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Uwe Böhnhardt

Uwe Böhnhardt (born 1 October 1977 in Jena, † November 4, 2011 in Eisenach)

1977

October 1
Böhnhardt is born on 01.10.1977 within wedlock as the youngest child[1], the son of teacher Brigitte and an engineer Jürgen Böhnhardt, and Uwe is the youngest of three brothers. He grew up in a housing estate in Jena-Lobeda[2], and grew up in good harmony with his two older siblings. Childhood and educational development are without abnormalities.[1]

1988

Unknown
Böhnhardt's older brother Peter died a few months before his 18th birthday under mysterious circumstances. Passers-by had found him lifeless on the doorstep of his parents in Jena.[2] For Böhnhardt, his brother had been an important role model.[1]

1991

Summer
It is the summer of 1991, as a new era dawns and the entire school system of the GDR was soon to be reformed. All of a sudden there is grammar school and regular-level education. Uwe has to leave his old school, his friends go grammar school.[4]

Autumn
Böhnhardt begins to skip classes. First only a few hours, then he won't appear in class for days.[4]

1992

January
District Court of Gera has registered Böhnhardt has committed several lesser offenses since January 1992.[1]

April
Böhnhardt is recommended for psychological counseling in April 1992 and sent to the orphanage in Burgk. He is discharged after two months again, since he had committed criminal offenses and therefore was no longer viable for the home.[1]

Summer
Back with his parents, he attends school only sporadically.[1] Böhnhardt has to repeat the seventh grade and in the school year 1992/93 he is enrolled in a special school.[4] In the new school, he also found no acceptance with his peers due to his advanced state of development. Therefore, he joined older adolescents. These belonged to the right-wing scene.[1]

1993

Unknown
Böhnhardt is a guest at Wohlleben's birthday party.[3]

February 2
Böhnhardt is caught for stealing computers at his school, which he left without a degree.[4]

5 February
In the period from 05.02. to 05.05.1993 he is in custody for the first time.[1] The 15-year-old Böhnhardt is convicted of several robberies and brawls, sentenced to four months in youth prison without parole which he served in the juvenile detention center Hohenleuben.[5]

June
Uwe is released from prison.[4]

1 September
Böhnhardt is in custody for the second time from 01.09. to 06.12.1993[1]

December
He completes a course in a professional preparatory year, which lasts until the summer of 1994. Uwe graduates with five 70% and two 80% scores and then attends the vocational training center in Jena.[1] [4]

1994

Unknown
From 1994 Böhnhardt visits the "Winzerclub", a youth club in Jena Winzerla.[4]

1 September
Böhnhardt begins an apprenticeship as a skilled construction worker.[1]

1995

Unknown
The German Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution spotted Böhnhardt already in 1995 in an internal information system, marking him as right-wing radical.[4]

Summer
Böhnhardt completes his vocational training year in the vocational training center in Jena, to begin his pfficial training as a construction workers, he finished with an overall score of "good".[4]

September 10
Zschäpe and Böhnhardt throw eggs at a memorial of the victims of fascism in Rudolstadt.[2]

November 10
According to the former NPD and THS activist Thomas R, Uwe Böhnhardt may have been responsible for the bomb attack on a refugee camp in Jena on November 10, 1995. Nobody was injured.[6]

1996

May 8
In period from 08.05. to 24.06.1996. Böhnhardt's telecommunications are monitored in lihgtof court case 114 Js 7630/96. It is seen that in May and June 1996, Böhnhardt seeks a garage (calls on 24.05., 11.06 and 17.06.1996) and a garden plot (telephone conversation on 24.05.1996) and thathe was romantically involved with Zschäpe (phone calls on 03.06. and 08.06.1996).[1]

18 June
Police search Böhnhardt's apartment in the Richard Zimmermann-Straße 11 Jena and find records with the titles "NSDAP" by the group "Macht und Ehre", "Berlin bleibt Deutsch" by the group "Landser" und "Breslau" by the group "Commando Pernod". The records were intended for sale.[1]

27 June
Böhnhardt successfully completes his apprenticeship. He has seen two years through, passes the exam before the Chamber of Commerce, 81 of a possible 100 points, overall rating of "good".[4] After his studies he joins the company he had his apprenticeship with, where can work until Autumn 1996.[1]

