#Project18 #SafeEarthViaSpace - Observation from Space - Recognizing the Imperative Role of Space in our Future

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At the annual #GlobalFestivalOfAction #GFOA2019 of the 17#GlobalGoals for Sustainable Development #SDGs at the United Nations in Bonn, a team composed of people who had been working on #SafeEarthViaSpace and some new people who came in via #GlobalGoal17-Partnerships for the Goals, joined forces to take things to the next level.  Visually, this collage captures what they have been and are working on: 

GlobalGoals Project 18 Safe Earth via Space to serve the 17#GlobalGoals

The Peace Tree initiative - inspiration from Space - Stage 1
As you know, humanity does germination experiments in the international space station to study the effect of zero and low gravity on plants because eventually we will need greenhouses to grown our own food-vegetables in a basis on the moon/mars/long space travels.  When the plants become to big, the astronauts bring them back to earth where they undergo further study.  And eventually when they become too big for the lab on earth - then what do you do with them? And what if the effect of zero-gravity or any other space-effect would only show in the offspring?  Well, you plant the plants outside, harvest their seeds, study them, replant those seeds, grow plants out of the seeds of those plants etc. for some generations. When you see everything is safe, you can offer the seeds to young people to support their message of peace: you plant a tree that comes from a seed that was in space and circled the Earth a couple of times.  Quite some people go out to watch when the international space station flies over the place where they live. Isn't that a nice gesture and inspiring symbol - wondering about all these people watching it at the same time - and that in some 90 it circles Earth and will be back? And there's people all over the planet looking up at the skies, the stars and join in admiration, makes them wonder, maybe forget their worries for a moment, find peace? If you haven't seen the ISS fly over with all its plants and seeds:

ISS sightings over your city | Spot The Station | NASA

Enter your location and find out when the ISS will be passing over you next.

Photo: here you see us in the garden/parc of the European Parliament in Brussels in front of such a Peace Tree. We are with some friends from the Virunga Park holding the 17#GlobalGoals Flag.

Anyway, so at your next project, maybe you can plant a "Peace Tree" - it will for sure inspire some people and bring some additional media attention to your project.

The Peace Tree initiative - inspiration from Space - Stage 2
check back soon.

The Peace Tree initiative - inspiration from Space - Stage 3
check back soon.

The team contacts:
  1. Thi Hien Nguyen - Executive Director www.SpaceconneX.com

  2. skype SvenAERTS google hangout SvenAERTS228 at gmail dot com Brussels Office #Sports21 @Athletes21 #culture21 - 4 Pillars of Sustainability Environmental – Economical Entrepreneurial – Political Legal Human - Cultural Sustainability Partner in the EIT Community | European Institute of Innovation & Technology (EIT), a body of the European Union bringing together all the incubation parks in Europe, all the companies with an innovation department, all the smart investors - i.e. investors who became rich because they invented something, local authorities and public entities responsible for 1. innovation & smart cities; 2. climate change; 3. food - where it has to come from and as a first line medicine; 4. the medical revolution, 5. the energy transition, the green economy, 6. the ICT revolution, 7. raw materials - waste and urban mining; 8. transport and mobility. https://eit.europa.eu/eit-community/
#GlobalFestivalOfAction 2019 @SDGaction #TakeYourSeat #IamSDG.org IamSDG.org create your #ButterlyEffect #Act4SDGs

BackgroundImage result for Earth Summit 1972: Stockholm

Basically, top scientists - think Nobel Prize winners and leading team members of the Manhattan project that developed the atomic bomb during World War II - gathered annually in Rome to think about humanities' challenges - each from their specialty.  In those days, where the cold war emerged, there were big worries for a World War III that would be fought with nuclear missiles.  But also other worries had scientist raise their voices about, s.a. urban pollution, human population increase, scarcity of sweet water, fertile soil, killer diseases, etc. A famous book that captured that in those day was "Limits to growth".  The Manhattan project brought a lot of top scientists together for several years at the same place. After the second world war, the team members all went back to their countries and cities.  So, the group kept coming together once a year in Rome - hence their name "the Club of Rome" - and it became more and more notorious. Their exchanges about humanities challenges really caught on: the "Limits to Growth" on a finite planet Earth. They made a list about humanities challenges, but also a plan to avoid running into a wall somewhere around e.g. the year "2100" which was often coined.  At the end of their stay in Rome, they would come out with a public statement that captured quite some attention from the media s.a. the book they presented "Limits to  Growth".   Since 1972, the United Nations put their organisational capacity under that annual event bringing together a never seen number of top leaders: leaders in science, social sciences, arts & culture, urbanists, religious and political leaders, etc.  The above black-white picture shows that 1972 first "Earth Summit".  A list of challenges was drafted but also a plan of action NOT to run into some wall by the symbolic year "2100" - which was a year that was often cited in the 1970-ies for "Limits to  Growth" scenarios described in the similarly named famous book from the "Club of Rome".
United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development - Rio 2012
The meeting was a big success and it was decided to re-organize such a meeting with the top of humanity every 10 years in what has become known as "the Earth Summits" and adjust that plan of action - called Agenda21 - a plan of action to make sure humanity will NOT run into a wall somewhere by the year 2100.   More: Agenda21  
The 17#GlobalGoals come out of that plan of action Agenda21 and are intermediary goals humanity has to achieve - some by 2020 and some by 2030.  The colored pic was taking at one of those later Earth Summits.

