The Implications of State of the Art Imaging Technologies
for Various Professions and Vocations

Course of Study 

This website: https://sites.google.com/site/newimagingtechnology/

By Karl M. Kindt III 

Adjunct Instructor at Webster University and Southwestern Illinois College
Media/Litigation Technologist for Lewis, Rice & Fingersh
B.A. in Political Science, Masters of Divinity Degree, Paralegal Studies Certificate
314 308 7075

Gigpan of Washington University Campus with Embeded Historic Photos from the 1904 World's Fair

>> All of the blue text is clickable hyperlink that takes you deeper into the topic and one click will take you to the location but if you are viewing this document in MSWord you can hold down the Control(CTRL) key and then left click on the blue links to go to the website that provides deeper information about the topic (assuming your computer is ‘online’).



Description of the Course Objective:

The course is designed from a cross-professional, cross-discipline, cross-vocational perspective.  It will provide students an experience in using a few new imaging technologies that have implications for those with majors in sociology, biology, communications/media, architecture & design, astronomy, paleontology, anthropology, the arts, history, archeology, geography, forensics, sports medicine, physical therapists, the legal professions, political science, theology/philosophy.  This course of study provides students with diverse vocational goals the opportunity to explore and analyze how new imaging technologies have and will influence the practice of their chosen professions/vocations. 

Although students will gain a hands-on experience in the use of these technologies and how to use these technologies in their chosen professions, the course is focused upon and designed to encourage analysis of how these new imaging technologies will and perhaps already are influencing the practice of a given discipline or profession.  Students will learn how these new technologies enable even those with a standard simple digital camera or cell phone camera to create 3d stereo images and will analyze how this new 3d technology enables various disciplines to study the depth of a place and event or work of art.  Students will learn how to create highly detailed zoomable images called Gigapans and how this new technology is transforming  communications, and of the analysis of sociological, political, cultural and environmental events.  Students will learn how to create detailed well focused images of very small objects using a new technology called  MicroStack Focus imaging and how this technology enables various professionals to examine the miniscule aspects of reality with much more clarity by bringing tiny objects into total focus.  Students will learn a how new a new camera technology  (Lytro) captures the entire light field for the total focusing of everything in an area, and students will create video with a camera that captures 1,000 image in one second and see now this enables the professions to analyze movement of high speed events in slow motion, and students will learn how new time-lapse cameras make analysis of changes in a place or natural setting or a slow growing plant not only more generally feasible but inexpensively so.  The focus of the course is exposing students to these new technologies, providing a basic hands on experience with the technologies and then encouraging students to reflect and analyze about how these new imaging technologies influence the way various professions explore and practice aspects of the relevant realities in their discipline.

Description of  Learning Goals:

1.      What is a stereo 3d image, how is it created with the latest imaging technology and what are the various historic and most recent methods of presenting and viewing these images?  Students will learn how the latest 3d stereo technology produces images that can be viewed without the specialized glasses on 3d flat panel screens.  See https://sites.google.com/site/indepthphotos/

2.      Students will actually create stereo 3d images for practical use in their various majors and go to locations where the creation of 3d imagery will augment and enhance the presentation of the location and increase a deeper understanding of the location.  Some students will create microscopic 3d imagery to explore how modern imaging technology enables the capturing the 3d dimension of an object or microscopic life or objects.  Other students will learn how to capture the 3d dimension to augment and explore the world of art and actually create 3d works of art using modern imaging technologies.

3.      Gigapan imagery, images with billions of bytes of detail, will be created and explored using a robotic head upon which a professional digital camera is mounted.  Students will learn how to create these images both with the robotic head and without it and how to best use these images in the various professions.  (See gigapan.org for examples).

4.      Using a state-of-the art Lytro camera that captures the entire light field, students will explore how capturing an image in which focusing is done AFTER the image is in the computer will impact the various disciplines and professions..  The Lytro camera captures the whole scene in such a way that you can focus after the image has been captured.  And focusing after the fact, means no auto-focus motor. No auto-focus motor means no shutter delay. Students will explore how the moment  you meant to capture is captured, not the one a shutter-delayed camera captured for you.  (See Lyrto.com)

5.      When one needs to create an image of a very small object or a microscopic item, the problem is depth of field.  Getting more than just the surface of an object in focus is impossible with normal photography.  However, new multi-stack focusing technology makes it possible to create a totally focused 3d image of even microscopic entities.  Students will explore how to create these images and what the ability to create these types of images means for various professions and disciplines. 

6.      See: http://lifehacker.com/5527335/combinezm-focus-stacks-photos-for-greater-macro-shots
 Using a high speed digital camera that captures 1,000 images in one second, students will analyze objects or events that take place in the blink of an eye but because the eye only captures 30 images in a second they will see what they missed and analyze how seeing more of what takes place in one second of time influences understanding and discovery of reality.  For examples of the use of this technology see:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=af2yovnNJqc .

