ELA VOCABULARY

The following are vocabulary words that we have used in class. I will be updating the definitions throughout the week. Feel free to look up any I have not gotten to yet.

 

 

Perspective- The point of view of the character or narrator. 1st, 2nd, or 3rd (omniscient or limited omniscient) person.

 

Segue- A transition from one idea or topic to another.

 

Penitent- Humble. Knowing that there are things greater than ourselves

 

Values- One’s beliefs of what is right or wrong. The things that one finds important.

 

Triumph- Victory.

 

Devote- To commit all of one’s time and energy to something.

 

Wisdom- The ability to use gained knowledge outside of the context of how it was learned.

 

Leverage- The application of the right amount of energy to the right place at the right time.

 

Timid- Shy, scared, skittish.

 

Enthusiasm- Great excitement.

 

Conviction- To be devoted or committed to an action or course of action.

 

Err- Mistake.

 

Immerse- to completely cover in a liquid.

 

Strive- To work unceasingly toward a single goal

 

Mar- To mark or damage.

 

Brooding- To act in a sullen or moody manner. To pout.

 

Abandon- To leave without means of support or sustenance.

 

Yearn- To miss someone or something to a great degree.

 

Affliction-        State of pain, distress, or grief; misery

 

Admonish-      To caution, advise, or counsel against something

 

Adjacent-         Lying near, close, or contiguous; adjoining; neighboring

 

Addict-             A person who is psychologically or physiologically dependent

                           on an activity, habit, or substance.

 

Acrid-               Sharp or biting to the taste or smell; bitterly pungent; irritating

                           to the eyes , nose, etc.

 

Aspire-             To long, aim, or seek ambitiously; to be eagerly desirous.

 

Acquire-          To come into possession or ownership of.

 

Accelerate-     To cause faster or greater activity, development, progress, etc.

 

Abrupt-            Sudden or unexpected

 

Abode-             A place in which a person resides.

 

Abnormal-      not normal, average, typical, or usual. Deviating from a

                           standard.

 

Abate-              to reduce in amount, degree, or intensity.

 

 

Cease-              To stop; discontinue.

 

Desolate-        Barren or laid waste; devastated. Deprived or destitute of

                           inhabitants.

 

Vengeance-    Infliction of injury, harm, humiliation on a person by another

                          who has been harmed by that person; violent revenge.

 

Homage-          respect or reverence paid or rendered.

 

Pledge-             A solemn promise or agreement to do or refrain from doing

                           something.

 

Murmur-          A low, continuous sound; mumbled or private expression of

                           discontent.

 

Quarrel-           An angry dispute or altercation; a disagreement marked by 

                           temporary or permanent break in friendly relations.

 

Scowl-               To have a gloomy or threatening look.

 

Wagering-       Something risked or staked on an uncertain event; the act of

                           betting.

 

Fidgety-           Restless; impatient; uneasy.

 

Fierce-             Menacingly wild, savage, or hostile. Violent in force or intensity.

 

Fondness-      Tenderness or affection.

 

Agitate-           To move or force into violent or irregular action.

 

Ajar-                        Neither entirely open or entirely shut.

 

Akin-                        Related by blood; allied by nature, having the same properties.

 

Allege-                        To assert without proof; to declare.

 

Annihilate-            To reduce to utter ruin or nonexistence.

 

Anonymous-            Without any name or acknowledgment; unknown.

 

Antagonize-            To make hostile or unfriendly, make an enemy of.

 

Apathy-            Absence or suppression of passion, emotion or feeling.

 

Arbitrate-            To determine or judge.

 

Astute-            Clever; cunning; shrewd; sagacious, well understood.

 

Authentic-            Not false or copied; genuine; real.

 

Avert-                        To turn away or aside; to ward off.

 

Bounty-            Premium or reward offered by a government; a generous gift.

 

Whittled            To cut, trim, or shape.

 

Glared-            A very harsh, dazzling light; an angrily piercing stare.

 

Expose-            To lay open to danger, attack, or harm; to uncover.

 

Dazzle-            to overpower by intense light; to impress deeply.           

