First Grade State Standards

A. Word Recognition, Analysis, and Fluency
The student will understand and apply knowledge of the sounds of the English language (phonemic awareness), the sound-symbol relationship (phonics), and word
recognition strategies to read grade-level materials with accuracy and emerging fluency.
1. Identify letters, words and sentences.
2. Match spoken words with print.
3. See, hear, say and write the letters, blends and diagraphs that correspond with the common sounds of the English Language.
4. Segment and blend beginning, middle and ending sounds (phonemes) to read unfamiliar words.
5. Divide spoken and written words into syllables and identify phonemes and phonograms within words.
6. Use letter sounds, word patterns and parts of simple compound words to decode unfamiliar words when reading.
7. Generate rhyming words in a rhyming pattern.
8. Read 100 high-frequency words.
9. Notice when reading breaks down, reread and use phonetic and other strategies to self-correct.
10. Read aloud grade-appropriate text with accuracy and emerging fluency.
B. Vocabulary Expansion
The student will use a variety of strategies to develop and expand reading, listening and speaking vocabularies.
1. Learn new words through explicit instruction and independent reading.
2. Use descriptive words when speaking of people, places, things, actions and events.
3. Identify and generate antonyms and synonyms, and use them to understand and express word meaning.
4. Use context to predict and infer word meanings.
C. Comprehension
The student will actively engage in the reading process and use a variety of comprehension strategies to understand the meaning of texts that have been read or listened to.
1. Demonstrate literal and inferential comprehension by asking and answering questions about narrative and informational text.
2. Recall and use prior learning and preview text to prepare for reading.
3. Monitor comprehension and reread as needed at points of difficulty, using strategies to self-correct when needed.
4. Make predictions of outcomes and verify from texts.
5. Identify or infer topic.
6. Make simple inferences and draw and support conclusions.
7. Use story illustrations to enhance comprehension.
8. Write or draw a response that shows comprehension of a story that has been read.
9. Relate texts to prior knowledge and experiences.
D. Literature
The student will actively engage in the reading process and read, understand, respond to and appreciate a wide variety of fiction, poetic and non-fiction texts.
1. Read from and listen to texts representing a variety of genres (such as poetry, folk tales, drama, fantasy, realistic fiction, informational and biographical texts) from America, as well as from other countries.
2. Identify and describe main characters setting and sequences of story events.
3. Respond to text and use details from stories to support interpretation and make personal connections.
4. Retell familiar stories using a beginning, middle and end.
5. Read and listen to selections for personal enjoyment.
6. Understand the role of illustrations in conveying meaning in picture books.
(Writing should be addressed across content areas and integrated into the curriculum.)
A. Types of Writing
The student will compose various pieces of writing.
1. Write in a variety of modes to express meaning, including:
a. narrative
b. informative
c. poetic
2. Use informal writing to record information or observations.
B. Elements of Composition
The student will demonstrate emerging knowledge of a writing process with attention to organization, topic and quality of ideas.
1. Write simple sentences using a process and strategies to plan, compose, revise and edit.
C. Spelling, Grammar, and Usage
The student will demonstrate emerging knowledge of punctuation, spelling and capitalization.
1. Use a period after sentences, numerals and initials.
2. Capitalize the first letter of proper names, the pronoun I, and the first words of sentences.
3. Use question marks and exclamation marks.
4. Compose simple sentences.
5. Use correct spelling for grade-appropriate high-frequency sight words.
6. Spell 3-4 letter words correctly.
7. Spell grade-appropriate words correctly in final draft.
D. Research
The student will locate and use information in reference materials.
1. Use grade level appropriate reference material to obtain information.
2. Alphabetize by first letter.
E. Handwriting and Word Processing
The student will improve his/her handwriting.
1. Improve the formation of uppercase and lowercase letters of the alphabet and numbers.
2. Space words and sentences appropriately.
A. Speaking and Listening
The student will communicate effectively through listening and speaking.
1. Participate in and follow agreed-upon rules for conversation and formal discussions.
2. Follow two- or three-step oral directions.
3. Attend to and understand the meaning of messages.
4. Communicate needs, feelings and ideas to peers and adults in complete sentences.
5. Recite and respond to stories, poems, rhymes and songs with expression.
6. Use voice level appropriate for language situation.
7. Ask and respond to questions.
B. Viewing
The student will become familiar with the structure of printed material.
1. Follow print from left to right and top to bottom.
2. Turn pages sequentially from front to back.
3. Identify the cover and title page of a book.
4. Recognize common signs and logos.


