Chorangi Nath

The pathetic story of the Siddh Caurangī-nāth, who also known as Pūran Bhagat and Pūran Mal, or simply Pūran, since long time was the favorite theme of the folklore songs singed by the wondering minstrels all over India, especially in its Northern states from Punjab to Bengal. The tale of the young prince who was falsely accused by his zealous step-mother, and who was thrown into well after his hands and legs were cut away, was the theme of the numerous ballads and the folk-theater plays, touching the hearts of the people all over India. In the legends about him, he is traditionally connected with the Guru Gorakh Nath (guru bhai), Matsyendra Nath (his guru) and another legendary Natha personage Raja Rasalu, who was his younger brother born from the same step mother which unfairly has accused him. There existing so many variations of the legend depicting the life story of the Siddh Chorangi Nath that sometimes it becomes difficult to decide, which of them is more resembles his actual biography. Along with the numerous versions of his life story in Hindi, there exists one more account about his life, which has appeared amongst the stories of the Eighty Four Great Siddhas written from the point of vie of the Buddhist Vajrayana Tradition. The original Sanscrit manuscript of the book known as Caturaśīti-siddha-pravṛitti has been lost, and only Tibetan translation of the text has survived. At the present moment, it is the oldest written account of his life, which is nearly one millennium old.

About his name

He have got his name Chorangi-nath in accordance with the Nath tradition of India, and Chorangipa in accordance with Tibetan tradition of Mahasiddhas because his limds were cut away. Cīrā literally means an incision, a cut or a wound, and aṅg means a limb, therefore Cīrā-aṅgi means ‘whose limbs were cut away.’ Similarly he called Pūran Bhagat, Pūran Mal or simply Pūran becouse he got his body restored to its previous condition. Pūrā means entire, complete or whole, therefore Pūran can be translated as ‘whose body was restored in its previous conditon and become entire as before.’ ?
He became great yogi and realised mahasiddha in both traditions as indian as well as Tibetan. Although Tibetan version of legend about him found in CSP says that he had no disciples, Nātha sect presently has one pant presumably founded by him that is Pagal panthi.


As with many others Natha Siddhas, it is quite difficult to figure out the exact time when he lived, but one fact is without doubt: in accordance with most legends he lived at the same time with Guru Goraksh Nath and Matseyndranath. There exists great disagreement of the different historical reference placing him between 2nd to 9th centuries. Legends usually do not mention period of time he lived, and historical records about the people contemporary to him vary significantly.

The most common version of legend existing in India, and amongst the Natha Sadhus, says that he was the son of the Raja of Syālkoṭ (presently the area of Punjab in Pakistan), Śālivāhan (Salwan, Sālbān) and the Queen Ichhran (Achhrā, Achran). Historically, the city Syālkoṭ (the old name Sākal) was built in the end of eight century by the father of Raja Śālivāhan, Gaj by name. It is said that prior it, he had his capital situated at Rāval-Piṇḍī, near the place where the new capital was built. The Raja Śālivāhan has rebuilt the city about at the same time when Raja Sam Dutt was the ruler of Kashmir. In accordance with some legends, Raja Śālivāhan was of the Sia caste, and therefore the name ‘Syālkoṭ’ means 'the fort of Sias'. He had two sons: Puran and Rasalu and two wives, Rani Loona Chamba and Rani Achran. The well in which Puran was thrown by his father still exist near Sialkot, on distance five miles and called "Pūran Bhagat vālā Kūa" (well of Puran), there are village near it which also called Pūran vālā (vilage of Puran). Previously it is said Puran’s tomb was there, at least till 1857 A.D. which later was destroyed.

