Know the following about the articles:
1. "Family and Kinship in
What purpose does arranged marriage serve for the
Has the kinship system of the Bhil (lineages, descent and
arranged marriage) disappeared in modern society? If not, why not? If
so, what has caused it to disappear?
Arranged marriages cause
structural tensions within Bhil society. What are these tensions?
"Society and Sex Roles" This article is very important.
decided to address critically the assumptions and explanations that had
been provided for the cross-cultural phenomenon of male dominance (to
females). In her time, one assumption had been that males were dominant
because they were larger and stronger, and because they hunted. She
examined the roles of men and women in foraging societies and concluded
that, in fact, male dominance resulted from two interconnected
processes. These are:
1. The presence of a clearly marked
separation between domestic activities (activities associated with home
or family) and public activities. She termed this the public-domestic
2. Whether or not men and women could trade or engage in
public activities so that they established non-kin ties and obligations
outside the family.
Therefore, in general, since men hunt and
then trade the meat outside of the family, they gain more prestige and
influence. However, in those foraging societies where men and women
share the work and there is not a clear-cut separation of the
public-domestic areas of life, gender stratification is reduced.
article is a classic in anthropological research because of her
attention to the assumptions that had underlain previous explanations of
male dominance. In particular, her analysis of the types of foraging
societies and the roles of men and women in each type allowed her to
base her explanations upon accepted anthropological assumptions of cause
and effect: 1. subsistence activities affect cultural values; and,
2. subsistence activities affect social role formation. Her
contribution was to show that gender roles were also affected by
subsistence, and that any resulting gender stratification could be
explained in economic terms.
3. "Behind the Veil"
have complained that this article seems to wander around, not providing
clear-cut explanations as to what the veil symbolizes in Muslim
society. Part of the problem is that the veil has multiple symbols and
may mean different things in different societies, so that's one of the
first lessons: in anthropology, the range of meanings and symbolisms
available cross-culturally is important, as important as the symbolism
of an object or behavior within one culture. Essentially, the veil
symbolizes, to Muslims of different countries, any of the following:
on female sexuality
pious religious belief
last two take most Americans by surprise, but if you think about it:
poor, rural women who work in the fields or with animals may at times
forgo wearing the veil in favor of clothing that is less restrictive.
Many times they do not, of course, but in general, poor rural women may
dress more freely than wealthy urban women. The veil may be a symbol of
working in public.
Westerners tend to see the veil as a symbol
of the subordination of women and their lack of freedom, but to most
Muslim women, wearing the veil means they are more free: to go out in
public and to work, secure in their modest dress that advertises their
religious belief. Women who do not wear a veil are often the targets of
men who believe they are sexually promiscuous.
Know the definitions
of the following:
family vs extended family
roles, gender stratification
correlations of the following:
leadership, power vs authority, basis of political organization,
authority or position of leaders, basic social units, status of women
to: effects on social organization
or Bride wealth to: status for women
dichotomy, matrilineality/patrilineality, presence of warfare,
adaptive strategy to: status for women