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Literacies

The theory of multiple intelligence was developed in 1983 by Dr. Howard Gardner, professor of education at Harvard University.  It suggests that the traditional notion of intelligence, based on I.Q. testing, is far too limited.  Instead, Dr. Gardner proposes eight different intelligences to account for a broad range of human potential in children and adults.*



Intelligences and Application:*

Linguistic intelligence ("word smart")
        words

Logical-mathematical intelligence ("numbering/reasoning smart")
        numbers or logic

Spatial intelligence ("picture smart")
        pictures

Bodily-Kinesthetic intelligences ("body smart")
        a physical experience

Musical intelligence ("music smart")
        music

Interpersonal intelligence ("people smart")
        a social experience

Intrapersonal intelligence ("self smart")
        self-reflection

Naturalist intelligence ("nature smart")
        an experience in the natural world

Existentialist intelligence** has recently emerged as "wondering" people
        ask "big picture" questions/philosophical

Example:

If you're teaching or learning about he law of supply and demand in economics, you might read about it (linguistic), study mathematical formulas that express it (logical-mathematical), examine a graphic chart that illustrates the principle (spatial), observe the law int he natural world (naturalist) or in the human world of commerce (interpersonal); examine the law in terms of your own body [e.g. when you supply your body with lots of food, the hunger demand goes down; when there's very little supply, your stomach's demand for food goes way up and you get hungry] (bodily-kinesthetic and intrapersonal); and/or write a song (or find an  existing song) that demonstrates the law.*

*From the "Thomas Armstrong Website" <http://thomasarmstrong.com/>
Can be accessed through his website <http://thomasarmstrong.com/multiple_intelligences.htm>


**From the "SNARKYsGUIDE" website <http://snarkysguide.com/index.html>
Can be accessed through the website <http://snarkysguide.com/gardner9.html>