Number 100

A page of the Numeropedia - the Special Encyclopedia of Numbers

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[Calendar]  The years divisible by 100 are not leap years, unless they are also divisible by 400 in which case they are leap years, following the adoption of the current Gregorian calendar, created by Pope Gregory XIII in 1582 to reform the old Julian calendar.

[Calendar]  The number of years in a century.  The number of decades in a millennium.

[Calendar]  The last year of the first century.

[Chemistry] The atomic number of Fermium (Fm). An element in the Actinide series: Actinium (89) to Lawrencium (103).

[Game]  The number of numbered letter tiles used in the game of Scrabble and 7 letters on each player’s rack at a time. The board consists of 15×15 = 225 squares.

[Game]  Jigsaw puzzles are typically comprised of 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 300, 500, 750, 1000, 1500 or 2000 interlocking pieces.

[Game]  In the popular TV game show “Who Wants to be a Millionaire?”, a contestant has to answer correctly 15 questions to step up the fixed prizes in U.S.\$: 100, 200, 300, 500, 1000, to 2000, 4000, 8000, 16,000, 32,000, to 64,000, 125,000, 250,000, 500,000 and the maximum amount is at least \$1,000,000, with 3 lifelines: polling the audience, calling a friend and narrowing to “50:50” answers. The guaranteed middle prizes can be \$1000 or \$32,000.

[Game]  In the popular TV game show “Deal or No Deal”, a contestant has the choices of one of 26 suitcases of the prizes U.S. \$0.01, 1, 5, 10, 25, 50, 75, 100, 200, 300, 400, 500, 750, 1000, 5000, 10,000, 25,000, 50,000, 75,000, 100,000, 200,000, 300,000, 400,000, 500,000, 750,000 and the maximum amount is at least \$1,000,000 (in a typical show).

[Geology]  U.S. cities/towns/landmarks whose names start with “One Hundred” or “Hundred”: One Hundred Palms, California 92274, Hundred, West Virginia 26575 and Hundred Oaks, Alabama 35004.

[Gov.]  The number of senators currently in the U.S. Senate, 2 senators elected from each of 50 U.S. states. No senator elected from Washington D.C.

[History]  The Hundred Years’ War (1337-1453) between France and England lasted 116 years with periodic truces.

[History]  It is a popular saying that Vietnamese race has 100 last names.

[Language]  Prefixes of meaning 100: Cent-, Centi-, Cente-, Hecto-, Hecta-, Hecato-...

[Language]  Roman numerals: C = 100 & C-bar or (C) = 100,000.

[Language]  Centennial is 100 years years.

[Language]  The minimum age to be a centenarian.

[Literature] “One Hundred Years of Solitude”, Nobel prize for Literature in 1982 by South American author Gabriel García Márquez.

[Math.]  The smallest 3-digit square number: 102 = 100.

[Math.]  Sum of the first 4 cube numbers: 13+23+33+43 = 100 = (1+2+3+4)2.

[Math.]  Units for angle measures: 100 grads (grades) = 90o = (p/2) radians.

[Math.]  10,100 = 102+1002 and 990,100 = 9902+1002, where 990+10 = 1000.

[Measure]  Metric units for area measures: 1 hectare = 100 ares = 10,000 m2 = (1/100) km2 & 1 km2 = 10,000 ares & 1 are = 100 m2.

[Measure]  A jiffy is now standardized as 1/100 of one second or as a millisecond (ms). It was often equal to one period in the A.C. electrical power, i.e. 1/60 of a second in the U.S. and Canada or 1/50 of a second, mostly elsewhere in the world.

[Measure]  The number of links in a chain.

1 mile = 8 furlongs = 80 chains = 5280 feet = 8000 links = 63,360 inches. Chain (or Gunter’s chain or surveyor’s chain) is a unit used in surveying.

[Measure]  The number of pounds in a hundredweight.

1 long ton (or gross ton) = 20 long (gross) hundredweights = 2,240 lb (pounds) = 1016.0469 kg (kilograms).

1 short ton = 20 hundredweights = 2,000 lb (pounds) = 907.1847 kg (kilograms).

