12th Regiment of Kansas State Militia

Part 1-THE BATTLE OF WESTPORT

We are going to have fun over the next 4 months learning about the Atchison County men who were a part of the Battle of Westport in October 1864. Thus, we will celebrate the 150th anniversary of that battle in October. First of all, I want to inform you that there were nearly 400 men from Atchison County who volunteered and became a part of the 12th Regiment of the Kansas State Militia and fought in the Battle of Westport.

Second, I request stories from the descendents of those brave Atchison County men. Send me the family history which has been handed down from generation to generation. Email: bob@caplingers.com

The Battle of Westport was the climax of the Confederate invasion into Missouri in September 1864 from Arkansas. General Sterling Price was the Confederate commander of the raid which became known as Price's Raid.

Part 2-THE BATTLE OF WESTPORT

I am particularly interested in the family histories of those Atchison County men who served in the 12th Regiment of the Kansas State Militia in the Battle of Westport on October 23, 1864. I found the following information in Ingalls's History of Atchison County. It is from the biographical sketch of George W. Thompson. It which states that Thompson served as 1st Lt. of Company A, which was commanded by his son in law, Capt. Asa Barnes. Asa married Thompson’s daughter Mary Katherine.

The article would have been written in 1916. It states that Thompson's daughter, Dora, who was married to H. T. Keats, has in her possession a number of interesting souvenirs of the Battle of Westport; among them being the belt buckle and bayonet worn by George W. Thompson in that battle, and also the flay of Company A; also Captain Barnes' shoulder straps, and James Binkley's cap box, and some Government Scrip, with which soldiers were paid. It goes on to say that the Colonel of the 12th Regiment was Col. Louis L. Treat and another member of Company A was T. L. Cline. It says that very few of the members of the regiment were then living.

It would be interesting to know whatever happened to those souvenirs.

Look on the front of the Newsleaf web site. On the left column, you will find a link to the Newsleaf Museum. Click on it and it will show a list of items in the Museum. At the top of the list is 12th Regiment. Click on it and you will see all the members of the 12th Regiment. Please check it out and see if any of your ancestors are listed there. If so, start inquiring within the family for information about that ancestor. Your information will be posted in the Museum.

Part 3 - THE BATTLE OF WESTPORT - THE BEGINNING

The Battle of Westport occurred on October 23, 1864 at the end of Price's Raid into Missouri. So let's start at the beginning.

General Sherman's Union forces had taken Atlanta, Georgia on September 2, 1864, and Sherman was making matters worse for Confederates as he continued to control that area. He would soon commence his March to the Sea to take Savannah, Georgia.

General Grant's Union forces was pressing Lee's Confederate Army in Virginia

The Confederate Commanding General of the Trans-Mississippi region was General Kirby Smith. He determined that the time was ripe for a counter-stroke, and Smith gave orders to General Sterling Price to prepare for a raid into Missouri.

Since he expected thousands of volunteers to join as he moved through Missouri, he organized a large number of weak regiments, a skeleton for the volunteers to flesh out. Price was a former Governor of Missouri and was expecting to be reasonably popular in Missouri.

"Price assembled a force he named the Army of Missouri, consisting of 12,000 men and fourteen artillery pieces. His army was divided into three divisions under, Maj. Gen. James F. Fagan, and Brig. Gen. John S. Marmaduke, and Brig. Gen. Joseph O. Shelby. However, the infantry units originally assigned to Price were ordered elsewhere, changing his mission from an invasion into a cavalry raid. Price's men were a mixture of the best and the worst, a quarter of his force being deserters who had been returned to duty. Hundreds of Price's men were barefoot, and most lacked basic equipment such as canteens or cartridge boxes. Many carried jugs for water and kept their ammunition in shirt and pants pockets. Nevertheless, Price hoped the people of Missouri would rally to his side. In this he proved to be mistaken, as most Missourians did not wish to become involved in the conflict. Only Confederate guerrillas joined his army—perhaps as many as 6,000 altogether." (From Google "Wikipedia, Price's Raid")

General Price began his raid into Missouri on September 19.

