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    Best management practices

    Management of Napier smut disease
    • Inspect your crop regularly and remove the diseased parts of plants. Burn the diseased materials
    • Obtain planting material from areas free from the disease
    • Improve the health of the Napier grass by applying manure and fertiliser
    • Weed your grass after every harvest
    • Plant smut resistant clones such as Kakamega I and Kakamega II
    • Manure from livestock fed on smut infected plants may spread smut if used; precaution should be taken not to feed livestock with plants infected with smut to avoid spread of disease

    Management of the stunting disease
    • Inspect the crop regularly, remove the diseased Napier grass stools and burn all the uprooted diseased materials
    • Use clean planting materials from disease free areas
    • Improve the health of the Napier grass by applying manure or fertilizer
    • Avoid harvesting same area frequently
    • When harvesting cut Napier leaving a stubble height of 5 to 10cm above ground level
    • If the area is seriously affected use alternative fodders such as Giant Panicum, Guatemala grass and fodder sorghum because most Napier varieties are susceptible to stunt
    • Sensitise neighbours about transmission mechanism and management of the disease 
    Further reading
    • Kenya Agricultural Research Institute, KARI, 2008. Research and Management of Napier Stunting and Smut disease Project Kenya. KARI: Kakamega
    Subpages (1): The way forward
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