Zambia became the British Colony of Northern Rhodesia when Cecil John Rhodes' pioneer column moved North in 1890. In 1953, Northern Rhodesia combined with Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) and Nyasaland (now Malawi) to form a federation. The federation dissolved in 1963 and, in 1964 Zambia achieved independence. In it's first quarter century, Zambia, though nominally a democracy, was ruled by a strong-man president. Recent elections brought sweeping changes, virtually all for the better.
Zambia is largely a country of Mopane woodland, hardwood forest with understory that varies from open woodlands to very heavy thorn. There are broad rivers valleys, floodplains and swamps that, conservatively, offer a tremendous variety fo habitats. Zambia shares famous Victoria Falls and the Zambezi Valley with Zimbabwe to the South. The Zambezi Valley is the lowest point in Zambia. To the North, the land rises and falls, Northwest to the Kafue River drainage and the Kafue Plateau, and Northeast to the great Luangwa Valley, the Muchinga Mountains and the Bangweulu Swamp. The centrally located capital of Lusaka is the capital city and is the main point of entry to Zambia for Muchinga Adventures guests.