In #Project18, we focus on #SafeEarthViaSpace - Observation from Space.  The number 18 refers to that it was long debated to have not 17 GlobalGoals - who are all related to "earth/terrestrial" - but also to have 1 Goal referring to "extra-terrestrial" and that would be goal nr 18 as all goals benefit from #SafeEarthViaSpace - Observation from Space.  Eventually it didn't make it and continued under #GlobalGoal17 - Partnerships for the Goals - #Project18 #SafeEarthViaSpace - Observation from Space:
  1. The 17#GlobalGoals, all benefit from Observation from Space.  We have the ISS - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Space_Station - but if there is a space debris of 2 cm that would hit it, the ISS and astronauts would be seriously in danger. So anybody with the idea of launching a "space war project" is completely out of their mind as exploding some other nation's satellite would jeopardize the ISS with 2 cm debris if not bigger flying at some 27.000 km/h.
    1. Check out what the astronauts on board of the ISS are doing and seeing life:

Life 24h Broadcasting International Space Station - NASA

  1. On a certain moment humanity will have to leave Earth because our sun just as all the other stars will explode but that's somewhere in 6 billion years. More: 

    Future of Earth - Wikipedia

    .  What has more people worried is the possibility that a huge meteorite wiping out humanity and most life on the planet as it happened before with the dinosaurs.  That's why we have a United Nations World #AsteroidDay and the 4–10 October World #SpaceWeek
  2.   So far these mass extinction events have occurred:
    1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Extinction_event#Identifying_causes_of_specific_mass_extinctions
      1. Extinction intensity.svgCambrianOrdovicianSilurianDevonianCarboniferousPermianTriassicJurassicCretaceousPaleogeneNeogene
        Marine extinction intensity during the Phanerozoic
        Millions of years ago
        Extinction intensity.svgCambrianOrdovicianSilurianDevonianCarboniferousPermianTriassicJurassicCretaceousPaleogeneNeogene
        Most widely supported explanations
  3. Enough reasons for some humans and institutions to seriously work on getting some kind of "Ark" in space, circulating Earth, or somewhere on the moon or on e.g. Mars.
  4. So far what we have is satellites observing Earth.  
  5. We start having something that looks for meteorites coming our way - but it still doesn't have the capability to detect anything too "small", nor inform us in time to remedy and we don't really have any capability to "nudge" a meteorite out of collision course. 

    ESA Simulation Asteroid iESA ESA Simulation Impact 2028: Protecting our planet

  6. ESA's World #AsteroidDay contribution video: the ESA Fly Eye Telescopes programme - spotting Earth-threatening asteroids - https://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Space_Safety/ESA_Flyeye_telescopes
  7. We have the "

    Svalbard Global Seed Vault

    " deep inside a mountain in Norway.
  8. Interested? Then check out: www.nasa.gov/planetarydefense/faq
  9. 30 June, United Nations Observe International World #AsteroidDay - www.un.org/en/events/asteroidday
Copyright: Alex Alishevskikh CC BY-SA 2.0 via esa.intNear-Earth Objects, or NEOs, represent potentially catastrophic threats to our planet. A near-Earth object is an asteroid or comet which passes close to the Earth's orbit. In technical terms, a NEO is considered to have a trajectory which brings it within 1.3 astronomical units of the Sun and hence within 0.3 astronomical units, or approximately 45 million kilometres, of the Earth's orbit. NEOs generally result from objects that have experienced gravitational perturbations from nearby planets, moving them into orbits that allow them to come close to the Earth. More: The United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs 
    1. http://www.unoosa.org/oosa/en/ourwork/topics/neos/index.html 
place-holderDo we know of any asteroids that pose a threat to Earth? No known asteroid poses a significant risk of impact with Earth over the next 100 years. The highest risk of impact for a known asteroid is a 1 in 714 chance of impact by an asteroid designated 2009 FD in 2185, meaning that the possibility that it could impact then is less than 0.2 percentWhile no known asteroid larger than 140 meters in size has a significant chance to hit Earth for the next 100 years, less than half of the estimated 25,000 NEOs that are 140 meters and larger in size have been found to date.  The Sentry Impact Risk Table, which is maintained by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory’s Center for NEO Studies, is updated continuously as new asteroids are discovered and known asteroids are further observed.  Humanity - some at least - are looking for that rock with our name of it, your child's name, your parents name and your name - all of our names and we are determined to outrun it. check out #Project18 #SafeEarthViaSpace Observation from Space - Recognizing the Imperative Role of Space in our Future
  1. 30 June, Happy International #AsteroidDay :)

