PAMELA - Plant and Mycorrhizal Ecology Lab -  Matthias Rillig

Last update: February 4, 2015.


Lehmann A, Rillig MC. 2015. Arbuscular mycorrhizal contribution to copper, manganese and iron nutrient concentrations in crops - a meta-analysis. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 81: 147-158. Link

Leifheit E, Verbruggen E, Rillig MC. 2015. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi reduce decomposition of woody plant litter while increasing soil aggregation. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 81: 323-328. Link

Rillig MC, Aguilar-Trigueros CA, Bergmann J, Verbruggen E, Veresoglou SD, Lehmann A. 2015. Plant root and mycorrhizal fungal traits for understanding soil aggregation. New Phytologist 205:1385-1388. Link

Valyi K, Rillig MC, Hempel S. 2015. Land use intensity and host plant identity interactively shape communities of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in roots of grasssland plants. New Phytologist 205: 1577-1586. Link

Sardans J, Janssens IA, Alonso R, Veresoglou SD, Rillig MC, Sanders T, Carnicer J, Filella I, Farre-Armengol G, Penuelas J. 2015. Foliar elemental composition of European forest tree species associated with evolutionary traits and present environmental and competitive conditions. Global Ecology and Biogeography 24: 240-255. Link

Mardhiah U, Rillig MC, Gurnell AM. 201X. Reconstructing the development of sampled sites on fluvial island surfaces of the Tagliamento River, Italy, from historical sources. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms (in press) Link

Wurst S, Kaiser N, Nitzsche S, Haase J, Auge H, Rillig MC, Powell JR. 201X. Tree diversity modifies distance-dependent effects on seedling emergence but not plant-soil feedbacks of temperate trees. Ecology (in press) Link

Horn S, Hempel S, Ristow M, Rillig MC, Kowarik I, Caruso T. 201X. Plant community assembly at small scales: spatial versus environmental factors in a central European grassland. Acta Oecologica (in press)


Lehmann A, Veresoglou SD, Leifheit EF, Rillig MC. 2014. Arbuscular mycorrhizal influence on Zinc nutrition in crop plants - a meta-analysis. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 69: 123-131. Link

Leifheit EF, Veresoglou SD, Lehmann A, Morris EK, Rillig MC. 2014. Multiple factors influence the role of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in soil aggregation - a meta-analysis. Plant and Soil 374: 523-537. Link

Allan E, Bossdorf O, Dormann CF, Prati D, Gossner M, Tscharntke T, Blüthgen N, Bellach M, Birkhofer K, Boch S, Böhm S, Börschig C, Chatzinotas A, Christ S, Daniel R, Diekötter T, Fischer C, Friedl T, Glaser K, Hallmann C, Hodac L, Hölzel N, Jung K, Klein AM, Klaus VH, Kleinebecker T, Krauss J, Lange M, Morris EK, Müller J, Nacke H, Pašalić E, Rillig MC, Rothenwöhrer C, Schall P, Scherber C, Schulze W, Socher S, Steckel J, Steffan-Dewenter I, Türcke M, Weiner CN, Werner M,  Westphal C, Wolters V, Wubet T, Gockel S, Gorke M, Hemp A, Renner SC, Schöning I, Pfeiffer S, König-Ries B, Buscot F, Linsenmair KE, Schulze ED, Weisser WW, Fischer M. 2014. Inter-annual variation in land use intensity enhances grassland multidiversity. Proceedings of the National Adacemy of Sciences of the USA 111: 308-313. Link

Rillig MC, Wendt S, Antonovics J, Hempel S, Kohler J, Wehner J, Caruso T. 2014. Interactive effects of root endophytes and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on an experimental plant community. Oecologia 174: 263-270. Link

Bargmann I, Rillig MC, Kruse A, Greef JM, Kücke M. 2014. Effects of hydrochar application on the dynamics of soluble nitrogen in soils and on plant availability. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science 177: 48-58. Link

Achatz M, Morris EK, Müller F, Hilker M, Rillig MC. 2014. Soil hypha mediated movement of allelochemicals: arbuscular mycorrhizae extend the bioactive zone of juglone. Functional Ecology 28: 1020-1029. Link

Bargmann I, Martens R, Rillig MC, Kruse A, Kücke M. 2014. Hydrochar amendment promotes microbial immmobilization of mineral nitrogen. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science 177: 59-67. Link

Wehner J, Powell JR, Muller LAH, Caruso T, Veresoglou SD, Hempel S, Rillig MC. 2014. Determinants of root-associated fungal communities within Asteraceae in a semiarid grassland. Journal of Ecology 102: 425-436. Link

Veresoglou SD, Penuelas J, Fischer R, Rautio P, Sardans J, Merliä P, Tabakovic-Tosic M, Rillig MC. 2014. Exploring continental-scale stand health - N:P ratio relationships for European forests. New Phytologist 202: 422-430.  Link

Veresoglou SD, Rillig MC. 2014. Do closely related plants host similar arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities? A meta-analysis. Plant and Soil 377: 395-406.  Link