 

Feud-                        A bitter, continuous hostility; a quarrel.

 

Scabbard-            A sheath for a sword.

 

Strive-                        To exert oneself vigorously; try hard towards a goal.

 

Treachery-            Violation of faith, betrayal of trust.

 

Realm-            A royal domain; kingdom.           

 

Damsel-            A young woman or girl; a maiden of noble birth.

 

Slay-                        To kill by violence; to destroy.

 

Smite-                        to strike or hit hard; to injure or slay.

 

Commotion-            A violent or tumultuous motion, agitation, noisy disturbance.

 

Abate-   To reduce or become weaker.

 

Abnormal-  Not normal or outside the parameters of what is considered normal.

 

Abode- A house or dwelling.

 

Abrupt- Quickly and without warning.

 

Accelerate- To increase speed.

 

Acclaim- To give accolaides or praise.

 

Acknowledge- To recognize, call upon.

 

Acquire- To gain, obtain.

 

Aspire- Wishes to become something.

 

Acrid- A bitter smell or taste.

 

Addict- One who needs a certain object or thing to the exclusion of all else.

 

Adjacent- Next to.

 

Admonish- To scold, reprimand.

 

Affliction- To be stricken by a disease or malady.

 

Agitate- To anger or stir up.

 

Ajar- To be slightly open.

 

Akin- To be close to or related.

 

Allege- an unproven statement.

 

Annihilate- to completely destroy.

 

Anonymous- Without a name or identity.

 

Antagonize- To bother or rile up to the point of anger or violence.

 

Apathy- Laziness or lack of concern.

 

Arbitrate- An argument that will decide one side of a debate against another.

 

Astute- Highly observant, keen.

 

Authentic- Original, real.

 

Avert- To miss, to avoid narrowly.

 

Bellow- Deep yell or holler.

 

Beseech- To ask plaintively, to beg.

 

Bestow- to give an honor to.

 

Bewilder- To confuse, bewilder.

 

Bigot- A predjudiced individual.

 

Blatant- Obvious, clearly done without a sense of subterfuge.

 

Bleak- without hope, cold, colorless and sad.

 

Braggart- One who brags incessantly

 

Brawl- a fight.

 

Browse- To shop or wander through slowly and without aim.

 

Bystander- a casual observer.

 

Candid- honesty

 

Canine- Dog

 

Canny-

 

Capricious

 

Capsize- To overturn.

 

Casual- Relaxed and without pretension.

 

Casualty- One who was hurt or killed during an accident or incursion.

 

Catastrophe- An accident in which the loss is total.

 

Cater- To succumb to every whim. To follow every order.

 

Chorus- A group of people who sing OR a group response to a question.

 

Citrus- Fruit.

 

Clamber- To climb awkwardly over.

 

Climax- The high point, the event that all other actions have led to.

 

Compromise- A middle ground. A decision that meets some of the requirements of all involved.

 

Concur- To agree.

 

Confront- To  face in hostility or defiance.           

 

Congested- clogged or stuffed up

 

Conjure- to make appear as if by magic

 

Consult- to as a professional his/her opinion

 

Corrupt- to expose to unsavory conditions.  Infected, decayed, guilty of dishonest practices.

 

Counterfeit- fake

 

Covet- to desire wrongfully, or without due right,

 

Customary- As is normally done

 

Debut-first appearance on stage.

 

Deceased-

 

Dependent- to rely upon

 

Despondent- incredibly sad, beyond help

 

Detach- to remove from.

 

Devour- to consume, take in completely

 

Dishearten- to remove all hope, take all possibility of recovery

 

Dismal- sad, dark, lonely.

 

Dismantle- to take apart.

 

Distraught- lost to reason, upset beyond recovery.

 

Docile- timid, quiet, not a danger.

 

Drone- to repeat or talk upon a subject without end.

 

Dumbfound- to confuse or confound.

 

Emblem- a symbol or pattern that represents a group or a cause.

 

Endure- to take the physical or emotional pain regardless of the reason.

 

Ensue- to follow, come after.

