Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti is an Autonomous Organisation which has been set up to establish and manage co-educational, residential school covering VI to XII known as Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas (JNVs) with the aims;
§ To provide good quality modern education to the talented children predominantly from the rural areas without regard to their families socio-economic conditions;
The National Policy on Education 1986 envisaged establishment of a Navodaya Vidyalaya in each District of the country. The first two schools were started in 1985-86 on experimental basis. The number of schools have now grown to 509 spread over 34 Union States and Union Territories. Out of these, 485 schools are functional. These schools have over 1.58 lakhs students on rolls. Navodaya Vidyalayas are fully residential and co-educational schools covering classes VI to XII. Education in the Vidyalayas is free for all enrolled students including lodging, boarding, text books, uniforms etc. The Vidyalayas seek to promote and develop talented, bright and gifted children predominantly from rural areas who may otherwise be denied good educational opportunities.
These Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas are affiliated to the Central Board of Secondary Education(CBSE) and impart the CBSE curricula. Admission to Vidyalayas is made at the class VI level through open test conducted at District level by CBSE. About 32,000 students are admitted every year. These JNVs have been doing very well on the academic front in comparison to other school systems affiliated to CBSE. Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti through its eight Regional Offices ensures all round development of the personality of the children by providing good academic guidance apart from input in other non-scholastic areas by providing good facilities for sports, NCC, Scouts & Guides, adventure activities and computer education etc. One of the salient features of the Navodaya Vidyalaya Scheme is migration under which 30% of children studying in class IX from a Navodaya Vidyalaya in a Hindi belt gets shifted for studies to a Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya of non-Hindi area and vise-versa and thus helps to promote national integration.
NVS has sanctioned 15 new schools during 2003-2004 in different Union States except Tamil Nadu, who has so far not opted out the Navodaya Vidyalaya system of schooling.
The Navodaya Vidyalayas envisage a new style of growth and development aimed at identification and development of talented, bright and gifted children predominantly from rural areas who are denied good educational opportunities. These institutions are envisaged as model and pace-setting institutions to lead the secondary education system in India as need based productive and paving the way for the realization of national goals.
Future Expansion Plans
· In his telecast to the nation on 22 March, 1998, Honourable Prime Minister proposed 20-fold expansion of scheme.
· Proposed to cover 568 districts during X plan.
· Introduced written examination for recruitment of teachers to maintain quality. Written examination already introduced for certain categories of non teaching staff.
· Awards to the Navodaya in the CBSE public examination as well to the outstanding teachers of the Navodaya Vidyalayas for their meritorious services introduced.
Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti has a proposal to set up 574 Residential schools all over the country except in the state of Tamil Nadu mainly in the rural areas. Generally the school campus is constructed on 30 acres of land.
Schools are planned to have an identity exclusive to their function; that of a temple fo learning. Navodaya Vidyalayas are residential schools somewhat akin to our traditional "Gurukulas": schools to which the students should feel attracted and with which they develop a strong sense of belonging and be proud of it.
They should enjoy ideal light & ventilation in their study areas. They should also imbibe discipline through the articulated planning of the school building and develop a genuine love for nature through its close relationship with the natural environment. The form of the building should therefore be organic and sympathetic to local building materials and practices.
The built forms are very simple, low profile, and vernacular so as not to appear alien and forbidding in their surroundings. The emphasis is not on the physical form but on its overall relationship with its setting. All buildings are single/double storeyed for ease of construction land management of services.
For varying climatic and topographical regions four different variations of designs with different roof forms and buildings materials are proposed.
The Navodaya Vidyalaya consists of a school building, boys & girls hostels, dining & kitchen facility, residence for faculty and staff with ample open spaces for play and recreation. A smriti van in the memory of late Shri Rajiv Gandhi, Former Prime Minister of India, form an integral part of the all Navodaya Vidyalaya campuses. The two main components (i) the school and hostels and (ii) the residences for teachers and staff are planned in distinct groups. The Academic Block & Residential Block are close to each other.
For hilly areas, where the School Building and dormitory blocks with a Central Courtyard cannot be accommodated, the same design can be adopted in modules. These buildings are made double storeyed, due to the slope of hills and also to reduce development costs. In various zones of the country, the materials and specifications are adopted as per the local availability. Specific provisions are being made for buildings in the earthquake zones.
The school building provides for 14 classrooms, 3 laboratories, a computer room, a library, display areas, administrative and faculty rooms. Each classroom accommodates 40 students designed to provide sufficient natural light from the left hand side, best suited for study purposes.