Lehmann J, Rillig MC. 2014. Distinguishing variability from uncertainty. Nature Climate Change 4: 153. Link

Aguilar-Trigueros CA, Powell JR, Anderson IC, Antonovics J, Rillig MC. 2014. Ecological understanding of root-infecting fungi using trait-based approaches. Trends in Plant Science 19: 432-438. Link

Veresoglou SD, Powell JR, Davison J, Lekberg Y, Rillig MC. 2014. The Leinster and Cobbold indices improve inferences of microbial diversity. Fungal Ecology 11: 1-7. Link

Horn S, Caruso T, Verbruggen E, Rillig MC, Hempel S. 2014. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities are phylogenetically clustered at small scales. The ISME Journal 8: 2231-2242. Link

Mardhiah U, Caruso T, Gurnell A, Rillig MC. 2014. Just a matter of time: fungi and roots significantly and rapidly aggregate soil over four decades along the Tagliamento River, NE Italy. Soil Biology & Biochemisty 75: 133-142. Link

Morris EK, Caruso T, Buscot F, Fischer M, Hancock C, Maier TS, Meiners T, Müller C, Obermaier E, Prati D, Socher SA, Sonnemann I, Wäschke N, Wubet T, Wurst S, Rillig MC. 2014. Choosing and using diversity indices: insights for ecological applications from the German Biodiversity Exploratories. Ecology & Evolution 4: 3514-3524. Link

Verbruggen E, Rillig MC, Wehner J, Hegglin D, Wittwer R, van der Heijden MGA. 2014. Sebacinales, but not total root-associated fungal communities, are affected by land use intensity. New Phytologist 203: 1036-1040. Link

Hammer E, Balogh-Brunstad Z, Jakobsen I, Olsson PA, Stipp SLS, Rillig MC. 2014. A mycorrhizal fungus grows on biochar and captures phosphorus from its surfaces. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 77: 252-260. Link

Achatz M, Rillig MC. 2014. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal hyphae enhance the transport of the allelochemical juglone in the field. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 78: 76-82.  Link

Zheng W, Morris EK, Rillig MC. 2014. Ectomycorrhizal fungi in association with Pinus sylvestris seedlings promote soil aggregation and soil water repellency. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 78: 326-331. Link

Veresoglou SD, Rillig MC. 2014. Challenging cherished ideas in mycorrhizal ecology: the Baylis postulate. New Phytologist 204: 1-3. Link

Leifheit E, Verbruggen E, Rillig MC. 2014. Rotation of hyphal in-growth cores has no confounding effects on soil abiotic properties. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 79: 78-80. Link

Camenzind T, Hempel S, Homeier J, Horn S, Velescu A, Wilcke W, Rillig MC. 2014. Nitrogen and phosphorus additions impact arbuscular mycorrhizal abundance and molecular diversity in a tropical montane forest. Global Change Biology 20: 3546-3659. Link

Xiang D, Verbruggen E, Hu Y, Veresoglou SD, Rillig MC, Zhou W, Xu T, Li H, Hao Z, Chen Y, Chen BD. 2014. Land use influences arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities in the farming-pastoral ecotone of northern China. New Phytologist 204: 968-978. Link

Chaudhary VB, O'Dell TE, Rillig MC, Johnson NC. 2014. Scale-dependent patterns in arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities of semi-arid shrublands. Fungal Ecology 12: 32-43. Link

Maaß S, Migliorini M, Rillig MC, Caruso T.  2014. Disturbance, neutral theory and patterns of beta diversity in soil communities. Ecology and Evolution 4:4766-4774. Link


Verbruggen E, Veresoglou SD, Anderson IC, Caruso T, Hammer EC, Kohler J, Rillig MC. 2013. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi - short-term liability but long-term benefits for soil carbon storage. New Phytologist 197: 366-368. Link

Salem M, Kohler J, Rillig MC. 2013. Palatability of carbonized materials to collembola. Applied Soil Ecology 64: 63-69. Link

Veresoglou SD, Barto EK, Menexes G, Rillig MC. 2013. Fertilization affects severity of disease caused by fungal plant pathogens. Plant Pathology 5: 961-969. Link

Veresoglou SD, Caruso T, Rillig MC. 2013. Modelling the environmental and soil factors that shape the niches of two common arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal families. Plant and Soil 368: 507-518. Link

Verbruggen E, van der Heijden MGA, Rillig MC, Kiers ET. 2013. Mycorrhizal fungal establishment in agricultural soils: factors determining inoculation success. New Phytologist 197: 1104-1109. Link

Fischer LK, von der Lippe M, Rillig MC, Kowarik I. 2013. Creating novel urban grasslands by reintroducing native species in wasteland vegetation. Biological Conservation 159: 119-126. Link

Powell JR, Anderson IC, Rillig MC. 2013. A new tool of the trade: plant trait-based approaches in microbial ecology. Plant and Soil 365: 35-40. Link

