Altered Primary Source Documents

Six of the twenty-six documents reviewed by Verity Educate were purported 'primary source' documents that had been altered or edited so as to change its meaning, or had been given an introduction or title which changed its meaning. Two of these documents - the Palestinian National Charter and the Hamas Covenant - are reviewed separately on this website. This page will briefly address the other four documents.

Three of the documents are speeches which were given titles which do not reflect their content. In addition, students are provided with commentary which cite inaccurate 'facts' about the context of the speech. The fourth document is an altered synopsis of Hamas' 2006 Electoral Platform.

All six deceptively edited and/or altered documents are reviewed in the 'Primary Sources' section of the Verity Educate report

NPS administrators refuse to conduct any investigation into the use or source of the altered documents, despite numerous written and verbal requests and despite being provided several times with examples of the documents and descriptions of the alterations.

[Note: Text in black type is from the book utilized by students. Text in blue type is from PENS and/or Verity Educate and refer to inaccuracies in the book's text].

Speech #1

We Recognize Israel - Speech by Yasar (sic) Arafat, 1988

The purported title of the speech ("We Recognize Israel") was added by the editor of the book it is taken from. As far as can be ascertained the speech has no title; and the words “We recognize Israel" were never said by Arafat or any other representative of an Arab Palestinian political party. Adding a title, especially an inaccurate title, to an untitled speech without informing students that it is not part of the speech is misleading and deceptive.

This is the analysis of the speech provided to students (our comments are in blue type):

 At a special session of the United Nations General Assembly convoked at the end of 1988 in Geneva, Switzerland, Arafat recognized Israel's right to exist alongside a Palestinian state. This is false - Arafat did not recognize Israel in either the speech or press conference; in fact the P.A. still does not recognize Israel.

The day after the special session took place, he clarified the Palestinian position in a press conference, extracts of which are presented below. Soon after Arafat's appearance in Geneva, President Ronald Reagan reversed the United States policy of boycotting the Palestinian Liberation Organization - which Arafat headed - and announced that the United States would hold talks with representatives from that organization. Fatah, the political wing of the PLO, controls currently the Palestinian Authority, which governs the West Bank. “Fatah” is a reverse acronym for “Palestinian National Liberation Organization”, also known as the PLO and its successor the Palestinian Authority. It does not have a separate political branch and does not 'control' the Palestinian Authority.


[Text of the Arafat speech is accurate]

Let me highlight my views before you. Our desire for peace is a strategy and not an interim tactic. We are bent on peace come what may... Our statehood provides salvation to the Palestinians and peace to both Palestinians and Israelis.

Self-determination means survival for the Palestinians and our survival does not destroy the survival of the Israelis, as their rulers claim. Yesterday in my speech I made reference to the United Nations Resolution 181* as the basis for Palestinian independence. I also made reference to our acceptance of resolution 242* and 338* as the basis for negotiations with Israel within the framework of the international conference. These three resolutions were endorsed by our Palestinian National Council session in Algiers.

In my speech also yesterday, it was clear that we mean our people's right to freedom and national independence, according to Resolution 181 and the rights of all parties concerned in the Middle East conflict to exist in peace and security. As for terrorism, I announced it yesterday in no uncertain terms, and yet, I repeat for the record.... that we totally and absolutely renounce all forms of terrorism, including individual, group and state terrorism.

Between Geneva and Algiers, we have made our position crystal clear. Any more talks such as "The Palestinians should give more" -you remember this slogan? - or "it is not enough" or "the Palestinians are engaging in propaganda games and public relations exercises" will be damaging and counterproductive. Enough is enough... All remaining matters should be discussed around the table and within the international conference.

Let it be absolutely clear that neither Arafat, nor any [one else] for that matter, can stop the Intifada, the uprising. The intifada will come to an end only when practical and tangible steps have taken toward the achievement of our national aims and establishment of our independent Palestinian state... Finally, I declare before you and I ask you to kindly quote me on that: We want peace... We are committed to peace. We want to live in our Palestinian state, and let live. Thank you.