 

Enthrall- to take the attention, completely consume.

 

Epidemic- a disease that overcomes a total population.

 

Erode- to eat away at, to dissolve.

 

Exuberant- overly excited, happy beyond normality.

 

Fathom- to understand.

 

Feud- a fight

 

Flabbergast- to confuse or bewilder.

 

Flagrant- obvious, without subterfuge

 

Flaw- a mistake, err, or mark

 

Fruitless- without profit

 

Gaudy- overly decorated

 

Gratify- to please.

 

Grim- without hope, sad, despondent.

 

Grimy- dirty, slimy.

 

Grueling- long and laborious.

 

Gruesome- gross, graphic, and disgusting.

 

Haggle- to  argue the price of an object.

 

Headlong- to throw oneself completely into something.

 

Hilarious- outrageously funny.

 

Homage- to pay respect to.

 

Homicide- to kill another human being.

 

Hospitable- to show a polite and respectable welcome.

 

Hybrid- a combination of two or more things.           

 

Illiterate- unable to read or write.

 

Impede- to get in the way of, hinder.

 

Implore- to beg, ask with great earnestness.

 

Incident- an accident or occurrence.

 

Incredulous- with disbelief.

 

Infamous- known for evil or despicable acts.

 

Infuriate- to make extremely angry.

 

Insinuate

 

Intensified

 

Inundate

 

Irate

 

Lavish

 

Legacy

 

Legitimate

 

Lethal

 

Loath

 

Lurk

 

Magnetic

 

Mirth

 

Quench

 

Magnitude

 

Maternal

 

Maul

 

Melancholy

 

Mellow

 

Momentum

 

Mortify

 

Mull

 

Murky

 

Narrative

 

Negligent

 

Nimble

 

Nomadic

 

Noteworthy

 

Notify

 

Notorious

 

Nurture

 

Obnoxious

 

Oration

 

Orthodox

 

Overwhelm

 

Pamper

 

Patronize

 

Peevish

 

Pelt

 

Pending

 

Perceived

 

Perjury

 

Permanent

 

Persist

 

Perturb

 

Pique

 

Pluck

 

Poised

 

Ponder

 

Potential

 

Predatory

 

Presume

 

Preview

 

Prior

 

Prowess

 

Radiant

 

Random

 

Rant

 

Recede

 

Reprimand

 

Resume

 

Retort

 

Robust

 

Rupture

 

Saga

 

Sequel

 

Sham

 

Shirk

 

Simultaneously

 

Snare

 

Species

 

Status

 

Stodgy

 

Substantial

 

Subtle

 

Sullen

 

Supervise

 

Tamper

 

Throb

 

Toxic

 

Tragedy

 

Trickle

 

Trivial

 

Uncertainty

 

Unscathed

 

Upright

 

Urgent

 

Utmost

 

Vengeance

 

Vicious

 

Vindictive

 

Vista

 

Vocation

 

Void

 

Wary

 

Whim

 

Wince

 

Wrath

 

Yearn

 

 

 

  

 

 

The following are words that can be used to describe a person, place, or thing.  Throughout the week I will be updating definitions for them, but we have used them in class. Feel free to look up any you do not know.  It is always good to have as many weapons in your arsenal as possible.

 

Positive

 

 

Authentic

 

Inspirational

 

Reactionary

 

Conservative

 

Ironic

 

Realistic

 

Controversial

 

Liberal

 

Recondite

 

Credible

 

Melodramatic

 

Romantic

 

Cultural

 

Mystical

 

Satiric

 

Didactic

 

Naturalistic

 

Scholarly

 

Dramatic

 

Objective

 

Significant

 

Esoteric

 

Orthodox

 

Spiritual

 

Expressionistic

 

Philosophic

 

Subjective

 

Fanciful

 

Plausible

 

Symbolic

 

Humanistic

 

Pragmatic

 

Utilitarian

 

Humorous

 

Profound

 

Impressionistic

 

Radical

 

 

 

 

 

 

Negative

Absurd

 

Commonplace

 

Heretical

 

Improbable

 