Jeltsch F, Blaum N, Brose U, Chipperfield JD, Yann Clough, Farwig N, Geissler K, Graham CH, Grimm V, Hickler T, Huth A, May F, Meyer KM, Pagel J, Reineking B, Rillig MC, Shea K, Schurr FM, Schröder B, Tielbörger K, Weiss L, Wiegand K, Wirth C, Zurell D. 2013. How can we bring together empiricists and modellers in functional biodiversity research. Basic and Applied Ecology 14: 93-101. Link

Lehmann A, Rillig MC. 2013. Are there temporal trends in root architecture and soil aggregation for barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) breeding lines. Applied Soil Ecology 65: 31-34. Link

Hempel S, Götzenberger L, Kühn I, Michalski SG, Rillig MC, Zobel M, Moora M. 2013. Mycorrhizas in the Central European flora - relationships with plant life history traits and ecology. Ecology 94: 1389-1399. Link

Hu Y, Rillig MC, Xiang D, Hao Z, Chen BD. 2013. Changes of AM fungal abundance along environmental gradients in the arid and semi-arid grasslands of northern China. PLoS One 8(2): e57593. Link

Lopez-Garcia A, Hempel S, Miranda Juan de D, Rillig MC, Barea JM, Azcon-Aguilar C. 2013. The influence of environmental degradation processes on the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal community associated with yew (Taxus baccata L.), an endangered tree species from Mediterranean ecosystems of Southeast Spain. Plant and Soil 370: 355-366. Link

Bargmann I, Rillig MC, Buss W, Kruse A, Kücke M. 2013. Hydrochar and biochar effects on germination of spring barley. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science 199: 360-373. Link

Veresoglou SD, Rillig MC. 2013. Accounting for the adaptation deficit of non-mycorrhizal plants in experiments. Plant and Soil 366: 33-34. Link

Camenzind T, Rillig MC. 2013. Extraradical arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal hyphae in an organic tropical montane forest soil. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 64: 96-102. Link

Salem M, Kohler J, Wurst S, Rillig MC. 2013. Earthworms can modify effects of hydrochar on growth of Plantago lanceolata and performance of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Pedobiologia 56: 219-224. Link

Morris EK, Buscot F, Herbst C, Meiners T, Obermaier E, Wäschke NW, Wubet T, Rillig MC. 2013. Land use and host neighbor identity effects on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal community composition in focal plant rhizosphere. Biodiversity and Conservation 22: 2193-2205. Link


Veresoglou SD, Chen BD, Rillig MC. 2012. Arbuscular mycorrhiza and soil nitrogen cycling. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 46: 53-62. Link

Ramsey PW, Gibbons SM, Rice P, Mummey DL, Feris KP, Moore JN, Rillig MC, Gannon JE. 2012. Relative strengths of relationships between plant, microbial and environmental parameters in heavy-metal contaminated floodplain soil. Pedobiologia 55: 15-23.  Link

Spohn M, Rillig MC. 2012. Temperature- and moisture-dependent soil water repellency induced by the basidiomycete Agaricus bisporus. Pedobiologia 55: 59-61.  Link

Siddiky MRK, Schaller J, Caruso T, Rillig MC. 2012. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and collembola non-additively increase soil aggregation. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 47: 93-99. Link

Barto EK, Rillig MC. 2012. Dissemination biases in ecology: effect sizes matter more than quality. Oikos 121: 228-235.  Link

Veresoglou SD, Rillig MC. 2012. Suppression of fungal and nematode plant pathogens through arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Biology Letters 8: 214-216. Link

Veresoglou SD, Menexes G, Rillig MC. 2012. Do arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi affect the allometric partition of host plant biomass to shoots and roots? A meta-analysis of studies from 1990 - 2010. Mycorrhiza 22: 227-235. Link

Siddiky MRK, Kohler J, Cosme M, Rillig MC. 2012. Soil biota effects on soil structure: interactions between arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal mycelium and collembola. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 50: 33-39. Link

Antunes PM, Lehmann A, Hart MM, Baumecker M, Rillig MC. 2012. Long-term effects of soil nutrient deficiency on arbuscular mycorrhizal communities. Functional Ecology 26: 532-540. Link

Caruso T, Powell JR, Rillig MC. 2012. Compositional divergence and convergence in local communities and spatially structured landscapes. PLoS ONE 7 (4): e35942.  Link

Caruso T, Rillig MC, Garlaschelli D. 2012. On the application of network theory to arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi - plant interactions: the importance of basic assumptions. New Phytologist 194: 891-894. Link

George C, Wagner M, Kücke M, Rillig MC. 2012. Divergent consequences of hydrochar in the plant-soil system: arbuscular mycorrhiza, nodulation, plant growth and soil aggregation effects. Applied Soil Ecology 59: 68-72. Link

Caruso T, Hempel S, Powell JR, Barto EK, Rillig MC. 2012. Compositional divergence and convergence in arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities. Ecology 93: 1115-1124. Link

Lehmann A, Barto EK, Powell JR, Rillig MC. 2012. Mycorrhizal responsiveness trends in annual crop plants and their wild relatives - a meta-analysis on studies from 1981 to 2010. Plant and Soil 355: 231-250. Link