28 June
Böhnhardt gets unemployment benefits from the employment office in Jena until the 3rd July. [1]

4 July
Böhnhardt is employed until 31 August[1]

2 September
Böhnhardt receives unemployment benefits from the employment office in Jena until 31 May 1997.[1]

1997

Spring
In the spring of 1997 Böhnhardt is convicted for the fifth time because of the distribution of NS rock CDs and sedition. That same year, because of the doll on the highway bridge, the sixth sentence adds it to two years and three months in prison, but despite these renewed verdicts Böhnhardt does not have to go to jail again until his going undercover in 1998.[5]

2 June
Böhnhardt is employed until the 20th June.[1]

21 June
Böhnhardt gets unemployment benefits from the employment office in Jena until 27 August.[1]

28 August
Böhnhardt is employed until the 8th September.[1]

9 September
Böhnhardt receives unemployment benefits from the employment office Jena.[1]

Autumn
In late 1997, the nationwide "B & H" youth organization "White Youth" is founded in Thuringia, the members want to organize younger people into the scene and retain older comrades. It has about 40 members, who come from the far-right skinhead scene and are partly members of right-wing bands or the publisher or relevant fanzines. The NSU members are also present.[1]

October
In October at the latest, several neonazis begin shooting practice on a field near Kahla; this goes on until 2000. MDR reports that according to witnesses, André Kapke and Böhnhardt also took part in this.[8]

16 October
The Amtsgericht Jena sentences Böhnhardt for violation of the Arms Act on 16 April 1997. On 16.04.1997 in the area of the bridge of the motorway 4 in Maua he had an air rifle "Carabina Cardega" with him without being in possession of the necessary legal weapons permit.[1]

1998

January 26
police raids several properties in Jena, including the home of Uwe Böhnhardt's parents and their garage. Böhnhardt's computer is confiscated. Böhnhardt personally brings the police to another garage that was rented by Beate Zschäpe and before the officers to open the garage, he drives away with his car.

2007

Unknown
Mundlos made multiple vacation trips to the island of Fehmarn with Böhnhardt and Zschäpe, on the camping site Wulfener Hals where they rented a caravan.[8]

2008

May
Mundlos, Böhnhardt and Zschäpe move to a house Frühlingsstraße 26 in Zwickau's district Weissenborn, a house neo-Nazi Matthias D. had rented.[8]

2011

November 4
On 04.11.2011 at 09:15, Uwe Böhnhardt and Uwe Mundlos rob the savings bank on Nordplatz 17 in Eisenach and loot 71,915 euros. They then flee on bicycles to a mobile home, which they drive in the district belonging to Eisenach Stregda.[1] On the run they are discovered by the police. After shooting at the officers Mundlos and Böhnhardt kill themselves. The police find Mundlos and Böhnhardt dead in an RV in the street Schafrain in Eisenach.[9]

Sources:
[1] Gerhard Schäfer, Volkhard Wache, Gerhard Meiborg: Gutachten zum Verhalten der Thüringer Behörden und Staatsanwaltschaften bei der Verfolgung des „Zwickauer Trios”. Ministry of Internal Affairs, County Thuringia. 15 May 2012, retrieved 4 Oktober 2012 (PDF; 1,7 MB).
[2] "Bruder des NSU-Killers lag einst tot vor der Haustür". In: Focus from 2 December 2012
[4] "Unser Sohn Uwe Böhnhardt, der Terrorist". In: Die Welt from 26 December 2011
[5] Christian Bommarius, "Ermittler haben Böhnhardt instrumentalisiert". In: Frankfurter Rundschau from 10 April 2013
[6] http://www.focus.de/panorama/reportage/report-terror-erster-versuch_aid_722806.html
[7] Das Wer-ist-Wer des Terrorismus, faz.net from 3. März 2013
[8] Zufrieden mit Soldat Mundlos: Bundeswehr kümmerte sich nicht n-tv.de from 7 November 2012
[9] "Mundlos erschoss Böhnhardt". Hamburger Abendblatt 21 November 2011.