[Measure]  A metric carat or carat (unit of mass for precious stones) is divided into 100 points and is equal to 200 milligrams, exactly. 1 point = 1/100 carat = 2 milligrams. (Value adopted in 1907).

[Measure]  The number of sheets of paper in a notepad or notebook: 50, 80 or 100.

[Money]  The U.S. \$100 bill figures the portrait of Benjamin Franklin. On the back is the Independence Hall, in Philadelphia.

[Money]  The number of cents (pennies) in one-dollar coin or bill. (U.S. currency).

[Money]  The Fortune 100/500/1000 list is a ranking of the top 100/500/1000 U.S. public corporations as measured by gross revenues, income and assets…

[Movie]  Name of TV show/series/movie: “1 vs. 100”.

[Phone]  The emergency telephone number dialing within Israel and Belgium.

[Science]  Prefixes of meaning 100: hecta-, hector- = 100.

[Science]  The boiling point of water: 100oC (Celsius or centigrade) = 212oF (Fahrenheit) = 373.15 K (Kelvin).

[Science]  The power of 10 of a googol: 10100, which is in turn the power of 10 in a googolplex: 10^(10100).

[Sport]  The length (m,meters) of an international soccer field.

[Sport]  The length (yards) of an American football field, between the goal lines, excluding two 10-yard end zones.

[Sport]  The standard ranges of swimming/tracking competitions (meters): 50, 100, 200, 400, 800 and 1500. Also, for tracking: 2000, 3000, 5000 and 10000.

[Sport]  A standard sprint hurdle race is 110 meters for men and 100 meters for women.

[Sport]  Wilt Chamberlain scored a record of 100 points in a professional basketball game on 2 March 1962, between Philadelphia 76ers and New York Knicks.

[Tech.]  Zip disks have memory capacity of 100MB, 250MB or 750MB (mega bytes) and up to 1GB or 2GB (gigabytes).

[Tech.]  The powers of commercial incandescent light bulbs: 300W, 100W, 75W, 60W, 40W, 30W, 15W, 7.5W and 3W.

[Tech.]  The light sensitivity (speed) of most commercially popular camera films: ISO 100-200-400-800.

[Tech.]  Ford F-series pickups: F-100, F-150, F-250 and F-350.

[Tech.]  100(W) is one of standard numerical values for resistors (of tolerance class 5%).

100pF (picofarads) and 100mF (microfarads) are two of standard numerical values for capacitors.

[Tech.]  Automobile Tire’s Speed Rating

 Tire Rating L M N P Q R S Max. Speed (mph) Max. Speed (kph) 75 120 81 130 87 140 93 150 100 160 106 170 112 180 Tire Rating T U H V W Y Max. Speed (mph) Max. Speed (kph) 118 190 124 200 130 210 149 240 168 270 186 300

[Trivia]  The Vatican’s Swiss Guard, founded in 1506, consists of 100 volunteers who must be male, Swiss, Catholic, single, beardless and at least 5’ 8’’.

[Trivia]  Chili Heat Scale

 Scoville Units Chili Varieties 100,000 – 300,000 Habanero 50,000 – 100,000 Chiltepin, Thai 30,000 – 50,000 Pequin 15,000 – 30,000 De Arbol, Japones 5,000 – 15,000 Serrano, Pasilla de Oaxaco 2,500 – 5,000 Jalapeno, Guajillo, Chilpotle, Dried Green 1,500 – 2,500 NM Pods-Hot, Cascabel, Chihuacle Negro 1000 – 1,500 Ancho, Pasilla, Negro 500 – 1,000 Analeim, NM Pods-Mild, Mulato 100 – 500 Cherry Less than 100 Bells, Pimento, Cubanelle

[World]  The ISO-3166 country code for Bulgaria.

[World]  In Greek mythology, Argus is a monster with 100 eyes.

100.6

[Geology]  The length of the man-made Suez Canal: 161.9 kilometers = 100.6 miles.

100-199

[Edu.] The numbers commonly assigned for upper level undergraduate (last 2 years, junior and senior) courses in most U.S. universities.

[Library]  First 3 digits in Dewey Decimal Classification System call numbers for library books in Philosophy, Psychology and Ethics… Numbers 100-109 are for general & dictionary works.