Rillig MC. 2012. Microplastic in terrestrial ecosystems and the soil? Environmental Science & Technology 46: 6453-6454. Link

Homeier J, Hertel D, Camenzind T, Cumbicus NL, Martinson GO, Poma N, Rillig MC, Sandmann D, Scheu S, Veldkamp E, Wilcke W, Wullaert H, Leuschner C. 2012. Tropical Andean forests are highly susceptible to nutrient inputs - rapid effects of experimental N and P addition to an Ecuadorian montane forest. PLoS ONE 7 (10): e47128. Link

Veresoglou SD, Caruso T, Rillig MC. 2012. Metacommunities and symbiosis: hosts of challenges. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 27: 588-589. Link

Barto EK, Weidenhamer JD, Cipollini D, Rillig MC. 2012. Fungal superhighways: do common mycorrhizal networks enhance belowground communication? Trends in Plant Science 17: 633-637. Link

Other publications

Antunes PM, Franken P, Schwarz D, Rillig MC, Cosme M, Scott M, Hart MM. 2012. Linking soil biodiversity and human health: do arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi contribute to food nutrition. In: Soil Ecology and Ecosystem Services (Wall DH et al., eds), Oxford University Press, pp 153-172.


Antunes PM, Koch AM, Morton JB, Rillig MC, Klironomos JN. 2011. Evidence for functional divergence in arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi from contrasting climatic origins. New Phytologist 189: 507-514. Link

Klironomos JN, Zobel M, Tibbett M, Stock WD, Rillig MC, Parrent JL, Moora M, Koch AM, Facelli JM, Facelli E, Dickie IA, Bever JD. 2011. Forces that structure plant communities: quantifying the importance of the mycorrhizal symbiosis. New Phytologist 189: 366-370. Link

Caruso T, Barto EK, Siddiky MRK, Smigelski J, Rillig MC. 2011. Are power laws that estimate fractal dimension a good descriptor of soil structure and its link to soil biological properties. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 43: 359-366. Link

Harner MJ, Opitz N, Geluso K, Tockner K, Rillig MC. 2011. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on developing islands within a dynamic river floodplain: an investigation across successional gradients and soil depth. Aquatic Sciences 73: 35-42. Link

Schnitzer SA, Klironomos JN, HilleRisLambers J, Kinkle LL, Reich PB, Xiao K, Rillig MC, Sikes BA, Callaway RM, Mangan SA, van Nes E, Scheffer M. 2011. Soil microbes drive the classic diversity-productivity pattern. Ecology 92: 296-303. Link

Powell JR, Monaghan MT, Öpik M, Rillig MC. 2011. Evolutionary criteria outperform operational approaches in producing ecologically-relevant fungal species inventories. Molecular Ecology 20: 655-666. Link

MacDougall AS, Rillig MC, Klironomos JN. 2011. Weak conspecific feedbacks and exotic dominance in a species-rich savanna. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 278: 2939-2945. Link

Dickie IA, Yeates GW, St. John MG, Stevenson BA, Scott JT, Rillig MC, Peltzer DA, Orwin KH, Kirschbaum MUF, Hunt JE, Burrows LE, Barbour MM, Aislabie J. 2011. Ecosystem service and biodiversity trade-offs in two woody successions. Journal of Applied Ecology 48: 926-934. Link

Caruso T, Rillig MC. 2011. Direct, positive feedbacks produce instability in models of interrelationships among soil structure, plants and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 43: 1198-1206. Link

Hertel D, Köhler L, Rillig MC. 2011. Mycorrhizal, endophytic and ecomorphological status of tree roots in the canopy and terrestrial soil in a montane rainforest (Costa Rica). Biotropica 43: 401-404. Link

Lehmann J, Rillig MC, Thies J, Masiello C, Hockaday W, Crowley D. 2011. Biochar effects on soil biota - a review. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 43: 1812-1836. Link

Wurst S, Gebhardt K, Rillig MC. 2011. Independent effects of arbuscular mycorrhiza and earthworms on plant diversity and newcomer plant establishment. Journal of Vegetation Science 22: 1021-1030. Link

Wehner J, Antunes PM, Powell JR, Caruso T, Rillig MC. 2011. Indigenous arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal assemblages protect grassland host plants from pathogens. PLoS ONE 6(11): e27381. Link

Barto EK, Hilker M, Müller F, Mohney BK, Weidenhamer JD, Rillig MC. 2011. The fungal fast-lane: common mycorrhizal networks extend bioactive zones of allelochemicals in soils. PLoS ONE 6(11): e27195. Link

Fester T, Fetzer I, Buchert S, Lucas R, Rillig MC, Härtig C. 2011. Towards a systemic metabolic signature of the arbuscular mycorrhizal interaction. Oecologia 167: 913-924. Link

Wurst S, Rillig MC. 2011. Additive effects of functionally dissimilar above- and belowground organisms on a grassland plant community. Journal of Plant Ecology 4: 221-227. Link