The laboratories also have sufficient natural light, ventilation with rooms for instructors and storage. Two separate sets of toilets for boys and girls are placed at two rear corners of the building.
The entrance of the school building is given an inviting form. The entry extends on to a platform which acts as a stage during assembly. Two side entrances provide access for residential wings.
Various school activities are planned around a central multipurpose landscaped quadrangular space. The idea is to bring natural inside for visual relief and ensure security against marauding elements. The Central courtyard measuring 26Mx26M is proposed for assembly and passive games. The roof form is articulated to achieve interesting profile and sightlines. The school building is flanked on two sides by dense plantation of the "Rajiv Gandhi Smriti Van".
The students strength of schools is 560 with hostel facility for all. In a residential school, the students are expected to learn living habits with self sufficiency, discipline, dignity of labur and sharing attitude. Their living accommodation should, therefore, induce the right atmosphere besides providing natural light, ventilation, physical and visual spaciousness.
The tropical climatic conditions in our country are an important consideration in the design of the hostel. The children should not face the space constraints in their specified living areas. Neither a strong pattern alien to their life style should be imposed on them so that they find it difficult to accept their living quarters as their alternative home. That is why the physical form of the hostel is kept very simple.
There are 6 hostels, each accommodating 96 students, 4 for boys and 2 for girls. Each hostel shall have 4 dormitories having 24 beds, segregated but well secured toilets and living accommodation for two house-maters to look after the children. The hostel is designed to have good security with closed internal courtyard for outdoor living and passive recreation. The Housemaster's living quarters are kept at central location for best control but provide with attached independent courtyards for privacy.
Salient features of Design
The entrance is designed so as to give an inviting feeling. Two side entrances are provided so that these can be used in case of emergency. Besides these shall be used as entry from the residential wing.
The main entry extends on to a platform, which can be used a waiting area as well as a stage during assembly. A central multipurpose quadrangular space has been provided for security & visual relief. The building massing is punctuated at places to create interest in the interior spaces as well as the exterior profile.
Articulated roofs to achieve interesting form and sight lines. Display areas in each wing with sky light is provided for display charts, models and artwork of the students.
The central Multipurpose courtyard measuring 26Mx26M can be used for various purposes such as Assembly, Badminton Court and other passive games.
Superstructure is single storey in Bricks/Stone masonry with RCC/CGI roofing.
Boundary wall, Electric Substation, Over Head Tank of 1.00 lakhs ltr. capacity Under Ground Tank of 1.00 lac ltrs. Capacity, Roads, Sewerage, Water Supply, Storm Water Drain, Play fields including 400 mtrs. Track and play-fields duly paved, have also been provided in the Vidyalaya.
As on 01.01.2005, construction work has been sanctioned in 450 JNVs and 365 Vidyalayas are shifted and functioning in permanent buildings. The Construction work is assigned to various State Govt./Central Govt. Department/undertakings. The construction of the JNV Complex is sanctioned in two phases viz. Phase A and Phase B consisting of school building, dormitories, staff quarters, kitchen and dining hall, compound wall, development of play fields and other development work like internal roads, electrification etc.
The present cost of one Vidyalaya based in Delhi on CPWD plinth area rates works out to Rs. 6.58 crores (without contingencies & CA charges). During the financial year 2003-04, an expenditure of Rs. 190.40 crore has been incurred on construction of the Vidyalayas.
In nutshell, the Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya as designed and constructed shall indeed light the lamp of education in remotest areas of our rural hinterland and spread the light around by acting as Model Temples of learning.
Construction - Phasing of JNV building
1. School building - Full
2. Dormitory (D/S)
a) Boys - 1 No. alongwith 4 Warden Residences (D/S)
b) Girls - 0.50 No. alongwith 2 Warden Residences (D/S)
3. Type III Qtrs. - 14 nos. including 6 nos. Warden Residences.
4. Principal Residence - 1 No.
5. Type II quarters - 4 Nos.
6. Type I quarters - 4 Nos.
Total Quarter - 23 Nos.
7. Kitchen & Dining Hall
8. Full Development Works
Total Plinth Areas 6004.50 sqm.
1. Dormitory - D/S
a) Boys - 0.50 No. with 2 Warden Residences (D/S)
b) Girls - 0.50 No. with 2 Warden Residences (D/S)
2. Type III Quarters - 12 nos. (including 4 nos. Warden Residences)
3. Type II Quarters - 3 nos.
4. Type I Quarter - 2 nos.
Total Quarters - 17 nos.
5. Development Works related to buildings in Phase-B
0.50 Dormitory with 2 Nos. Warden Residence
Total Plinth Area - 2308 sqm.