7.      Digital time lapse cameras are being used to capture transformations in nature and in urbanization and students will experiment with a time lapse digital camera to gain insight as to how the compression of time when evaluating and analyzing events or places or objects can increase understanding and reveal aspects of reality that may otherwise not be understood.  To see a study in cloud formation and movement go to: http://alexpittphotography.com/Timelapse/TLut010_jackson_hole1.html .

Description of Topics/Themes of Each Session:

  1. Overview and a bit of history of how new technology has transformed the professions - the first topic to be covered will be how, if at all and in what ways technological innovations of the past have transformed both the understanding and practices of the following professions (though this is not an exclusive list)  This session includes a study of what technologies of the past have made the following and other professions radically though sometimes in a subtle ways much different in both practice and in purpose than what they once were.  However, in this session we will also begin to consider what new imaging technologies may now or soon may transform the various professions and how they are practiced.  Below are listed 22 of the professions.  In this session we will briefly discuss the ways these technologies have or likely will be used in these professions and will consequently transform the ways these professions are practiced:

    1. Sociologists
    2. Political Scientists/Politicians/Public Servants
    3. Anthropologists
    4. Ecologists
    5. Economists/Financial Analysts
    6. Media/Communications/Journalists/Photographers (3d Magazines and More) Latest Media and Journalism  See also 3d Communications
      3d Music Festivals
    7. Medical/Dental Practice/Physicians/Veterinarians
    8. Lawyers
    9. Philosophers
    10. Architects/Landscape Architects
    11. Engineers
    12. Marketing Professionals
    13. Nurses
    14. Artists/Acting
    15. Musicians
    16. Psychologists/Psychotherapists
    17. Occupational Therapists
    18. Theologians/Pastors
    19. Athletic Trainers
    20. Professional Athletes
    21. Business Professionals
    22. Teaching/Educational Professionals

  2. Gigapanography and Its Transformation of the Professions.  This session will include actually creating gigapans, understanding how they are transformational imaging technology and how they already have influenced the way certain professions are engaged in exploring the realities upon which they focus their attention.  In particular we will discuss how the study of architecture, marketing of locations, anthropological/geographic studies of sites, sociological and cultural studies and exchanges, media journalism and photography itself have been and are being transformed by this technology that has been introduced by Carnegie Mellon University's Robotics Lab in conjunction with NASA and Google.  The Teaching profession and other professions including that of Librarians, Historians and Philosophers all have been or will be impacted by this new technology.  Students will explore in class numerous gigapan images and choose one image that will become a part of a possible project (see below for assignments and grading rubric).  We will actually use a gigapan robotic unit in class or on campus during this session and observe how these huge detailed images are created.  (also see session/topic 12)
  3. 3d Stereo imagery and its increasing use by the various professions. Each student will create 3d images during the class related to their possible professions and discussion will center around how adding the element of depth to 2d images increases a professions appreciation of a given aspect of reality that might be the focus of a case, project or study.  Students will project their 3d images and we will view these in 3d to discuss the added data provided by this technology and how it may influence decisions or understanding of a professional.  Discussion of how the third dimension of reality and an increasing focus upon this dimension because of this new technology may change the understanding of a work of art or one's personal philosophy of life.  We will discuss which professions are most likely to be influenced by the use of glassless 3d flat panels and computer monitors.  We will discuss glassless 3d roadway signs and marketing may raise ethical and safety issues.
  4. Business Professions and Marketing Professions and how these new imaging technologies may impact the practices of these professionals.
  5. Lawyers, Judges and Paralegal professionals have been and will be influenced by these new imaging technologies.  Discussion will include interviews with various professionals about how they perceive these new technologies creating both possibilities and problems in their practices.
  6. Artists and Actors will be invited to discuss how the new 3d technologies have and may influence their professions and the practice of their art.
  7. Theologians and Sociologists/Cultural Anthropologists will be invited to share how these new imaging technologies have and may influence their professions.
  8. Politicians and Political Scientists will be invited to share how they perceive these new imaging technologies have and will transform their practices and profession.
  9. Biologists, Botanists and Medical professionals will be invited to share how they perceive these new technologies have and will transform their professions.
  10. Sports professionals and Professional Athletic trainers will be asked how these new technologies may influence their practices and professions.
  11. Journalism and Photography/Videography professionals will participate in a discussion of how 3d and gigapanography, stack focusing have and will transform their professional practices.
  12. Robotic Engineer Illah R. Nourbakhsh of Carnegie Mellon University will discuss how the gigapan imaging robot has transformed the work of Historians and the exploration of historic places and events.  We will virtually visit the Create Lab in Pittsburgh at Carnegie Mellon University where the gigapan robot was invented and analyze how this combination of imaging technology and robotics has influenced various sciences (astronomy, planetary study, botany, ecology, climatology)
  13. We will study large crowd gigapans such as the Obama Inauguration image and learn how this new imaging technology enables political scientists and sociologists to study crowds and analyze the crowd dynamics as well as various constituencies.  See: http://www.gigapan.org/gigapans/15374 .  An interview with perhaps Dr. xxxxx about how gigapans can be used to study crowds in the recent ‘Arab Spring’ events may take place and students will engage in conversation about the dangers to political movements presented by crowd gigapans.
  14. How time lapse gigapanography/stereo/macro imagery is and will be used by those analyzing change in the environment and ecosystems and what new data/discoveries have or might come to light through this new imaging technology will be the topic of this session.
  15. Education at all levels of the educational system are being influenced by these technologies and the topic of this session will focus on how these technologies transform the class room, result in inter-cultural educational opportunities and deepen a student’s understanding of numerous subjects including history, English literature, poetry, taxonomical skills and more.  We will focus on how these new imaging technologies provide unique opportunities that heretofore have either been lacking or were much more difficult or expensive to provide to students.  Gigapanography, new 3d technologies and microscopic/macro focus stacking result in deeper appreciation and perception of the physical, cultural and historical aspects under study.


