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19. non-conforming attributes, transformations, capitalization

Conforming attribute is consistent with the object (noun, pronoun, numeral, ...) in the case, gender and number, and changes in both these categories according by its corresponding object. It is usually before its object and is most often represented by an adjective or an adjective pronoun.

example:

dobry (N) človiek
(N),
dobrogo
(G) člověka (G),
dobromu
(D) člověku (D), ... = a good (wo)man


non-conforming attribute

Non-conforming attribute is not consistent with the object (noun, pronoun, numeral, ...) in the case, gender and number, and keeps the same own case regardless its corresponding object changes its cases. It is usually after its object and is most often represented by a noun or pronoun in some case with optional preposition.

example:

člověk (N) iz Ameriky (G),
člověka (G) iz Ameriky (G),
člověku (D) iz Ameriky (G), ... = a (wo)man from America

It is obvious that both conforming and non-conforming attribute can be added to the same object. (e.g. dobromu (D) člověku (D) iz Ameriky (G))


transformation of the subject in clause with verb byti = to be

In some situations we need to convert (compress) an entire clause into a unique element for usage in another clause. Original clause components in nominative are converted to the conforming attribute and other non-nominative clause components are converted to the non-conforming attributes.

example:

Muž jest dobry. Toj muž jest iz Ameriky. Vidime tu togo muža.
= A man in good. This man is from America. We can see this man here.

first two clauses are transformed as an element of the third clause:

Vidimo tu dobrogo muža iz Ameriky. = We can see a good man from America.


Passive clauses are transformed in the same way as other clauses having verb byti = to be. The only difference is that a performer in instrumental case is transformed to the non-conforming attribute with preposition od + genitive.

example:

Slovo jest pisano Bogom (I). = A word is written by the God.

is transfomed to:

slovo od Boga (G) = a word by/from the God


transformation of the subject in clause with other verb than byti (to be)

Verb of this clause is converted to the active adjectival participle of the subject. Other clause components are converted to the non-conforming attributes.

example:

Žena piše pismo. Ta žena sedi doma. = A woman writes a letter. This woman is sitting at home.

first clause transformed as an element of the second clause:

Žena pišuča pismo sedi doma. = A woman (writing a letter) is sitting at home.


transformation of the entire clause

When we need to transform an entire clause, we can transform the verb to the verbal noun and other clause elements to non-conforming attributes. Then we need:
  1. The subject of original clause in nominative is transformed to the non-conforming attribute with preposition od + genitive. 
  2. The object of original clause in accusative is transformed to the non-conforming attribute in genitive.
  3. Adverbs are transformed to adjectives of the verbal nous.

example:

Brat dobro rysovaje naš dom. = The brother draws our house well.

when we apply these transformations:

brat (N) → od brata (G)
dobro (adv.) → dobro (adj.)
rysovaje (v.) → rysovanje (noun)
naš dom (A) → našego doma (G)

we can transform the original clause as follows:

dobro rysovanje našego doma od brata


multiple attribute

Multiple attribute is a simple matter. This is about more attributes in the same case, gender and number being repeated several times in some sequence.

example:

Kto jest toj filosof učitelj naš? = Who is that our philosopher (and) teacher?


capitalization

Neoslavonic is an auxiliary language, and therefore has no strict rules for capitalization. Frankly said, You can use the same rules that you know your native language. But there is one simple rule that would be good to follow:

Each name of any unique subject/object should have first word of its name capitalized.

examples:

Slovacka republika = Slovak Republic
Europska unija = European Union
Naum Ohridsky = Naum of Ohrid, because «Ohrid» is also an independent name.
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