Part 4 - Battle of Westport - Gov. Thomas Carney

An important person in the story of Price's Raid into Missouri and the Battle of Westport was the Governor of the State of Kansas, Thomas Carney. As Governor, he was in charge of the State Militia.

"Thomas Carney, the second governor of the State of Kansas, was born in Delaware County, Ohio, Aug. 20, 1824. His father, James Carney, died in 1828, leaving a widow and four small sons. Thomas remained with his mother until he was nineteen years of age, and frequently hauled the products of their little farm with an ox team to Newark, 36 miles distant. When he was nineteen he left home with about $3.50 in his pocket and went to an uncle, Elijah Carney, at Berkshire, Ohio, where he stayed for several months, working for his board mornings, evenings and Saturdays while he attended school. In the fall of 1844 he found employment with a retail dry-goods concern at Columbus, receiving $50 a month and board the first year and $100 a month and board the second year. He then took a position with a wholesale dry-goods house in Cincinnati, into which he was admitted as a partner, the firm of Carney, Swift & Co. becoming one of the best known dry-goods houses in the country. After some twelve years in Cincinnati his health became impaired, and in 1857, he visited the West, partly for his health and partly in search of a new location. The following spring, in partnership with Thomas C. Stevens, he opened the first wholesale house in Leavenworth, Kan.

"On Nov. 13, 1861, at Kenton, Ohio, Gov. Carney was united in marriage with Miss Rebecca Ann Cannady.

"Upon locating in Kansas, Mr. Carney took an active interest in public affairs. In 1861 he was elected to the second state legislature, and while in that body served upon some of the most important committees. His record as a member of the legislature commended him to the Republican party for governor, and he was nominated for that office by a convention at Topeka on Sept. 17, 1862. He was elected at the election on the 4th of the following November and on Jan. 12, 1863, he was installed as Governor." (Kansas: a cyclopedia of state history. edited by Frank W. Blackmar)

Part 5- The Battle of Westport - Maj. Gen. Samuel R. Curtis

Another important character in the Battle of Westport was Maj. Gen. Samuel R. Curtis, who was in command of the Federal Department of Kansas, which comprised the districts of Colorado, Nebraska, Kansas, and upper Arkansas.

Curtis was born in Champlain, New York.  He graduated from West Point in 1831.  He practiced law in Ohio.  He served in the Mexican War as a Colonel.  After the war, he moved to Iowa and was engaged in politics and elected to the House of Representatives.  When the Civil War broke out, he resigned his Congressional seat and was promoted to Brigadier General on May 17, 1861.

He was given command of the Army of the Southwest.  In March 1862, his army won the Battle of Pea Ridge in Arkansas.  Due to political differences with the Governor of Missouri, President Lincoln reassigned him to command the District of Kansas and Indian Territory.  In October 1864, he returned again to Missouri to stop the Confederate invasion of Missouri by Gen. Price.

At the time of the Price's invasion of Missouri by 15,000 men, Gen. Curtis's

Federal troops were less than 5,000 and most of those were scattered  over Kansas. 

On September 17, 1864, the beginning date of Price's invasion, Gen. Curtis had just returned to Fort Leavenworth from an extensive operation against Indians in the western portion of his district.  He immediately began trying to consolidate his forces.  He ordered General Blunt, who was chasing Indians in western Kansas, to move his forces to eastern Kansas.  He already had the 2nd Colorado, the 15th, 16th and 11th Kansas Regiments of Volunteer Cavalry on the Kansas-Missouri line.

