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Targum Jonathan on Isaiah 53

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Targum Y´honatan

Here you can read the Targum Y'honatan for yourself and see if rabbi Singer is telling you the truth. The boldface text is the translation of the Jewish Publications Society and the normal text is the Targum translated by Driver en Neubauer. The text is followed by an analysis I made in a discussion with one of the anti-missionary  moderators of the Messiah Truth discussion forum. Enjoy! (it may seem as though I'm shouting at him, but the caps are merely means of emphasis)

 

52:13 Behold, My servant shall prosper, he shall be exalted and lifted up, and shall be very high.
52:13. Behold my servant Messiah shall prosper; he shall be high, and increase, and be exceeding strong:  
 
52:14 According as many were appalled at thee—so marred was his visage unlike that of a man, and his form unlike that of the sons of men—
52:14. as the house of Israel looked to him during many days, because their countenance was darkened among the peoples, and their complexion beyond the sons of men,  
 
 52:15 So shall he startle many nations, kings shall shut their mouths because of him; for that which had not been told them shall they see, and that which they had not heard shall they perceive.
52:15. so will he scatter many peoples; at him kings shall be silent, and put their hands upon their mouth, because that which was not told  them have they seen, and that which they had not heard they have observed.  
 
53:1 ‘Who would have believed our report? And to whom hath the arm of the LORD been revealed?
53:1. Who hath believed this our glad tidings? and the strength of the mighty arm of the Lord, upon whom as thus hath it been revealed?
 
 
53:2 For he shot up right forth as a sapling, and as a root out of a dry ground; he had no form nor comeliness, that we should look upon him, nor beauty that we should delight in him.
53:2. The righteous will grow up before him, yeah, like blooming shoots, and like a tree which sends forth its roots to streams of water will they increase - a holy generation in the land that was in need of him; his countenance no profane countenance, and the terror at him not the terror at an ordinary man; his complexion shall be a holy complexion, and all who see him will look wistfully upon him.  
 
53:3 He was despised, and forsaken of men, a man of pains, and acquainted with disease, and as one from whom men hide their face: he was despised, and we esteemed him not.
53:3. Then he will become despised, and will cut off the glory of all the kingdoms; they will be prostrate and mourning, like a man of pains and like one destined for sicknesses; and as though the presence of the Shekhinah had been withdrawn from us, they will be despised, and esteemed not.  
 
53:4 Surely our diseases he did bear, and our pains he carried; whereas we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted.
53:4. Then for our sins he will pray, and our iniquities will for his sake be forgiven, although we were accounted stricken, smitten from before the Lord, and afflicted.  
 
53:5 But he was wounded because of our transgressions, he was crushed because of our iniquities: the chastisement of our welfare was upon him, and with his stripes we were healed.
53:5. But he will build up the Holy Place, which has been polluted for our sins, and delivered to the enemy for our iniquities; and by his instruction peace shall be increased upon us, and by devotion to his words, our sins will be forgiven us.  
 
53:6 All we like sheep did go astray, we turned every one to his own way; and the LORD hath made to light on him the iniquity of us all.
53:6. All we like sheep had been scattered, we had each wandered off on his own way; but it was the Lord's good pleasure to forgive the sins of all of us for his sake.  
 
53:7 He was oppressed, though he humbled himself and opened not his mouth; as a lamb that is led to the slaughter, and as a sheep that before her shearers is dumb; yea, he opened not his mouth.
53:7. He prayed, and he was answered, and ere even he had opened his mouth he was accepted; the mighty of the peoples he will deliver up like a sheep to the slaughter and like a lamb dumb before her shearers; there shall be none before him opening his mouth or saying a word
 
 
53:8 By oppression and judgment he was taken away, and with his generation who did reason? for he was cut off out of the land of the living, for the transgression of my people to whom the stroke was due.
53:8. Out of chastisements and punishment he will bring our captives near; the wondrous things done to us in his days who shall be able to tell? For he will cause the dominion of the Gentiles to pass away from the land of Israel and transfer to them the sins which my people have committed.  
 
53:9 And they made his grave with the wicked, and with the rich his tomb; although he had done no violence, neither was any deceit in his mouth.’
53:9. He will deliver the wicked into Gehinnom, and those that are rich in possessions into the death of utter destruction, in order that those who commit sin may not be established, nor speak deceits with their mouth.  
 
