GRADE 11 HISTORY
This page focuses on the negative effects of what the Apartheid system has brought to the country.
Aparthied has promoted and sustained racism between the people of South Africa. The country is struggling to unite its people of different races all because of how the aparthied policy has psychogically damaged them.
Aparthied has also promoted racial discrimination.
Today, South Africa is Democratic developing country where everybody has the right to vote so that their voices may be heard. During the time in which the Aparthied government was still in power, the economy was divided and in some parts of the country, there was extreme poverty.
The Aparthied system divided the country along racial lines and there was segregation all over the country. The white race was promoted and was seen as superior to the other races of the country. Public facilities such as shops, toilets, beaches, parks and resturants were divided according to race. White people utilised the best facilities and then was the Indians, coloureds with black people below the social chain.
Black people were the ones that were mostly affected by this policy. Because they were at the bottom of the social chain,they recieved the worst facilities ever. They also could not study in white schools and universities which made them have a smaller circle of career options. High school education was the highest qualification that most black people had so they could not become doctors and nurses or even lawyers. All they could become was teachers in black schools,gardern workers for white surburbs and domestic workers if they were women. However, they could not just flow in and out of the white surburbs as they pleased, they had to carry what resembled an ID document that had all their details that was to be assessed by the white police to grant them access into the white,indian and coloured surburb and this document was called the 'Dompass'.They also could not flow in and out of the city as they pleased too because they had a certain time allocated for them to go in the city in the morning and evacuate later in sunset. They had to also have the dompass accompany them everytime, wherever they were going apart from the townships they lived in. If you were black and did not have a pass with all your details with you, you were refused admission into the white surbubs.
Schools were no exception, as they were also segregated. The negative effect that aparthied had in schools was that black learners should be taught in Afrikaans. which for many was a langauge not even spoken and foreign.English was already a foreign language to them and most of them already struggled with it but when this law was passed, the learners initiated a mass protest against the use of Afrikaans in their schoolwork. Black students could no longer cope with failing at school because of Afrikaans so they decided to march to Orlando Stadium in Soweto. They did this in protest of studying in Afrikaans. However, the Aparthied police did not want this, so they used teargas to disperse the large crowd but when the students retaliated with throwing stones at the police. There were no warning shots from the police as they began opening fire to the children. Many lives were lost that day and one of the first children that was shot that day was legendary Hector Peterson.
Apart from just the mass killings that happened during the apartheid regime, the were many other effects it brought to the South African community. These effects did not happen only on black people but other nin-white races such as the coloureds and the indians. People were separated from thier families,those were the fairer coloured people who looked more white than coloured, the indians that looked more coloured than indian and the blacks who looked more coloured than black. This process happened with the Group Areas Act. People were moved to places of their own race and some even moved to families that they were not even part of.