Number 14

A page of the Numeropedia - the Special Encyclopedia of Numbers

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 Number 14 in Math.    Number 14

 

[Biology]  The number of muscles needed to smile.  (43 muscles needed to frown).

 

[Biology]  The total number of phalanges (joints) of a hand (or a foot): 2 for the thumb (or the big toe) and 3 for the other 4 fingers (or 4 toes).

 

[Biology]  The number of legs of a woodlouse.

 

[Calendar]  Valentine’s Day is on 14 February.

 

[Calendar]  The U.S. Flag Day is on 14 June.

 

[Calendar]  The number of possible types of calendar: 7 for leap years and 7 for non-leap years.

 

[Calendar]  Ash Wednesday (the first day of Lent) is 40 weekdays (not counting Sundays) before Easter, (or 47 days totally, if counting 7 Sundays). 

 Easter day is canonically the first Sunday after the 14th day of the lunar month (the nominal full moon) that falls that’s falls on or after March 21st (the vernal equinox, nominally).

 

[Chemistry]  The atomic number of Silicon (Si).

 

[Chemistry]  The isotope Carbon-14 is used in radioactive dating of fossils.

 

[Chemistry]  The Ph (hydrogen potential) between 7 and 14 indicates alkalinity (or base). The Ph between 0 and 7 indicates acidity. The Ph = 7 is of a neutral solution (like pure water). The Ph scale was invented in 1907 by the Danish chemist Søren Peter Lauritz Sørensen (1868-1939).

 

[EECS]  In hexadecimal number system, E = 14.

 

[Flag]  The number of stars on the Myanmar (Burma) flag, representing 7 divisions (marked by *) or yin-mya (singular, yin) and 7 states or pyine-mya (singular, pyine); Chin state, Ayeyarwady*, Bago*, Kachin state, Kayin State, Kayah State, Magway*, Mandalay*, Mon state, Rakhine state, Sagaing*, Shan state, Tanintharyi* and Yangon*.

 

[Flag]  The number of equal horizontal strip, alternating red (top) and white, on the national flag of Malaysia. It also features a 14-pointed yellow star and a yellow crescent in the blue rectangle in the upper hoist-side quadrant.

 

[Game]  The total number of special markings on a Xiangqi (Chinese chess) board, 5 for Soldiers (Pawns) and 2 for Cannons for each side of the “river” at the middle of the board.

 

[Game]  The number of letters (and spaces) available on the current version puzzle-board of the “Wheel of Fortune” TV show: 12 each on the top row and the bottom row and 14 each on the middle 2 rows.

 

[Geology]  The number of bordering countries of Russia (tie for the most with China): Azerbaijan, Belarus (before 1991, Byelorussia), China, Estonia, Finland, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lithuania (by Kaliningrad Oblast), Mongolia, North Korea, Norway, Poland (by Kaliningrad Oblast) and Ukraine.

 

[Geology]  The number of bordering countries of China (tie for the most with Russia): (excluding Macau and Hong Kong) Afghanistan, Bhutan, Burma (Myanmar), India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Mongolia, Nepal, North Korea, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan and Vietnam.

 

[Gov.]  The U.S. President (or Vice President) must a U.S. citizen over 35 years old and residing in the U.S. over 14 years.

 

[History]  Vermont became the 14th state of the U.S. on 4 March 1791.

 

[History]  The 14th U.S. President: Franklin Pierce (Democrat, New Hampshire, 1853-1857).

His Vice President, William Rufus deVane King (Alabama, North Carolina, 1853), was the 13th U.S. Vice President.  There was no Vice President in the period 1853-1857

 

[History]  A page can become a squire at the age of 14.A squire can become a knight at the age of 18 to 21.

 

[Language]  Prefixes: Quatuordec-, Tetrakaideca-, Tetradeca-,...

 

[Library]  ISBN-0-14 is the International Standard Book Number for books published by Penguin Books/Puffin Books.

 

[Literature] The number of lines in a quatorzain (a kind of poem).

 

[Literature]  The number of lines in a sonnet.