Legends and stories


On the advice of the Hindu pandits and palmists, the young Prince's name was chosen to be Puran. Rani Lona was the first wife of Raja Salbahan but she was childless. So as Raja Salbahan grew closer to Rani Achran, Rani Lone felt jealous of her and did not miss any opportunities to insult Rani Achran and Puran.
Incidentally, a Guru who lived beside the Chenab river, Guru Gorakhnath, happened by that well with his companions. While they were resting beside the well they found the injured Prince and rescued him. After the Prince had partially recovered and related his story, Guru Gorakhnath invited him to join his group and started his physical recovery and spiritual training. After few years of stay, Guru Gorakhnath ordered the Prince to stay beside the well, built him a camp for his residence and departed to Jehlum. Prince Puran stayed there for many years and gave spiritual advice to the people of the area. With the passage of time, he became quite famous among the people and came to be known as Puran Bhagat and his appearance changed completely. When Puran Bhagat's fame reached the palace of Rani Lone, who was still childless, she visited him along with Raja Salbahan and requested him to pray for her. Puran told them that he would pray only if Rani Lone would tell him whether Puran was guilty or innocent. This shocked Rani Lone who revealed the truth. Raja Salbahan was further shocked when Puran revealed his identity. He requested Puran to forgive them and accompany them to his palace but Puran refused and told them that they might be forgiven by the Lord and might get blessed with a son who should be named Rasalu. Later, Raja Salbahan built a place for worship and arranged free distribution of food at the camp of Puran Bhagat. When he died, his samadhi (Hindu cremation ceremony) took place on a mound in front of the place where he used to dwell and a beautiful small tomb was erected in his remembrance.
Puran's well is a famous historical site located just outside the city of Sialkot. According to Mutiny in Sialkot there were remains of Puran's tomb extant in 1857, but now there is no tomb except for a small building, a small place for worship and a running well.

This is the popular version of the life story of Puran Mal, performed by the various folk singers

When Pūran was born, astrologers have found some inauspicious signs in his horoscope, so that they advised to the king to keep him in the isolated place for twelve years. This advice was followed by the king, and the prince has spent twelve years away from the palace of his parents. At the time when he was absent from the palace, the king married a new queen, which was of low-caste and which was so young than she could be the king’s daughter.

Once when the king has left the palace for hunting, the young stepmother of the prince, on seeing him, has became enamored by his beauty to such extent that being unable to control herself, she made unchaste purposes to him, which he coldly rejected. The queen has become angry on his refusal and at the same time she was afraid of the possible disclose of her misconduct to the king, when he will return, and the forthcoming consequences. Therefore she decided not to wait when the disclosure would happen, but to attack first, so that prince would be unable to tell anything. The cunning queen has devised drama to accuse the young prince for the misbehavior with her. To prove that her words were true, and not of the prince, she went to her room around the time when the king was about to return, and made the bloody injuries and scratches all over her body. She disarranged her closes, tear them in few places and lay down in such conditions on her bad, loudly crying and accusing the prince for raping her. When the king found her in such condition, he seeing her skillful performance, believed in all accusations told by her, and at once has became overwhelmed with rage. Being blinded by his anger, he ordered to his servants to cat away hands and feet of prince, and threw him into the well situated deep in jungles without any further investigations of the matter. The servants have obeyed his order, and the prince was left alone in jungle after his legs and hands were cut away. After some time, he was found in such condition by Goraksh Nath, who happened to pass near by, who restored him to previous state. After it, he refused to return to the palace, and became the disciple of Goraksh Nath , with whom he was traveling afterwards.

Once Goraksh nath made him pass through severe test. When they reached to area rulled by One day Pooran passes through the lands of queen Sundaran. She falls for him the second she sees him. Sundaran goes to Gorakh Nath's camp and asks to be blessed with Pooran as a gift. The Guru agrees and asks Pooran to accompany her.

Instead of spending the night in bed with the queen, Pooran chooses to meditate. When morning comes, he heads bank to his Gurus camp.

Sundran is heart-broken. Gorakh Nath on the other hand is delighted with Pooran's will power to resist worldly temptations. After some time he and Gorakshnath with many other yogis reached area of Sialkot. When they entered the city, lot of wonderful events occurred, as for example garden which became dried since moment disappearance of young prince became green in one night. Some time later Pooran is asked to visit his hometown. King Salwan and Queen Loona come to see him. They do not know his true identity. Salwan has not had any children after ordering Pooran's execution and is hoping to be blessed with another son. When pooran asks Salwan about his son, Loona has an emotional breakdown. She is mad with grief for having an innocent boy killed for petty reasons. Pooran forgives his stepmother and his father. This changes Loona's perspective forever. She traverses the material world and moves beyond the worldly concept of good and evil. Later he blessed Loona with a son, which became known as Rasalu in accordance with some sources.

