pioneer platoon*
Pioneer vehicles
Trades platoons*
Reserve mobile facilities sections*
Refrigeration team*
Mortuary team
Military Police (if requested)**
Rangers training platoon elements for recon and construction assistance**


Solomon Islands

Distance 1,827nm. Chain of large under-developed volcanic islands similar to Vanuatu with only one main town (Honiara). Very few roads almost all transport by sea or air.

 Initial Reconnaissance Low Earth Orbit Satellites, UAV and local video
 Communications Infrastructure* Legacy 600 flight + telecomms engineers
 Air Aid by KC-390Food, emergency shelter
Triage/USAR teams
Air delivered equipment by 
KC-390
0-2 MH60S helicopters*
Humdinga + vehicles for triage teams*
 Base Ship1-2 LSV with fuel, stores and vehicles
1-4 Transport platoons with MAN HX trucks or Broncos
Mech bridging team*
Pioneer vehicles*
Pioneer platoon*
Trades platoons*
Reserve mobile facilities sections*
Refrigeration team*
Mortuary team
Military Police (if requested)**
Rangers training platoon elements for recon and construction assistance**
 Distribution by Patrol boatsAid, equipment, building materials
Bronco, Humdinga or Phibian on board


Cook Islands

1,624nm from New Zealand. A string of spread out small islands with an international airport only in Rarotonga. Most of these islands are very very small but they are also remote and separated by a lot of sea.

 Initial Reconnaissance Low Earth Orbit Satellites, UAV and local video
 Communications Infrastructure* Legacy 600 flight + telecomms engineers
 Air Aid by Paradrop KC-390Food, emergency shelter, survival equipment
 Air Aid by landing KC-390Food, emergency shelter
Triage/USAR teams
Air delivered equipment by 
KC-390
0-2 MH60S helicopters*
Landcruisers for triage teams*
 Base Ship1-2 LSV with fuel, stores and vehicles
1-2 Transport platoons with MAN HX trucks or Broncos
Pioneer vehicles*
Pioneer platoon*
Trades platoons*
Reserve mobile facilities sections*
Refrigeration team*
Mortuary team
Military Police (if requested)**
Rangers training platoon elements for recon and construction assistance**
 Distribution by Patrol boatsAid, equipment, building materials
Bronco, Humdinga or Phibian on board



Tuvalu and Tokelau Islands

Tiny low atolls a 1,711 nm from New Zealand. Tuvalu at least has an air link with Fiji able to service.

 Initial Reconnaissance Low Earth Orbit Satellites, UAV and local video
 Communications Infrastructure* Legacy 600 flight + telecomms engineers
 Air Aid by Paradrop KC-390Food, emergency shelter, survival equipment
 Base Ship1-2 LSV with fuel, stores and vehicles
0-2 MH60S helicopters*
1 Transport platoon with Broncos
Pioneer vehicles*
Pioneer platoon*
Trades platoons*
Reserve mobile facilities sections*
Refrigeration team*
Mortuary team
Rangers training platoon elements for recon and construction assistance**
 Distribution by Patrol boatsAid, equipment, building materials
Bronco, Humdinga or Phibian on board



Pitcairn islands and Kiribati

Very remote, very small and lacking air ports. Pitcairn's coast is particularly rugged. Kiribati is 2,790nm and Pitcairns are 2,890nm from Auckland, New Zealand.

 Initial Reconnaissance Low Earth Orbit Satellites, UAV and local video
 Air Aid by Paradrop KC-390Food, emergency shelter, survival equipment
 Base Ship1 LSV with fuel, stores and landing craft
0-2 MH60S helicopters*
Pioneer platoon*
Trades platoons*
Mortuary team
Rangers training platoon elements for recon and construction assistance**
 Distribution by Patrol boatsAid, equipment, building materials
Bronco, Humdinga or Phibian on board
 

Conclusions


The focused force lacks sheer manpower but that can be sorted out using local civilians or contracted kiwi volunteers if needed. The ability to air deliver transport helicopters instead of wait for ships speeds the reconnaissance, repair and distribution effort. The patrol boats also add a wider range of options for distribution around scattered, small island communities.  In short the force loses nothing in its ability to deliver aid and support reconstruction.


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