  2. #ESA #PlanetaryDefence #AsteroidImpact Asteroid impact 2028: Protecting our planet

  3. Humanity doesn't have an "Ark" yet circulating Earth or built on e.g. the moon.  This is what we have so far: the "

    Svalbard Global Seed Vault

    in Norway.
  4. Svalbard Seed Vault

  5. Quite some people think the chance of a NEO with humanity threatening capability hitting Earth is too big and are working towards building such an "Ark" circulating Earth or built on e.g. the moon.
More Background:

Sometimes you may hear a reference made to this as #GlobalGoal18 or the 18th Global Goal for Sustainable Development.  But this could lead to confusion and it is felt it obstructs the efforts in making the 17#GlobalGoals known, so to avoid confusion, it is better to refer to it as #Project18 #SafeEarthViaSpace - Observation from Space - Recognizing the Imperative Role of Space in our Future#GlobalGoal18 Recognizing the Imperative Role of Space in our Future.

Where does this all fit into? What are the 17#GlobalGoals for Sustainable Development and this "Agenda21" plan of action?

Agenda21, is the name for the plan of action making sure humanity will make it beyond the year 2100.  To make it beyond the year 2100, intermediate goals have been set out.  Every 10 years, since 1972, the best of the best humanity can bring forward, gather in the "Earth Summits" to make up an intermediate status, to adjust Agenda 21 and set-out new goals.
- The 8 Millennium Development Goals, set out in 2000 and to be achieved by end 2015
- The 17 Sustainable Development Goals, set out end 2015 and some to be achieved by 2020, some by 2030.
  1. Official page: http://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/?menu=1300
  2. History: the Sustainable Development Goals build upon Agenda 21 - the plan of action to foster collaboration so Humanity will make it beyond the year 2100 and the 2000-2015 "8 Millennium Development Goals".

