Naim Haie, Ph.D., P.E., Habilitation (Agregação)  
Vice-President, Executive Board, International Water Resources Association, Paris, FR www.iwra.org  
Water Resources and Environment, School of Engineering
University of Minho, Campus of Azurem, 4800-058 Guimarães, Portugal

Tel: + 351 253 510 200 (Secretariat), + 351 253 510 205 (Office) 
“Let your vision be world embracing...”

Interests and Major Works

  • His current research interests include water systems': efficiency, security, management, governance, allocation, equity, and adaptation to uncertainties such as climate change. 
  • Recently, he has developed systemic and comprehensive performance indicators based on a universal principle that integrate differentials and trade-offs of water quantity, quality and beneficial uses at multi-level governance with climate descriptors and implicit stakeholder enablers. This is called Sefficiency = Sustainable efficiency with three levels Macro, Meso and Micro-efficiencies (3ME). (Sefficiency template and example in MS-Excel) 
  • His team was actively involved in the final approval of the European Union (EU) Water Framework Directive in 2000, one of the most important legal water instruments for EU countries and beyond. 
  • He was the first to develop a hydrodynamic model of (surged) irrigation using an Eulerian system. It formed the basis of wide spread computer programs and research. 
  • He has been involved in projects in Asia, Americas and Europe, UNESCO and has been (co)supervisor of 9 Ph.D. and 27 M.Sc. students.

Main Publications

  • Ahmad, M.T., Haie, N., Yen, H., Tuqan, N. (2017) Sefficiency of a Water Use System: The Case of Kano River Irrigation Project, Nigeria. doi: 10.1007/s40999-017-0235-2 web address 
  • Haie, N. (2016) Sefficiency (Sustainable efficiency) of Water-Energy-Food Entangled Systems. International Journal of Water Resources Development, 32:5, 721-737web address 
  • Ferdosian, I., Haie, N. (2016) Random Walk Forecast of Urban Water in Iran Under Uncertainty. Water Resources, 43:1, 200-206. web address 
  • Haie, N. & Keller, A.A. (2014) Macro, Meso, Micro Efficiencies and Terminologies in Water Resources Management: a Look at Urban and Agricultural Differences. Water International, 39:1, 35-48. web address 
  • Haie, N (2013) Sefficiency (Sustainable efficiency): a Systemic Framework for Advancing Water Security. International Symposium of Ecohydrology and Water Security, Wuhan and Yichang, Hubei, China, October 18-22. (invited speaker) (available
  • Haie, N. & Keller, A.A. (2012) Macro, Meso, and Micro-Efficiencies in Water Resources Management: A New Framework Using Water Balance. Journal of the American Water Resources Association (JAWRA), 48:2, 235–243. web address 

  • Haie, N., Pereira, R.M., Machado, G.J., Keller, A.A. (2012) Analysis of Effective Efficiency in Decision Making for Irrigation Interventions. Water Resources, Vol.39, No.6, pp700-707. doi: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1134/S0097807812060097  
  • Shahidian, S, Serralheiro, R, Serrano, J, Teixeira, J, Haie, N, Santos, F (2012) Hargreaves and other reduced-set methods for calculating evapotranspiration. in Evapotranspiration - Remote Sensing and Modeling, Edited by: Ayse Irmak. ISBN 978-953-307-808-3, 514 pages. http://hdl.handle.net/1822/16943 
  • Pereira, R.M.S., Haie, N., Machado, G.J. (2012) Vensim PLE to Create Models for Water Management. International journal of Mathematics and Computers in Simulation. Volume 6, Issue 4 (August), pp405-412. http://naun.org/multimedia/NAUN/mcs/17-889.pdf  
  • Haie, N., Machado, G.J., Pereira, R.M., and Keller, A.A. (2011) Effective efficiency in water resources management using efficiency elasticity index. Water and Environment Journal, 25:4, pp532-539.  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1747-6593.2011.00252.x/abstract  
  • Araújo, A.F, Pereira, R., Machado, G., Haie, N. (2011) Transboundary Douro River Basin Needs Adaptive Management to Face Future Uncertainties of Water Scarcity and Drought. XIIIth World Water Congress, International Water Resources Association (IWRA), Porto de Galinhas, Brazil, September.  http://www.worldwatercongress.com  ; http://hdl.handle.net/1822/13982 
  • Shahidian, S, Serralheiro, RP, Teixeira, JL, Santos, FL, Oliveira, MRG, Costa, JL, Toureiro, C, Haie, N, Machado, RM, 2009. Drip irrigation using a PLC based adaptive irrigation system. WSEAS Transactions on Environment and Development, Issue 2, Volume 5, February. ISSN: 1790-5079.  http://www.wseas.us/e-library/transactions/environment/2009/28-911.pdf  
  • Haie, Naim & Keller, Andrew A. (2008) Effective Efficiency as a Tool for Sustainable Water Resources Management. Journal of the American Water Resources Association (JAWRA), 44:4, 961-968. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1752-1688.2008.00194.x/abstract  
  • Haie, N., Pereira, R., Machado, G. (2008) Irrigation Water Use and its Effective Efficiency in Portugal. XIIIth World Water Congress (IWRA), Montpellier, France, September.  http://hdl.handle.net/1822/18689  
  • Shahidian, S, Serralheiro, RP, Teixeira, JL, Santos, FL, Oliveira, MRG, Costa, JL, Toureiro, C, Haie, N, Machado, RM (2008) Optimizing Rain Harvesting for Mediterranean Climate. 4th IASME / WSEAS International Conference on Energy, Environment, Ecosystems and Sustainable Development, Algarve, Portugal, June. http://hdl.handle.net/1822/18670  
  • Haie, Naim (2008) Comment: Efficient irrigation; inefficient communication; flawed recommendations. Irrigation and Drainage journal, 57:2. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ird.422/pdf  (Open Access; these are comments on Chris Perry's paper published in the same Journal, Irrigation and Drainage journal, 56:4, 2007). 
  • Ferreira da Silva, Julio & Haie, Naim (2007) Optimal Locations of Groundwater Extractions in Coastal Aquifers. Water Resources Management - an International Journal. 21:8, 1299–1311. doi: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11269-006-9082-7  
  • J Girman, J van der Gun, Naim Haie, R Hirata, A Lipponen, E Lopez–Gunn, B Neupane, T Shah, J Vrba, B Wallin (2007) Groundwater Resources Sustainability Indicators. Vrba, J, Lipponen, A, (eds.). IHP-VI Series on Groundwater No. 14. Publisher: UNESCO, Paris. 114pp.  http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0014/001497/149754E.pdf 
  • Haie, Naim (1984) Hydrodynamic Simulation of Continuous and Surged Surface Flow. Ph.D. dissertation, School of Engineering, Utah State University, Logan, Utah. (defended in mid 1983)