*UN Resolution 181 passed in 1947 and established the original borders for  the separate states of Palestine and Israel  This is both inaccurate and misleading. Although the intent of the resolution was to establish borders, the Arabs rejected it and five Arab nations invaded Israel. The war ended with the last armistice agreement signed between Israel and Syria in July, 1949. The armistice agreements did not establish permanent borders, only temporary lines to be re-negotiated later. Israel was recognized by the U.N., but no state called ‘Palestine’ was ever recognized because of the Arab rejection of partition and the lack of any attempt to seek recognition of an Arab Palestinian state. By the end of the war, Jordan occupied territory in Jerusalem and nearby areas that were meant by Resolution 181 to be under international control. In 1950, Jordan annexed the territory it conquered.

with Israel receiving 56% of the landThis is inaccurate and misleading as well. In the 1920 San Remo Conference, the League of Nations approved and later unanimously ratified a “Mandate for Palestine” under which the area now encompassing Israel, the West Bank, and Jordan was set aside for a Jewish homeland. The Conference also authorized or ratified the creation of Lebanon, Syria, and Iraq as Arab entities. Instead of honoring the treaty, however, in 1921 Britain gave 77% of the Palestinian Mandate territory to a land reserved for a Jewish homeland to one of the sons of the Sharif of Mecca, who wanted to form a unified Arab nation, ‘Greater Syria’. After the war of independence, Israel consisted of less than 15% of the territory originally set aside for it under the Mandate for Palestine (which was adopted by the U.N. upon its formation).

UN Resolution 242 passed in 1967 and called for the withdrawal of troops from the Occupied territories  This falsely inverts the meaning of Resolution 242, which links the withdrawal of Israel troops with the cessation of hostilities and acceptance of Israel as a sovereign state, which has not yet occurred. The editor also fails to note that the only nations to accept the resolution were Israel and Jordan (Egypt purported to accept 242, however later statements and actions made clear it was a pretense). The use of the term “Occupied Territories” which was not in use at the time the resolution was made, and which even today is not ordinarily capitalized, also exhibits bias.

and the establishment of two, independent states242 does not state or even imply this. The resolution states that “every State in the area” has the right to exist in peace and with secure borders. As there has never been a ‘Palestinian’ state, 242 cannot apply.

U.N. Resolution 338 passed in 1973 and established a ceasefire between Israel, Syria, and Egypt, therefore ending the Yom Kippur war. 338 called upon “all parties” to “terminate military activities” and engage in negotiation; it did not itself establish a ceasefire.

Speech #2

Program for Dealing with the Palestinians - Speech by Ariel Sharon, 2000

This purported title of the speech (Program for Dealing with the Palestinians) was added by the editor of the book it is taken from. As far as can be ascertained the speech has no title. Adding a title, especially an inaccurate title, to an untitled speech without informing students that it is not part of the speech, is misleading and deceptive.

In addition, the speech is not about "dealing with" Palestinian Arabs; neither that nor any similar phrase appears in the speech at all. The phrase “dealing with”, which is often used to imply nefarious intentions or acts, should not have been used.

In the speech itself, only two out of the six sections have anything to do with 'Palestinians' as a people (one about refugees, the other about demilitarization about areas under Palestinian Authority control); the other four points concern Jerusalem, security issues, and water.

This is the analysis of the speech provided to students (our comments are in blue type):

Running to become the candidate for prime minister for Likuda conservative political party This misstates the Israeli political process and failed to explain the difference in meaning of the word "conservative" in the Israeli political context versus its meaning in the U.S. political context.

Sharon issued this statement following his famous visit to the Muslim shrine in Jerusalem, the Dome of the Rock Sharon visited the Temple Mount (a Jewish holy site), NOT Dome of the Rock (a Muslim holy site). The text not only misstates facts, it negates the Jewish religious connection with Jerusalem and gives credence to the false claim that Sharon deliberately provoked Arab violence by visiting a holy Muslim site. 

Accompanied by hundreds of armed Israeli soldiers The inclusion of the word “armed” is unnecessary and creates a biased picture of a militarized Israel. The important issue of why Sharon needed to be accompanied by many soldiers in order to visit a holy Jewish site should be explored.

the visit sparked a Palestinian protest movement that, in conjunction with long-standing Palestinian grievances, led to the second Intifada The Palestinian Authority has confirmed that the second intifada was planned well in advance of Sharon’s visit.


[Text of Sharon's speech is accurate]

I believe it is possible to reach an agreement with a united and undivided Jerusalem, but in a different way. In my view, we must concentrate all our efforts to arrive at a broad national consensus based on clear unequivocal "red lines." I propose six red lines, which can serve as a basis for broad national consensus, strengthen Israel's position, and enable us to reach a better and more secure agreement:

1. Greater Jerusalem, united and undivided, must be the eternal capital of Israel and under full Israeli sovereignty. The question of Jerusalem should not remain open, as it may become the time bomb of the next conflict.

