Trang chủ‎ > ‎IT‎ > ‎Video Processing‎ > ‎

Fetching the dimensions of a H264Video stream

You must run a complex function to extract video dimensions from Sequence Parameter Sets. How to do this? Well first you must write your own Exp-Golomb decoder, or find one online... in live555 source code somewhere there is one for example...

Then you must get one SPS frame. It has NAL=0x67 (NAL is the first byte in a H.264 frame) and you can find it as Base64 encoded string in SDP under sprop-parameter-sets its the first Base64 string before the first comma. Other comma separated strings there are Picture Parameter Sets... This is one SPS from SDP Z0KAKYiLQDIBL0IAAB1MAAK/IAg= you need to decode something like this from Base64 into a byte array.

Then you must extract RAW BYTE SEQUENCE PAYLOAD that is followed by NAL UNIT HEADER in that byte array!!! It is usually one byte long, but read on just to be sure... RBSP contains the bytes needed to run the seq_parameter_set_data( ) function. So you need to strip off the NAL UNIT HEADER first (one or more bytes).

Here it is the function that extracts RBSP bytes from SPS NAL UNIT:

NAL UNIT

Then when you have SPS (RBSP bytes) you need to perform a function that parses bits in this byte array. Here's the function with all the parameters parsed there (whole document can be found here:http://www.itu.int/rec/T-REC-H.264-201003-I/en and its free): How to decode SPS

There you can see some strange stuff... first, your video dimensions are calculated like this:

Width = ((pic_width_in_mbs_minus1 +1)*16) - frame_crop_right_offset*2 - frame_crop_left_offset*2;
Height = ((2 - frame_mbs_only_flag)* (pic_height_in_map_units_minus1 +1) * 16) - (frame_crop_top_offset * 2) - (frame_crop_bottom_offset * 2);

Second, and most important, in DESCRIPTOR column of this code table, is stated what you should do to read the bold text parameter in the first column. This is what values in there mean:

  • u(N) - Read an unsigned number which is N bits long
  • s(N) - Read a signed number which is N bits long
  • ue(v) - Read an unsigned Exp-Golomb number (v is for variable length, so its same as ue())
  • se(v) - Read a signed Exp-Golomb number

This is where your Exp-Golomb decoder comes in handy...

So, implement this function, parse SPS, and you will get your Width and Height. Enjoy... :)

The size calculations are wrong unfortunatly and should be:

width = ((pic_width_in_mbs_minus1 +1)*16) - frame_crop_left_offset*2 - frame_crop_right_offset*2;
height= ((2 - frame_mbs_only_flag)* (pic_height_in_map_units_minus1 +1) * 16) - (frame_crop_top_offset * 2) - (frame_crop_bottom_offset * 2);
Comments