Subpage Listing

Sustainable Development Goals and targets
  1. Goal 1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere
    1. 1.1 by 2030, eradicate extreme poverty for all people everywhere, currently measured as people living on less than $1.25 a day
    2. 1.2 by 2030, reduce at least by half the proportion of men, women and children of all ages living in poverty in all its dimensions according to national definitions
    3. 1.3 implement nationally appropriate social protection systems and measures for all, including floors, and by 2030 achieve substantial coverage of the poor and the vulnerable
    4. 1.4 by 2030 ensure that all men and women, particularly the poor and the vulnerable, have equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to basic services, ownership, and control over land and other forms of property, inheritance, natural resources, appropriate new technology, and financial services including microfinance
    5. 1.5 by 2030 build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations, and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters
    6. 1.a. ensure significant mobilization of resources from a variety of sources, including through enhanced development cooperation to provide adequate and predictable means for developing countries, in particular LDCs, to implement programmes and policies to end poverty in all its dimensions
    7. 1.b create sound policy frameworks, at national, regional and international levels, based on pro-poor and gender-sensitive development strategies to support accelerated investments in poverty eradication actions
  2. Goal 2. End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture
    1. 2.1 by 2030 end hunger and ensure access by all people, in particular the poor and people in vulnerable situations including infants, to safe, nutritious and sufficient food all year round
    2. 2.2 by 2030 end all forms of malnutrition, including achieving by 2025 the internationally agreed targets on stunting and wasting in children under five years of age, and address the nutritional needs of adolescent girls, pregnant and lactating women, and older persons
    3. 2.3 by 2030 double the agricultural productivity and the incomes of small-scale food producers, particularly women, indigenous peoples, family farmers, pastoralists and fishers, including through secure and equal access to land, other productive resources and inputs, knowledge, financial services, markets, and opportunities for value addition and non-farm employment
    4. 2.4 by 2030 ensure sustainable food production systems and implement resilient agricultural practices that increase productivity and production, that help maintain ecosystems, that strengthen capacity for adaptation to climate change, extreme weather, drought, flooding and other disasters, and that progressively improve land and soil quality
    5. 2.5 by 2020 maintain genetic diversity of seeds, cultivated plants, farmed and domesticated animals and their related wild species, including through soundly managed and diversified seed and plant banks at national, regional and international levels, and ensure access to and fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge as internationally agreed
    6. 2.a increase investment, including through enhanced international cooperation, in rural infrastructure, agricultural research and extension services, technology development, and plant and livestock gene banks to enhance agricultural productive capacity in developing countries, in particular in least developed countries
    7. 2.b. correct and prevent trade restrictions and distortions in world agricultural markets including by the parallel elimination of all forms of agricultural export subsidies and all export measures with equivalent effect, in accordance with the mandate of the Doha Development Round
    8. 2.c. adopt measures to ensure the proper functioning of food commodity markets and their derivatives, and facilitate timely access to market information, including on food reserves, in order to help limit extreme food price volatility
  3. Goal 3. Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
    1. 3.1 by 2030 reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100,000 live births
    2. 3.2 by 2030 end preventable deaths of newborns and under-five children
    3. 3.3 by 2030 end the epidemics of AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria, and neglected tropical diseases and combat hepatitis, water-borne diseases, and other communicable diseases
    4. 3.4 by 2030 reduce by one-third pre-mature mortality from non-communicable diseases (NCDs) through prevention and treatment, and promote mental health and wellbeing
    5. 3.5 strengthen prevention and treatment of substance abuse, including narcotic drug abuse and harmful use of alcohol
    6. 3.6 by 2020 halve global deaths and injuries from road traffic accidents
    7. 3.7 by 2030 ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health care services, including for family planning, information and education, and the integration of reproductive health into national strategies and programmes
    8. 3.8 achieve universal health coverage (UHC), including financial risk protection, access to quality essential health care services, and access to safe, effective, quality, and affordable essential medicines and vaccines for all
    9. 3.9 by 2030 substantially reduce the number of deaths and illnesses from hazardous chemicals and air, water, and soil pollution and contamination
    10. 3.a strengthen implementation of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control in all countries as appropriate
    11. 3.b support research and development of vaccines and medicines for the communicable and non-communicable diseases that primarily affect developing countries, provide access to affordable essential medicines and vaccines, in accordance with the Doha Declaration which affirms the right of developing countries to use to the full the provisions in the TRIPS agreement regarding flexibilities to protect public health and, in particular, provide access to medicines for all
    12. 3.c increase substantially health financing and the recruitment, development and training and retention of the health workforce in developing countries, especially in LDCs and SIDS
    13. 3.d strengthen the capacity of all countries, particularly developing countries, for early warning, risk reduction, and management of national and global health risks
  4. Goal 4. Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote life-long learning opportunities for all
    1. 4.1 by 2030, ensure that all girls and boys complete free, equitable and quality primary and secondary education leading to relevant and effective learning outcomes
    2. 4.2 by 2030 ensure that all girls and boys have access to quality early childhood development, care and pre-primary education so that they are ready for primary education
    3. 4.3 by 2030 ensure equal access for all women and men to affordable quality technical, vocational and tertiary education, including university
    4. 4.4 by 2030, increase by x% the number of youth and adults who have relevant skills, including technical and vocational skills, for employment, decent jobs and entrepreneurship
    5. 4.5 by 2030, eliminate gender disparities in education and ensure equal access to all levels of education and vocational training for the vulnerable, including persons with disabilities, indigenous peoples, and children in vulnerable situations
    6. 4.6 by 2030 ensure that all youth and at least x% of adults, both men and women, achieve literacy and numeracy
    7. 4.7 by 2030 ensure all learners acquire knowledge and skills needed to promote sustainable development, including among others through education for sustainable development and sustainable lifestyles, human rights, gender equality, promotion of a culture of peace and non-violence, global citizenship, and appreciation of cultural diversity and of culture’s contribution to sustainable development
    8. 4.a build and upgrade education facilities that are child, disability and gender sensitive and provide safe, non-violent, inclusive and effective learning environments for all
    9. 4.b by 2020 expand by x% globally the number of scholarships for developing countries in particular LDCs, SIDS and African countries to enrol in higher education, including vocational training, ICT, technical, engineering and scientific programmes in developed countries and other developing countries
