Reebok

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1)     Reebok India (D'Mello, 2003)

 (3year time span)

a)     Wages below minimum wage

b)     Unauthorized deductions in wages

c)     Unpaid extra working hours

d)     Compulsory overtime

e)     Lack of rest intervals

f)      Arbitrary fines

g)     Sexual harassment and physical molestation by supervisory and managerial personnel

h)     Verbal abuse and foul language by supervisors

i)      Child labor

j)      No paid maternity leave

k)     Threatened if they didn’t lie to Reebok inspectors, but the workers believed it was clear to Reebok that the factories didn’t meet the basic minimum requirements of health, safety and welfare, poor ventilation, unpaid working hours, etc

l)      Punishment: humiliation, beating, being forced to stand in the hot sun for an hour—had to just bear it or else you would be fired

m)   Union formed after workers had had “too much”—last straw was when a pregnant woman was punished w/ hot sun method

n)     Results of  union organization:

i)      After union was formed, wages went up, children were no longer employed, overtime (though still compulsory and unplanned) was paid at double the normal wage rate

ii)    After union formation punishments continued, but in different forms (suspensions)

iii)  At same time as union was organizing, Reebok discontinued production with this subcontractor

iv)   union won worker rights, but then factory was closed

v)     2000 workers have been out of work for more than a year

vi)   some workers have continued to fight and received individual settlements from Phoenix management

o)     How did this happen?

i)      Reebok couldn’t have actually thought that Phoenix could be trusted to follow labor laws without union presence (or some other monitoring agency)