Components of Physical Education

Health Related Components:  Those factors that are related to how well the systems of your body work

  • Cardiovascular Fitness: The ability of the circulatory system (heart and blood vessels) to supply oxygen to working muscles during exercise.
  • Body Composition: The relative percentage of body fat compared to lean body mass (muscle, bone, water, etc)
  • Flexibility: The range of movement possible at various joints.
  • Muscular strength: The amount of force that can be produced by a single contraction of a muscle
  • Muscular endurance: The ability of a muscle group to continue muscle movement over a length of time.


Skill Related Components: Those aspects of fitness which form the basis for successful sports participation.

  • Speed: The ability to move quickly from one point to another
  • Agility: The ability of the body to change direction quickly
  • Balance: The ability to maintain an upright posture while still or moving
  • Coordination: Integration with hand and/or foot movements with the input of the senses.
  • Reaction Time: Amount of time it takes to get moving.
  • Power: The ability to do strength work at an explosive pace.