Over the last 15 years, my science platform and my student learning tools have benefited from over $25 million in grants from the National Science Foundation (“NSF”), U.S. Department of Education (“DOE”), the Office of Naval Research, the Spencer Foundation, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, the US Army and the Massachusetts Technology Transfer Council. The below grants were worth a total of $50 million, but I am only counting the amount that came here to WPI. For the last decade I have had annual research expenditures of $1-2 million per year. In the last 12 months I, with my collaborators, have received over $6 million in new funding.

In 2016, prior to presenting at the White House, both NSF and DOE requested I share their history of support for the development of ASSISTments in promoting individualized learning. You can read the NSF one here and the DOE one here.


  • GA42 GAANN  Prof Rundensteiner and I won a ~$900,000 award to fund US Ph.D. students in Artificial Intelligence (which I teach). Grant #P200A180088
  • GA41 QUICK-COMMENTS (to be announced) Schmidt Foundation. $300,000 
  • GA40 NSF-Cyberlearning (1822830) "Putting Teachers in the Driver’s Seat: Using Machine Learning to Personalize Interactions with Students (DRIVER-SEAT)". With CoPI Jacob Whitehill. $744,317. Press Release. An event at Lesley and the WPI version.
  • GA39 ONR "A Bayesian Multi-Scale Personalized Learning Approach" with CoPI Jacob Whitehill. N00014-18-1-2768. $398,648 (8/1/2018-7/31/2021)  
  • GA38 IES: "From Here to There" Efficacy Trial (R305A180401). The PI is Erin Ottmar. ($3.2 million) 
  • GA37 NSF: Personalizing Mathematics to Maximize Relevance and Skill for Tomorrow's STEM Workforce (1759229) PI is Candace Walkington at SMU and Matt Bernaki at University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill. ($1 million). Read Press about this. 
  • GA36 IES: Efficacy of ASSISTments Online Homework Support for Middle School Mathematics Learning: A Replication Study. (R305A170137). US Department of Education: Institute for Education Sciences. The PI is SRI's Mingyu Feng. $3.3 million (WPI's share is $1.2 million).
  • GA35 IES: Evaluating the Effectiveness of the ASSISTments Feedback System. (R305A170243). US Department of Education: Institute for Education Sciences. The PI is AIR's Kirk Walters. $3.8 million total (WPI's share is $1.5 million).
  • GA34 NSF: CIF21 DIBBs: PD: Enhancing and Personalizing Educational Resources through Tools for Experimentation (1724889) PI Heffernan & Korinn Ostrow. 7/1/2017-6/30/2020. 
  • GA33 NSFBD Spokes: Spoke: NorthEast: Collaborative: Grand Challenges for Data-Driven Education. (1636782). NSF-Div Of Information & Intelligent Systems. NSF Program: BD Spokes -Big Data Regional Innovation Spokes. $429,110. 9/1/2016-8/31/2019.
  • GA32 GAANN Fellowships in Computer Science to Support Data-Driven Computing Research. U.S. Department of Education (P200A150306) PI Elke Rundensteiner. $885,834 09/01/2015 - 08/31/2018.
  • GA31 NSF: Collaborating Research: The Downside of Perseverance - Investigating and Moving Students Beyond Unproductive Persistence (1535428). NSF EHR Core. $499,892 10/1/2015-9/30-2018
  • GA30 “Integration of Intelligent Tutoring Systems for Electronics” Office of Naval Research. $166,649 5/1/15 – 12/31/15.  
  • GA29 NSF: SI2-SSE&SSI. Adding Research Accounts to the ASSISTments Platform: Helping Researchers Do Randomized Controlled Studies with Thousands of Students. (1440753) $486,000. 2014 - 2016. 
  • GA28  NSF: DRK12  Improving Formative Assessment Practices: Using Learning Trajectories to Develop Resources that Support Teacher Instructional Practice and Student Learning in CMP2. (DRL-1316736). PI UIC Chicago's Allison Superfine Castro, Mara V. Martinez, Susan R. Goldman and James W. Pellegrino. WPI will receive $350,039 of the $2.2 million.
  • GA27  NSF: REAL. Making Math Tutors More Engaging and Effective through Interaction Design Patterns and Educational Data Mining (DRL-1252297). PI Ryan Baker at Columbia. WPI will receive  $372,125 of the $1,480,949.
  • GA26 US Department of Education: GAANN. Fellowships in CS to Support the Learning Sciences and Security. PI Heffernan. Awarded approximately $800,000 to support five Ph.D. per year. 2012-2016. 
  • GA25  Professor Joe Beck wrote a grant to the Gates Foundation to add adaptive personalized learning to a WPI course. Neil is a coPI on the project. $100,000.
  • GA24  Office of Naval Research. Two computer tutors will be combined to together. PI Bev Woolf of UMass. Of the $1.5 million award, WPI will receive $700,000. 2012 - 2014. See this.  