Hammer E, Rillig MC. 2011. The influence of different stresses on glomalin levels in an arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus - salinity increases glomalin content. PLoS ONE 6 (12): e28426. Link


Wehner J, Antunes PM, Powell JR, Mazukatow J, Rillig, MC. 2010. Plant pathogen protection by arbuscular mycorrhizas: a role for fungal diversity? Pedobiologia 53: 197-201. Link

Rillig MC, Mardatin NF, Leifheit EF, Antunes PM. 2010. Mycelium of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi increases soil water repellency and is sufficient to maintain water-stable soil aggregates. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 42: 1189-1191. Link

Harner MJ, Mummey DL, Stanford JA, Rillig MC. 2010. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi enhance spotted knapweed growth across a riparian chronosequence. Biological Invasions 12: 1481-1490. Link

Sikes BA, Powell JR, Rillig MC. 2010. Deciphering the relative contributions of multiple functions within plant-microbe symbioses. Ecology 91: 1591-1597. Link (open access)

Barto EK, Rillig MC. 2010. Does herbivory really suppress mycorrhiza? A meta-analysis. Journal of Ecology 98: 745-753. Link

Wurst S, Vender V, Rillig MC. 2010. Testing for allelopathic effects in plant competition: does activated carbon disrupt plant symbioses? Plant Ecology 211: 19-26. Link

Rillig MC, Wagner M, Salem M, Antunes PM, George C, Ramke HG, Titirici MM, Antonietti M. 2010. Material derived from hydrothermal carbonization: effects on plant growth and arbuscular mycorrhiza. Applied Soil Ecology 45: 238-242. Link

Bever JD, Dickie IA, Facelli E, Facelli JM, Klironomos JN, Moora M, Rillig MC, Stock WD, Tibbett M, Zobel M. 2010. Rooting theories of plant ecology in microbial interactions. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 25: 468-478. Link

Barto EK, Alt F, Oelmann Y, Wilcke W, Rillig MC. 2010. Contributions of biotic and abiotic factors to soil aggregation across a land use gradient. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 42: 2316-2324. Link

Warnock DD, Mummey DL, McBride B, Major J, Lehmann J, Rillig MC. 2010. Influences of non-herbaceous biochar on arbuscular mycorrhizal abundances in roots and soils: results from growth-chamber and field experiments. Applied Soil Ecology 46: 450-456. Link


Hallett PD, Feeney DS, Bengough AG, Rillig MC, Scrimgeour CM, Young IM. 2009. Disentangling the impact of AM fungi versus roots on soil structure and water transport. Plant and Soil 314: 183-196. pdf and Link

Chaudhary VB, Bowker MA, O'Dell TE, Grace JB, Redman AE, Rillig MC, Johnson NC. 2009. Untangling the biological contributions to soil stability in semi-arid shrublands. Ecological Applications 19: 110-122. Link

Wilson GWT, Rice C, Rillig MC, Springer A, Hartnett D. 2009. Soil aggregation and carbon sequestration are tightly correlated with the abundance of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi: results from long-term field experiments. Ecology Letters 12: 452-461. Link

Antunes PM, Koch AM, Dunfield KE, Hart MM, Downing A, Rillig MC, Klironomos JN. 2009. Influence of commercial inoculation with Glomus intraradices on the structure and functioning of an AM fungal community from an agricultural site. Plant and Soil 317: 257-266. Link

Mummey DL, Antunes PM, Rillig MC. 2009. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi pre-inoculant identity determines community composition in roots. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 41: 1173-1179. Link

Clark NM, Rillig MC, Nowak RS. 2009. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal abundance in the Mojave Desert: seasonal dynamics and impacts of elevated CO2. Journal of Arid Environments 73: 834-843.  Link

Feris KP, Ramsey PW, Gibbons SM, Frazar C, Rillig MC, Moore JN, Gannon JE, Holben WE. 2009. Hyporheic microbial community development is a sensitive indicator of metal contamination. Environmental Science & Technology 43: 6158-6163. Link

Powell JR, Parrent JL, Hart MM, Klironomos JN, Rillig MC, Maherali H. 2009. Phylogenetic trait conservatism and the evolution of functional tradeoffs in arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 276: 4237-4245. Link

Harner MJ, Piotrowski JS, Lekberg Y, Stanford JA, Rillig MC. 2009. Heterogeneity in mycorrhizal inoculum potential of flood-deposited sediments. Aquatic Sciences 71: 331-337. Link

Chen S, Rillig MC, Wang W. 2009. Improving soil protein extraction for metaproteome analysis and glomalin-related soil protein detection. Proteomics 9: 4970-4973. Link

Pringle A, Bever JD, Gardes M, Parrent JL, Rillig MC, Klironomos JN. 2009. Mycorrhizal symbioses and plant invasions. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 40: 699-715. Link

Other publications:

Thies JE, Rillig MC. 2009. Characteristics of Biochar: Biological Properties. In: Lehmann J, Joseph S (Eds.), Biochar for Environmental Management: Science and Technology. Earthscan, London. pp. 85-105. 