Reading Assignments from Possible Texts:



o    Stack-focusing – an object is photographed with various parts of it in focus and other parts out of focus but then a computer software program takes each separate image and combines them into an image that is in full focus, throwing out the pieces of images that were out of focus.  This new method of imaging technology permits macro/close up images of tiny objects to be fully in focus, even microscopic crystals or amoebas.

o    Gigapan – a panorama of a place or an object but one that is created using either a closeup lens or telephoto lens in such a way as to stitch together perhaps 100 or more overlapping detailed shots that then can be zoomed in and examined.  See gigapan.org for examples.

o    3d image – two images are created, one for the left eye, one for the right eye and then various technologies are used to cause the person’s brain to see stereo depth as if the person were observing a real 3 dimensional object or scene.  Glassless 3d technology will be released next year.

o    Lytro camera – an all light field focus camera that captures all the light of a given scene so that everything is in focus.  In contrast to autofocus cameras that will focus on the main subject of the photograph, Lytro all-light-field cameras bring everything in the scene into focus, not just the main subject.


Rubric/Assignments/Grading Criteria

·         10 page research paper that documents how the imaging technologies are likely to bring changes to a particular profession.  Each student will choose one particular profession, perhaps that profession that may be their chosen profession.  This paper will also be transformed into a Powerpoint slideshow and presented as such during our last session to the class.  Grading will be based upon this rubric:

o    Has the student actually discovered through research examples of these imaging technologies being used in the particular profession or

o    Has the student interviewed such a professional and asked how these imaging technologies might be used in this given profession.

o    Does the paper properly footnote all quotations, references, URL links

o    Does the paper include images or links to images on the web that are relevant to the points being made

·         At the end of each session the students will write a synopsis of salient points made in the lecture and at the start of the next session will be asked to present that synopsis in a brief 5 minute mini-lecture.  This assignment will be graded on the basis of whether or not the student has included all the points made in the previous lecture.  Students will take turns at making these brief presentations but all students will turn in their synopsis to be graded.

·         Each student will create a gigapan, create a stereo3d image, create a macro-stacked focused image, create a high-speed video of a moving subject, create an all focused image with the Lytro camera and explain how these images could be used in a given profession.  Each student will be provided in-class with the technology necessary to create these image products and class time will be allocated in such a way that each will be provided the time and necessary tools and will be supervised in the actual ‘lab’ experience while others look on and learn.  Some of these image productions may involve a field trip, though this is an optional aspect of this rubric to be determined (such as a field trip over to the  Art Museum or Forest Park).  These image products will be graded as to whether the student has related the technology to the chosen profession and can explain how it is so related in a paragraph.*

·         Mid-term exam will cover terminology regarding the new imaging technologies and questions pertaining to its current use by various professions as presented in the lectures and in the assigned readings.

·         Final-examination will cover all the lectures, all the readings and include a list of terms to be defined and will test the students’ basic understanding of how the new imaging technology is and can be used in a given profession.

* I will provide all the technology in the classroom that is necessary for each student to experience creating these unique images so that there is no pre-requisite of students bringing such technology to class with them.  These items will include a gigahead robot, a Lytro all-light field camera, a tripod, a digital camera that has high speed/slow motion capability, stack focusing software, 3d conversion software, gigapan stitching software.  It would be important for this class to take place in a computer lab where each student has access to a computer and that computer access to the internet.