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Writing Test 2

General Training Writing sample task – Task 2 
Task 2 You should spend about 40 minutes on this task. 
Write about the following topic: In Britain, when someone gets old they often go to live in a home with other old people where there are nurses to look after them. Sometimes the government has to pay for this care. Who do you think should pay for this care, the government or the family? Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience. 
Write at least 250 words.

Band 8 Sample Answer
Who should be responsible for our old people?
    One of the worst challenging problems of today's society is the question who should be responsible for our old people. It;s not only a financial problem but also a question of the system we want our society to have. In my essay I would like to four different models
    Firstly, the company can be responsible for their retired employees. For this reason a special fund could be established. The advantage of this model is, if you belief in the capitalist system, that it should be cheapest solution. A possible problem is that the companies might have competition disadvantage due to higher staff costs.
    A second solution is that the government has to take the responsibility for the old people's care. It can finance it with its tax income. Actually, this is the most democratic model since everybody gets as much money as he or she needs. Unfortunately, as the present situation in our country shows, this solution seems not to worth very well. The government can no longer afford supporting all the old peoples.
    Another way of solving this problem is to five ... the responsibility to the individual that means that everybody has to save money during their working life for the time after retirement. This seems to be not a very fair model because their will certainly exist people who can't afford to save part of their salary. In this case the government would have to care for them.
    A last solution is to go back to the old model of the "big family" who cares for all their members. I don't think this is possible in our days society because the family structures have so much changes.
    To sum up I have to admit that I can't find a really good solution for this problem. All models have advantages and disadvantages. Certainly we have to think about this topic much more in the future.

IELTS Practice Test Writing Task 2
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task. Write about the following topic: 
Some film companies spend millions of dollars on the production of a single movie. Is it necessary to spend a lot of money to make a good movie? What factors contribute to the success of a movie? 
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience. 
Write at least 250 words.
MODEL RESPONSE 
    Hollywood blockbusters are successful, big-budget productions, but it is possible to make good movies on a shoestring budget and they can be profitable as well. I believe most successful films have certain elements in common. 
    Firstly, for a film to be a commercial success, it needs to engage the audience; in other words, it has to connect with their fears, aspirations or beliefs in some way. Secondly, the storyline should involve a conflict or search entailing a certain amount of risk for the central character and it needs to move forward with the idea of eventual triumph or escape from danger. In general, the protagonist must be either an exceptional person or an ordinary person in unusual circumstances. Think of Forrest Gump, for instance. 
    If famous actors take the key roles, fans will watch the movie just to see them in action; however, cinematography is important, too, and with today’s technology, amazing imagery is possible. With aggressive advertising and extensive publicity, especially an award or an Oscar nomination, the film is sure to be a hit. Nevertheless, even if all the above criteria are fulfilled, there is no absolute guarantee of success. 
    Movies made with minimal financial backing can be both critically and commercially successful, for example The Blair Witch Project. Because there are fewer high-cost special effects to distract the audience, an intriguing story and well-written characters are essential. A limited number of characters and settings keep costs down, but the script really does need to be thrilling. In fact, the most successful genre for micro-budget films is horror or horror-thriller. Star-power is not necessary in this case because people come to be scared and thrilled rather than to watch a celebrity. Expensive camera equipment is not crucial but good sound and production design – sourcing good quality props and materials and a good location – are very important. 
    In summary, independent filmmakers can make low-cost but critically acclaimed films if the plot and characterization are exceptional. Nevertheless, major film studios often rely on star power and special effects to achieve commercial success and this recipe has more often than not led to acclaim within the industry and financial rewards. 
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MODEL RESPONSE FEEDBACK 
IELTS examiners rate the IELTS Writing Task 1 using 4 assessment criteria - Task Response, Coherence and Cohesion, Lexical Resource and Grammatical Range and Accuracy. Below you’ll find feedback on this sample model response. 
1. Task Response: Are all parts of the prompt addressed fully, a clear position taken, and is the response in an essay format? 
The response begins with the statement of the author’s position. “Hollywood blockbusters are successful, big-budget productions, but it is possible to make good movies on a shoestring budget and they can be profitable as well.” What follows are two paragraphs describing the factors that make a movie successful: engaging the audience, a good storyline involving conflict, an exceptional protagonist, famous actors, cinematography, advertising and publicity. The fourth paragraph addresses how successful movies can be made with minimal financial backing. The last paragraph is a conclusion, which restates the position in the introduction that it is possible to make successful films on a limited budget, but often expensive stars and special effects are used to ensure a successful film. All parts of the prompt are addressed, specific examples given for support, a clear position is taken, and an essay format is used
2. Coherence and Cohesion: Is the response easy to follow because of paragraphing, range and accuracy of discourse markers, and referencing? 
There are five paragraphs here. The first is an introduction, followed by three body paragraphs. The first two paragraphs describe the factors that make a film successful, while the third paragraphs describes how a film can be made on a minimal budget. The response ends with a conclusion, which re-states the author’s position. The overall progression of paragraphs is clear and there is a range of discourse markers used. “Firstly”, “in other words, it…”, “In general”. Organization is logical, paragraphing is used skillfully, and a wide range of discourse markers, including reference and substitution are used within and between paragraphs. 
3. Lexical Resource: There is a wide range of vocabulary here with no error. Less common items are used quite skillfully. Examples: “Hollywood blockbusters”, “big-budget productions”, “a shoestring budget”. 
4. Grammatical Range and Accuracy: There are a wide range of grammatical structures that are used accurately. There are no errors and punctuation is accurate. Examples: “Firstly, for a film to be a commercial success, it needs to engage the audience; in other words, it has to connect with their fears, aspirations or beliefs in some way.”, “…the storyline should involve a conflict…”, “…the protagonist must be either an exceptional person or…”.

[ielts-exam.net] Sample 1 - Air pollution

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic: Air pollution in cities is growing at an alarming rate. What measures could be taken to address this problem?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples.

Write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer:

Air pollution can be defined as the addition of something harmful to the air at a faster rate than it can be absorbed. Everyone should be concerned about air pollution. It affects us all, and as itcontinues to worsen, so the environmental impact increases.

One of the major causes of air pollution in cities is car use. Cars are used for even the shortest of journeys, and all efforts by governments to encourage people to use public transport seem to be failing. Industry is another major cause of pollution in our cities, but fortunately, new industrial sites are being built away from large urban centres.

It is said that there are too many contributing factors for us to decide exactly which one is the main problem, but I believe that one of the most serious problems that needs tackling is the use of the car. In some cities laws have been passed concerning car use. Athens, for example, only allows a certain number of cars into the city centre each day. In my opinion, this is a good idea. With this kind of law people have no choice and are forced to use buses and trains. This ensures governmentsknow that public transport will be used, and can therefore justify the investment and expense of ensuring the system works properly.

Another thing governments could do is to force people to have their cars checked for carbon emissions and fine people with cars that produce high levels of harmful gases.

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