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"Make It New"

Ezra Pound was certainly onto something when he coined one of his most famous phrases in 1916:  "Make it new."  What the world didn't realize was that it was conceiving something completely revolutionary, a second renaissance of sorts.  With the advent of modernism as a viable theory came hundreds of new artists from all over the world who all took Pound's advice to heart.  Whether they painted with oil or words, these artists paved the way for the rest of the 20th century and all the chaos and disorder that would ensue.  Modernism gave way to Postmodernism, and regardless if you spell it with the hyphen or not, you'll agree that it's a major shift from the safety of Modern ideals.  While we study this shift in literature, we will concern ourselves with one of the hallmarks of Postmodern literature:  Gardner's Grendel.  This is my absolute favorite unit to teach, and by the end of the unit, you'll understand why.



Context Resources

Literature Resources

"Allegory of the Cave" Selection

"Allegory of the Cave" Questions

"Sailing to Byzantium" (Yeats)

"The Love-Song of J. Alfred Prufrock" (Eliot)

Prufrock Epigraph and Questions

"A Few Don'ts" (Pound)

Grendel Resources

Grendel (Philosophy) Terms

Grendel Journal Prompts

Grendel Chs 1-3 Quotes

Devonian Fish Explanation

Grendel Essay Topics

"Evildoer" (Smithsonian)

"Evildoer" Questions


Grendel Response Quotes

Grendel Seminar Questions

Grendel Seminar Replacement Assignment


Study Guides

Postmodernism Exam Review