Incredible

 

Insignificant

 

Intolerant

 

Pedantic

 

Prejudiced

 

Shallow

 

Superficial

 

Trivial

 

Unscholarly

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Descriptive Words for Characters:  Physical Qualities

 

 

Positive

 

Active

 

Exquisite

 

Pretty

 

Ugly

 

Adept

 

Fair

 

Ravishing

 

Adroit

 

Fascinating

 

Robust

 

Agile

 

Good-looking

 

Shapely

 

Attractive

 

Graceful

 

Skillful

 

Beautiful

 

Handsome

 

Spirited

 

Brawny

 

Hardy

 

Spruce

 

Charming

 

Immaculate

 

Lively

 

Strapping

 

Dainty

 

Lovely

 

Strong

 

Dapper

 

Manly

 

Sturdy

 

Delicate

 

Muscular

 

Virile

 

Dexterous

 

Neat

 

Vivacious

 

Elegant

 

Nimble

 

Winsome

 

Negative

 

Awkward

 

Hideous

 

Bizarre

 

Homely

 

Ungainly

 

Cadaverous

 

Horrible

 

Unkempt

 

Clumsy

 

Incongruous

 

Unmanly

 

Coarse

 

Invidious

 

Unwomanly

 

Decrepit

 

Loathsome

 

Weak

 

Effeminate

 

Odious

 

Stalwart

 

Emaciated

 

Repellent

 

Comely

 

Feeble

 

Repugnant

 

Frail

 

Repulsive

 

Gawky

 

Sickly

 

Ghastly

 

Slovenly

 

Graceless

 

Spare

 

Grotesque

 

Thin

 

 

 

Descriptive Words for Characters: Mental Qualities

 

Positive

 

 

 

 

Apt

 

Learned

 

Bigoted

 

Stupid

 

Astute

 

Observant

 

Crass

 

Ungifted

 

Capable

 

Precocious

 

Dull

 

Unintellectual

 

Clever

 

Prudent

 

Fatuous

 

Unintelligent

 

Competent

 

Rational

 

Foolish

 

Unlettered

 

Crafty

 

Reasonable

 

Ignorant

 

Unschooled

 

Cunning

 

Sage

 

Illiterate

 

Vacuous

 

Educated

 

Scholarly

 

Inane

 

Erudite

 

Sensible

 

Irrational

 

Gifted

 

Shrewd

 

Narrow-minded

 

Ingenious

 

Subtle

 

Obtuse

 

Intellectual

 

Talented

 

Puerile

 

Intelligent

 

Wily

 

Shallow

 

Inventive

 

Wise

 

Simple

 

 

 

 

 

Descriptive Words for Characters:  Moral Qualities

 

Positive

 

 

Abstemious

 

Righteous

 

Austere

 

Straightforward

 

Chaste

 

Temperate

 

Decent

 

Trustworthy

 

Exemplary

 

Truthful

 

Faultless

 

Guileless

 

Upright

 

Honorable

 

Virtuous

 

Idealistic

 

Pure

 

Puritanical

 

Respectable

 

Innocent

 

 

Negative

Base

 

Iniquitous

 

Corrupt

 

Intemperate

 

Deceitful

 

Notorious

 

Degenerate

 

Reprobate

 

Depraved

 

Ribald

 

Undefiled

 

Dishonest

 

Sensual

 

Dishonorable

 

Unprincipled

 

Dissolute

 

Unscrupulous

 

Vicious

 

Foul

 

Immoral

 

Vile

 

Incorrigible

 

Vulgar

 

Indecent

 

Wicked

 

Infamous

 

 

 

 

Descriptive Words for Characters: Spiritual Qualities

 

Positive

 

Angelic

 

Devout

 

Faithful

 

Godlike

 

Holy

 

Pious

 

Regenerate

 

Religious

 

 

Reverent

 

Saintly

 

 

 

 

 

 

Descriptive Words for Characters:  Social Qualities

 

Positive

 

Affable

 

Amiable

 

Amicable

 

Cheerful

 

Civil

 

Congenial

 

Convivial

 