Gadkar V, Rillig MC. 2008. Evaluation of loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) to rapidly detect arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 40: 540-543. pdf

Piotrowski JS, Morford S, Rillig MC. 2008. Inhibition of colonization of a native arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal community via Populus trichocarpa litter, litter extract, and soluble phenolic compounds. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 40: 709-717. pdf

Purin S, Rillig MC. 2008. Parasitism of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi: reviewing the evidence. FEMS Microbiology Letters 279: 8-14. pdf

Purin S, Rillig MC. 2008. Immuno-cytolocalization of glomalin in the mycelium of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Glomus intraradices. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 40: 1000-1003. pdf

Piotrowski JS, Rillig MC. 2008. Succession of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi: patterns, causes and considerations for organic agriculture. Advances in Agronomy 97: 111-130. Link

Piotrowski JS, Lekberg Y, Harner MJ, Ramsey PW, Rillig MC. 2008. Dynamics of mycorrhizae during development of riparian forests along an unregulated river. Ecography 31: 245-253. pdf of accepted manuscript

Mummey DL, Rillig MC. 2008. Spatial characterization of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal molecular diversity at the sub-metre scale in a temperate grassland. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 64: 260-270. pdf of accepted manuscript

Rosier CL, Piotrowski JS, Hoye AT, Rillig MC. 2008. Intraradical protein and glomalin as a tool for quantifying arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal root colonization. Pedobiologia 52: 41-50. Link

Rillig MC, Ramsey PW, Gannon JE, Mummey DL, Gadkar V, Kapulnik Y. 2008. Suitability of mycorrhiza-defective mutant/ wildtype plant pairs (Solanum lycopersicum L. cv Micro-Tom) to address questions in mycorrhizal soil ecology. Plant and Soil 308: 267-275. Link  pdf of accepted manuscript

Cornejo P, Meier S, Borie G, Rillig MC, Borie F. 2008. Glomalin-related soil protein in a Mediterranean ecosystem affected by a copper smelter and its contribution to Cu and Zn sequestration. Science of the Total Environment 406: 154-160. Link   



Preger AC, Rillig MC, Johns AR, Du Preez CC, Lobe I, Amelung W. 2007. Losses of glomalin-related soil protein under prolonged arable cropping: a chronosequence study in sandy soils of the South African Highveld. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 39: 445-453. pdf

Wolfe BE, Rillig MC, Mummey DL, Klironomos JN. 2007. Small-scale spatial heterogeneity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in a calcareous fen. Mycorrhiza 17: 175-183. pdf

Rillig MC, Caldwell BA, Wösten HAB, Sollins P. 2007. Role of proteins in soil carbon and nitrogen storage: controls on persistence. Biogeochemistry 85: 25-44. pdf

Purin S, Rillig MC. 2007. The arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal protein glomalin: limitations, progress, and a new hypothesis for its function. Pedobiologia 51: 123-130. pdf

Mummey DL,  Rillig MC.  2007. Evaluation of LSU rRNA-gene PCR primers for the study of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities via terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. Journal of Microbiological Methods 70: 200-204 pdf

Kimball BA, Idso SB, Johnson S, Rillig MC. 2007. Seventeen years of CO2 enrichment of sour orange trees: final results. Global Change Biology 13: 2171-2183. pdf

Warnock DD, Lehmann J, Kuyper TW, Rillig MC. 2007. Mycorrhizal responses to biochar in soil - concepts and mechanisms. Plant and Soil 300: 9-20. (Marschner Review) Free access


Mummey DL, Six J, Rillig MC.  2006. Influence of endogeic earthworm activities on bacterial communities associated with different soil aggregate size fractions. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 38: 1608-1614. pdf

Rillig MC, Mummey DL, Ramsey PW, Klironomos JN, Gannon JE. 2006. Phylogeny of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi predicts community composition of symbiosis-associated bacteria. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 57: 389-395. pdf

Rosier CL, Hoye AT, Rillig MC. 2006. Glomalin-related soil protein: assessment of current detection and quantification tools. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 38: 2205-2211. pdf

Ramsey PW, Rillig MC, Feris KP, Holben WE, Gannon JE. 2006. Choice of methods for soil microbial community analysis: PLFA maximizes power compared to CLPP and PCR-based approaches. Pedobiologia 50: 275-280. pdf

Rillig MC, Mummey DL. 2006. (Tansley review) Mycorrhizas and soil structure. New Phytologist 171: 41-53. pdf

Gadkar V, Driver JD, Rillig MC. 2006. A novel in vitro cultivation system to produce and isolate soluble factors released from hyphae of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Biotechnology Letters 28: 1071-1076. pdf

Rillig MC, Hoye AT, Carran A. 2006. Minimal direct contribution of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi to DOC leaching in grassland through losses of glomalin-related soil protein. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 38: 2967-2970. pdf

Gadkar V, Rillig MC. 2006. The arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal protein glomalin is a putative homolog of heat shock protein 60. FEMS Microbiology Letters 263: 93-101. pdf and Supplementary material

Mummey DL, Rillig MC. 2006. The invasive plant species Centaurea maculosa alters arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities in the field. Plant and Soil 288: 81-90. pdf

Not peer-reviewed:

Rillig MC. 2006. Climate change effects on fungi in agroecosystems. In: Newton PCD et al. (Eds.), Agroecosystems in a changing climate. CRC Press/ Taylor & Francis Group, Boca Raton, pp. 211-230.