    10. 4.c by 2030 increase by x% the supply of qualified teachers, including through international cooperation for teacher training in developing countries, especially LDCs and SIDS
  5. Goal 5. Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
    1. 5.1 end all forms of discrimination against all women and girls everywhere
    2. 5.2 eliminate all forms of violence against all women and girls in public and private spheres, including trafficking and sexual and other types of exploitation
    3. 5.3 eliminate all harmful practices, such as child, early and forced marriage and female genital mutilations
    4. 5.4 recognize and value unpaid care and domestic work through the provision of public services, infrastructure and social protection policies, and the promotion of shared responsibility within the household and the family as nationally appropriate
    5. 5.5 ensure women’s full and effective participation and equal opportunities for leadership at all levels of decision-making in political, economic, and public life
    6. 5.6 ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights as agreed in accordance with the Programme of Action of the ICPD and the Beijing Platform for Action and the outcome documents of their review conferences
    7. 5.a undertake reforms to give women equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to ownership and control over land and other forms of property, financial services, inheritance, and natural resources in accordance with national laws
    8. 5.b enhance the use of enabling technologies, in particular ICT, to promote women’s empowerment
    9. 5.c adopt and strengthen sound policies and enforceable legislation for the promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of all women and girls at all levels
  6. Goal 6. Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
    1. 6.1 by 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all
    2. 6.2 by 2030, achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all, and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations
    3. 6.3 by 2030, improve water quality by reducing pollution, eliminating dumping and minimizing release of hazardous chemicals and materials, halving the proportion of untreated wastewater, and increasing recycling and safe reuse by x% globally
    4. 6.4 by 2030, substantially increase water-use efficiency across all sectors and ensure sustainable withdrawals and supply of freshwater to address water scarcity, and substantially reduce the number of people suffering from water scarcity
    5. 6.5 by 2030 implement integrated water resources management at all levels, including through transboundary cooperation as appropriate
    6. 6.6 by 2020 protect and restore water-related ecosystems, including mountains, forests, wetlands, rivers, aquifers and lakes
    7. 6.a by 2030, expand international cooperation and capacity-building support to developing countries in water and sanitation related activities and programmes, including water harvesting, desalination, water efficiency, wastewater treatment, recycling and reuse technologies
    8. 6.b support and strengthen the participation of local communities for improving water and sanitation management
  7. Goal 7. Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable, and modern energy for all
    1. 7.1 by 2030 ensure universal access to affordable, reliable, and modern energy services
    2. 7.2 increase substantially the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix by 2030
    3. 7.3 double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency by 2030
    4. 7.a by 2030 enhance international cooperation to facilitate access to clean energy research and technologies, including renewable energy, energy efficiency, and advanced and cleaner fossil fuel technologies, and promote investment in energy infrastructure and clean energy technologies
    5. 7.b by 2030 expand infrastructure and upgrade technology for supplying modern and sustainable energy services for all in developing countries, particularly LDCs and SIDS
  8. Goal 8. Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
    1. 8.1 sustain per capita economic growth in accordance with national circumstances, and in particular at least 7% per annum GDP growth in the least-developed countries
    2. 8.2 achieve higher levels of productivity of economies through diversification, technological upgrading and innovation, including through a focus on high value added and labour-intensive sectors
    3. 8.3 promote development-oriented policies that support productive activities, decent job creation, entrepreneurship, creativity and innovation, and encourage formalization and growth of micro-, small- and medium-sized enterprises including through access to financial services
    4. 8.4 improve progressively through 2030 global resource efficiency in consumption and production, and endeavour to decouple economic growth from environmental degradation in accordance with the 10-year framework of programmes on sustainable consumption and production with developed countries taking the lead
    5. 8.5 by 2030 achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all women and men, including for young people and persons with disabilities, and equal pay for work of equal value
    6. 8.6 by 2020 substantially reduce the proportion of youth not in employment, education or training
    7. 8.7 take immediate and effective measures to secure the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labour, eradicate forced labour, and by 2025 end child labour in all its forms including recruitment and use of child soldiers
    8. 8.8 protect labour rights and promote safe and secure working environments of all workers, including migrant workers, particularly women migrants, and those in precarious employment
    9. 8.9 by 2030 devise and implement policies to promote sustainable tourism which creates jobs, promotes local culture and products
    10. 8.10 strengthen the capacity of domestic financial institutions to encourage and to expand access to banking, insurance and financial services for all
    11. 8.a increase Aid for Trade support for developing countries, particularly LDCs, including through the Enhanced Integrated Framework for LDCs
    12. 8.b by 2020 develop and operationalize a global strategy for youth employment and implement the ILO Global Jobs Pact
  9. Goal 9. Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation
    1. 9.1 develop quality, reliable, sustainable and resilient infrastructure, including regional and trans-border infrastructure, to support economic development and human well-being, with a focus on affordable and equitable access for all
    2. 9.2 promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization, and by 2030 raise significantly industry’s share of employment and GDP in line with national circumstances, and double its share in LDCs
    3. 9.3 increase the access of small-scale industrial and other enterprises, particularly in developing countries, to financial services including affordable credit and their integration into value chains and markets
    4. 9.4 by 2030 upgrade infrastructure and retrofit industries to make them sustainable, with increased resource use efficiency and greater adoption of clean and environmentally sound technologies and industrial processes, all countries taking action in accordance with their respective capabilities
    5. 9.5 enhance scientific research, upgrade the technological capabilities of industrial sectors in all countries, particularly developing countries, including by 2030 encouraging innovation and increasing the number of R&D workers per one million people by x% and public and private R&D spending
    6. 9.a facilitate sustainable and resilient infrastructure development in developing countries through enhanced financial, technological and technical support to African countries, LDCs, LLDCs and SIDS
    7. 9.b support domestic technology development, research and innovation in developing countries including by ensuring a conducive policy environment for inter alia industrial diversification and value addition to commodities
    8. 9.c significantly increase access to ICT and strive to provide universal and affordable access to internet in LDCs by 2020
  10. Goal 10. Reduce inequality within and among countries
    1. 10.1 by 2030 progressively achieve and sustain income growth of the bottom 40% of the population at a rate higher than the national average