53:10 Yet it pleased the LORD to crush him by disease; to see if his soul would offer itself in restitution, that he might see his seed, prolong his days, and that the purpose of the LORD might prosper by his hand:
53:10. But it is the Lord's good pleasure to try and to purify the remnant of his people, so as to cleanse their souls from sin; these shall look on the Kingdom of their Messiah, their sons and their daughters shall be multiplied, they shall prolong their days, and those who perform the Law of the Lord shall prosper in his good pleasure.  
 
53:11 Of the travail of his soul he shall see to the full, even My servant, who by his knowledge did justify the Righteous One to the many, and their iniquities he did bear.
53:11. From the subjection of the nations he will deliver their souls, they shall look upon the punishment of those that hate them, and be satisfied with the spoil of their kings; by his wisdom he will hold the guiltless free from guilt, in order to bring many into subjection to the law; and for their sins he will intercede.  
 
53:12 Therefore will I divide him a portion among the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the mighty; because he bared his soul unto death, and was numbered with the transgressors; yet he bore the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.
53:12. Then will I divide for him the spoil of many peoples, and the possessions of strong cities shall he divide as prey, because he delivered up his soul to death, and made the rebellious subject to the Law: he shall intercede for many sins, and the rebellious for his sake shall be forgiven
 

 

Verse #1 - 52:13 is about MESSIAH

Verse #2 - 52:14 is about ISRAEL

Verse #3 - 52:15 is about MESSIAH

Verse #4 - 53:1 shows us that according to the Targum ISRAEL IS THE SPEAKER! NO amazed Gentile kings!

Verse #5 - 53:2 is about MESSIAH and ISRAEL. MESSIAH saves ISRAEL.

Verse #6 - 53:3 is about MESSIAH and GENTILES. MESSIAH is victorious over the Gentiles who suffer at his hands.

Verse #7 - 53:4 is about MESSIAH and ISRAEL. MESSIAH INTERCEDES for ISRAEL'S SINS!

Verse #8 - 53:5 is about MESSIAH and ISRAEL. MESSIAH AGAIN INTERCEDES for ISRAEL'S SINS!

Verse #9 - 53:6 is about MESSIAH and ISRAEL. MESSIAH YET AGAIN INTERCEDES for ISRAEL'S SINS! Did you notice that ISRAEL is the one gone astray here and wandered off on his own way? So AGAIN NO GENTILES!

Verse #10 - 53:7 is about MESSIAH and GENTILES. It is the GENTILES who are brought to the slaughter like sheep and not saying a word!

Verse #11 - 53:8 is about MESSIAH! According to the Targum MESSIAH will transfer the sins of ISRAEL to the GENTILES. NOT the other way around, as claimed by anti-missionaries in their articles!

Verse #12 - 53:9 is about MESSIAH and GENTILES! MESSIAH will deal with the GENTILES in order they do not speak deceit with their mouths. NO Righteous Remnant as claimed by anti-missionaries!

Verse #13 - 53:10 is about ISRAEL and MESSIAH! Finally the remnant you have been reading in the text from the beginning is mentioned. But notice that the remnant is NOT righteous untill they are cleansed from their sins thanks to MESSIAH!

Verse #14 - 53:11 is about MESSIAH! NOTICE: MESSIAH INTERCEDES FOR THE SINS OF THE RIGHTEOUS REMNANT AND THUS DELIVERS THEIR SOULS!!

Verse #15 - 53:12 is about (and why doesn't that surprise anyone) MESSIAH! This verse is the icing on the cake though! MESSIAH receives the spoils of the strong which he devides BECAUSE HE DELIVERED HIS SOUL TO DEATH, MADE REBELLIOUS SUBJECT TO TORAH AND INTERCEDED FOR THEIR SINS AND THEREFORE THE REBELLIOUS WILL FOR HIS SAKE BE FORGIVEN!!!, Of course we all know that the REBELLIOUS in this Targum can be none other than THE RIGHTEOUS REMNANT OF ISRAEL!

 
X, I really wonder how you can sit there and hold on to the claim that the anti-missionary and Targum's view are the same! Read the anti-missionary articles on Is 53 and put it along side the Targum and you will see the difference is enormous! 
NOWHERE does the targum say that Gentile kings are the speakers. 
NOWHERE does the Targum say Gentiles will be forgiven by afflicting Israel. 
NOWHERE does the Targum speak of Israel interceding for the sins of the Gentiles. 
NOWHERE does the Targum say anything about the righteous remnant bringing the rest of Israel back to Torah! All this credit goes to the MESSIAH in the TARGUM! 
How can you, after reading the summary above, still claim that the Targum applies this chapter to Israel?

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