Driver JD, Holben WE, Rillig MC. 2005. Characterization of glomalin as a hyphal wall component of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 37: 101-106. pdf

Gadkar V, Rillig MC. 2005. Application of Phi29 DNA polymerase mediated whole genome amplification to single spores of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi. FEMS Microbiology Letters 242: 65-71. pdf

Mummey DL, Rillig MC, Holben WE. 2005. Neighboring plant influences on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal community composition as assessed by T-RFLP analysis. Plant and Soil 271: 83-90. pdf

Rillig MC, Lutgen ER, Ramsey PW, Klironomos JN, Gannon JE. 2005. Microbiota accompanying different arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal isolates influence soil aggregation. Pedobiologia 49: 251-259. pdf

Ramsey PW, Rillig MC, Feris KP, Moore JN, Gannon JE. 2005. Mine waste contamination limits soil respiration rates: a case study using quantile regression. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 37: 1177-1183. pdf

Klironomos JN, Allen MF, Rillig MC, Piotrowski JS, Makvandi-Nejad S,  Wolfe BE, Powell JR. 2005. Abrupt rise in atmospheric CO2 overestimates community response in a model plant-soil system. Nature 433: 621-624. pdf

Gadkar V, Rillig MC. 2005. Suitability of genomic DNA synthesized by strand displacement amplification (SDA) for AFLP analysis: genotyping single spores of arbuscular (AM) mycorrhizal fungi. Journal of Microbiological Methods 63: 157-164. pdf

Batten KM, Six J, Scow KM, Rillig MC. 2005. Plant invasion of native grassland on serpentine soils has no major effect upon selected physical and biological properties. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 37: 2277-2282. pdf

Rillig MC. 2005. A connection between fungal hydrophobins and soil water repellency. Pedobiologia 49: 395-399. pdf

Ramsey PW, Rillig MC, Feris KP, Gordon N, Moore JN, Holben WE, Gannon JE. 2005. Relationship between communities and processes: new insights from a field study of a contaminated ecosystem. Ecology Letters 8: 1201-1210. pdf

Not peer-reviewed:

Rillig MC, Rosier CL, Piotrowski JS, Gadkar V, Driver JD. 2005. Glomalin: a novel proteinaceous substance produced by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. In: Varma A, Podila GK (Eds), Biotechnological applications of microbes. IK International Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, pp. 67-85.

Rillig MC. 2005. Polymers and microorganisms. In: Encyclopedia of Soils in the Environment (Ed. Hillel D). Elsevier Ltd., Oxford, UK, pp.287-294.



Feris KP, Ramsey PW, Rillig MC, Moore JN, Gannon JE, Holben WE. 2004. Determining rates of change and evaluating group-level resiliency differences in hyporheic microbial communities in response to fluvial heavy-metal deposition. Appl. Environ. Microbiol 70: 4756-4765.

Lutgen ER, Rillig MC. 2004. Influence of spotted knapweed (Centaurea maculosa) management treatments on arbuscular mycorrhizae and soil aggregation. Weed Science 52: 172-177. pdf

Rillig MC. 2004. Arbuscular mycorrhizae, glomalin and soil quality. Canadian Journal of Soil Science 84: 355-363. pdf

Feris KP, Ramsey PW, Frazar CF, Rillig MC, Gannon JE, Holben WE. 2004. Seasonal dynamics of shallow hyporheic zone microbial community structure along a heavy metal contamination gradient. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 70: 2323-2331.

Rillig MC. 2004. Arbuscular mycorrhizae and terrestrial ecosystem processes. Ecology Letters 7: 740-754. pdf

Piotrowski JS,  Denich T, Klironomos JN, Graham JM, Rillig MC. 2004. The effects of arbuscular mycorrhizae on soil aggregation depend on the interaction between plant and fungal species. New Phytologist 164: 365-373. pdf

Harner MJ, Ramsey PW, Rillig MC. 2004. Protein accumulation and distribution in floodplain soils and river foam. Ecology Letters 7: 829-836. pdf



Lutgen ER, Clairmont DL, Graham J, Rillig MC. 2003. Seasonality of arbuscular mycorrhizal hyphae and glomalin in a western Montana grassland. Plant and Soil 257: 71-83. pdf

Rillig MC, Maestre FT, Lamit LJ. 2003. Microsite differences in fungal hyphal length, glomalin, and soil aggregate stability in semiarid Mediterranean steppes. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 35: 1257-1260. pdf

Knorr MA, Boerner REJ, Rillig MC. 2003. Glomalin content of forest soils in relation to fire frequency and landscape position. Mycorrhiza 13: 205-210. pdf

Rillig MC, Field CB. 2003. Arbuscular mycorrhizae respond to plants exposed to elevated atmospheric CO2 as a function of soil depth. Plant and Soil 254: 383-391. pdf

Feris KP, Ramsey PW, Frazar CF, Rillig MC, Gannon JE, Holben WE. 2003. Structure and seasonal dynamics of hyporheic zone microbial communities in free-stone rivers of the western United States. Microbial Ecology 46: 200-215.

