An alphabetical listing of outside sources and references used to gather information for this site.  


Caliciviridae Molecular Biology


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Nidhi Bhat

Stanford University

Class of 2008 


"Caliciviridae." PathoSystems Resource Integration Center. <>. 12 March 2008.  

“Caliciviruses.” MicrobiologyBytes Virology. 11 September 2007. <>. 10 March 2008. 

Chiba, Shunzo et. al. “Sapporo Virus: History and Recent Findings.” The Journal of Infectious Diseases. 2000. 181:S303–S308. 

Clarke, Ian and Paul Lambden. “The molecular biology of caliciviruses.” Journal of General Virology. 1997. 78, pages 291-301.

Estes MK, et al. “Noroviruses everywhere: has something changed?” Current Opinion in  Infectious Disease. 2006. 19: 467-74. 

Hansman, GS. “Human sapoviruses: genetic diversity, recombination and classification.” Reviews in Medical Virology. 2007 March-April. 17(2): 133-141. 

Hudson, JB et. al. “Inactivation of Norovirus by ozone gas in conditions relevant to healthcare.” Journal of Hospital Infection. Vol. 66, Issue 1. Pages 40-45. May 2007. <
pubmed&uid=17350729&cmd=showdetailview&indexed=google>.  12 March 2008.

Hutson AM, et al. “Norovirus disease: changing epidemiology and host susceptibility factors.” Trends in Microbiology. 2004. 12: 279-287.

Jeffery, Simon. “Spain shuts border to virus ship.” The Guardian. 3 November 2003. <>. 11 March 2008.

Kapikian, Albert. “The Discovery of the 27-nm Norwalk Virus: An Historic Perspective.” The Journal of Infectious Diseases. 2000. 181:S295–S302.

Knipe, David M., and Peter M. Hawley, eds. Fields Virology. 5th ed. Vol. 2. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health, 2007. Page 951-960.

Lennette, Edwin. Laboratory Diagnosis of Viral Infections. Informa Health Care: 1992. Page 415-420. 

Lopman et al. “Two Epidemiologic Patterns of Norovirus Outbreaks: Surveillance in England and Wales, 1992–2000.” Emerging Infectious Diseases. January 2003. 9(1). 

Noel, JS. “Identification of a distinct common strain of "Norwalk-like viruses" having a global distribution.” Journal of Infectious Disease. 1999 June. 179(6): 1334-44.

Oka, Tomoichiro et. al. “Highly Conserved Configuration of Catalytic Amino Acid Residues among Calicivirus-Encoded Proteases.” Journal of Virology. Vol. 81, No. 13. page 6798-6806. July 2007. <>. 12 March 2008.

Phan, Tung Gia et. al. “Emergence of intragenotype recombinant sapovirus in Japan.” Infection, Genetics and Evolution. Vol. 7, Issue 4. Pages 542-546. July 2007. <
&cmd=showdetailview&indexed=google>. 12 March 2008.

Phan, TG et. al. “Multiple recombinant noroviruses in Japan.” Clinical Laboratory. Vol. 53, No. 9-12. January 2007. <
RVDocSum>. 12 March 2008. 

Rudemacher, C et. al. “NMR Experiments Reveal the Molecular Basis of Receptor Recognition by a Calicivirus.” Journal of the American Chemists Society. 2008 February 27. <
Pubmed_RVDocSum>. 11 March 2008.