  • GA23  SRI’s Jeremy Roschelle is the PI on a efficacy trial called “An Efficacy Study of Online Mathematics Homework Support: An Evaluation of the ASSISTments Formative Assessment and Tutoring Platform.” (R305A120125) Read more here and here. Of the $3.5 million award, WPI will get $1,200,000. 2012 - 2016.
  • GA22  Next Generation Learning Challenge through EDUCASUE. (The primary funders are the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and the Hewlett Foundation) ASSISTments: Using Web-Based Technologies to Support Grades Mathematics Abstract. PI Neil Heffernan. $500,000. 2011 - 2012.
  • GA21  NSF: REESE Program. Taking advantage of Cognitive Science Principles: Adding to a Computer-Based tutor an Automatic Reassessment and Relearning System (ARRS).  (#1109483PI Joseph Beck. CoPI Heffernan. $750,000. 2011 - 2014.
  • GA20  NSF: ITEST Program. Predicting STEM career choice from computational indicators of student engagement within middle school mathematics classes. (1031398 ) PI Ryan Baker. CoPI Neil Heffernan. $700,000. 2011 - 2014. 
  • GA19  US Department of Education: Institute for Education Sciences. National Center for Cognition and Mathematics Instruction (NCCMI) (R305C100024) PI Heffernan's role is this. WestEd is the project lead. WPI will receive $500,000 of $10 million. 2010 - 2015.
  • GA18  US Department of Education: Institute for Education Sciences. ASSISTments Meets Science Learning. (R305A090170) PI Janice Gobert. CoPIs Heffernan and Beck. $1.2 million. 2009 - 2012.
  • GA17  NSF: GK12 Program. Partnership Implementing Math and Science Education: Assisting Middle School Use of Tutoring Technology. (#0742503$2 million. 2008 - 2013.
  • GA16  NSF: Research Experience for Teachers Supplement. $19,500.
  • GA15  NSF: DRK-12. ASSISTments Meets Inquiry. (#0733286) PI Janice Gobert. Co-PIs Heffernan, Ruiz & Kim. $1.5 million. 2007 - 2012.
  • GA14  NSF Supplement Research Experience for Undergraduates. $13,500.
  • GA13  Massachusetts Technology Transfer Center. Scaling up a Web-Based Formative Assessment System: Testing the Replicability of Deploying ASSISTment beyond its 'Home Town'. PI Neil Heffernan. $40,000. 2007.
  • GA12  US Department of Education. Making Longitudinal Web-Based Assessments Give Cognitively Diagnostic Reports to Teachers, Parents & Students While Employing Mastery Learning. (R305A070440PI Heffernan. Co-PIs Ken Koedinger (CMU), Brian Junker (CMU), George T. Heineman (WPI), Murali Mani (WPI) & Cristina Heffernan (WPS). $2 million. 2007 - 2011.
  • GA11  National Science Foundation: CAREER GrantLearning About Learning. (#0448319PI Neil Heffernan. $646,000. 2005 – 2010.
  • GA10  Office of Naval Research (ONR). Demonstrating Affordable Behavior Modeling with CTAT through Machine Learning and Human Computer Interaction Techniques. PI Neil Heffernan. $275,000. 2005 - 2008.
  • GA9    US Department of Education: GAANN. Fellowships in CS to Support the Learning Sciences and Security. PI Matt Ward. Co-PIs Heffernan, Agu and Mani. Awarded approximately $800,000 to support five Ph.D. per year. 2006 - 2009.
  • GA8    US Department of Education: Institute of Education Sciences. Using Web-Based Cognitive Assessment Systems for Predicting Student Performance on State Exams. (R305K030140PI Ken Koedinger. Co-PIs Heffernan, Junker and Ritter. $1.4 million. 2003 - 2007.
  • GA7    National Science Foundation. Research Experience for K12. $99,457. PI Elke Rundensteiner. Co-PI Heffernan. 2006 – 2008.
  • GA6    US Army: Phase 2: STTR. PI Sonalysts, Inc. $500,000.
  • GA5    US Army: Phase 1: STTR. How to incorporate intelligent tutoring into Army warrior simulation systems. PI Sonalysts Inc. $100,000.
  • GA4    Research Advancement Program at WPI: “Programming by Demonstration for Intelligent Tutoring Systems.” PI-Heffernan. $7,500. 2003.
  • GA3    Office of Naval Research (ONR). Affordable Cognitive Modeling Authoring Tools using HCI Methods. PI Heffernan. $203,304.  2003 - 2006.
  • GA2    Office of Naval Research (ONR). Cognitive Tutor Tools for Advanced Instructional Strategies. PI Ken Koedinger. Co-PIs Heffernan & Aleven. $200,000. 2002.
  • GA1    National Academy of Education/Spencer Foundation. A Comparison of Student Learning Under Multiple Conditions: Classroom Instruction, One-on-one Human Tutoring, and Different types of Computer Tutoring. PI-Heffernan. $50,000. 2002 - 2004.

Dr. Heffernan and his team want to thank multiple NSF grants (e.g., ACI-1440753, DRL-1252297, DRL-1109483, DRL-1316736, DGE-1535428, OAC-1724889,OAC-1636782, 1822830 & DRL-1031398), the US Department of Education Institute for Education Sciences (e.g., IES R305A180401, R305A120125, R305A180401, & R305C100024) and the Graduate Assistance in Areas of National Need program (e.g., P200A180088 & P200A150306 ), and the Office of Naval Research (N00014-18-1-2768)