(For general introduction, see “Liturgical Books.”)

  • The Book of the Bishop (Greek Archieratikon, Slavonic Chinovnik) contains liturgical services used when bishop is leading the clergy during the Liturgies of St. John Chrysostom, St. Basil the Great, and of the Presanctified Gifts, as well as ordinations.
  • The Book of the Eight Tones (Greek Octoechos, Slavonic Oktoikh) contains hymns related to the eight tones – prescribed melodies – used in sequence on a weekly basis. 
  • The Book of Hours (Greek Horologion, Slavonic Tchasoslov) contains services of the Daily Cycle. The larger Great Horologion (Slavonic Velikii Chasoslov) contains additional materials.
  • The Book of the Month (Greek Menaion, Slavonic Mineia) contains hymns and prayers for the immovable feasts and saints’ commemorations for each month of the liturgical year. As a result, twelve such books are used during the year (Greek plural Menaia)
  • The Book of Prayers (Greek Euchologion, Slavonic Iereiskii molitvoslov) exists in various arrangements. The Great Euchologion contains services of Vespers, Matins, Liturgy, sacraments, and other common services, as administered by the clergy. The shorter version of the book may contains a variety of services used on special occasions.
  • The Book of the Priest (Greek Hieratikon; Slavonic Sluzhebnik), also known as the Liturgikon, contains priest's prayers for the services of Vespers, Matins, and Divine Liturgy.
  •  The Book of the Prophets (Greek Prophetologion, Slavonic Paremijnik), or, rather, the Old Testament Lectionary, contains the prescribed Old Testament readings for Vespers and other services during the Church year.
  • The Epistle Book (Greek Apostolos; Slavonic Apostol), also known as the Book of the Apostle(s) and the Epistle Lectionary, contains prescribed readings from the Acts of the Apostles and various Epistles. These reading are used during the Divine Liturgy before the Gospel reading. The book often includes the “prokeimena” and “alleluias” – verses from Scripture – which are sung before and after the Epistle reading respectively.
  •  The Gospel Book (Greek Evangelion, Slavonic Evangelie) contains prescribed readings from the four Gospels. According to the rubrics, it is to be kept on the altar table on top of the folded antimension.
  • The Lenten Triodion (Greed Triodion, Slavonic Triod’ Postnaya) - literally the “Book of the Three Odes” - contains services rom the beginning of the pre-Lenten season (the Sunday of the Publican and Pharisee, the 10th Sunday before Pascha) until Holy Saturday.
  • The Paschal Triodion (Greek Pentecostarion, Slavonic Triod’ Tzvyetnaya) contains services of the Paschal season extending from the Day of Pascha until the First Sunday after Pentecost (the Day of All Saints).
  • Psalter (Greek Psalterion, Slavonic Psaltir'), the Book of Psalms arranged for liturgical use in the Orthodox Church. It is divided into twenty sections called kathismata, divided, in turn, into three sections.
  • The Book of Order (Greek Typikon, Slavonic Ustav) contains liturgical regulations on each day of the Church calendar. And explains in detail how various liturgical books mentioned above should be used on particular day.

(for details, see Vestments)

Deacon's vestments:

    •  , a long and narrow vestment with loose sleeves, fastened at the neck
    • Orarion, the stole worn over the left shoulder; in Greek practice, all deacons wear the double orarion

Priest's vestments:

    • Epitrachelion: the priestly stole, worn around the neck
    • Cloth belt worn over the epitrachelion (Greek Zone
    • Phelonion, sleeveless garment worn over all other vestments
    • Nabedrennik, a stiffened square cloth worn on the left side via a long loop of cloth placed over the right shoulder - a clergy award in the Russian Church
    • Epigonation (Slavonic Palitsa): it is like the nabedrennik but only diamond-shaped and always worn on the right side (loop over the left shoulder); also a clergy award
    • Mitre, a crown-like head piece, adorned with icons; a clergy award in the Russian Church

Bishop's vestments:

    • Pectoral cross
    • Panagia/Engolpion - medallion with depiction of the Theotokos holding the Christ Child. Some bishops have the right to wear a second engolpion, usually with the image of Christ.
    • Sticharion, like the priest's
    • Cuffs bound with laces (Epimanikia), like the priest's
    • Epitrachelion, like the priest's
    • Cloth belt/Zone, like the priest's
    • Sakkos, a tight-fitting garment with wide sleeves which  replaces the priest's phelonion
    • Epigonation/palitsa worn by all bishops
    • Mitre with the cross on top worn by all bishops
    • Omophorion, a wide band of cloth worn about the shoulders - the most important vestment of the bishop, a sign of his authority;  
    • Mantiya, sleeveless cape that fastens at the neck and the feet, worn by the bishop during the formal entry of the church before the Liturgy.


(for details, see Liturgical colors.)

    • For feasts of the Lord Jesus Christ, the prophets, the apostles, and the holy hierarchs, thevvestment color is gold (yellow) of all shades.
    • For feasts of the Mother of God, the bodiless powers, and virgins, the vestment color is light blue or white.
    • For feasts of the Cross, the vestment color is purple or dark red.
    • For feasts of the martyrs, the vestment color: Red.
    • On Great and Holy Thursday, the vestments are dark red, while the church is still covered with black and the altar is covered with white.
    • For feasts of monastic saints and ascetics, the vestment color is green.
    • For fests of  the Entrance of our Lord into Jerusalem (Palm Sunday), Holy Trinity Day (Pentecost), and Holy Spirit Day (Monday after Pentecost) the vestments are usually green of all shades.
    • During the first week of that Lent and on the weekdays of the Lenten weeks, the vestment color is black, while on Sundays and feast days of this period, the vestments are of a dark color (dark red, dark green, purple, etc,) with gold or colored ornaments.
    • For sacraments of Baptism, Matrimony, and for funerals, the vestments are usually white.