The Life Story of Cauraṅgi-pa

Tibetan version of the life story of Guru Cauraṅgi-pa, comes under number ten in the cycle legends of eighty-four Mahasiddhas in the book Caturaśīti-siddha-pravṛitti and connected with the story of Guru Gorakh Nath (number 9) in the same book. Although being considerably different from the tales sung by the Northern Indian wondering minstrels, this story also seems has its proof in the Natha tradition itself, because the book Prana Sankli, which is recognized by the modern Natha Yogis as part of their tradition, repeats the similar details:

ahāra prīti pālana cīti śrī gorakhnāth kusa mukhlā barai varṣa amharai nimiti āni jogla Nath Siddho ki Baniya || 216 || Prāṇa Sāṁkalī 11
gyāna rā guru amhārā sidha machīndra nāth tā prasādai bhailā paga hātha tribhavane kirata thākalī amhārī anadātā śrī gorakh nāth NSB || 217 || Prāṇa Sāṁkalī 12

Guru Chorangipa who was mentioned in the story of Goraksh Nath, was the prince, whose legs and hands were cut away, and who was left in such condition under the basement of a tree in jungle. His Guru Achintya who has found him in such conditions, has accepted him as disciple, and initiated him into the practice of the restraining air inside the body (pranayama) and others yogic techniques. ‘When you will attain the perfection in your practices, you will be able to restore your body into its previous condition,’- after predicting so, his guru Achintya has left. After this, in accordance with the instructions he has obtained from his guru, Chorangipa was performing his sadhana for twelve ears, being taken care by Gorakh Nath.
Once it is happened, that the group of traders was passing away from the main road by the jungle way, hoping to avoid being intercepted by the gang of the local dacoits. The caravan of the traders was loaded with jewelry, gold, silver and jewels. It was the night time when they have reached near the place where Chorangi was sitting invisible, covered in darkness. When Chorangipa heard that somebody was passing near by, he has asked: ‘Who are you, and what you are doing here in this time.’
Merchants, thinking that he was one of the robbers from the gang, answered that they were the sellers of coal. The prince has told: ‘O, I see.’ When the traders have reached to the place of their destination, they have found in their bags nothing else, but only the pieces of coal. After seeing this wonder, they were greatly perplexed, being unable to understand how this has happened. Then one, most wise of them has told, ‘Do you remember when at that night, while we were passing through the jungle, the voice came from darkness, which asked us what we were caring? Probably he was the man, whose words have the power to become true. Otherwise, who else could do this?’
Seeing it as their last chance, they returned by the same way to the place where they were passing at that night, and where the voice coming from darkness interrupted their way. When they have reached to the spot, they saw there under a big tree the man, whose legs and hands were cut away. They narrated him what has happened with their goods, and asked him to apply his ‘true saying’ once more. On learning this, the prince who was not aware about his powers, has told, ‘did I really done these? If this is matter, then let coal turned in what is was before. ’ When the traders returned to the place where they left their luggage, they found that all they goods returned to their previous form, and became gold, silver and what ever they were before. Being greatly amazed to see this miracle, they took with them the materials for the performance of worship, and again reached to the place of the prince. They performed his worship, and told him what has happened. After listening them, Chorangipa has remembered the prediction made by his Guru, and he told: ‘If it is so, let then my body return to the state as it was before.’ Immediately this has happened, and all his limbs became restored to their previous state. Later, he has obtained even the greater yogic powers and performed lot of miracles for the benefit of the living beings. He didn’t initiate into Yoga any one (he did not made any disciples), but he has applied his powers on the tree, which was giving him shelter, for twelve years. He made it immortal, and it is said, that it still stands at the same place.

On this the story of Guru Chorangipa, who has became immortal completed.