2. Israel will retain under its full control sufficiently wide security zones - in both the East and the West. The Jordan Valley* in its broadest sense...will be the eastern security zone of Israel. This includes the steep eastern slopes of the hill ridge of Judea and Samaria overlooking the valley. Israel will maintain contiguous presence and control of the entire valley up to the Jordan River, including the border passes. The western security zone will include the line of hills commanding the coastal plain and controlling Israel's vital underground water resources. Strategic routes will be retained under Israel's control.

3. Jewish towns, villages and communities in Judea, Samaria [both encompassing the West Bank] and Gaza, as well as access roads leading to them, including sufficient security margins along them, will remain under full Israeli control.

4. The solution to the problem of Palestinian refugees from 1948-1967 will be based on their resettlement and rehabilitation in the places where they live today (Jordan, Syria, Lebanon, etc.). Israel does not accept under any circumstances the Palestinian demand for the right of return. Israel bears no moral or economic responsibility for the refugees' predicament.

5. As a vital existential need, Israel must continue to control the underground fresh water aquifers in western Samaria, which provides a major portion of Israel's water. The Palestinians are obligated to prevent contamination of Israel's water resources.

6. Security arrangements: All the territories under control of the Palestinian Authority will be demilitarized. The Palestinians will not have an army - only a police force. Israel will maintain complete control of the whole air space over Judea, Samaria, and Gaza.

I believe that any government in Israel that will adopt and implement these principles will strengthen Israels deterrence and could reach a better and more secure peace, one that will ensure Israel’s long-term national strategic interest.


*The Jordan Valley exists to the East of the West Bank, meaning that the West Bank would exist entirely within the state of Israel without bordering another country The comment implies that the creation of a state surrounded by another state is a new and unacceptable concept. However, enclaves (a state within another entity) are neither unheard of nor a barrier to establishing independence. The nations of Lesotho, San Marino, and Vatican City are all enclaves; there are also extranational enclaves in Europe, Africa, and Asia. Many other nations would be enclaves but for the presence of a water boundary.

Speech #3

The Price of Occupation - Speech by Yitzhak Rabin 1994

The purported title of the speech (The Price of Occupation) was added by the editor of the book it is taken from; as far as can be ascertained the speech has no title. Adding a title to an untitled speech, without informing students that it is not part of the speech, is misleading and deceptive.

Rabin made the speech when trying to convince the Knesset to adopt an agreement which the opposition believed would end in failure - something which many believe has been borne out. What kind of speech would Rabin have made to an Arab audience? In the United Nations? How and why would they be different?

The speech is also misleadingly edited. The editing creates the impression that the IDF’s estimate of  ‘Palestinian’ injuries discussed in the speech is 25,000. In reality, Rabin first set forth the (actual) IDF estimate of 18,967 injuries and later states that his own estimate is at least 25,000.

This is the analysis of the speech given to students (our comments are in blue type):

A soldier all of his adult life, and a war hero as well, ltzhak Rabin reveals in this reading the complexities of Israeli politics and the contradictions within a military man who sought peace. The characterization of Rabin simply as “a military man who sought peace” is simplistic. Although Rabin indeed sought peace, he was clear that he would not agree to ‘peace at any price’. Evidence suggests that Rabin regarded the Oslo process as a necessary experiment and a last-ditch effort for peace. Many historians believe that the Palestinian reaction to Oslo - an intensification of terror activities - would have resulted in a change to Israel’s tactics had Rabin survived.

In this blunt speech to the Israeli Knesset, or parliament, he laid out reasons why he thought the time had come to end the conflict between Jews and Palestinians. From 1974 through 1977 he served as prime minister, gaining a reputation as a hard-liner. Later he again served as prime minister, bringing his government into the Oslo peace process. For achieving this agreement, Rabin, along with Yasir Arafat and Israel's foreign minister Shimon Peres, received the Noble Peace Prize. The comments imply that the 1994-1995 agreements between Israel and the PLO, commonly known as the ‘Oslo Accords’, was a great achievement. There is no mention of the fact that twenty years later, many Israelis consider the Accords to be a failure responsible for the deaths of thousands of innocent people.

After making peace with Jordan, he reached a further agreement with the Palestinians in October, 1995, which projected Israeli withdrawal from seven additional Palestinian towns on the West Bank. He also called for holding elections for a Palestinian Legislative Council, which took place on January 20, 1996, when Arafat was elected resident of the Palestinian Authority. The analysis implies that the P.A. elections were a great achievement. Not mentioned is that Arafat and Mahmoud Abbas, the current P.A. President, remained in office illegally after their terms expired, and the vast amount of by Arafat and other PA officials. The dozens of terror attacks which led to the creation of the security fence, restrictions on travel for both Israelis and Palestinian Arabs, and the renewed incursions into Arab towns are also unmentioned.