    2. 10.2 by 2030 empower and promote the social, economic and political inclusion of all irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic or other status
    3. 10.3 ensure equal opportunity and reduce inequalities of outcome, including through eliminating discriminatory laws, policies and practices and promoting appropriate legislation, policies and actions in this regard
    4. 10.4 adopt policies especially fiscal, wage, and social protection policies and progressively achieve greater equality
    5. 10.5 improve regulation and monitoring of global financial markets and institutions and strengthen implementation of such regulations
    6. 10.6 ensure enhanced representation and voice of developing countries in decision making in global international economic and financial institutions in order to deliver more effective, credible, accountable and legitimate institutions
    7. 10.7 facilitate orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration and mobility of people, including through implementation of planned and well-managed migration policies
    8. 10.a implement the principle of special and differential treatment for developing countries, in particular least developed countries, in accordance with WTO agreements
    9. 10.b encourage ODA and financial flows, including foreign direct investment, to states where the need is greatest, in particular LDCs, African countries, SIDS, and LLDCs, in accordance with their national plans and programmes
    10. 10.c by 2030, reduce to less than 3% the transaction costs of migrant remittances and eliminate remittance corridors with costs higher than 5%
  11. Goal 11. Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
    1. 11.1 by 2030, ensure access for all to adequate, safe and affordable housing and basic services, and upgrade slums
    2. 11.2 by 2030, provide access to safe, affordable, accessible and sustainable transport systems for all, improving road safety, notably by expanding public transport, with special attention to the needs of those in vulnerable situations, women, children, persons with disabilities and older persons
    3. 11.3 by 2030 enhance inclusive and sustainable urbanization and capacities for participatory, integrated and sustainable human settlement planning and management in all countries
    4. 11.4 strengthen efforts to protect and safeguard the world’s cultural and natural heritage
    5. 11.5 by 2030 significantly reduce the number of deaths and the number of affected people and decrease by y% the economic losses relative to GDP caused by disasters, including water-related disasters, with the focus on protecting the poor and people in vulnerable situations
    6. 11.6 by 2030, reduce the adverse per capita environmental impact of cities, including by paying special attention to air quality, municipal and other waste management
    7. 11.7 by 2030, provide universal access to safe, inclusive and accessible, green and public spaces, particularly for women and children, older persons and persons with disabilities
    8. 11.a support positive economic, social and environmental links between urban, peri-urban and rural areas by strengthening national and regional development planning
    9. 11.b by 2020, increase by x% the number of cities and human settlements adopting and implementing integrated policies and plans towards inclusion, resource efficiency, mitigation and adaptation to climate change, resilience to disasters, develop and implement in line with the forthcoming Hyogo Framework holistic disaster risk management at all levels
    10. 11.c support least developed countries, including through financial and technical assistance, for sustainable and resilient buildings utilizing local materials
    11. More: http://unhabitat.org/governing-council-approves-international-guidelines-on-urban-and-territorial-planning/
  12. Goal 12. Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
    1. 12.1 implement the 10-Year Framework of Programmes on sustainable consumption and production (10YFP), all countries taking action, with developed countries taking the lead, taking into account the development and capabilities of developing countries
    2. 12.2 by 2030 achieve sustainable management and efficient use of natural resources
    3. 12.3 by 2030 halve per capita global food waste at the retail and consumer level, and reduce food losses along production and supply chains including post-harvest losses
    4. 12.4 by 2020 achieve environmentally sound management of chemicals and all wastes throughout their life cycle in accordance with agreed international frameworks and significantly reduce their release to air, water and soil to minimize their adverse impacts on human health and the environment
    5. 12.5 by 2030, substantially reduce waste generation through prevention, reduction, recycling, and reuse
    6. 12.6 encourage companies, especially large and trans-national companies, to adopt sustainable practices and to integrate sustainability information into their reporting cycle
    7. 12.7 promote public procurement practices that are sustainable in accordance with national policies and priorities
    8. 12.8 by 2030 ensure that people everywhere have the relevant information and awareness for sustainable development and lifestyles in harmony with nature
    9. 12.a support developing countries to strengthen their scientific and technological capacities to move towards more sustainable patterns of consumption and production
    10. 12.b develop and implement tools to monitor sustainable development impacts for sustainable tourism which creates jobs, promotes local culture and products
    11. 12.c rationalize inefficient fossil fuel subsidies that encourage wasteful consumption by removing market distortions, in accordance with national circumstances, including by restructuring taxation and phasing out those harmful subsidies, where they exist, to reflect their environmental impacts, taking fully into account the specific needs and conditions of developing countries and minimizing the possible adverse impacts on their development in a manner that protects the poor and the affected communities
  13. Goal 13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts *
    1. *Acknowledging that the UNFCCC is the primary international, intergovernmental forum for negotiating the global response to climate change .
    2. 13.1 strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate related hazards and natural disasters in all countries
    3. 13.2 integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies, and planning
    4. 13.3 improve education, awareness raising and human and institutional capacity on climate change mitigation, adaptation, impact reduction, and early warning
    5. 13.a implement the commitment undertaken by developed country Parties to the UNFCCC to a goal of mobilizing jointly USD100 billion annually by 2020 from all sources to address the needs of developing countries in the context of meaningful mitigation actions and transparency on implementation and fully operationalize the Green Climate Fund through its capitalization as soon as possible
    6. 13.b Promote mechanisms for raising capacities for effective climate change related planning and management, in LDCs, including focusing on women, youth, local and marginalized communities
  14. Goal 14. Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development
    1. 14.1 by 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, particularly from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution
    2. 14.2 by 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration, to achieve healthy and productive oceans
    3. 14.3 minimize and address the impacts of ocean acidification, including through enhanced scientific cooperation at all levels
    4. 14.4 by 2020, effectively regulate harvesting, and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics
    5. 14.5 by 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on best available scientific information
    6. 14.6 by 2020, prohibit certain forms of fisheries subsidies which contribute to overcapacity and overfishing, and eliminate subsidies that contribute to IUU fishing, and refrain from introducing new such subsidies, recognizing that appropriate and effective special and differential treatment for developing and least developed countries should be an integral part of the WTO fisheries subsidies negotiation *
    7. 14.7 by 2030 increase the economic benefits to SIDS and LDCs from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism
