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9. numerals

Please learn Interslavic natural numbers from this table:

 0
 nula, (nijedin)
 10
 deset
 
 
 
 
 
 
 1  jedin (m.), jedna (f.), jedno (n.  11  jedinnadset   10  deset  100  sto  1000  tyseč 
 2  dva (m.), dvě (f.), dvě (n.)  12  dvanadset  20  dvadeset  200  dvasto 
 2000  dvatyseč
 3  tri  13  trinadset  30  trideset  300  tristo  3000  trityseč
 4  četyri  14  četyrinadset
 40  četyrideset  400  četyristo 
4000
 četyrityseč 
 5  pet  15  petnadset  50  petdeset  500  petsto  5000  pettyseč
 6  šest  16  šestnadset  60  šestdeset  600  šeststo ...
 
 7  sedm  17  sedmnadset 
 70  sedemdeset 
 700  sedemsto 
 10^6  milion 
 8  osm  18  osmnadset  80  osemdeset  800  osemsto  10^9  bilion
 9  devet  19  devetnadset
 90  devetdeset  900  devetsto  10^12  trilion

  1. Just for Your interest, Interslavic teen numbers (11...19) were evolved from this Old (Church) Slavonic scheme:
    number
    +na+deset, e.g. 15 = pet+na+deset = petnadset.

  2. Number jedin (m.), jedna (f.), jedno (n.) is declined as the soft pronoun in singular and the subject is in corresponding case.

    example:
    jedin člověk (N), jednogo člověka (G), jednomu člověku (D), jednoj ženy (G), ...

  3. When added to other numbers, the number 1 has just only one fixed form jedna in all cases and the subject remains in the plural genitive.

    example:
    dvadesetjedna ljudi (N), dvadesetjedna ljudij (G), dvadesetjedna ljudim (D), dvadesetjedna žen (G), ...

  4. Number dva (m.), dvě (f.), dvě (n.) is declined dva (N,A), dvoh (G,A), dvom (D,L), dvoma(I). Numbers tri and četyri are declined as tri (N,A), trěh (G,A), trěm (D,L), trěmi (I) and the subject is in corresponding case.

    example:
    tri ljudi
    (N), trěh ljudij (G), trěm ljudjam (D), trěh žen (G), ...
    dva ljudi
    (N), dvoh ljudij (G), dvom ljudjam (D), dvoma ženami (I), ...

  5. All other numbers ending by the consonant (e.g. -t, -m, -č) are declined as the noun declension pattern kost (a bone) in singular and the subject remains in the plural genitive.

    example:
    pet ljudij
    (N), peti ljudij (G), peti ljudij (D), tyseči žen (G), ...

  6. Number nula (zero, nula) is declined as the feminine noun declension pattern žena (a woman) in singular and the subject is in corresponding case and the subject remains in the plural genitive.

    example:
    nula ljudij
    (N), nuly ljudij (G), nulě ljudij (D), nuly žen (G), ...

  7. There is an alternative form of number zero: nijedin (m.), nijedna (f.), nijedno (n.) and the subject is in corresponding case.

    example:
    nijedin člověk
    (N), nijednogo člověka (G), nijednomu člověku (D), nijednoj ženy (G), ...

  8. Number sto (hundred) and its derivatives is declined as the neuter noun declension pattern sělo (a village) in singular and the subject remains in the plural genitive.

    example:
    sto ljudij
    (N), sta ljudij (G), stu ljudij (D), sta žen (G), ...

  9. Number milijon (million) and its derivatives is declined as the masculine noun declension pattern grad (a town) in singular and the subject remains in the plural genitive.

    example:
    milijon ljudi
    (N), milijona ljudij (G), milijonu ljudim (D), milijona žen (G), ...

  10. Composed numbers are written together in decadic triplets separated by spaces, having declined the last numeric element only.

    example:
    12 327 = dvanadset tyseč tristodvadesetsedm (N), dvanadset tyseč tristodvadesetsedmi (G), ...


ordinal numbers

Neoslavonic ordinal numbers behave (and are declined, of course) in the same way as standard adjectives. Composed ordinal numbers have ordinal form of the last numeric element only.

0
 nulty 
 10  desety
 1  prvy  11  jedninadsety
 2  vtory  20  dvadesety
 3  tretji  21  dvadesetyprvy
 4  četvrty   
 22  dvadesetyvtory
 5  pety  100  sotny
 6  šesty  200  dvěsotny
 7  sedmy  1000  tysečny
 8  osmi  2000  dvětysečny
 9  devety  1^6  milionty


interrogative, demonstrative and indefinite number

These numbers are not inflected because they behave grammatically as adverbs. The corresponding subject is attached to them in genitive plural.

It is possible to create several numerals using prefixes to the interrogative numerals. Learn them from this table. The same prefixes (e.g. t-, ni-, nie-, ...) are used at pronouns and adverbs.

 adverb - like 
 adjective - like 
 koliko? 
 how much?, how many?   koliky? 
 which one? (question on the order)
 toliko  as many, as much, this amount       toliky  this (answer to the question on the order)
 nikoliko  no, nothing   nikoliky 
 no (answer to the question on the order)
 několiko 
 some, some number of  několiky 
 some (answer to the question on the order)

Remember also these two indefinite numerals, please:

 mnogo  many, much  (derived from the adjective mnogy = multiple)
 malo  a little, few (derived from the adjective maly = small, little)
examples:

Koliko imaješ aut? = How many cars do you have?
Imaju toliko, koliko jest mi trěba. = I have as many I need.
Vidim několiko ljudij. = I can see some number of people.


fractions, set numbers, multiple numbers

  1. Multiple numbers are made using multiplicative suffix -krat (times, multiplied by) and behave as adverbs.
    example: dvakrat = two times, desetkrat = ten times.

  2. Pair (doublet) is par declined as the masculine noun grad (town). Corresponding subjects are in genitive plural.
    example: Imaju tri pary obuvij. = I have three pairs of shoes.

  3. All kind of containers or similar concepts are expressed in the same way as pairs. Corresponding subjects are in genitive plural.
    example: Imaješ jedin buket květov. = You have one bouquet of flowers.

  4. One half is polovina declined by the feminine noun pattern žena (woman). Corresponding subjects are in genitive singular.
    example: polovina hlěba = one half of bread.

  5. Other fractions (1/3, 1/4, ...) are made from ordinal numbers by adding suffix -ina and are declined by the feminine noun pattern žena (woman). Corresponding subjects are in genitive singular.
    example: četvrtina hlěba = one fourth of bread.

  6. Decimal numbers have točka (decimal point). This word originally means any point and is declined by the feminine noun pattern žena (woman), but in decimal numbers it has always the same form točka.
    example: 3.14 = tri točka četyrinadset.

  7. In written text, we need to write ordinal numbers in the nominative with point and in all other cases with their inflection endings.
    example: 5. = 5th, fifth (m. sg. N),
    5-ogo = 5th, fifth (m. sg. G), 5-ym = 5th, fifth (m. sg. I), ...
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