Every year a focal theme is announced for the CSC. The children are expected to carry out projects related to the focal theme and the identified sub-themes. Activity books are available to help guide teachers and the child scientists. A group of children not exceeding 5 (five), can do the project with the help of scientists, school teachers, co-ordinators of school science clubs, activists of science based voluntary organizations etc. The teachers/guides receive special orientation on the theme of the CSC every year.
The Focal Theme for 2012 &2013 is:
ENERGY: EXPLORE, HARNESS & CONSERVE