    8. 14.a increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacities and transfer marine technology taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular SIDS and LDCs
    9. 14.b provide access of small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets
    10. 14.c ensure the full implementation of international law, as reflected in UNCLOS for states parties to it, including, where applicable, existing regional and international regimes for the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources by their parties
  15. Goal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
    1. 15.1 by 2020 ensure conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements
    2. 15.2 by 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests, and increase afforestation and reforestation by x% globally
    3. 15.3 by 2020, combat desertification, and restore degraded land and soil, including land affected by desertification, drought and floods, and strive to achieve a land-degradation neutral world
    4. 15.4 by 2030 ensure the conservation of mountain ecosystems, including their biodiversity, to enhance their capacity to provide benefits which are essential for sustainable development
    5. 15.5 take urgent and significant action to reduce degradation of natural habitat, halt the loss of biodiversity, and by 2020 protect and prevent the extinction of threatened species
    6. 15.6 ensure fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources, and promote appropriate access to genetic resources
    7. 15.7 take urgent action to end poaching and trafficking of protected species of flora and fauna, and address both demand and supply of illegal wildlife products
    8. 15.8 by 2020 introduce measures to prevent the introduction and significantly reduce the impact of invasive alien species on land and water ecosystems, and control or eradicate the priority species
    9. 15.9 by 2020, integrate ecosystems and biodiversity values into national and local planning, development processes and poverty reduction strategies, and accounts
    10. 15.a mobilize and significantly increase from all sources financial resources to conserve and sustainably use biodiversity and ecosystems
    11. 15.b mobilize significantly resources from all sources and at all levels to finance sustainable forest management, and provide adequate incentives to developing countries to advance sustainable forest management, including for conservation and reforestation
    12. 15.c enhance global support to efforts to combat poaching and trafficking of protected species, including by increasing the capacity of local communities to pursue sustainable livelihood opportunities
  16. Goal 16. Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
    1. 16.1 significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere
    2. 16.2 end abuse, exploitation, trafficking and all forms of violence and torture against children
    3. 16.3 promote the rule of law at the national and international levels, and ensure equal access to justice for all
    4. 16.4 by 2030 significantly reduce illicit financial and arms flows, strengthen recovery and return of stolen assets, and combat all forms of organized crime
    5. 16.5 substantially reduce corruption and bribery in all its forms
    6. 16.6 develop effective, accountable and transparent institutions at all levels
    7. 16.7 ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels
    8. 16.8 broaden and strengthen the participation of developing countries in the institutions of global governance
    9. 16.9 by 2030 provide legal identity for all including birth registration
    10. 16.10 ensure public access to information and protect fundamental freedoms, in accordance with national legislation and international agreements
    11. 16.a strengthen relevant national institutions, including through international cooperation, for building capacities at all levels, in particular in developing countries, for preventing violence and combating terrorism and crime
    12. 16.b promote and enforce non-discriminatory laws and policies for sustainable development
  17. Goal 17. Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development
    1. Finance
      1. 17.1 strengthen domestic resource mobilization, including through international support to developing countries to improve domestic capacity for tax and other revenue collection
      2. 17.2 developed countries to implement fully their ODA commitments, including to provide 0.7% of GNI in ODA to developing countries of which 0.15-0.20% to least-developed countries
      3. 17.3 mobilize additional financial resources for developing countries from multiple sources
      4. 17.4 assist developing countries in attaining long-term debt sustainability through coordinated policies aimed at fostering debt financing, debt relief and debt restructuring, as appropriate, and address the external debt of highly indebted poor countries (HIPC) to reduce debt distress
      5. 17.5 adopt and implement investment promotion regimes for LDCs
    1. Technology
      1. 17.6 enhance North-South, South-South and triangular regional and international cooperation on and access to science, technology and innovation, and enhance knowledge sharing on mutually agreed terms, including through improved coordination among existing mechanisms, particularly at UN level, and through a global technology facilitation mechanism when agreed
      2. 17.7 promote development, transfer, dissemination and diffusion of environmentally sound technologies to developing countries on favourable terms, including on concessional and preferential terms, as mutually agreed
      3. 17.8 fully operationalize the Technology Bank and STI (Science, Technology and Innovation) capacity building mechanism for LDCs by 2017, and enhance the use of enabling technologies in particular ICT
    2. Capacity building
      1. 17.9 enhance international support for implementing effective and targeted capacity building in developing countries to support national plans to implement all sustainable development goals, including through North-South, South-South, and triangular cooperation
    3. Trade
      1. 17.10 promote a universal, rules-based, open, non-discriminatory and equitable multilateral trading system under the WTO including through the conclusion of negotiations within its Doha Development Agenda
      2. 17.11 increase significantly the exports of developing countries, in particular with a view to doubling the LDC share of global exports by 2020
      3. 17.12 realize timely implementation of duty-free, quota-free market access on a lasting basis for all least developed countries consistent with WTO decisions, including through ensuring that preferential rules of origin applicable to imports from LDCs are transparent and simple, and contribute to facilitating market access
    4. Systemic issues
    5. Policy and institutional coherence
      1. 17.13 enhance global macroeconomic stability including through policy coordination and policy coherence
      2. 17.14 enhance policy coherence for sustainable development
      3. 17.15 respect each country’s policy space and leadership to establish and implement policies for poverty eradication and sustainable development
    6. Multi-stakeholder partnerships
      1. 17.16 enhance the global partnership for sustainable development complemented by multi-stakeholder partnerships that mobilize and share knowledge, expertise, technologies and financial resources to support the achievement of sustainable development goals in all countries, particularly developing countries
      2. 17.17 encourage and promote effective public, public-private, and civil society partnerships, building on the experience and resourcing strategies of partnerships
    7. Data, monitoring and accountability
      1. 17.18 by 2020, enhance capacity building support to developing countries, including for LDCs and SIDS, to increase significantly the availability of high-quality, timely and reliable data disaggregated by income, gender, age, race, ethnicity, migratory status, disability, geographic location and other characteristics relevant in national contexts
      2. 17.19 by 2030, build on existing initiatives to develop measurements of progress on sustainable development that complement GDP, and support statistical capacity building in developing countries
Have a fruitful collaboration on these pages.  Just login and start editing / adding pages.