Math Standards
Number & Operation
Count, compare and represent whole numbers up to 120, with an emphasis on groups of tens and ones.
Use place value to describe whole numbers between 10 and 100 in terms of tens and ones.
For example: Recognize the numbers 21 to 29 as 2 tens and a particular number of ones.
Read, write and represent whole numbers up to 120. Representations may include numerals, addition and subtraction, pictures, tally marks, number lines and manipulatives, such as bundles of sticks and base 10 blocks.
Count, with and without objects, forward and backward from any given number up to 120.
Find a number that is 10 more or 10 less than a given number.
For example: Using a hundred grid, find the number that is 10 more than 27.
Compare and order whole numbers up to 120.
Use words to describe the relative size of numbers.
For example: Use the words equal to, not equal to, more than, less than, fewer than, is about, and is nearly to describe numbers.
Use counting and comparison skills to create and analyze bar graphs and tally charts.
For example: Make a bar graph of students' birthday months and count to compare the number in each month.
Number & Operation
Use a variety of models and strategies to solve addition and subtraction problems in real-world and mathematical contexts.
Use words, pictures, objects, length-based models (connecting cubes), numerals and number lines to model and solve addition and subtraction problems in part-part-total, adding to, taking away from and comparing situations.
Compose and decompose numbers up to 12 with an emphasis on making ten.
For example: Given 3 blocks, 7 more blocks are needed to make 10.
Recognize the relationship between counting and addition and subtraction. Skip count by 2s, 5s, and 10s.
Recognize and create patterns; use rules to describe patterns.
Create simple patterns using objects, pictures, numbers and rules. Identify possible rules to complete or extend patterns. Patterns may be repeating, growing or shrinking. Calculators can be used to create and explore patterns.
For example: Describe rules that can be used to extend the pattern 2, 4, 6, 8, ¨, ¨, ¨ and complete the pattern 33, 43, ¨, 63, ¨, 83 or 20, ¨, ¨, 17.
Use number sentences involving addition and subtraction basic facts to represent and solve real-world and mathematical problems; create real-world situations corresponding to number sentences.
Represent real-world situations involving addition and subtraction basic facts, using objects and number sentences.
For example: One way to represent the number of toys that a child has left after giving away 4 of 6 toys is to begin with a stack of 6 connecting cubes and then break off 4 cubes.
Determine if equations involving addition and subtraction are true.
For example: Determine if the following number sentences are true or false
7 = 7
7 = 8 – 1
5 + 2 = 2 + 5
4 + 1 = 5 + 2.
Use number sense and models of addition and subtraction, such as objects and number lines, to identify the missing number in an equation such as:
2 + 4 = ¨
3 + ¨ = 7
5 = ¨ – 3.
Use addition or subtraction basic facts to represent a given problem situation using a number sentence.
For example: 5 + 3 = 8 could be used to represent a situation in which 5 red balloons are combined with 3 blue balloons to make 8 total balloons.
Geometry & Measurement
Describe characteristics of basic shapes. Use basic shapes to compose and decompose other objects in various contexts.
Describe characteristics of two- and three-dimensional objects, such as triangles, squares, rectangles, circles, rectangular prisms, cylinders, cones and spheres.
For example: Triangles have three sides and cubes have eight vertices (corners).
Compose (combine) and decompose (take apart) two- and three-dimensional figures such as triangles, squares, rectangles, circles, rectangular prisms and cylinders.
For example: Decompose a regular hexagon into 6 equilateral triangles; build prisms by stacking layers of cubes; compose an ice cream cone by combining a cone and half of a sphere.
Another example: Use a drawing program to find shapes that can be made with a rectangle and a triangle.
Use basic concepts of measurement in real-world and mathematical situations involving length, time and money.
Measure the length of an object in terms of multiple copies of another object.
For example: Measure a table by placing paper clips end-to-end and counting.
Geometry & Measurement
Use basic concepts of measurement in real-world and mathematical situations involving length, time and money.
Tell time to the hour and half-hour.
Identify pennies, nickels and dimes; find the value of a group of these coins, up to one dollar.


Subpages (1): Responsive Classroom