Officials Corner

Code of Ethics

USA Track & Field Officials (Extract)

I, as an Official, take pride in serving as skilled professional in service to the sport of Track and Field. While representing the Sport of Athletics, I ensure the integrity of certified official by adhering to a Code of Ethics to direct my officiating practice. I will be:

1. Be Punctual

I will respond quickly to invitations to officiate and commit to those events I am sure that I can work. I will honor every officiating commitment and positively accept any assignment required of me while at the event. I will arrive on time (at least 30 minutes prior to the first call for the events committed to work) and immediately check-in with Chief Official of the assigned event. Upon completion of the assignment, I will assist the Chief Official to assure that the results are promptly submitted and any loaned equipment is returned to its check-out/check-in area. When not assigned, I will either sit in the area designated for non-working officials or, if appropriate, volunteer to serve where my officiating assistance is needed.

2. Wear the Appropriate Uniform and Maintain a Dignified Appearance

I will find out what the officiating attire has been identified for the event, come to the event dressed appropriately and maintain a professional appearance at all times. For all events, I will come to the event prepared to will wear the appropriate uniform

3. Maintain A Positive Athlete-Centered Approach to Officiating

I will seek to ensure that every athlete receives objective and impartial officiating. I will seek to be fair and consistent in applying the rules to each situation. I will exercise appropriate common sense and judgment to my officiating actions-instilling confidence in my integrity, objectivity, impartiality, consistency and knowledge. In dealing with athletes and coaches I will be positive and polite - friendly, but not intrusive or showing favor during the competition. I will maintain a calm demeanor throughout and refrain from actions which draw attention away from the competition proper or which could affect a competitor's performance.

4. Be Professional

As a professional, I will not cause any embarrassment or hamper the efforts of my fellow officials. I will not publicly berate any official, athlete, coach or any other person. I will do the assignment requested and not interfere with or assume duties of tasks assigned to another. I will not publicly question the performance of another official or will take any action, which could be interpreted as showing favoritism to any athlete or team.

5. Know the Applicable Rules

I will know the current rules and their appropriate application to the event(s) I am assigned to officiate.

6. Recognize the Importance of Every Meet and Event

I will treat every meet and every event as prestigious and equally important to any other.

7. Smoking and Alcoholic Beverages

I will not smoke in the vicinity of the competition area or anywhere near the spectators or athletes. If I have to smoke, I will go to an area where no one will see me. On the day of a meet, I will have no alcoholic beverages prior to officiating a meet, during the meet or while being identified as a meet official.

8. Avoid Being Influenced by Others

I will ignore all comments from spectators and others making comments about the officiating.

9. Respect for Volunteerism and Professionalism

Every official is offering her/his most precious resources - time and talent. Each such voluntary gift by these competent professionals should be respected and honoured. There is a personal satisfaction in doing a job well and ensuring every athlete a fair and equal opportunity to compete.


As an athlete, your responsibility is to:

Place academic achievement as the highest priority.

Show respect for teammates, opponents, officials and coaches. Be courteous to all participants, coaches, officials, staff and spectators.
Respect the integrity and judgment of Track and Field officials.
Exhibit sportsmanship and proper conduct on and off the training or competition area.
Exercise self-control and reflect positively upon yourself, your team and your school.
Maintain a high level of safety / awareness.
Refrain from the use of profanity, vulgarity and other offensive language and gestures.
Adhere to the established rules and standards of Athletics.
Make a commitment to the team by supporting their teammates and attending all practices and games.
Respect all equipment and use it safely and appropriately.
Refrain from the use of alcohol, tobacco, illegal and non-prescriptive drugs, anabolic steroids or any substance to increase physical development or performance that is not approved by the International Associations of Athletic Federations.
Know and follow all athletic rules and regulations.
Understand that striving to win is important to success in athletics just as in every facet of life. However, win with character, lose with dignity

DID YOU KNOW? (To be updated)

  • Did you know that Tanika Liburd was ranked 9th best in the World in the Long Jump this year, and recently won double silver medals in the Long jump and 100m in her Conference USA Championships.
  • Did you know that more than six (6) Nevisian athletes are currently studying overseas at U.S. Universities. These include Tanika Liburd, Kevon Pierre, Desarie Walwyn, Stephanie Nisbett and the two Caines brothers.
  • Did you know that Kevon Pierre, of Nevis, recently won the prestigious Penn Relays 100m, while currently attending the Florida Interntional University on a Athletic scholarship?
  • Did you know that Kevon Pierre is currently ranked in the top 100 in the World in the 100m and 200m, and won ALL-CONFERENCE honours for 6 consecutive times.
  • Did you know that Desarie Walwyn, a top athlete at Rice University is the daughter of Derie Walwyn, a former top athlete of the Charlestown Secondary School and Nevis.