Rillig MC, Ramsey PW, Morris S, Paul EA. 2003. Glomalin, an arbuscular-mycorrhizal fungal soil protein, responds to land-use change. Plant and Soil 253: 293-299. pdf

Steinberg PD, Rillig MC.  2003. Differential decomposition of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal hyphae and glomalin. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 35: 191-194. pdf



Rillig MC, Steinberg PD. 2002. Glomalin production by an arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus: a mechanism of habitat modification. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 34: 1371-1374. pdf

Rillig MC, Wright SF, Eviner V. 2002. The role of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and glomalin in soil aggregation: comparing effects of five plant species. Plant and Soil 238: 325-333. pdf

Rillig MC, Wright SF, Shaw MR, Field CB. 2002. Artificial ecosystem warming positively affects arbuscular mycorrhizae but decreases soil aggregation. Oikos 97: 52-58. pdf

Rillig MC, Treseder KK, Allen MF. 2002. Mycorrhizal fungi and global change. In: Ecological Studies Series 157: Mycorrhizal Ecology, Springer Verlag, pp. 135-160.



Rillig MC, Wright SF, Nichols KA, Schmidt WF, Torn M.S. 2001. Large contribution of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi to soil carbon pools in tropical forest soils. Plant and Soil 233: 167-177. pdf

Rillig MC, Wright SF, Kimball BA, Leavitt SW. 2001. Elevated carbon dioxide and irrigation effects on water stable aggregates in a Sorghum field: a possible role for arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Global Change Biology 7: 333-337. pdf

Rillig MC, Hernandez GY, Newton PCD. 2000. Arbuscular mycorrhizae respond to elevated atmospheric CO2 after long-term exposure: evidence from a CO2 spring in New Zealand supports the resource-balance model. Ecology Letters 3: 475-478. pdf



Rillig MC, Wright SF, Allen MF, and Field C.B. 1999. Rise in carbon dioxide changes soil structure. Nature 400: 628. pdf

Rillig MC, Allen MF, and Field CB. 1999. Soil biota responses to long-term atmospheric CO2 enrichment in two California annual grasslands. Oecologia 119: 572-577. pdf

Rillig MC and Allen MF. 1999. What is the role of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in plant-to-ecosystem responses to elevated atmospheric CO2? Mycorrhiza 9: 1-8. pdf

Rillig MC, Field CB, Allen MF. 1999. Fungal root colonization responses in natural grasslands after long-term exposure to elevated CO2. Global Change Biology 5: 577-585. pdf

Klironomos JN, Rillig MC, Allen MF. 1999. Designing belowground field experiments with the help of semi-variance and power analyses. Applied Soil Ecology 12: 227-238.


Rillig MC and Allen MF. 1998. Arbuscular mycorrhizae of Gutierrrezia sarothrae and elevated carbon dioxide: evidence for shifts in C allocation to and within the mycobiont. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 30: 2001-2008.

Rillig MC, Allen MF, Klironomos JN, Chiariello NR, and Field CB. 1998. Plant species-specific changes in root-inhabiting fungi in a California annual grassland: responses to elevated CO2 and nutrients. Oecologia 113: 252-259. pdf

Rillig MC, Allen MF, Klironomos JN, and Field CB. 1998. Arbuscular mycorrhizal percent root infection and infection intensity of Bromus hordeaceus grown in elevated atmospheric CO2. Mycologia 90: 199-205.

Klironomos JN, Ursic M, Rillig MC, and Allen MF. 1998. Inter-specific differences in the response of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi to elevated atmospheric CO2. New Phytologist 138: 599-603.



Rillig MC. 1997. Effects of elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide on the arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis. Ph.D. dissertation, University of California Davis/ San Diego State University.

Rillig MC, Scow KM, Klironomos JN, and Allen MF. 1997. Microbial carbon substrate utilization in the rhizosphere of Gutierrezia sarothrae grown in elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 29: 1387-1394.

Klironomos JN, Rillig MC, and Allen MF. 1996. Below-ground microbial and microfaunal responses to Artemisia tridentata grown under elevated atmospheric CO2. Functional Ecology 10: 527-534.

Klironomos JN, Rillig MC, Allen MF, Zak DR, Kubiske M, and Pregitzer KS. 1997. Soil fungal-arthropod responses to Populus tremuloides grown under enriched atmospheric CO2 under field conditions. Global Change Biology 3: 473-478.

Klironomos JN, Rillig MC, Allen MF, Zak DR, Pregitzer KS, and Kubiske ME. 1997. Increased levels of airborne fungal spores in response to Populus tremuloides grown under elevated atmospheric CO2. Canadian Journal of Botany 75: 1670-1673.