Agenda 21 is the Plan of Action to help humanity make it beyond the year 2100, made by the best of the best our humanity can bring forward at the decennial "Earth Summits".  To make sure we don't run in one or the other "wall" by 2100, leaders have set out some goals, to be achieved to stay on target to survive as a humanity and make it beyond the year 2100.  Such goals were for the first time set out by our world leaders around the year 2000 and hence called the Millennium Development Goals, to be achieved by end 2015.   These MDG's - are 8 goals, put forward in collaboration with and by the United Nations when Humanity was approaching the year 2000 and are - just like companies have short-mid and long-term goals - goals for Humanity to reach by 2015.  Set-out as a beacon and time-line for all actors and individuals in Humanity to align towards.
The Millennium Development Goals came out of and make part of the larger and earlier started Plan of Action called "Agenda 21" to help align all Plan of Actions of all actors and individuals in Humanity to help Humanity make it beyond the year 2100.

Are you coming in from here, these MDG's? Then this is your place ... have fun & team up !
Where do you want to start-working from:
Want/Need to work on one or more Linking Initiatives with other section(s).

Please, use this page as your kick-start page, which the UN Millennium site pages doesn't give.  Sign-in with your google account and some buttons will appear "Add Page/ Edit Page / Save Page".

As we're approaching the finish and evaluation date for the 2000-2015 (december) for the Millennium Development Goals, there are teams who are already thinking strategically about the post 2015.  They've already come up with a name: The post 2015 Sustainable Development Goals. We've created a dedicated starting page for this and If you want to collaborate on this, here it is: The post 2015 Sustainable Development Goals

1CO2e Rights of the Child 25 yrs Commemorative Coin

1MDG Ducat MDG8

Suggested links:
  1. The post 2015 Sustainable Development Goals-GlobalGoals
    1. http://www.data4sdgs.org/ - The Global Partnership on Sustainable Development Data for the #GlobalGoals
    2. #HiveMind technique and the #GlobalGoals
  2. http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals
  3. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Millennium_Development_Goals
  4. The 15 Global Challenges framework: 15 identified challenges that each have the capacity to bring humanity to its knees but that will all disappear when we all implement the Millennium and Sustainable Development Goals in our strategic plans.
  5. Supporting Agenda21 through Alternative Currencies / How to channel the necessary resources to these goals 
  6. 20191118: Inspiring Fun fact: Today was made the #First_edit_to_Wikipedia_from_space ! :)