Cooperative

 

Cordial

 

Courteous

 

Debonair

 

Elegant

 

Genial

 

Gracious

 

Hospitable

 

Jolly

 

 

Jovial

 

Polite

 

Politic

 

Sociable

 

Suave

 

Tactful

 

Urbane

 

 

Negative

Acrimonious

 

Irascible

 

Antagonistic

 

Malevolent

 

Anti-social

 

Misanthropic

 

Boorish

 

Obsequious

 

Brusque

 

Peevish

 

Captious

 

Perverse

 

Caustic

 

Petulant

 

Churlish

 

Provincial

 

Contentious

 

Quarrelsome

 

Crabbed

 

Rustic

 

Critical

 

Shrewish

 

Crusty

 

Sniveling

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Words for characters:GENERAL QUALITIES

 

Positive

 

 

Admirable

 

Gentle

 

Phlegmatic

            

Altruistic

 

Gullible

 

Plucky

            

Ambitious

 

Humane

 

Punctual

            

 

Aristocratic

 

Humble

 

Artless

 

Illustrious

 

Reactionary

            

Assiduous

 

Imperturbable

 

Refined

            

Audacious

 

Imposing

 

Reserved

            

Benevolent

 

Impressive

 

Resolute            

 

Candid

 

Indifferent

 

Resourceful

            

Cautious

 

Indomitable

 

Responsive

 

            

 

Charitable

 

Indulgent

 

Reticent

            

Circumspect

 

Industrious

 

Saturnine

            

Compassionate

 

Influential

 

Saucy

            

Confident

 

Ingenious

 

Scrupulous

            

Conscientious

 

Intrepid

 

Sedate

           

Conservative

 

Kindly

 

Self-impassive

 

Considerate

 

Laconic

 

Self-reliant

 

Courageous

 

Liberal

 

Sensitive

 

Coy

 

Long-suffering

 

Serious

 

Cultured

 

Magnanimous

 

Shy

 

Demure

 

Meek

 

Sober

 

Determined

 

Melancholic

 

Solemn

 

Diffident

 

Merciful

 

Staid

 

Diligent

 

Moody

 

Stoical

 

Discreet

 

Munificent

 

Strong-willed

 

Erratic

 

Ordinary

 

Distinguished

 

Naïve

 

Sympathetic

 

Earnest

 

Natural

 

Taciturn

 

Efficient

 

Noble

 

Thrifty

 

Eloquent

 

Nonchalant

 

Eminent

 

Patient

 

Tolerant

 

Enthusiastic

 

Pensive

 

Unaffected

 

Flippant

 

Persevering

 

Uncompromising

 

Forbearing

 

Persistent

 

Valorous

 

Persuasive

 

Wary            

 

Impetuous           

 

Philanthropic

 

Whimsical            

 

Negative

 

Impulsive

 

Quixotic

 

Genteel

 

Philosophical

 

Witty

 

Unstable

 

Fastidious

 

Overconfident

 

Vain

 

Fickle

 

Parasitic

 

Venal

 

Frivolous

 

Parsimonious

 

Vindictive

 

Timid

 

Gluttonous

 

Perfidious

 

Voracious

 

Haughty

 

Petty

 

Wearisome

 

Headstrong

 

Pharisaical

 

Willful

 

Hypocritical

 

Pompous

 

Worthless

 

Imperious

 

Prejudiced

 

Frugal

 

Prolix

 

Garrulous

 

Pert

 

Imprudent

 

Proud

 

Generous

 

Unstable

 

Fastidious

 

Overconfident

 

Vain

 

Fickle

 

Parasitic

 

Venal

 

Frivolous

 

Parsimonious

 

Vindictive

 

Timid

 

Gluttonous

 

Perfidious

 

Voracious

 

Haughty

 

Petty

 

Wearisome

 

Headstrong

 

Pharisaical

 

Willful

 

Hypocritical

 

Pompous

 

Worthless

 

Imperious

 

Prejudiced

 

Prolix

 

Garrulous

 

Pert

 

Imprudent

 

Incompetent

 

 

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