 

[Measure]  The number of days in a fortnight.

 

[Measure]  The number of lb (pounds) in a stone.

British imperial units for weight measures: 1 stone = 14 lb (pounds) = 224 oz (ounces) = 3584 drams = 98,000 grains = 6350.29318 g (grams) & 1 grain = 64.79891 mg (milligrams) & 1 ounce = 16 drams = 437.5 grains & 1 dram = 2711/32 grains.

 

[Money]  The number of digits of a credit card or ATM card number is 13 (Visa), 14 (Diners Club/Carte Blanche), 15 (American Express, JCB, enRoute) or 16 (Discover, MasterCard, Visa, JCB).

 

[Movie]  TY-14, one of 6 basic ratings in the U.S. motion picture rating system in 1997: TV-Y, TV-G, TV-Y7, TV-PG, TV-14 and TV-M, appearing for 15 seconds in the upper left corner of the TV screen at the beginning of each show or program, except news and sports programs.

 

[Sport]  The new design of a soccer ball has only 14 panels. The traditional ball is a 32-panel truncated icosahedron: 12 pentagons and 20 hexagons.

 

[Sport]  The maximum number of clubs allowed for a player in a golf tournament. A normal full set are comprised of: driver (iron-2), woods (3 or 5), irons (3-9), wedges (pitching wedge, sand wedge, lob/gap wedge) and putter.

 

[Sport]  The 1976 Tampa Bay Buccaneers is the last NFL team with perfect losing season at win/lose record 0-14.

 

[Tech.]  The number of digits in a complete barcode or UPC (Universal Product Code for North America) used for periodicals: a 12-digit UPC (6-digit manufacturing code, 5-digit product code and 1 check digit) and a 2-digit bi-pad. The code consists of digits 977 followed by 11-digit UPC barcode (without check digit). ISSN – International Standard Serial Number for periodicals and magazines. (To be re-checked).

 

[Theology]  The current 14th Dalai Lama (tenzin Gyatso), born in 1935, was recognized at the age of 2 as the reincarnation of his predecessor (the 13th Dalai Lama), thus an in carnation of the Avalokitesvara, the Buddha of Compassison). He became Tibet’s head of state in 1950 at the age of 15.

 

[Trivia]  The number of children of the U.S. 10th President John Tyler, the most among U.S. presidents.

 

[Trivia]  The 14th wedding anniversary is traditionally named ivory (or agate) anniversary. Modernly, it may be replaced by gold jewelry (or opal).

 

[Trivia]  The longer side (inches) of the U.S. standard paper size “Legal” (356 mm×216 mm or 14 in×8.5 in).

 

14.594 

[Measure]  1 slug = 14.594kg. (Units for mass measures).

 

14.696

[Measure]  The standard atmospheric pressure at sea level is 1 atm (atmosphere) = 1,013.25 millibars = 29.921 inches of mercury (inHg).

Units for pressure measures:

1 atm (atmosphere) = 1013.25 millibars = 101,325 N/m2 (pascals) = 1033.227 g/cm2 = 10,332.27 kg/m2 = 760 mmHg (torrs) = 29.921 inHg = 14.696 lb/inch2 (psi) &

1 bar = 105 N/m2 (pascals) = 106 dynes/cm2 (cgs bars).

 

14.786... 

[Measure]  1 tablespoon = 14.78675ml (milliliters).

U.S. customary units for kitchen measurements: ½ pints = 1 cup = 8 fluid ounces = 16 tablespoons = 48 teaspoons = 2880 drops = 236.588 ml. 

 

13 & 14

[History]  The 14th U.S. President: Franklin Pierce (Democrat, New Hampshire, 1853-1857).

His Vice President, William Rufus deVane King (Alabama, North Carolina, 1853), was the 13th U.S. Vice President.  There was no Vice President in the period 1853-1857

 

14 & 15

[History]  The 15th U.S. President: James Buchanan (Democrat, Pennsylvania, 1857-1861).

His Vice President, John Cabell Breckinridge (Kentucky), was the 14th U.S. Vice President.