Rabin's assassination by an Israeli fanatic occurred just after a November 1995 peace rally in Tel Aviv. Unmentioned in the text is the last twenty years of Israeli history, including the withdrawal from Gaza and subsequent missile attacks, planned terror attacks via tunnels designed to murder thousands of Israelis, and other indications that have caused many to believe that the ‘peace process’ has failed.


[Text of the excerpt of Rabin's speech is accurate]

I want to tell the truth: For 27 years, we have controlled another people that does not want our rule. The Palestinians who now number 1,800,000 have risen every morning with a burning hatred for us as Israelis and as Jews. Every morning, they awaken to a hard life and it‘s partly our fault, but not completely. It cannot be denied: the continued rule over a foreign people who does not want us has a price. There is first of all a painful price the price of constant confrontation between us and them.

For six and a half years, we have witnessed a popular Palestinian uprising against our rule, the intifada. They are trying, through violence and terrorism, to harm us, to cause us casualties and to break our spirit... Since the beginning of the uprising, 219 Israelis have been killed... A heavy price... [T]he Israelis wounded amounted to 7,872.

1,045 Palestinians have been killed by IDF and security forces, 69 have been killed by Israeli citizens, 922 Palestinians have been killed by their own people, 99 have been killed in unknown circumstances, [and] 21 have blown themselves up... handling explosives. A total of 2,156... [The IDF estimate] that at least 25,000 [Palestinians] have been wounded. Between 120,000 and 140,000 have been detained and imprisoned. These are the figures of the confrontation over the past six and a half years.

What are the options which face us after 27 years of ruling... an entity which is different from ourselves religiously, politically, nationally; another people? The first is to leave the situation as it is, to make proposals that do not have and never had a partner and there can be no agreement without a partner. To try and perpetuate the rule over another people, to continue on a course of never-ending violence and terrorism, which will bring about a political impasse. All the Government of Israel certainly since the [October 1973] Yom Kippur War have understood the danger inherent in such an impasse. Accordingly, all the governments have sought the second option. The second option is to try and find a political solution initially through agreements on the separation of forces.

Document - Altered Hamas 2006 Electoral Platform

This is not the Hamas Electoral Platform - it is a greatly shortened and paraphrased summary. The document does not note this.  The full version of the Platform is here.

Hamas - 2006 Electoral Campaign Platform
"List for Change and Reform"


Items 1-8 are paraphrases. The ‘real' Platform only has 8 items - #9 was added by the editor. The rest of the text is a summary of the Platform, which is NOT noted. Article numbers are also omitted. Students are led to believe this document is the Hamas Electoral Campaign Platform, but it is not.

In The Name Of The Most Merciful Allah

The List for "Change and Reform" believes that participation in the Legislative elections falls within the comprehensive program for the liberation of Palestine and the return of the Palestine People to its independent state with its capital Jerusalem.

The Change and Reform list seeks the construction of a developed Palestinian Civil society based on multiplicity; the Palestinian political order
should be such as to help achieve the Palestinian National Rights.

The Change and reform List adopts a number of approaches to fulfill fixed aims emanating from Islamic references - namely:

1. Islam is our Reference.

2. Palestine is Arab and Muslim Land.

3. Palestinians are one nation regardless of location.

4. The Palestinian People are still in the process of National Liberation and have the right to use all means including armed struggle to achieve this goal.

5. The right of return to all Palestinians.

6. Adherence to the inalienable rights of the people.

7. Protect and cement National Unity as a priority.

8. The issue of prisoners and detainees tops the agenda ; on the internal policy level the C&R aims at achieving a great number of objectives - among them: Maintaining Palestinian fixed National Aims; Palestinian presence in Jerusalem; political freedom; dialogue as a means to solving internal differences; freedom of expression; assembling movement.

9. The platform of the C&R prohibits: Political detention; shedding Palestinian blood; protection of civil society; directing the security apparatus to safeguarding the security of the citizens.

Omits what is meant by “Islamic law

Among other things the Platform calls for protecting the "Resistance" and enhancing its role to resist Occupation and achieve Liberation.

The C&R will also build a normal Palestinian individual who takes pride in his religion, land, freedom and dignity and is ready to sacrifice for them.

The C&R will continue to resist the erection of the Racist Wall and it will seek its destruction.

The rights of minorities are to be protected on the basis of good citizenship; public funds are for all; the prisoners and wounded are the embodiment of sacrifice and should be accorded full care.