It was at this point that his difficulty with Governor Thomas Carney began.  He urged the Governor to call out the Kansas State Militia.  Governor Carney believed that this was a ploy by his political enemies to take away voters from Kansas in the upcoming November election.  He resisted calling out the Militia for some time, not believing that Price was actually in Missouri.  General Curtis was at the point of declaring Martial Law and calling out the Militia himself.  Price’s appearance in Lexington, Missouri served to wake up Governor Carney. He could no longer wish the Confederate threat away and on October 9, 1864,he called out 4,000 regular state troops and some 10,000 militiamen, sending them to the Missouri border under the command of General James Blunt. 

(Our next character will be General James Blunt)


 
 
List of Men belonging to 12th Regiment of Kansas State Militia in October, 1864

Adams, Elijah
Adams, William
Allen, L. D.
Adkins, F. H.
Alexander, A.
Anderson, James W.
Andrew, C. C.
Armstrong, J. D.
Arrington, E. S.
Ashcraft, A. M.

Bacon, Levi
Bailey, Jackson
Bailey, Thomas
Baker, Alexander
Baker, H. S.
Barker, C. W.
Barnes, Asa
Barnes, James
Barnes, Ransom
Barnes, Tomas L.
Batsell, J. C.

DR. JOHN C. BATSELL, P. O., Monrovia. Among the best known and popular gentlemen of Atchison may be mentioned Dr. Batsell, who for upwards of a quarter of a century has been one of its representative physicians. He is a native of Kentucky and was born in Marlon County, March 16, 1818. His father, Thomas Batsell, and his mother, Kesia Knoll, were natives of Culpepper County, Va. He was raised and educated in his native county. He there took up the study and became proficient in the science of medicine. He commenced to practice his profession in Valeene, Orange Co., Ind., where he continued successfully for over seven years. The autumn of 1855 found him in Kansas, and after reconnoitering in Atchison County, went to DeKalb, Mo., remaining until the spring of 1856, when he pre-empted the claim which is now his present home, and engaged, in connection with farming, to practice medicine, being the first practitioner west of Atchison in the county. He made long rides, being frequently called into Doniphan and Brown counties. Malarial diseases prevailed to a great extent in those early days; the people were in stringent circumstances. He furnished medicine and attended to their wants, losing largely financially, as the greater portion of the first settlers moved away. In 1863 the Doctor organized one-half of Company D, Thirteenth Kansas; was tendered the captaincy of the same, but declined and accepted the position of First Lieutenant. After a forced march through the Indian Territories and Arkansas, was taken dangerously sick and was obliged to resign and return to his home, serving three months in the army. He was also Major in the Twelfth Kansas during the Price raid. After the close of the Rebellion, he was elected to the Legislature by the Republican party. While a member of that body acquitted himself creditably and satisfactorily to his constituents. He was originally an old line Whig. Upon the organization of of (sic) the Republican party accepted of its principles, always being in favor of the abolition of slavery. The Doctor of late years has been discontinuing his practice, and devotes his time to the cultivation of the farm. His home is pleasantly situated, and is one of the most desirable in the neighborhood. He was married in Carmelsville, Ky., to Miss Rhoda A. Hazlewood. They have had eight children: Missouri J., Josephine A., Lee H. and Cora R. Four deceased: Thomas A., Samina E., Kate N. and John B


Beauchamp, Joseph
Beard, E. C.
Bedwell, Melvin
Benning,Henry
Benton, Curtis
Best, Aaron S.
Beven, Henry
Bigenwalt, Joseph
Binkley, James
Binkley, Fredric
Bird, John C.
Bishop, J. H.
Bishop, L. H.
Blair, John
Blakely, M. C.
Blessing, Isaac
Bolar, William
Bonham, L.
Bonnel, C. F.
Bowser, J. W.
Bracke, Albert
Bradford, George
Bradshaw, William
Braly, Josiah H.
Breedlove, J. W.
Brittain, Joseph
Brown, J. W.
Brown, S. S.
Brown, Thomas
Brown, T. J.
Bruton, S. W.
Bunck, John
Bundy, William A.
Burnett, J. C.
Butcher, J. F.
Butcher, G. M.