            OLDER "DID YOU KNOW's"
  1. Did you know that Olympian, Valma Bass, received her initial training in Nevis, while a student of the Gingerland High School?
  2. Did you know that Christine (Suzy) Lewis of Nevis, has the longest standing record (in the Intermediate 200m) at the TDC Interschool Meet?
  3. Did you know that Kevon Pierre recently broke Kim Collins six (6) year old 200m Leeward Islands Junior Record set in 1995?
  4. Did you know that at age 12, Lenore Pemberton of Nevis ran a sub 59s 400m?
  5. Did you know that the track at Grove Park measures 300m, 100m less than a regular track?
  6. Did you know that the first International Track and Field meet, was held in Nevis during the Culturama festivities?
  7. Did you know that the Gulf Insurance Primary Schools Championship produces annually, the largest crowds of spectators to watch any event of any kind in Nevis? >4,000 spectators.
  8. Did you know that Sarrah Davis of Nevis, was one of the best Junior athletes in the entire United States?
  9. Did you know the Janice Kelly of Gingerland Nevis, attended Howard University in Washington D.C. on a full scholarship and was one of the best 400m runners in the U.S. Collegiate system.

Sprint Technique Drills


1. Butt Kicks:

The aim of this drill is to teach a good active heel recovery, while it also teaches proper hamstring conditioning and speed movement. Emphasize the following:

  • Cues: Hips tall. Toe up. Heel up. Do not scuff foot into the track.
  • Tall posture with foot plants under the center of mass.
  • Quick and continuous snap of the heel to the butt without compromising posture.
  • Slow, horizontal displacement of the body at a jogging pace or done in place.
  • Initiate leg movements with the hands and arms.
  • Running kicks where movement is performed on every step.
  • Varied rhythm kicks where athlete performs movement on every 2nd, 3rd, or 4th step.

2. High Knees:

The aim is to enforce proper posture and range of motion with both legs and arms. Drill can be performed in either a marching, skipping and running mode. Emphasize the following:

  • Cues: Toes up. Heel up. Knee up. Hips tall. Ankle step over the knee.
  • Tall posture with foot plants under the center of mass.
  • Knees lifted to position where thighs are parallel with horizontal running surface.
  • Heel drawn tight to buttocks and toe dorsiflexed.
  • Arms move through full range of sprint arm-action.
  • Horizontal displacement of body is not as important as proper movements of arms and legs.
  • Speed of displacement down the track may vary and care must be taken to maintain control.
  • Straighten the support leg on each step.
  • Keep the body leaning slightly forward at the waist.
  • Emphasize rhythm and consistency of movements.
  • Legs work directly up and down, allow for lower-leg extension on the downward movement to simulate an active, clawing action.
  • Progress from marching to skipping.. Then, to running with emphasis on preparing for an active ground contact with the foot.

3. Fast Leg:

The aim is to isolate the proper motion of the sprint stride into its respective left and right - side movements in order to teach the proper mechanics of the leg through the recovery cycle. This is a advanced drill, speed of movement is the ultimate goal, but most athletes will need to learn this drill at a slower speed before progressing to faster speeds. There are two main types of the fast leg drill (see A and B).

  • Cues: Hips tall. Active toe up. Heel up. Knee up. Try to place the support foot under the center of mass. Ankle step over the knee.

3A.. Single Side Actions:

This is a form of the fast leg drill. To perform this drill, the athlete from a jog with tall posture on the balls of their feet will quickly bring one leg through the recovery cycle in concert with the arms. The keys are to lift the thigh, snapping the heel to the butt, and accelerating the foot back to the track. Perform the movement every 2-3 jog steps. When performed properly, the athlete will sense a feeling of acceleration with each contact of the foot on the track. Emphasize the following:

  • Full and proper range of motion.
  • Acceleration of both thigh and heel recovery upward.
  • Acceleration of thigh downward.
  • Active cycling and clawing of foot in preparation for contact with the ground again.
  • Lower leg kept folded tightly to the thigh until full thigh lift is achieved.
  • Quick action of the arms in proper sprint motions.

3B.. Dual Side Actions:

This is another form of the fast leg drill. To perform, perform like single side actions (see 3A), except the movement alternates from left side to right side following the 2-3 jog steps between executions. The goal is to perfect the drill to the point where it can be performed at near maximum speed.

4. Straight Leg Bounds:

The aim is to isolate and emphasize gthe forward displacement of the hips through force application via the gluteals and hamstrings. The drill teaches the athlete how to effectively prepare for ground contact by applying the necessary force during that phase. Emphasize the following:

  • Cues: Hips tall, toe up. Pop hips forward on each foot contact.
  • Starting from a hips tall position, take several running steps to gain momentum.
  • Keep the feet dorsi-flexed with the toes up and the knees locked. Bound from leg to leg.
  • Foot plants should be executed directly under the center of mass.
  • Maintain an erect posture. Do not lean backwards.
  • Feel the hips "pop" forward on every foot contact and feel the body gain velocity.

Source: USA Track & Field Level 1 Curriculum