Palestinian WAQF is also to be safeguarded, be it Muslim or Christian.

The relationship between the PLO and the PA should be mended so as to serve the Nation and respect fields of specialty.

On the inter-Arab and Islamic relations the C&R calls for consolidating them; activating the role of Arab & Islamic masses in supporting our anti-occupation stand.

The C&R will build balanced political relation with the international community to ensure playing an effective role.

The C&R will stress on international level, the illegibility of occupation which is to be doomed as the most grisly form of terrorism.

The C&R will reject grants with strings, at the same time it will rehabilitate cities and villages and restore infrastructure.

Chief among its objectives internally, the C&R will combat corruption with its aspects, administrative or financial. The C&R will apply the policy "where from did you get this"; to achieve this goal control systems will be set up to monitor the activities of civil servants and others.

The Islamic Law will be the source of Palestinian Legislation, the three branches, legislative, executive and judicial are to be separated.

Constitutional tribunal is to be activated.

A number of measures, based on Islam are to be implemented. A new elections law is to be passed so as to ensure justice and fair representation of our people. All citizens are equal before the Law; arbitrary arrest is taboo. Dialogue should be encouraged and the respect of the other; point of view guaranteed for all; unions are to be independent and domination is unacceptable; political powers are recognized and their role is to be used for the sake of establishing of civil institutions; equal opportunities for all and the principle of the right man for the right job will be applied.

Out of our conviction of the vitality of building a well-rounded Palestinian individual, the C&R attaches great importance to education which will keep abreast of modern innovations. Islam of course will be the core of the Palestinian education philosophy - reforms are to be introduced to the current education system, the C&R details its policy in this regard in 17 items proposed to rehabilitate the system. C&R lists five measures to raise the efficiency of the clergy and regulate and care for mosques and emphasize their educational role.

The Palestinian family, as the nucleus of the Palestinian society, figures high in the C&R platform; 16 items detail the proposed suggestions that will strengthen the family and its role. Palestinian family Laws are to be derived from and conform to the Shari'ah law as far as the society is concerned; reconciliation committees should be activated in order to discharge their role as trouble-shooters.

Culture and media play a vital role in shaping the mentality and thought of citizens, and building up of the nation's personality. Freedom of thinking, expression and fairness and safeguarding the youth from external corruptible influence are chief among the C&R concerns. Official media should work for enhancing the people's steadfastness and resistance.

Women's rights will be guaranteed so that they can contribute to the building of society, socially, economically and politically. Women's organizations should be encouraged. The C&R enumerates the actions that they should take to raise the status of women. Youth care is among the aims to be achieved by the C&R - talents among the young are to be tapped and encouraged

Omits that raising children for most important role and women are 'partners in jihad'


Public land should be taken care of so that they can be fully utilized to build villages and public housing to be distributed fairly and equally among those in need. Heath Care system is to be reformed and made available to all people, especially the needy. Health care centers will be built to serve all sections of the people wherever they live.

Public health and hygiene will also be taken care of. The environment is to be protected. Agriculture and animal husbandry will be encouraged. Small farms will get credits in order to effectively make use of the land. The use of insecticides should be regulated for full benefits. Article 15

On the economic level, the economy and monetary system should be independent from the Zionist entity and its economic and monetary system. The C&R will mint Palestinian currency; self-sufficiency is an ultimate objective to be worked for through a number of measures. International economic agreements will be reconsidered and revised so as to serve the interests of the

Omits details showing Hamas intent to move financial system away from Europe and the west

Palestinian people, chief among them:

*The Paris Economic agreement. 

*The Free Trade Agreement with the USA. 

*Partnership Agreement with the EU. 

*The Economic Agreement with Egypt and Jordan. 

The Economic and trade relations with the Arab and Islamic world should be developed. The Palestinian economy should be helped to disengage itself from the dependency on Israeli economy. Income tax laws must be reconsidered and reformed. Labor and unions and occupational societies will be encouraged and developed; minimum wage limit should be established to guarantee a decent standard of living for all, wages and salaries should be linked to the index.

Roads must be updated and modernized; movement among cities and villages should be emphasized and smooth; opening of free crossings between Palestinian territory and Jordan and Egypt. Any foreign interference is rejected; the port and the airport are to be reopened. 

CONCLUSION: Al-Aksa Intifada has created new realities on the ground, which made history of the OSLO program. The different parties, including the Zionist occupation are for the "burying of Oslo". 


Omits mention of armed uprising as a tactic