Campbell, R. M.
Canter, Timothy W.
Calhoun, D. C.
Carmichael, Donald
Carpenter, Richard G.
Carpenter, Squire L.
Capps, "Wm. D.
Carroll, L. A.
Carter, Bowers
Carter, Jefferson G.
Channell, A. G.
Chilson, G. W.
Clinkinbeard, Isaac
Cohoon, Jacob
Connely, Robt.
Conroy, Patric
Cook, Robert S.
Cook, William
Cordwell, Thomas
Corbin, S. P.
Coring, Lewis
Corner, Daniel
Cotton, James (also appears as Cotter)
Cox, A. J.
Cline, Thomas
Cretes, J. W.
Cunningham, D.
Curry, H. M.
Cline, John N.
Crist, Hezekiah J.

Daily, Wm.
Dalton, J. H.
Davis, J. A.
Davis, J. W.
Davis, W. L.
Dean, Edward W.
Denning, John
DeWitt, W. R.
Dogan, Owen
Donelly, James
Donnellun, John
Dorland, M.
Dosher, L. N.
Dougan, Jasper N.
Dove, Sam (also appears as Dover)
Downing, William
Drues, R.

Ebright, George
Ebright, Samuel
Eckert, Jacob
Edison, B.
Edwards, Joshua
Eiche, F.
Ellett, B.
Elliott, B.
Ellison, Overton
English, John
Erp, James A.
Evans, A. J.
Fasnacht, Martin
Findley, W. C.
Fishback, B
Flynn, Thomas
Foster, I. W.
Fox, John
Frable, Thomas
Friley, Stephen
Frost, F. M.

Gabbert, G. B.
Gafner, Henry
Gallagher, Tomas
Garner
Gardner, Richard
Gerbity, John
Gillen, H.
Gillen, Henry
Glancy, John
Glick, B. F.
Godard, F. P.
Grant, Samuel
Graves, Jacob
Graves, John
Gray, James
Gray, John
Green, Francis M.
Grimes, John T.
Grindstaff, W. H.
Griner, Nicolas
Groff, John
Guinn, Algenon S.

Hager, D. H.
Hamilton, Andrew
Hamilton, William
Hamm, Martin W.
Hamon, Wm.
Hall, Jasper
Hargrove, L. B.
Harrington, S. P.
Haskell, Oren D.
Heatherly, A. J.
Helwig, John
Hess, N.
Highfill, Thomas
Hinson, C.
Hoffman, Frederick
Hollister, Samuel
Holverson, O.
Honnell, Henry W.
Hooper, Jacob
Hooper, Jan . A.
Horn, Hosea B.
Hornbackle, G. C.
Howard, D. J.
Howard, Rolla M.
Howell, N.
Hudson, Thorp
Hughes, I. N.
Hull, P. W.
Hunt, Nathan

Ingals, T. J
Isaacs, Amos
Isaacs, D. S.
Jones, J. L.
Jones, J. W.
Jones, Samuel
Jones, Steavon R.
Jones, Wm. H.
James, John

Keith, C. B.
Keith, Charles
Kellog, Sherman
Kelly, Hugh
Kelso, William
Kenedy, R. W.
Kesler, David
Killer, George
King, R. M.
Kline, Matt
Klippy, J.
Knowles, Philip
Kokely, Timothy

Lamberton, M. H.
Lamden, G. W.
Landgraff, John
Landrum, Isaac
Landrum, Wm.
Larrison, Ezekiel
Laster, Dallas
Latta, Franklin
Leason, Thomas
Lee, T. M.
Lewis, Frank H.
Lightfoot, F. O.
Losee, Levi
Lyon, James

Manax, Patric
Manska, T.
Marak, Franz
Marcott, E.
Marshall, James
Martin, James
Martin, Levi
Martin, William
Martin, W. C.
Mauzey, Layfayette
Maxwell, Joseph
May, James R.
Mayfield, W. J.
McAnally, Patric
McClure, Henry
McCray, Solomon K.
McDaniel, J. W.
McGarvy, Charles
McGinnis, John
McPherson, William H.
Means, C. G.
Meeker, Jacob B.
Metz, Adam
Meyhew, Wm.
Miller, Charles
Miller, David
Miller, J.
Miller, John
Millerd, Dwight
Mitchell, Stephen
Molesesky, L
Moore, John A.
Moppin, J. W.
Morgan, J.
Moulton, G. L.
Moritz, Bernherd

Nagle, David
Nations, George
Neesmen, Frank
Neill, Daniel
Neill, Robt.
Newton, P. C.
Noffsinger, Peter
Norris, J. P.

Ohowell, D. C.
Oliphant, W. J.
Oshonest, P.
Osborn, Morgan
Owens, Amos

Page, L. B.
Page, Wm.
Palmer, J. H.
Palmer, J. W.
Parker, Hirum
Parnell, Pleasant
Pate, W.
Patterson, William L.
Pauly, J.
Payne, B. F.
Pearcy, Thomas S.
Peebler, W. W.
Peebler, S. F.
Pence, J. S.
Penning, Peter
Perry, Richard A.
Pickens, J. H.
Pierce, G.
Pinkerton, J. H.
Platt, T. B.
Poteet, Benjamin
Poteet, James
Poteet, William
Potter, Linsley
Price, T. W.
Probasco, N. S.
Pursell, J.
Proctor, Wm. W.

Rankin, D. V.
Ray, M. L.
Reed, E. S.
Rice, Jerome B.
Riley, J. M.
Reese, Jacob
Richle, L
Riley, William
Ritcheson, Edmun
Rice, Jerome B.
Roach, Federick
Robinson, John

Sacs, H.
Sapp, D. F.
Sawyer, Wm. H.
Scarborough, Joseph M.
Schecher, Theodore
Scheide, A.
Schletzbaum, F.
Schubert, A.
Sharpe, W. J.
Shell, Henry
Shirck, S. L.
Shortridge, A.
Shortridge, Albert
Shortridge, James
Shrader, William
Sidener, William
Sherer, James
Slatery, Michal
Smith, Daniel B.
Smith, Henry
Smith, Henry T.
Smith, Owen
Snelson, A.
Snelson, M. L.
Snyder, Jessee
Snow, L. B.
Sourwine, Peter
Southard, W. M.
Sparks, Moses
Speer, Joseph
Sprong, D. H.
Squires, Thomas
Stallon, James
Stanley, A. T.
Steel, James B.
Stephens, G. W.
Stevenson, William
Stewart, Joseph
Stockton, A. J.
Stoner, Samuel
Stutz, Christian
Sutliff, George
Suter, F.
Swartz, John


Thatcher, Ignatius
Thompson, D. E.
Thompson, George W.
Thompson, J. L.
Thompson, John
Thompson, Samuel
Thompson, William
Thorp, Josiah
Tilley, T. A.
Treat, L. S.
Truesdale, J. W.
Tucker, Mark

Underwood, James B.

Waddle, John L.
Wade, Gabriel
Wade, Joseph
Ward, Henry
Watkins, Henry
Watkins, J. L.
Watkins, John
Watson, Jackson
Watson, James W.
Weaver, C. I.
Weaver, G. J.
Weber, John
Wessly, Colens J.
White, Robert
Wilkins, Michael
Williams, F. M.
Williams, H. J.
Williams, James
Williamson, Charles
Willis, Martin C.
Wilson, Charles
Woods, James
Woodward, Henry
Woodworth, G. M.
Woody, J. M.
Wright, Zepheniah
Wynett, F. M.

Yedoky, F.

Zemerly, B.

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